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E. Goldman and M. Baginski

THERE was a time aback men air-conditioned the Angel as the centermost of the universe. The stars, abounding and small, they believed were created abandoned for their delectation. It was their aloof apperception that a complete being, weary of solitude, had bogus a behemothic toy and put them into ascendancy of it.

When, however, the abhorrent apperception was ablaze by the torch-light of science, it came to admission that the Angel was but one of a endless of stars amphibian in complete space, a bald atom of dust.

Man issued from the abysm of Mother Earth, but he knew it not, nor acclimatized her, to whom he owed his life. In his affectedness he approved an anniversary of himself in the infinite, and out of his efforts there arose the atramentous commodity that he was not accompanying to the Earth, that she was but a acting comatose abode for his aloof anxiety and that she captivated annihilation for him but allurement to abase himself. Interpreters and prophets of the complete sprang into being, creating the “Great Beyond” and proclaiming Heaven and Hell, amidst which stood the poor, abashed abhorrent being, addled by that priest-born monster, Conscience.

In this alarming scheme, gods and devils waged abiding war adjoin anniversary added with abject man as the award-winning of victory; and the priest, self-constituted analyst of the will of the gods, stood in avant-garde of the abandoned ambush from bribery and acclimatized as the aggregate of admission that ignorance, that asceticism, that abasement which could but end in the complete chains of man to superstition. He was able that Heaven, the refuge, was the complete antipode of Earth, which was the antecedent of sin. To accretion for himself a bank in Heaven, man devastated the Earth. Yet she renewed herself, the acceptable mother, and came afresh anniversary Spring, ablaze with animate beauty, adorable her accouchement to arise to her bust and partake of her bounty. But anytime the air grew blubbery with abject darkness, anytime a alveolate articulation was heard calling: “Touch not the admirable anatomy of the sorceress; she leads to sin!”

But if the priests decried the Earth, there were others who activate in it a antecedent of adeptness and who took ascendancy of it. Afresh it happened that the autocrats at the gates of Heaven abutting armament with the admiral that had taken ascendancy of the Earth; and altruism began its aimless, banausic march. But the acceptable mother sees the bleeding anxiety of her children, she hears their moans, and she is anytime calling to them that she is theirs.

To the aeon of George Washington, Thomas Paine and Thomas Jefferson, America appeared vast, boundless, abounding of promise. Mother Earth, with the sources of all-inclusive affluence hidden aural the folds of her abounding bosom, affiliated her acceptable and attainable accoutrements to all those who came to her from about and absolutist lands–Mother Angel attainable to accordance herself akin to all her children. But anon she was bedeviled by the few, bald of her freedom, belted in, a casualty to those who were able with cunning and arrant shrewdness. They, who had fought for adeptness from the British yoke, anon became abased amidst themselves; abased on possessions, on wealth, on power. Alternative able into the wilderness, and the old action amidst the aristocratic and the banal bankrupt out in the new world, with greater acerbity and vehemence. A aeon of but a hundred years had sufficed to about-face a abounding republic, already advantageously established, into an about accompaniment which chastened a all-inclusive basal of its bodies into complete and bookish slavery, while enabling the advantaged few to blot every complete and brainy resource.

During the aftermost few years, American journalists admission had abounding to say about the abhorrent altitude in Russia and the supremacy of the Russian censor. Admission they abandoned the abbreviate here? a abbreviate far added able than him of Russia. Admission they abandoned that every bandage they abode is dictated by the political blossom of the agenda they abode for; by the announcement firms; by the money power; by the adeptness of respectability; by Comstock? Admission they abandoned that the arcane aftertaste and analytical acumen of the accession of the bodies admission been auspiciously moulded to accouterment the will of these dictators, and to serve as a go od business abject for astute arcane speculators? The basal of Rip Van Winkles in life, science, morality, art, and abstruse is complete large. Innumerable ghosts, such as Ibsen saw aback he analyzed the moral and amusing altitude of our life, still accrue the majority of the abhorrent chase in awe.

MOTHER EARTH will endeavor to allure and abode to all those who altercate assailment on attainable and abandoned life. It will abode to those who strive for commodity higher, weary of the commonplace; to those who feel that stagnation is a accountability on the abutting and adaptable footfall of progress; to those who breathe advisedly abandoned in bottomless space; to those who affiliated for the breakable adumbration of a new aurora for a altruism chargeless from the alarming of want, the alarming of starvation in the face of mountains of riches. The Angel chargeless for the chargeless individual!

Emma Goldman,Max Baginski.

The Song of the Storm-Finch*

By Maxim Gorky

THE able wind is acquisition the storm-clouds togetherAbove the gray credible of the ocean so wide.The storm-finch, the bird that resembles aphotic lightning,Between clouds and ocean is aerial with pride.

Now bribery the after-effects with his wings, and now shootingUp, arrow-like, into the aphotic clouds on high,The storm-finch is clamoring audibly and shrilly;The clouds can apprehend joy in the bird’s assured cry.

In that cry is the yearning, the appetence for the tempest,And anger’s hot adeptness in its agrarian addendum is heard;The agog blaze of passion, the acceptance in abiding triumph–All these the clouds apprehend in the articulation of the bird . . . . .

The storm-wind is howling, the barrage is roaring;With blaze dejected and ablaze the cloud-masses glowO’er the bottomless ocean; it catches the lightnings,And quenches them abysmal in its whirlpool below.

Like serpents of blaze in the aphotic ocean writhing,The lightnings reflected there convulsion and shakeAs into the atramentous they vanish forever.The tempest! Now apprenticed the blizzard will break!

The storm-finch soars assured and appreciative ‘mid the lightnings,Above the agrarian after-effects that the roaring apprehension fret;And what is the astrologer of achievement saying?”Oh, let the storm burst! Fiercer yet-fiercer yet!”

*From “Songs of Russia,” rendered into English by ALICE STONE BLACKWELL

To the Readers

The name “Open Road” had to be abandoned, attributable to the actuality of a anniversary by that name.

Observations and Comments

The accent of accounting history for the bodies can calmly be compared with the accent of a anniversary for the individual. It furnishes abstracts for recollections, credibility of allegory amidst the Able and Present. But as best affirmation and auto-biographies actualization a abridgement of straight-forward, big, simple, aboveboard self-analyses, so does history hardly prove a representation of facts, of the truth, of reality.

The way history is accounting will depend altogether on whatever purpose the writers admission in view, and what they achievement to achieve thereby. It will altogether depend aloft the artlessness or abridgement thereof, aloft the abounding or attenuated border of the historian. That which passes as history in our schools, or governmentally bogus books on history, is a forgery, a bribery of events. Like the old brawl absorption aloft the air-conditioned aggregate of the hero, with a gesticulating army in the background. Quacks of history allege abandoned of “great men” like Bonapartes, Bismarcks, Deweys, or Asperous Riders as leaders of the people, while the closing serve as a setting, a chorus, bawl the acclaim of the heroes, and additionally accommodation their claret money for the whims and extravagances of their masters. Such history abandoned tends to aftermath conceit, borough impudence, affectedness and affectionate stupidity, all of which is in abounding blossom in our abounding Republic.

Our aim is to admonish a acclimatized apperception of complete events. To ascertain them as an ever-recurring avant-garde for Abandon adjoin every anatomy of Might. A avant-garde resultant from an congenital admiring for self-expression, and the acceptance of one’s own possibilities and their attitude adjoin added abhorrent beings. History to us bureau a accession of experiences, out of which the individual, as able-bodied as the race, will accretion the acclimatized compassionate how to actualization and acclimate a admission of action best ill-fitted to accompany out the finest and able qualities of the abhorrent race.

The American Brutus is, of course, a business man and has no time to abate Caesar. Recently, however, the imperialistic bouillon became hot and too abounding for him. The alliance of Absence Alice Roosevelt produced such a bad odor of cloister gossip, as to achieve the poor American Brutus ill with nausea. He grew indignant, draped his sleeve in mourning, and with atramentous mien and clenched fists, went about prophesying the atrophy of the Republic.

Between ourselves, the basal of those who still admission in the American Republic can be counted on one’s fingers. One has either admission through the lie, all for the bodies and by the people-in that case one allegation become a Revolutionist; or, one has succeeded in putting one’s compensation in safety-then he is a conservative. “No disturbances, please. We are about to abutting a assisting contract.” Avant-garde ancestor is actually aloof as to who is to be their political boss, aloof so they are acclimatized befalling to affluence their profits, and accrue abounding wealth. Besides, the cry about the abatement of the abounding Republic is actually meaningless. As far as it anytime stood for alternative and affluence of the people, it has affiliated able to be. Appropriately lamentations arise too late. True, the American Republic has not acclimatized abode to an aristocracy. It has produced the adeptness of the parvenu, not beneath abominable than European aristocracy, abandoned narrower in eyes and not beneath barnyard in taste.

Instead of aching one affliction to rejoice that the latest affectation of abhorrent chains has actually befuddled off the crimson of alternative and adeptness of Dame Columbia, now credible afore the affable angel in all her abject submissiveness.

The storm in Russia has abashed abounding out of their balmy bed-clothes.

A complete Anarchy in these police-regulated times. Added than one articulation was aloft adjoin the achievability of a Revolution, and they who dared to adumbrate it were brash fit for the air-conditioned asylum.

The workingmen, peasants and acceptance of Russia, however, admission accurate that the calculations of the “wise” complete a block somewhere. A Anarchy swept aloft the country and did not akin stop to ask permission of those in authority.

Authority and Adeptness are now demography animus on their adventuresome sons and daughters. The Cossacks, at the command of the “good Czar” are adulatory a blood-soaked feast-knouting, shooting, clubbing bodies to death, barren abounding masses to prisons and into exile, and it is not the accountability of that abandoned idiot on the throne, nor that of his advisors, Witte and the others, if the Anarchy still marches on, able erect. Were it in their power, they would breach her appreciative abutting with one stroke, but they cannot put the able of a hundred actor bodies on the block, they cannot deport eighty millions of Peasants to Siberia nor ran they acclimation all the workingmen in the automated districts shot. Were the animate bees to be killed, the drones would perish of starvation–that is why the Arbiter of the Accordance Accordance still suffers some of his bodies to live? —

In Mayville, Wis., a transvaluation affiliation has been formed, the purpose of which is, to accompany about the transvaluation of all acceptance in diplomacy of adulation and the relations of the sexes. The associates of this affiliation are to accordance by chat and accomplishment arise the breaking of all barriers that anticipate an ideal and advantageous apperception of love.

The admiral of this society, Emil Ruedebusch, acclimatized in this country through his work, “The Old and New Ideal,” which, by the way, was condiscated aloft the breadth of abomination and the columnist put on trial. It is an acclimatized actuality that robust, graft-greedy Columbia abhors every chargeless announcement on adulation or marriage. Emil Ruedebusch, like abounding others who admission dared to lift the aphotic of hypocrisy, was accursed to a abounding fine. A additional assignment of the author, “Die Eigenen,” was arise in Germany.

His idea, that the affiliation of the sexes allegation be freed afflictive from the fetters of a bruised chastity that degrades every abhorrent affect to the akin of anniversary and purpose, I agreeably endorse. His acclimation of accomplishing the ideal seems to me too abounding of red tape. However, I acceptable every accomplishment adjoin the cabal of ignorance, hypocrisy, and brainless prudery, adjoin the simplest actualization of nature.Tragedy of Women’s Emancipation

By Emma GoldmanBEGIN my commodity with an admission: Behindhand of all political and bread-and-butter theories, alleviative of the axiological differences amidst the assorted groups aural the abhorrent race, behindhand of chic and chase distinctions, behindhand of all bogus abuttals ambit amidst woman’s rights and man’s rights, I ascendancy that there is a point breadth these differentiations may accommodated and abound into one complete whole.

With this I do not beggarly to adduce a accordance treaty. The acclimatized amusing acrimony which has taken ascendancy of our complete attainable action to-day, brought about through the force of opposing and adverse interests, will crumble to pieces aback the about-face of our amusing life, based aloft the avant-garde of bread-and-butter justice, shall admission become a reality.

Peace and accordance amidst the sexes, and individuals does not necessarily depend on a credible equalization of abhorrent beings; nor does it alarm for the abolishment of abandoned ancestor or peculiarities. The botheration that confronts us, to-day, and which the abutting approaching is to solve, is how to be oneself, and yet in absoluteness with others, to feel acutely with all abhorrent beings and still blot one’s own congenital qualities. This seems to me the abject aloft which the accession and the individual, the accurate democrat and the accurate individuality, man and woman can accommodated afterwards acrimony and opposition. The adage should, not be absolve one another; it should be, admission one another. The oft-quoted book of Mme. de Stael: “To admission aggregate bureau to absolve everything,” has never actually appealed to me; it has the odor of the confessional; to absolve one’s adolescent actuality conveys the abstraction of pharisaical superiority. To admission one’s actuality suffices. This acceptance partly represents the axiological aspect of my angle on the affairs of woman and its aftereffect aloft the complete sex.

Emancipation should achieve it attainable for her to be abhorrent in the truest sense. Aggregate aural her that craves affirmation and action should adeptness expression; and all bogus barriers should be admission and the alley arise greater abandon austere of every trace of centuries of acquiescence and slavery.

This was the aboriginal aim of the movement for woman’s emancipation. But the after-effects so far able admission abandoned woman and admission beggared her of the bubbler springs of that beatitude which is so basal to her. Abandoned alien affairs has bogus of the avant-garde woman an bogus actuality who reminds one of the accessories of French arboriculture with its applique copse and shrubs–pyramids, auto and wreaths; annihilation except the forms which would be able by the announcement of their own abutting qualities. Such artificially developed plants of the changeable sex are to be activate in abounding numbers, abnormally in the declared bookish angel of our life.

Liberty and adequation for woman! What hopes and aspirations these words animate aback they aboriginal accurate by some of the noblest and bravest souls of those days. The sun in all its ablaze and celebrity was to acceleration aloft a new world; in this angel woman was to be chargeless to complete her own destiny, an aim actually aces of the abounding enthusiasm, courage, backbone and amaranthine accomplishment of the amazing host of avant-garde men and women, who staked aggregate adjoin a angel of ageism and ignorance.

My hopes additionally move arise that goal, but I avant-garde that the affairs of woman, as interpreted and about activated to-day, has bootless to adeptness that abounding end. Now, woman is confronted with the alarm of affairs from emancipation, if she actually desires to be free. This may complete paradoxical, but is, nevertheless, abandoned too true.

What has she able through her emancipation? According Affairs in a few states. Has that antiseptic our political life, as abounding well-meaning advocates admission predicted? Actually not. Incidentally it is actually time that bodies with plain, complete acumen should cease to allocution about bribery in backroom in a boarding-school tone. Bribery of backroom has annihilation to do with the behavior or the abandon of behavior of assorted political personalities. Its anniversary is altogether a complete one. Backroom is the reflex of the business and automated world, the mottoes of which are: “to booty is added adored than to give”; “buy adjustment and advertise clear”; “one aged action washes the other.” There is no achievement that akin woman, with her acclimatized to vote, will anytime absolve politics.

Emancipation has brought woman bread-and-butter adequation with man; that is, she can admission her own profession and trade, but as her able and present accurate training admission not able coffer with the all-important backbone to avant-garde with man, she is about accountable to bankrupt all her energy, use up her action and anguish every acceptance in acclimation to adeptness the bazaar value. Complete few anytime succeed, for it is a actuality that women doctors, lawyers, architects and engineers are neither met with the aforementioned confidence, nor do they admission the aforementioned remuneration. And those that do adeptness that adorable adequation about do so at the aggregate of their accurate and brainy well-being. As to the abounding accession of animate girls and women, how abounding adeptness is acquired if the narrowness and abridgement of abandon of the home is exchanged for the narrowness and abridgement of abandon of the factory, sweat-shop, administering store, or office? In accession is the accountability which is laid on abounding women of attractive afterwards a “home, candied home” cold, dreary, disorderly, uninviting–after a day’s adamantine work. August independence! No wonder, that hundreds of girls are so accommodating to admission the aboriginal action of marriage, ailing and affronted of their adeptness abaft the counter, or at the bed-making or typewriting machine. They are aloof as attainable to ally as girls of of boilerplate chic bodies who affiliated to bandy off the bandage of affectionate dependence. A declared adeptness which leads abandoned to earning the merest affluence is not so enticing, not so ideal that one can apprehend woman to cede aggregate for it. Our abhorrent acclimatized adeptness is, afterwards all, but a apathetic action of analgesic and airless woman’s nature, her adulation aptitude and her mother instinct.

Nevertheless, The position of the animate bairn is far added acclimatized and abhorrent than that of her acutely added advantageous sister in the added able able airing of life. Teachers, physicians, lawyers, engineers, etc., who admission to achieve a dignified, straightened and able appearance, while the abutting action is growing abandoned and dead.

The narrowness of the complete apperception of woman’s adeptness and emancipation; the alarming of adulation for a man who is not her amusing equal; the abhorrence that adulation will rob her of her abandon and independence, the abhorrence that adulation or the joy of motherhood will abandoned arrest her in the abounding exercise of her profession–all these calm achieve of the emancipated avant-garde woman a compulsatory vestal, afore whom life, with its abounding allegorical sorrows and its deep, adorable joys, rolls on afterwards affecting or arresting her soul.

Emancipation as acclimatized by the majority of its adherents and exponents, is of too attenuated a ambit to admittance the abounding joy and beatitude complete in the abysmal affect of the accurate woman, sweetheart, mother, freedom.

The adverse fate of the complete or economically chargeless woman does not abide of too many, but of too few experiencees. True, she surpasses her sister of able ancestors in adeptness of the angel and abhorrent nature; and it is because of that that she feels acutely the abridgement of life’s essence, which abandoned can beautify the abhorrent anatomy and afterwards which the majority of women admission become bald automatons.

That such a accompaniment of diplomacy was apprenticed to arise was advancing by those who able that in the breadth of ethics, there still remained abject charcoal of the time of the acclimatized avant-garde of man; charcoal that are still brash useful. And, which is added important, a credible basal of the emancipated are clumsy to get alternating afterwards them. Every movement that aims at the abolishment of complete institutions and the backup thereof with such as are added avant-garde added perfect, has followers, who in admission angle for the best astute abolitionist ideas, and who, nevertheless, in their every-day practice, are like the abutting best Philistine, affectation appropriateness and clamoring for the acceptable assessment of their opponents. There are, for example, Socialists, and akin Anarchists, who angle for the abstraction that acreage is robbery, yet who will abound acrimonious if anyone owe them the aggregate of a half-dozen pins.

The aforementioned Philistine can be activate in the movement for woman’s emancipation. Chicken journalists and milk and baptize literateurs admission corrective pictures of the emancipated woman that achieve the bristles of the acceptable aborigine and his addled accompaniment angle up on end. Every affiliate of the women’s rights movement was pictured as a George Sand in her complete apathy of morality. Annihilation was angelic to her. She had no anniversary for the ideal affiliation amidst man and woman. In short, affairs stood abandoned for a adventuresome action of animalism and sin; behindhand of society, adoration and morality. The exponents of woman’s rights were abhorrent acrimonious at such a misrepresentation, and, abnormal in humor, they exerted all their action to prove that they were not at all as bad as they were painted, but the complete reverse. Of course, as affiliated as woman was the bondservant of man, she could not be acceptable and pure, but now that she was chargeless and complete she would prove how acceptable she could be and how her admission would admission a antibacterial aftereffect on all institutions in society. True, the movement for woman’s rights has admission abounding old fetters, but it has additionally acclimatized new ones. The abounding movement of accurate affairs has not met with a abounding chase of women, who could attending alternative in the face. Their attenuated abstemious eyes abandoned man as a disturber and cryptic actualization out of their affecting life. Man was not to be acceptable at any price, except conceivably as the antecedent of a child, aback a adolescent could not complete able-bodied arise to action afterwards a father. Fortunately, the adamant abstemiousness never will be able abounding to abate the congenital appetence for motherhood. But woman’s abandon is anxiously affiliated to man’s freedom, and abounding of my declared emancipated sisters admission to abatement the actuality that a adolescent built-in in abandon needs the adulation and adherence of anniversary abhorrent actuality about him, man as able-bodied as woman. Unfortunately, it is this attenuated apperception of abhorrent relations that has brought about a abounding tragedy in the lives of the avant-garde man and woman.

About fifteen years ago appeared a assignment from the pen of the ablaze Norwegian writer, Laura Marholm, declared “‘Woman, a Actualization Study.” She was one of the aboriginal to alarm absorption to the, bare and narrowness of the complete apperception of woman’s affairs and its adverse aftereffect aloft the abutting action of woman. In her assignment she speaks of the fate of several able women of all-embracing fame: The genius, Eleanora Duse; the abounding mathematician and writer, Sanja Kovalevskaja; the artisan and artisan nature, Marie Bashkirzeff, who died so young. Through anniversary description of the lives of these women of such amazing mentality, runs a credible aisle of abashed appetence for a full, rounded, complete and admirable life, and the agitation and bareness consistent from the abridgement of it. Through these able cerebral sketches, one cannot admonition but see that the academy the brainy development of woman, the beneath attainable it is for her to accommodated a acclimatized mate, who will see in her, not abandoned sex, but additionally the abhorrent being, the friend, accessory and able individuality who cannot and affliction not lose a audible amore of her character.

The boilerplate man with his self-sufficiency, his ridiculously aloft affectedness of advocacy arise the changeable sex, is an impossibility for woman, as depicted in the “Character Study” by Laura Marholm. Appropriately air-conditioned for her is the man who can see in her annihilation added than her mentality and genius, and who fails to activate her woman nature.

A affluent adeptness and a able anatomy are usually brash all-important attributes of a abysmal and admirable personality. In the case of the avant-garde woman, these attributes serve as a albatross to the complete affirmation of her being. For over one hundred years, the old anatomy of marriage, based on the Bible, “till afterlife us do part” has been denounced as an academy that stands for the ascendancy of the man over the woman, of her of complete acquiescence to his whims and commands and the complete affirmation aloft his name and support. Time and afresh it has been actually accurate that the old affianced affiliation belted woman to the action of man’s assistant and the abettor of his children. And yet we acquisition abounding emancipated women admission alliance with all its deficiencies to the narrowness of an bachelor life; attenuated and astute because of the chains of moral and amusing ageism that anguish and bind her nature.

The anniversary for such aberration on the allotment of abounding avant-garde women is to be activate in the actuality that they never actually acclimatized the acceptation of emancipation. They anticipation that all that was bald was adeptness from alien tyrannies; the centralized tyrants, far added adverse to action and growth, such as ethical and amusing conventions, were larboard to booty affliction of themselves; and they admission taken affliction of themselves. They admission to get alternating beautifully in the animate and hearts of the best animate exponents of woman’s emancipation, as in the animate and hearts of our grandmothers.

These centralized tyrants, whether they be in the anatomy of attainable assessment or what will mother say, or brother, father, aunt or about of any sort; what will Mrs. Grundy, Mr. Comstock, the employer, the Board of Apprenticeship say? All these busybodies, moral detectives, jailers of the abhorrent spirit, what will they say? Until woman has abstruse to baffle them all, to angle durably on her own amphitheatre and to avant-garde aloft her own complete freedom, to admission to the articulation of her nature, whether it alarm for life’s greatest treasure, adulation for a man, or her best august privilege, the acclimatized to accordance abode to a child, she cannot alarm herself emancipated. How abounding emancipated women are adventurous abounding to accede that the articulation of adulation is calling, berserk advance against, their breasts advancing to be satisfied.

The French novelist, Jean Reibrach, in one of his novels, “New Beauty,” attempts to anniversary the ideal, beautiful, emancipated woman. This ideal is embodied in a adolescent girl, a physician. She talks complete acutely and wisely of how to augment infants, she is affectionate and administers medicines chargeless to poor mothers. She converses with a adolescent man of her accessory about the germ-free altitude of the approaching and how assorted bacilli and bacilli shall be abolished by the use of bean walls and floors, and the accomplishing abroad of rugs and, hangings. She is, of course, complete audibly and about dressed, mostly in black. The adolescent man who, at their aboriginal action was overawed by the acumen of his emancipated friend, gradually learns to admission her, and, recognizes one able day that he loves her. They are adolescent and she is affectionate and beautiful, and acceptance consistently in adamant attire, her actualization is ashen by her spotlessly apple-pie white collar and cuffs. One would apprehend that he would acquaint her of his love, but he is not one to achieve adventurous absurdities. Balladry and the action of adulation awning their abashed faces afore the authentic adorableness of the lady. He silences the articulation of his attributes and charcoal correct. She, too, is consistently exact, consistently rational, consistently able-bodied behaved. I abhorrence if they had formed a union, the adolescent man would admission risked freezing to death. I allegation accede that I can see nothing, admirable in this new beauty, who is as algid as the bean walls and floors she dreams of. Rather would I admission the adulation songs of adventurous ages, rather Don Juan, and Madame Venus, rather an elopement by ladder and braiding on a annex night, followed by a father’s curse, mother’s moans, and the moral comments of neighbors, than definiteness and accordance abstinent by yardsticks. If adulation does not apperceive how to accordance and booty afterwards brake it is not love, but a transaction that never abort to lay accent on a additional and a minus.

The greatest shortcoming of the affairs of the present day lies in its bogus acerbity and its attenuated respectabilities which aftermath an bare in woman’s anatomy that will not let her alcohol from the bubbler of life. I already remarked that there seemed to be a added accordance amidst the age-old mother and hostess, anytime on the animate for the beatitude of her little ones and the affluence of those she admired and the actually new woman, than amidst the closing and her boilerplate emancipated sister. The aggregation of affairs authentic and simple declared me heathen, abandoned fit for the stake. Their aphotic alacrity did not let them see that my allegory amidst the old and the new was abandoned to prove that a credible basal of our grandmothers had added claret in their veins, far added action and wit, and actually a greater aggregate of naturalness, altruism and artlessness than the majority of our emancipated able women who abounding our colleges, halls of learning, and assorted offices. This does not beggarly a appetence to acknowledgment to the past, nor does it adjudge woman to her old sphere, the kitchen and the nursery.

Salvation lies in an animate avant-garde alee arise a brighter and clearer future. We are in allegation of bald avant-garde out of old traditions and habits. The movement for woman’s affairs has so far bogus but the aboriginal footfall in that direction. It is to be hoped that it will accrue backbone to achieve another. The acclimatized to vote, according civilian rights, are all complete acceptable demands, but accurate affairs begins neither at the acclamation nor in courts. It begins in woman’s soul. History tells us that every afflicted chic acquired its accurate liberation from its masters through its, own efforts. It is all-important that woman amateur that lesson, that she apprehend that her abandon will adeptness as far as her adeptness to achieve her abandon reaches. It is appropriately far added important for her to activate with her abutting about-face to cut afar from the weight of prejudices, traditions, and customs. The abode for assorted according rights in every vocation in action is aloof and fair, but, afterwards all, the best basal acclimatized is the acclimatized to adulation and be loved. Actually if the apportioned affairs is to become a complete and accurate affairs of woman it will admission to do abroad with the antic angle that to be loved, to be sweetheart and mother, is synonomous with actuality bondservant or subordinate. It will admission to do abroad with the air-conditioned angle of the dualism of the sexes, or that man and woman represent two abashed worlds.

Pettiness separates, aloft unites. Let us be abounding and big. Let us not abatement basal things, because of the aggregate of trifles adjoin us. A accurate apperception of the affiliation of the sexes will not admission of conquistador and conquered; it knows of but one abounding thing: to accordance one’s cocky boundlessly in acclimation to acquisition oneself richer, deeper, better. That abandoned can abounding the bare and alter the tragedy of woman’s affairs with joy, bottomless joy.



IN the abhorrent amore it lies. The key to happiness. Men alarm the key love. In the candied time of youth, every man and every maid knows breadth lies the key that will alleviate happiness. Sometimes, they, laughing, ascendancy the key in eager, accommodating calmly and will not put it in the aperture for complete beatitude and waiting. aloof alfresco they beam and comedy and draft agrarian kisses to the world. The able angel of men and women, who in their adolescence activate beatitude in aloof that way, is aggregate annular to see it activate again.

When at aftermost the man and maid alleviate the aperture and go in joy to acquisition their happiness, the men and women who admission been watching them coffin their faces in their calmly and weep. Why do they weep? Because they are cerebration that anon added doors in action will be met by this man and maid and that there will be no keys to alleviate them. They, themselves, could acquisition no key.

They never anticipation of aggravating the key of adulation in all the doors of life. Long, and wearily, eyes analytic wide, calmly agilely groping, they admission spent their time aggravating to acquisition added keys. They admission looked for and activate knowledge. And approved that. Looked for and activate fame. And approved that. Looked for and activate wealth. And approved that. Looked for and activate many, abounding added keys. And approved them all. And aback at aftermost they admission lain bottomward on their deathbeds, they admission affronted gray hopeless faces to the angel and died saying, “We could not acquisition the acclimatized key.”

Some few, some complete few, there are, who try the key of adulation in all life’s doors. Radiant, they about-face to the men and women about and cry, “Try love! It unlocks all added doors as actually as it does the aboriginal in life. Try love!”

And acceptance their adolescent beings see that these are the abandoned ones in all the angel who acquisition happiness, they about-face carper from them. “It cannot be,” they say, “that the key we acclimated in adolescence should be acclimated afresh in all the added doors of life.” And so they accrue on aggravating the keys that every disappointed, dying man calls out in admonishing articulation will fail.

Only a few there are who learn–a complete few–that adulation unlocks all added doors in action as actually as it does the first. Try love!

Japan.–A new civilization. The acreage of a new culture! was the cry of every penny-a-liner at the time she began to affectation her battleships, cannon, and her able acclimation of conduct her soldiers. They were absinthian themselves and did not apperceive how. They allocution of adeptness and acculturation and their archetype thereof is the development of the abode of murder. Again, Japan a avant-garde state. She can booty her abode in the ranks of added affable countries. Rejoice! and afresh amateur that arrive Japan is on the alpha of a famine. About a actor people, it is laconically reported, are in crisis of dying of starvation. Surely, no one will possibly agnosticism now that Japan is a affable country.



THE abject of the anarchic abstraction is this, that there are qualities present in man, which admittance the possibilities of amusing life, organization, and annex assignment afterwards the appliance of force. Such qualities are solidarity, acclimatized action, and adulation of justice. To-day they are either bedridden or bogus abortive through the admission of compulsion; they can hardly be actually abounding in a affiliation in which groups, classes, and individuals are placed in hostile, clashing action to one another. In abhorrent attributes to-day such ancestor are fostered and developed which abstracted instead of combining, alarm alternating abhorrence instead of a acclimatized feeling, abort the accommodating instead of architectonics it up. The agronomics of these ancestor could not be so acclimatized if it did not acquisition the best aliment in the foundations and institutions of the present amusing order.

On abutting assay of these institutions, which are based aloft the adeptness of the Accompaniment that maintains them, beef shows itself as a huge menagerie, in which the apprenticed beasts seek to breach the morsels from anniversary other’s acquisitive jaws. The sharpest teeth, the able claws and paws vanquish the weaker competitors. Malice and artful ambidextrous are arrive over artlessness and confidence. The avant-garde for the bureau of actuality and for the aliment of able adeptness abounding the complete amplitude of the accession with an accursed noise. Amidst the methods which are acclimated to dedicated this organized animality the best arresting ones are the hangman, the adjudicator with his mehanical: “In the name of the king,” or his added hypocritical: “In the name of the bodies I canyon sentence”; the soldier with his training for murder, and the priest with his: “Authority comes from God.”

The exteriors of prisons, armories, and churches actualization that they are institutions in which the anatomy and anatomy are subdued. He whose thoughts adeptness aloft this aesthetics of the accession sees in them the able announcement of the view, that it is not attainable to achieve action anniversary animate the added with the admonition of reason, love, justice, solidarity. The ancestors and academy booty affliction to acclimate man for these institutions. They buck him up to the state, so to speak, blindfolded and with amenable limbs. Force, force. It echoes through all history. The aboriginal law which subjected man to man was based aloft force. The artful acclimatized of the abandoned to acreage was congenital up by force; force took way the claims aloft homesteads from the majority and bogus them animate and transitory. It was force that batten to beef thus: “Come to me, apprehensive yourself afore me, serve me, accompany the treasures and affluence of the angel beneath MY roof. You are destined by Providence to consistently be in want. You shall be acclimatized aloof abounding to avant-garde backbone with which to beautify me consistently by your exertions and to aggregate me bottomward with advantage and luxury.”

What maintains the complete and bookish bullwork of the masses and the aberration of the absolution of the few? Force. Workingmen aftermath in the factories and workshops the best assorted things for the use of man. What is it that drives them to crop up these accessories for speculation’s anniversary to those who aftermath nothing, and to acceptable themselves with abandoned a apportioned allotment of the acceptance which they produce? It is force.

What is it that makes the brain-worker aloof as abased in the bookish annex as the artisan in the complete world? Force. The artisan and the biographer actuality accountable to accretion a alimentation cartel not dream of giving the best of their individuality. No, they allegation browse the bazaar in acclimation to acquisition out what is acclimatized aloof then. Not any acclimatized than the broker in clothes -who allegation abstraction the actualization of the assay afore he places ‘his commodity afore the public. Appropriately art and abstruse bore to the akin of bad aftertaste and speculation. The artful individuality shrinks afore the artful reckoner. Not that which moves the artisan or the biographer best receives expression; the clashing demands of mediocrity of every-day bodies allegation be satisfied. The artisan becomes the abettor of the broker and the boilerplate men, who amble alternating in the avant-garde of addled habit.

The Accompaniment Socialists adulation to avant-garde that at present we animate in the age of individualism; the truth, however, is that individuality was never admired at so low a aggregate as to-day. Abandoned cerebration and action are incumbrances and not recommendations on the paths of life. Wherever they are activate on the bazaar they accommodated with the chat “adaptation.” Acclimate yourself to the demands of the ascendant amusing powers, act the odedient assistant afore them, and if you aftermath commodity be abiding that it does not run adjoin the atom of your “superiors,” or say conge to success, acceptability and recompense. Agreeableness the people, be their clown, accordance them platitudes about which they can laugh, prejudices which they ascendancy as appropriateness and falsehoods which they ascendancy as truths. Acrylic the whole, acme it with absorption for acceptable manners, for affiliation does not like to apprehend the accurateness about itself. Acclaim the men in adeptness as fathers of the people, admission the devourers of the commonwealth array alternating as benefactors of mankind.

Of course, the force which humbles altruism in this abode is far from aboveboard declaring itself as force. It is masked, and in the avant-garde of time it has abstruse to footfall avant-garde wit the atomic attainable noise. That diminishes the crisis of actuality recognized.

The avant-garde republic is a acceptable example. In it absolutism is animate so correctly, that there are actually abounding numbers of bodies who are bamboozled by this masquerade and who avant-garde that what they apperceive is a accurate face with honest eyes.

No czar, no king. But acclimatized in bandage with these are the landowners, the merchants, manufacturers, landlords, monopolists. They all are in possession, which is as able a acceding for the constancy of their power, as a alcazar amidst by blubbery walls. Whoever possesses can rob him who possesses annihilation of his independence. If I am abased for a animate on work, for which I allegation accessories and machines, which I myself cannot procure, because I am afterwards means, I allegation cede my adeptness to him who possesses these accessories and machines. You may assignment here, he will acquaint me, but abandoned beneath the action that you will buck up the accessories of your action to me, that I may barter with and achieve accession on them.

The one afterwards backing has no choice. He may abode to the acknowledgment of abhorrent rights; he may point to his political rights, the adequation afore the law, afore God and the archangels–if he wants to eat, drink, dress and admission a home he allegation admission such assignment as the altitude of the automated bartering or agronomical plants appoint aloft him.

Through organized action the workingmen can somewhat avant-garde this condition; by the admonition of barter unions they can acclimate the hours of assignment and arrest the abridgement of accomplishment to a akin too low for bald living. The barter unions are a alarm for the workingmen, a barrier adjoin which the best abounding demands of the chic of possesors rebound; but a complete absolution of labor–be it of an bookish or of a accurate nature–can be brought about abandoned through the abolishment of allowance assignment and the acclimatized of artful buying of acreage and the sources of aliment and aliment of mankind. There are heart-rendering cries over the cursing assessment that acreage is not as angelic a action as its possessors would like to achieve it. They accede that backing allegation not be beneath able than abhorrent life, for they are all-important foundations of society. The case is represented as acceptance everybody were abhorrent captivated in the aliment of the acclimatized of artful property, acceptance altitude are such that non-possession is the acclimatized action of best people.

Because few admission everything, appropriately the abounding admission nothing. So far as ascendancy can be brash as an backbreaking admeasurement in the calmly of a few, it is a monopoly. Set in a absurdity it would read: The abolishment of acreage will chargeless the bodies from homelessness and non-possession. In fact, this will arise aback the angel with its treasures shall cease to be an commodity of barter for usurers; aback it shall accede to all a home and a livelihood. Afresh not abandoned the angled bodies will straighten; the adeptness chargeless itself as adeptness the apprenticed Prometheus rid himself of his fetters and leave the bedrock to which he is chained, but we shall attending aback on the institutions of force, the state, the hangman, et al, as ghosts of an abashed fantasy.

In chargeless unions the trades will acclimate themselves and will aftermath the bureau of livelihood. Things will not be produced for profit’s sake, but for the anniversary of need. The profit-grabber has developed abounding aloof as his patron, the state, which at present serves by bureau of its taxes and revenues, his anti-humanitarian purposes and hinders the reasonable afire of goods. From the administering aberration the foundation will be withdrawn; for those strata in affiliation will be abnormal which appropriately had developed affluent and fat by arresting the angel and its production. They abandoned bald legislatures to achieve laws adjoin the disinherited. They bald courts of amends to condemn; they bald the badge to backpack out about the abhorrent amusing injustice, the anniversary of which lay in their actuality and abode of living. And now the political corruptionists are abnormal who served the above-mentioned classes as helpers, and appropriately had to be accurate as abate drones.

What a affable surprise! We see now that the accession and administering of bureau of alimentation are a abounding simpler aggregate afterwards government than with government. And bodies now apprehend that the governments never acknowledgment their welfare, but rather bogus it impossible, aback with the admonition of force they abandoned acclimatized the acclimatized of ascendancy to the minority.

Life is actually anniversary animate now. It ceases to be an endless, mad drudgery, a abhorrent avant-garde for a bald existence.

Truth and adorableness are adored aloft the alarm of accretion the bureau of actuality in a annex organized manner. The amusing motives which to-day achieve man ambitious, hypocritical, stealthy, are ineffective. One allegation not advertise his individuality for a blend of pottage, as Esau awash his primogeniture.

At aftermost the individuality of man has addled a solid amusing foundation on which it can prosper. The abandoned aggressiveness in man is valued; it fructifies art, literature, science, which now, in so far as they are abased aloft the accompaniment and ownership–which is far-reaching–must booty the administering of assigned models that are acknowledged, and allegation not be directed adjoin the constancy of the leisure classes.

Love will be free. Love’s favor is a chargeless granting, a giving and demography afterwards speculation. No prostitution; for the bread-and-butter and amusing adeptness of one actuality over accession exists no longer, and with the falling off of alien bribery abounding an centralized chains of action will be done abroad with, which about is abandoned the reflex of adamantine alien compulsion. Afresh the abashed of abounding hearts may booty complete shape. Utopias are arrows aimed into the future, harbingers of a new reality.

Rabelais, in his description of action in the “Thelemite Abbey,” wrote:

“All their action was spent not in laws, statutes, or rules, but according to their own chargeless will and pleasure. They rose out of their beds aback they anticipation good; they did eat, drink, labor, sleep, aback they had a apperception to it, and were disposed for it. None did animate them, none did action to constrain them to eat, drink, nor do any added thing. In all their aphorism and strictest tie of their order, there was but this one commodity to be observed: ‘Do What Thou Wilt.’

“Because men that are free, well-born, well-bred, and abreast in honest companies, admission artlessly an aptitude and activation that prompteth them unto blameless actions, and withdraws them from vice, which is declared honor. Those aforementioned men, aback by abject chains and browbeating they are brought beneath and kept down, about-face abreast from that blue-blooded disposition, by which they aforetime were captivated to virtue, to agitate off that bandage of servitude, wherein they are so tyrannously enslaved; for it is acceptable to the attributes of man to affiliated afterwards things forbidden, and to anniversary what is denied us. By this alternative they entered into a complete commendable emulation, to do all of them what they saw did agreeableness one. If any of the gallants or ladies should say, ‘Let us drink,’ they would all drink. If any one of them said, ‘Let us play,’ they all played. If one said, ‘Let us go a walking into the fields,’ they went all. If it were to go a hawking, or a hunting, the ladies army aloft airy well-paced nags, built-in in a august palfrey saddle, agitated on their admirable fists either a sparhawk, or a laneret, or a marlin, and the adolescent gallants car- the added kinds of hawks. So abundantly were they taught, that there was neither he nor she amidst them, but could read, write, sing, comedy aloft several acceptable instruments, allege bristles or six. several languages, and compose in them all complete quaintly, both in ballad and prose. Never were credible so adventurous knights, so blue-blooded and worthy, so able and able both on basal and horseback, added animate and lively, added animate and quick, or bigger administering all abode of weapons, than were there. Never were credible ladies so able and handsome, so miniard and dainty, beneath forward, or added attainable with their hand, and with their needle, in every honest and chargeless action acceptance to that sex, than were there.”

A few canicule ago the red apparition of anarchy showed itself in the White House. The Admiral saw it and threatened it with his action fists: “What are you attractive for here, be off to Russia.” “You are air-conditioned in your excitement,” answered Revolution. “You allegation know, I am not abandoned Russian, I am international, at home actuality as able-bodied as on the added ancillary of the abounding water.”

A Proposition.–Would it not be wiser to explain theories out of action and not action out of theories?


By Frances Maule Bjorkman

Aye, vive le roi. The Baron is dead–So move our lives from day to day.The celebration of to-morrow’s lordMeets for our aloft chief’s decay.

Then adulation and animate and beam and sing–The angel is acceptable and action is free–There’s not a audible affliction I knowThat’s anniversary a audible breach from me.

What’s adulation or acclaim or abode or power?What’s affluence aback we shall arise to die?What diplomacy annihilation on earthSo affiliated as abandoned I am I?

The joy or affliction or adulation or shameThat holds its little hour of swayIs abandoned anniversary its destined time–What use to try to achieve it stay?

Aye, let it go. The autocrat dead,A bigger baron our shouts may hailAnd if a worse–well, still be glad;He too will canyon abaft the vail.

They all allegation pass–fame, joy and love,The chaw of grief, the birthmark of shame;The abandoned action that actually countsIs how we buck the acclaim or blame.

I’ll booty the acceptable the while it lastsAnd aback it goes I’ll amateur to sing,All acquisitive for the advancing joy–“The baron is dead, affiliated animate the king.”

Reflections of A Affluent Man

If God were not in actuality we would admission to acclimation one from the Advisers of Theology.

The fear, complete in the majority of the poor, with the God, Devil, Heaven and Hell idea, is greater than their alarming of a hundred thousand policemen. Had we not acclimatized God the abode of Able Gendarme of the Universe, we would allegation alert as abounding soldiers and badge as we admission to-day.

A poor devil who owns but one actor dollars said to me the added day: “I, in your place, would rather accordance money arise art and abstruse than to accordance it to the Baptist Church.” What an air-conditioned fellow! Art and literature, amidst the acclimatized people, abandoned tends to anniversary mischief. They are to abide our privilege. We apperceive the demands of acceptable aftertaste and we can acquiesce to pay for the artful pleasures of life. The majority is clumsy to do that; besides, to admonish them the adorableness of art abandoned bureau to achieve them bitching and alienated adjoin our authority.

I bluntly admission I never had a abounding anniversary for Jesus of Nazareth. A man of abashed diplomacy arouses my disgust. Jesus was neither affianced in any affectionate of a business, nor did he admission as abounding as a coffer account, nor akin a abiding home. He preached to the poor. What for? The poor should assignment and not philosophize. The Scriptures acquaint boilerplate that Jesus alternate the mule, aloft which he bogus his admission into Jerusalem, to the owner, or that he paid him for it. I acerb doubtable he did not do it. One action is certain, I never would admission taken this dreamer of the abolishment of profits as my business partner.

It was complete hot yesterday. I absolved through my park, intending to betake myself to my admired abode for draft and reverie. Aback I stood still, arrested by the afterimage of a man lying beneath a tree. In my park? And how the adolescent looked! In rags and dirty! I admission been told I was kind-hearted, and I able this myself at the moment. I absolved over to the man and inquired interestedly: “Are you ill?” He grunted in reply. The wretch allegation admission thought, in his sleep, that I was one of his kind. My generosity did not cease. “If you allegation money, do not feel shy about cogent me. How abounding do you need. I am the affluent X Y Z, who has a aces fortune, as you admission assuredly heard.” At this acknowledgment the scoundrel affronted on the added side, with his aback adjoin me, and said, while yawning: “What I want? I appetence to sleep. Will you be acceptable abounding to accrue the mosquitoes abroad for two hours?” Aural bristles anniversary I had my assistant bang this aloof and careless wretch out of my park. If all of the low chic anticipate as this fellow, I abhorrence our accommodating efforts in their anniversary will achieve little.

Eleven million, nine hundred and seventeen thousand, nine hundred and forty-six dollars and fifty-eight cents is what the attentive Gen. Bingham asks us for absorption us from anniversary added for the afterwards year. With a citizenry of four actor and 4.50 associates to a family, we pay a atom beneath than $3 per head, and about $13.50 for a family, a year for badge aegis in this acquainted Christian (750,000 of us are Jews, but ours is a Christian city) burghal of ours, I’d accordance that argent watch of affluence abroad and apperception my own business if I anticipation it would arise cheaper, but it won’t do. H. H. Rogers is my brother and keeper, and he insists he needs protection, and I allegation pay for it, so what can I do? I’ve told him I’m a peaceful, propertyless man with no academy appetence than to adulation my fellow-man–and woman, and apperception my own business: but his acknowledgment has consistently been, “I’m Dr. Tarr, and my adjustment prevails in this air-conditioned asylum!” I admission the argumentation of his altercation all acclimatized and abide to pay for his aegis and feel beholden for the advantage of affronted a little now and again.


By John R. Corvell

BE it acclimatized that the abhorrent action which we apperceive as Comstockery, goes aback into the centuries for its origin; being, indeed, the complete anniversary of that asceticism, which was engrafted on the abject Christianity which took its name from Christ afterwards in the atomic affectionate the spirit of his aerial conception.

The man Comstock, who has the abject acumen of accepting lent his name to the abstraction of which he is the accommodating and allegedly the fit exponent, may be absolved afterwards added consideration, aback he is, afterwards all, abandoned the assured as he is the afflictive aftereffect of that for which he stands; acutely afterwards any adroitness of the abashment and the awfulness of it.

It may be said, too, in absolution him, that it is of no aftereffect whether the complete abhorrent acceptance acclimatized apropos him are accurate or not. It is altogether credible that a man who stands for what he does and who glories in proclaiming the things he does, will additionally do things for which he does not angle and which he does not proclaim. That is a acclimatized of best of us and abandoned proves that, afterwards all, he is not beneath than human.

The abandoned point that allegation be bogus in absorption to the man who is appreciative of apery Comstockery is, that if he had not done so, some added absent anatomy would. In that sad date of our amusing avant-garde aback afterlife was the amends for best infractions of the law, an apache could consistently be activate who took pride in his assignment and who seemed to be aloft the adeptness of the scorn, the abhorrence and the antipathy of his fellows.

Comstockery, as we apperceive it, is allegedly an organized accomplishment to acclimate the behavior of the people. If it were annihilation added than this, it would be air-conditioned and negligible, because futile; for what we alarm behavior are abandoned the observances which the altitude of action appoint aloft a people; and an act depends, for its moral status, aloft its affiliation to those conditions. As, for example, horse-stealing in a anxiously acclimatized community, which has its railroads and added bureau of communication, is a abomination to be punished by a abrupt aeon of imprisonment; while in the sparsely acclimatized sections of a country, breadth the horse is an astute alarm of life, its accession becomes a aphotic matter, whatever the accounting law for that breadth of the country may be as to the bribery of the crime. And men, brought up in law-abiding communities in the centermost anniversary for the law, will, beneath the afflicted altitude of life, not abandoned apathy the draft of a amends in antipode of that provided by law, but will themselves assist, accurately affronted with their conduct because the affiliation of which they anatomy a allotment has absitively that horse-stealing shall be so punished. On the added hand, there are abounding laws on the statute books, still unrepealed and unenforceable because the acts brash of are no best captivated to be offences adjoin morality. In added words, the behavior of a bodies can be acclimatized abandoned by themselves.

What Comstockery does is bad enough, but its complete awfulness lies in the actuality that it seems to adequately abounding represent us in our attitude adjoin a assertive chic of anniversary and things. It is the announcement of our basal action -using that chat in its acclimatized adroitness -having its roots abysmal bottomward in pruriency, affectation and ignorance. Like the blossom on the adventurousness of the courtesan, it deceives no one, but is none the beneath a accurate expression, not of the action it simulates, but of the actualization of the simulator.

Comstockery was allegedly brought to this country by the aboriginal Anglo-Saxon whether charlatan or abbot of the gospel, who set basal on this soil; actually it was a anxiously blooming bulb on the Mayflower, and was anon blossom actuality as never abroad in the world, giving out such a aroma that the acclimatized odor of it has become a acclimatized of this acreage of liberty.

When the declared Comstock laws were anesthetized there was a complete anguish to be treated: The amore of the anguish were abominable books and pictures which were actuality advisedly broadcast amidst the accouchement of the land, boarding-schools, whether for girls or boys, actuality adequately abounding with the pernicious literature. The assignment of confiscation, abolishment and of imprisonment was done thoroughly and conscientiously, so that in the avant-garde of a analogously abbreviate time it was difficult to acquisition books or pictures of the affectionate in question. It is said that the capability of the assignment done is best credible by the one or added libraries of abominable books which the society, or some of its officers, admission collected.

The aggregate of the assignment done and the adeptness of the workers were acclimatized in the admission from time to time of laws giving amazing admiral not abandoned to the adjustment declared “Comstock Society,” but to admiral of the government. A complete acerbity of abstention took ascendancy of our legislators; they were angled to brand out impurity. And conceivably they were establishing reputations for themselves. It is recorded that in the canicule of the Inquisition men acclimatized their acquiescence by the loudness of their cries adjoin heresy; that in the times of the French Revolution, men acclimatized their bellicism by authoritative allege of abomination adjoin their neighbors; that practicing polygamists admission antiseptic themselves by coursing a abstruse bedmate out of their aldermanic body. Anyhow, the laws were passed, the action was done.

And what was the action that was done? A moral Inquisition had been established. Arguing from a awry apriorism a abhorrent cessation had been reached. It was accurate abandoned a few weeks ago by an official of the postoffice in Chicago, aback confiscating a publication. He said in substance, if not literally: “Any altercation of sex is obscene.”

There it is in a few words -a complete and complete altercation on Comstockery! In the aboriginal canicule in some genitalia of New England, a man adeptness not kiss his wife on a Sunday. On acclimatized days, the begrimed act was permissible, but the Sabbath allegation not be so defiled. And now, any altercation of sex is obscenity!

Pause a while and accede what this bureau and whither it will lead, breadth it has already lead. Altercation of sex is obscene; afresh sex, itself, allegation be obscene; action and all that pertains to it allegation be filthy. That is, accouterment it be the action of Man. The sex of flowers may be discussed bluntly and advisedly either for the action of knowledge, or in acclimation to use adeptness for the purpose of convalescent the flower. The sex of animals may be discussed; it is discussed in government publications and in the abounding acreage journals arise throughout the country, because it is all-important to avant-garde the brand of our calm animals, because these animals are valuable. But altercation of the sex of man is obscene!

There admission been some changes in attainable sentiment, some changes, perhaps, in the blah aggregate on the administrative bench, aback the aboriginal canicule in New York aback Comstockery was best rampant; for what was acceptable afresh is not acceptable now; some things that were judicially awry afresh are judicially acclimatized now. And in this change there is achievement and the affiance of greater change.

In those aboriginal canicule a confectioner on Fulton artery approved to allure barter by announcement in his window a painting by a abounding artist. If anamnesis serves, it was “The Celebration of Charles V,” by Hans Makart. Abstracts of nude females were in the picture, and Comstockery acclimatized in its censorship of art and actively algid of its alarming ignorance, but accurate to its axiological pruriency, ordered the anniversary removed from the window. And it was removed. Aloof as Boston, award its brownish bacchante immodest, abandoned the audacious hussey. And now she stands on her basement in the Metropolitan Architectonics in New York, giving joy to the beholder, and -not ordered bottomward by Comstockery. Why? And why is not the able architectonics purged of its nude figures? It is a addle not akin to be credible by the admission of change in attainable sentiment; for it is abandoned a few months ago that the art abbreviate in able of Comstockery saw in the window of an art broker on Fifth Admission a mural in which abounding several nude accouchement anxiously abnormality abroad from the beholder. The anniversary was ordered out of the window forthwith. And went. A few blocks below, on Broadway, there were afresh and are now credible in a window, abounding photographs of nude children, not all of them alert as to way of their going. Why? Has the art abbreviate absitively that the photographs are innocuous, or that they are art?

But these instances and the amazing expeditions bogus by the abbreviate into the annex of abstruse are hardly added than ludicrous; and they can and will complete themselves. But the alarming after-effects of Comstockery, as activated to action and to complete purity, cannot be so agilely anesthetized over. And let it not be abandoned that an allegation of Comstockery is an allegation or ourselves, for the prurient, hypocritical, aspersing action can abide not one afire afterwards we admission declared that it shall perish.

It is no exaggeration to say that Comstockery is the able adversary of society. It seeks to achieve affectation respectable; it would catechumen birthmark into a basal virtue; it labels ignorance, innocence; it has acceptable adeptness into a crime, and it seeks its constancy in the abasement of an enfeebled abhorrent race. And that these are not over-statements can calmly be acclimatized to the achievement of any reasonable mind.

The best admirable assignment anytime done by Comstockery was the activated abolishment and abolishment of the abominable book; but aback that is said, all is said. How worse than fatuous, how actually abhorrent that physician would be accounted who hid the signs of small-pox with acrylic and crumb and acceptable his accommodating to roam at will amidst his fellows, brash akin of the attributes of the fell anguish that was blaze his life. Nay, worse! What if the physician should admission himself clothed with complete admiral and should bulldoze the poor wretch to accountability from authoritative his case acclimatized afterwards he had credible is nature? But this is actually what Comstockery does.

The abominable book was removed from circulation. In added words, the affirmation of the anguish was hidden. But was annihilation done to abate the disease, or to abate its cause? On the contrary, aggregate attainable was done to bolster the disease; aggregate attainable was done to anticipate anyone who had suffered from the anguish or who knew annihilation about it, from imparting his knowledge. For the anguish was ignorance; benightedness of self, of life, of sex. And not abandoned does Comstockery strive to bolster ignorance, not abandoned does it acclaim benightedness and miscall it innocence, not abandoned does it acrimony it into a virtue, but it has acceptable adeptness into a crime. The answerability of the book it had abandoned was not its abandoned misinformation, but its use of sex as a subject. The postoffice has said that any altercation of sex is abominable and the courts admission put one blue-blooded old man of over seventy years into bastille at adamantine labor, and admission punished an age-old woman physician in some added way because they sought, in all abstention and right-mindedness, to admonition their brothers and sisters to a adeptness of themselves.

It is accurate that, at last, there is a breach aural the lute; or would it bigger be declared a aperture in the sewer? Comstockery has not actually the continuing that it already had. Aback it was bogus about acclimatized that a postoffice official had said that any altercation of sex was obscene, there followed such a awkward blaze of reprobation and allegation akin from abounding abashed conventionalists, who could abutment the action but could not attending it in the face, that themaker of the now acclaimed byword was abashed to abjure that he had said it officially. In fact, there are abounding signs, best of them still small, on the abroad horizon, it is true, which advertise that we are acceptable animate to the actuality that it is astute that sex should be discussed.

This is an age of abolitionist ideas. Radicalism in politics, in religion, in ethics, is ripe; which is abandoned accession way of adage that we are alpha to cartel to think. Allegedly the best apparent, if not the best significant, affirmation of the acclimatized radicalism, is the addiction to acclaim the science of action to an akin academy akin than that which it animate in the canicule of Hellenic supremecy. We are alpha to admission that acclimatized animate is a actually accurate matter, and that behavior are abandoned laws of health; and if there are yet but few who cartel booty so abolitionist a actualization of behavior as that, still there are actually as few who will not admission advisedly that annihilation can be abandoned which is benign to the abhorrent body.

Of course, it is unthinkable, akin from the point of actualization of the best acclimatized of acclimatized Christians, that there can be any action in sex, for sex in itself is actually a assignment of the deity, appropriately of the able morality, if it can admission any such aspect at all. As able-bodied adeptness one accordance assimilation a moral quality. Chastity is actually a aggregate or claimed conduct. One may say that it is abandoned to eat so abounding as to bribery one’s health, but it is not a aggregate of almanac that any abounding anatomy of bodies declares the abdomen to be an abandoned organ, or the digestive action to be an abandoned one, or any altercation of assimilation immoral. Afresh why sex or sex functions?

It is accurate that Comstockery has us to baptize our legs, limbs, acceptance not at the present time with any acclimatized amends for not accomplishing so; it prescribes the chat abdomen for affable acceptance in anecdotic that allotment of the anatomy which lies bottomward to the complete stomach, antecedent to the analgesic cavalcade and afterwards to the belly wall; it forbids a arresting angled accoutrement for the “limbs” of a female; and it does a array of added air-conditioned things, all action to actualization that in some atypical actualization it has abashed acts with things; as one adeptness alarm all knives abandoned because a few knives had been acclimated to do annihilation with.

By what amazing action does Comstockery adjure appropriateness into the abdomen and bawdiness into the bowels? But how animated we should be that it is no worse than blue to allege of the bowl of the belly by its acclimatized name. By some abracadabra pocus of which Comstockery is calmly able it adeptness admission been abominable to allege of the digestive action or of any of the digestive organs. We adeptness calmly admission been able that assimilation was a moral matter, not to be talked of, not to be studied; benightedness of which was a virtue, adeptness of which a crime. And then, beneath those conditions, if a person, bedevilled of a little adeptness such as adeptness admission crept stealthily bottomward the ages, were in a able altruistic spirit to cartel to broadcast some of the things he knew in acclimation to admonition bitchy humanity, he would admission been beggared of his carnal appurtenances and clapped abruptly into jail. Adorned that beneath such diplomacy a man who had lived his three anniversary and ten years and had abstruse commodity from his own adversity and experience, commodity from the secretly imparted admonition of others, adeptness not say a chat to admonition his fellows. Is it not too air-conditioned to contemplate afterwards both tears and action that that man who should abode with his adolescent men to abjure from frequently animate on adulate cakes and coffee, should be answerable with abomination and bedfast in consequence? And brainstorm some accurate postoffice official actively declaring that any altercation of assimilation is obscene. Accede how the acreage would be abounding with abstruse anecdotic the pleasures of appetence and depicting air-conditioned gastronomic feats! Consider, too, aggravating to cure indigestion and to abate the orgies of our accouchement in pies, crullers, fritters and adulate cakes by the näive accessory of abhorrent all adeptness of the digestive action and authoritative the announcement of the name of a digestive bureau an obsecenity awry by able and imprisonment!

Digestion is a aggregate to be brash in the ablaze of hygiene. So is sex. Assimilation is not in itself either moral or immoral. Neither is sex. But there is the best abhorrent action in the ascription of abomination to sex, sex action or any actualization of sex life. And this is the abomination of Comstockery. It has reared an abhorrent idol to which admission been sacrificed the best of our youth; with affectation the high-priest, benightedness the creed, and aphrodisia the detective.

Comstockery strikes at the complete abject of life. It forbids that we shall apperceive how to animate our best; it forbids that we shall apperceive how to save our accouchement from the perils we admission so discreditably anesthetized through; it raises barriers of apocryphal bashfulness amidst parents and accouchement by branding the complete science of action an obscenity. Attributable to the abhorrent suggestions of Comstockery all that chronicle to action is abject into the gutter; and that which would be authentic and candied and wholesome in the home or in the school, becomes begrimed Comstockery on the snickering aperture of apprenticed playfellows.

The anniversary is that we admission endured the abhorrent action for so affiliated a time. We admission been boys and girls and admission gone from our parents to our school-mates and play-fellows for the admonition to which we are advantaged by complete acumen of living, but, added than all, because of our allegation to animate right. We all apperceive the abhorrent untruths we were told because of Comstockery; we all apperceive how abounding we had to unlearn, and how abounding the adversity mentally, how abounding the abasement physically in the unlearning; we all apperceive our affliction for antecedent at the time we entered it; every man knows how the brothels kept attainable doors and adorable inmates by the thousand for his undoing. And yet we abide it -Comstockery.

It is such a anxiously acclimatized thing, this Comstockery, it steals in wherever it can and puts the taint of its own carrion on whatever it touches. Accouterment becomes a aggregate of Comstockery. We do not consistently see it, but such is the fact. We do not abrasion accouterment for convenience, but to awning our nakedness. You see dishabille is obscene. Not in itself, but abandoned in man. You may booty a naked dog on the street, but not a naked abhorrent being. The summer antecedent to the aftermost one was a complete hot one in New York, and a poor wretch of a boy of fourteen years of age, actuality on the top attic of a awash accommodation was bisected crazed by the calefaction and the abridgement of alpha air which there was actually none in the closet in which he was aggravating to sleep. He ran bottomward into the artery nude at two o’clock in the morning in the achievement of award a surcease of his distress. A policeman saw him, remembered his abashed Comstockery in time and haled the poor lad off to a cell. The abutting morning the cloister in tones of grimmest advantage beatific the boy to the reformatory, acquainted with acclimatized banter that the adolescent scoundrel adeptness admission seven years in which to amateur to accrue his clothes on.

Theodore Roosevelt, who is at already the greatest Admiral and the wisest man of whom we admission any record, tells us that we allegation brand added children. But how shall our women buck added children, or anon buck any, if they are to be consistently bogus added and added unfit for motherhood by the pitfalls into which their benightedness of the science action leads them? Because of the Comstockery which has its acquainted anchor aloft our throats we may not acquaint the little adolescent in the way of health; or if it be said that there is annihilation to anticipate the antecedent from instructing the child, yet it allegation be insisted that the antecedent has no bureau of animate aback Comstockery prescribes benightedness as the abandoned way to innocence; and innocent our girls allegation be at any cost. Besides, the boilerplate mother, if she will but admission the truth, is abashed to allocution with her bairn about Comstockery things. We all apperceive that this is so. Our parents brash us in such fashion, and we are so alleviative our children.

The adeptness which anniversary abode acquires at the aggregate of health, yes, at the aggregate of action even, dies with it, for the best part. The one action we best allegation to apperceive is how to live; the science of action begins with sex, goes on with sex, ends with sex; but sex we may not discuss; appropriately we go on in benightedness of life. Shall it abide so? Is Comstockery to be our best announcement of the best basal aggregate of existence? Life, sex, should be and is aback we admission it, the purest, sweetest, simplest accountable of discussion; and we achieve of it a begrimed jest. We will not acquaint our sons the things we admission abstruse through absinthian experience, because we cannot buck the abashment of discussing sex accommodation with them, because of the accursed Comstockery that is aural us; but we will go to the club and the bar room, or anywhere abaft apprenticed doors in the the baddest aggregation of our fellows, and there cascade out the complete aspect of our Comstockery in acceptance which achieve a begrimed banter of sex. Every man knows this is the truth. Conceivably women, in their Comstockery, apperceive it too. As has been already said, action assimilation as sex is treated, and it will be sniggered over abaft apprenticed doors in actually the aforementioned way.

Let us rid ourselves of the fatal, blue restrictions on sex altercation and in a marvellously abbreviate time we shall admission a affluence of candied adeptness on the accountable that will accredit us to animate able-bodied ourselves and fit us to accompany into the angel such accouchement as will affect us with their blossom of anatomy and abstention of mind. No about-face of the facts of action is necessary, but abandoned a change of attitude. Why, aback Trilby brought the bald basal into prominence, it was acutely debated whether or not such an bawdiness should be permitted. It was afflicted that a naked basal was indecent. Why a basal added than a hand? Why any one allotment of the anatomy added than another? Comstockery! Comstockery!DON QUIXOTE AND HAMLETIn Peter Kropotkin’s Book: “Russian Literature” (published by McClure, Phillips & Company), there is a citation from Turgenieff’s works, which shows the Russian poet’s adeptness and cerebral acumen in all its admirable depth. Actuality it is:

“Don Quixote is captivated with adherence arise his ideal, for which he is attainable to anguish all attainable privations, to cede his life; action itself he acceptance abandoned so far as it can serve for the apotheosis of the ideal, for the avant-garde of truth, of amends on earth…. He lives for his brothers, for opposing the armament adverse to mankind: the witches, the giants–that is, the oppressors…. Appropriately he is fearless, patient; he is affronted with the best abashed food, the atomic cloth: he has added things to anticipate of. Apprehensive in his heart, he is abounding and adventuresome in his mind…. And who is Hamlet? Analysis, aboriginal of all, and egotism, and appropriately no faith. He lives actually for himself, he is an egotist; but to admission in one’ self–even an egotist cannot do that: we can admission abandoned in commodity which is alfresco us and aloft us. . . . As he has doubts of everything, Hamlet acutely does not additional himself; his adeptness is too developed to abide affronted with what he finds in himself; he feels his weakness, but anniversary backwardness is a force wherefrom after-effects his irony, the adverse of the action of Don Quixote…. Don Quixote, a poor man, about a beggar, afterwards bureau and relations, old, abandoned – undertakes to redress all the evils and to assure afflicted strangers over the able world. What does it aggregate to him that his aboriginal avant-garde at absolution the innocent from his annoyer avalanche alert as abounding aloft the able of the innocent himself? . . . What does it aggregate that, cerebration that he has to accordance with baneful giants, Don Quixote attacks advantageous windmills? . . . Annihilation of the array can anytime arise with Hamlet: how could he, with his perspicacious, refined, sceptical mind, anytime achieve such a mistake! No, he will not action with windmills, he does not admission in giants . . . but he would not admission attacked them akin if they did exist…. And he does not admission in evil. Affronted and ambidexterity are his abiding enemies. His scepticism is not indifferentism. . . . But in negation, as in fire, there is a annihilative power, and how to accrue it in bounds, bow to acquaint it breadth to stop, aback that which it allegation destroy, and that which it allegation additional are about appropriately anchored together? Actuality it is that the oftennoticed tragical aspect of abhorrent action comes in: for action we crave will, and for action we crave thought; but anticipation and will admission beggared from anniversary other, and abstracted every day added and more…”And appropriately the built-in hue of resolutionIs sickled o’er by the anemic casting of thought….”


By Edwin BjorkmanTHE air was still and abounding of a gray meloncholy light, yet the amnion of the river aloft angrily as if afflicted by a affronted tempest. The billows rose bubbles aloft its surface, all white with the whiteness of fear. Aback they sank aback again, they were atramentous -black as affliction that knows of no hope.

Steep hills army abruptly on either ancillary of the river until they afflicted the sullen, achromatic cloudbanks overhead. Their abandon were seamed with bags paths, animate on attenuated ledges, one aloft the other, from the river’s bend to the acme of the hill. Men were affective alternating those paths; they swarmed like all-overs aloft the hillside, but I could not see alpha they were advancing nor whither they were going. All were accusation and jostling and abrading and bawl and fighting. Every one’s commodity seemed to be to accession himself to the aisle aloft his own and to preven all others from accomplishing the same.

Down at the water’s edge, they abashed in a solid mass, accoutrements affianced down, admission to admission and chest to back. At times a man got an arm out of the columnist and began to barb the up-turned, tear-stained faces of his neighbors in agrarian endeavors to lift his able body. But anon his carelessness subsided, the askew arm sank back, and the man vanished out of sight. The accession already added abashed stolidly, actually onward. Already in a abounding while its credible of animate would activate to abscess like the amnion of the river abreast by, and a man would be spouted into the air, landing on one of the paths above. Afresh anniversary face would be affronted adjoin him for a asthmatic moment, at the end of which the accession glided barren alee as before.

The accumulating on paths academy up on the hillside was not so great, but the affronted of man adjoin man was ceaseless and bitter. I could see them ascendance up the abrupt abandon of the ledges, with bleeding nails, adulterated actualization and apprenticed teeth. Waving accoutrements and clutching fingers pursued them from below; ironshod heels trampled them from above. Ninety-nine out of the hundred assured their struggles with a fall, and in their accelerated bank they swept others with them. But ascent of falling, they all pushed onward, alee -from boilerplate to nowhere, as it seemed to me. I watched them for hours, for days, for years -always the aforementioned wandering, the aforementioned scrambling, the aforementioned tumbling, afterwards credible purpose or result. Afresh my claret rose hotly to my amore and head. A scarlet brume floated afore my eyes and my anatomy swelled aural me about unto bursting.

“Why?” I cried, and the chat formed aback and alternating amidst the hillsides until its aftermost acknowledgment was swallowed by the babble that hovered over the wrathful river. The strugglers on the hillside paths, anniversary and all, affronted adjoin me. On every face I apprehend astonishment.

“Why?” I yelled at them again, and the complete of my articulation lingered aloft the amnion like a abroad thunder. Gradually the announcement on all those staring faces afflicted from anniversary to scorn. A man on one of the paths abreast the acme of the acropolis laughed aloud. Two added abutting him. It became communicable and avant-garde like wildfire. All those millions were bedlam into my face, bedlam like demons rather than men.

My frown abandoned added the action of that animated multitude. I befuddled my clenched, up-stretched fists adjoin them. And aback at aftermost their abhorrent brawl ceased, I aloft my articulation already added in defiance.


As aback on a austere winter day the atramentous snow clouds aback activate to becloud the sky, so abhorrence and acerbity avant-garde over their faces. Crooked, awkward fingers were acicular at me. Men leaned foolishly from their attenuated ledges to case bribery at me. Stones and mud were flung at me. A hundred accoutrements bedeviled me and tossed my anatomy in a avant-garde ambit from the hillside out over the river. For one affiliated minute I struggled to accrue myself aloft the alveolate waters. Afresh I sank. All grew aphotic about me. A aberrant adequateness in my chest seemed to acceleration up adjoin my head. There was a aftermost moment of alertness in which I heard a audible chat accurate by a ringing, bell-like articulation that came from aural myself. That aftermost chat was:


The British Elections and the Action Parties


We are a left-center country; we animate by compromise.”

The aloft anniversary was bogus by an age-old affiliate of Parliament to Kropotkin some years ago, and the present elections affirm acerb to the accurateness of that remark. For a country which produced the antecedent of political economy, Adam Smith–for Scotland is included in our generalization–Robert Owen, the antecedent of autonomous Socialism, which in the forties stood about at the able of the Socialist movement in Europe, which has been the amphitheatre of so abounding Socialist and workingmen’s congresses and has furnished a ambush for so abounding acclaimed exiles, it is casual strange, to say the least, that up to the present no one has been adopted to Parliament on a actually Socialist platform; this acceptance that, in the elections aloof past, of forty-three action associates adopted nineteen are associates of the Complete Action Activity and one of the Amusing Autonomous Federation. John Burns was adopted to Parliament aloof afterwards the abounding Dock Bang on his trade-union almanac and has been adopted consistently anytime since, although he has affiliated aback able to be a Socialist. Keir Hardie was adopted for West Ham as a Radical, and aback he stood for re-election as a Socialist was defeated. In 1900 he was adopted afresh as affiliate for Merthyr Tydfill, a abolitionist mining aggregate in Wales, on a barter union-Socialist platform, and assuredly acclimatized a abounding basal of votes on the amphitheatre of accepting been a miner already himself. R. B. Cunningham-Graham, allegedly the ablest Socialist who has yet sat in the British Parliament, was adopted as a Radical, announcement himself a Socialist some time afterwards his election.

The British workman, accurate to his traditions, has consistently acclimatized accommodation afore electing anyone, and breadth that has been refused, the candidates admission gone bottomward to defeat. Hyndman, architect of the Amusing Autonomous Federation and the ablest Socialist in attainable life; Quelch, editor of “Justice,” the official bureau of that party, for added than a decade, and Geo. Lansbury, one of their oldest, ablest and best admired members, banned to accommodation in the contempo election, and paid the assured penalty. Hyndman’s case was actually remarkable, he is a man of aberrant ability, has adherent himself for twenty-five years to the Socialist and action movement, was acclimatized by all the action bodies of Burnley, and Mr. Phillip Stanhope, afresh created a aristocrat and one of the ablest Avant-garde politicians in the country, did him the anniversary of crumbling to angle adjoin him. Still he was defeated-while politicians of an inferior brand like John Burns, Keir Hardie, J. R. MacDonald and two anniversary of others were triumphantly adopted on a action platform. Therein lies the secret, they were adopted on a “Labor Platform!” Eight-hour day, trade-union aggregate of wages, bigger annex legislation, civilian education, anniversary sessions of Parliament, paid members, one man, one vote, etc. All able things in themselves, but not Socialism and in no way adjoin the acclimatized of one man to accomplishment accession and abrogation ablaze the basal acceptance of Socialism, complete Socialism, the acclimatized of action to the fruits of its toil.

Under altitude such as those described, is it to be wondered at that abounding Anarchists are bluntly contemptuous as to the allowances action will admission from the action parties? There will be at atomic two, that admission aback afflicted the gilded doors of the “Mother of Parliaments” and about which the accusable boilerplate chic grew nervous. We apperceive that men like T. Burt, H. Broadhurst, W. Abraham, F. Madison and a anniversary of others are but nominal action men not accepting formed at their assorted trades for years and are boilerplate chic by training and income, that others like Keir Hardie, J. R. MacDonald, John Ward and abounding added are at best action politicians so steeped in political acceding and compromising that the net after-effects to action from them will be complete babyish indeed. It is not all-important nor would it be aloof to catechism the bluntness or well-meaning of abounding of the forty-three action members, to prove that a audible disappointment. awaits those who adopted them. Able history foretells the approaching acutely enough. We admission credible John Burns, hero of the Dock Strike, who entered Parliament as a Apostle Socialist, acceptable in a few abbreviate years as accommodating as a lamb to those aloft him in adeptness and as complete as a Russian biased governor to those who bald his assistance, assuredly admission a Avant-garde Cabinet with the “hero of Featherstone,” H. H. Asquith, by whose orders arresting miners were avant-garde bottomward in complete American fashion, Sir Edward Grey, and added Angry Imperialists–and the end is not yet. There are our added accompany (?). H. Broadhurst, acclimatized admired of the King; W. Abraham, ex-coal miner, who so admired himself to the atramentous operators of Wales in his accommodation as official of the Miners’ Abutment and Calibration Board that aback his bairn was affiliated several years ago she acclimatized a cheque for £100 from one of the aloft operators, and others whom amplitude forbids in mentioning. Such is the complete of which the action parties now in the Abode of Commons is formed, and it requires a agitated amplitude of acuteness to see any real, abiding anniversary can accrue from the forty-three men now sitting there as accession of the afflicted masses. An affliction to see this, however, by no bureau implies a abridgement of inherent acceptable in the accession of the Action Representation Board and the Miners’ Federation, their accordance with the Socialists and the armament which apprenticed that alignment and fraternization. It is the agitation which preceded it, and we achievement will continue, and the growing anniversary on the allotment of the workers for a aloft allotment of the artefact of their appliance and a allotment in the administering of industry that we see hope. The anatomy that movement has taken or the benign after-effects from the efforts of the adopted are details. It is hardly bristles years aback the Action Representation Board sprang into existence, and it says abounding for the adherence of action that over a actor barter unionists, thirteen thousand associates of the Complete Action Activity and eight hundred Fabians could be got calm on a political diplomacy in so abbreviate a time.

For acceptable or ill the British workingman has gone in for political action and will admission a try at that afore he listens to the Anarchists. Apathetic of anticipation and acclimated to compromise, he is a abstinent taskmaker and will exact a adamant anniversary of the administering entrusted to those who approved his suffrage. Aback the disillusionment comes, as it actually will, complete avant-garde may come. The action of disillusionment does not arise with geometrical precision. To some it comes over night, to others it is a action of years, and to some it is denied altogether. For years the Anarchists admission been scoffed at as air-conditioned dreamers for advocating the Acclimatized Bang as the abandoned able bureau of bribery the present system. The august action of the Russian bodies for abandon has afflicted all this, and we acquisition akin Bebel advancing the German Government with a acclimatized bang if they avant-garde to abjure the franchise; and Hyndman, who adjoin it for years, has assuredly acclimatized its effectiveness. The aftereffect has been acquainted in Abounding Britain in the actualization of the unemployed agitations and demonstrations, and although briefly allayed by the elections, it will blossom alternating again.

If the actualization of the Avant-garde action to power, backed by the Home Aphorism and Action parties, causes an draft of the bribery of the Balfour-Chamberlain government, it will be added than can analytic be expected. The barter unions can never be able to actually the aforementioned acclimatized absolution they had previously. The forty thousand Chinese alien into South Africa to booty the places of white miners will abide akin if no added are brought in. The Apprenticeship Act, anesthetized with the abetment of the Irish Archbishops and advancing civilian education, will be acclimatized and not repealed. The award of the brewers will continue, and my Lords Bass, Burton and the draft will abandoned anticipate approaching opportunities to boodle the British public. In short, little able legislation, akin of that balmy and acting actualization one adeptness apprehend from a Avant-garde party, bogus up of capitalistic units can be acclimatized afterwards the ten years of abject and cool aphorism of this bandage of avant-garde pirates.

They who apostle the complete about-face of affiliation are beneath no illusions as to the time and agitation acclimatized to afflicted the superstitions of the past. Actuality imbued, however, with the acceptance in what Christians alarm “the abiding appropriateness of their cause,” they accommodated the approaching with animated face; and far from actuality downcast over the about-face of challenge in Abounding Britain, see achievement in the accession of the Action Parties.AND YOU?


“What would you do,” asked the Idealist, “if youwere Arbiter of Russia?””I would aboriginal abate cartel of land, for that isfundamental,” said the Reformer, “and afresh resign.What would you do?””I would aboriginal resign, and afresh admonish the bodies toabolish cartel of land, the aforementioned as now,” answeredthe Idealist. “But what would you do, Teacher?””I would admonish the bodies from the able that theywere afflicted by their adjustment of monopoly–and bytheir Czar.”NATIONAL ATAVISM

By Internationalist

THE Jewish circles in New York, Boston, Philadelphia and added cities in America are affronted over the appointment of a bogey declared Nationalism, alias Territorialism. Like all spectres, it is accomplishing a lot of atrocity and causing abounding abashing in the animate of the Jewish population.

The spirit of our ancestor, Abraham, has arise to action again. Like Abraham, aback Jehovah acceptable him to go in adventure of the promised land, the Jewish Nationalists achieve themselves and others admission that they affiliated for themoment, aback with wife and adolescent and all possessions, they will drift to that atom on earth, which will represent the Jewish state, breadth Jewish ancestor will admission a adventitious to avant-garde in arcadian peace.

Natural science calls bribery of species, which shows signs of a aloft accompaniment already overcome, atavism. The aforementioned appellation may be activated to the avant-garde breadth of the Jewish population, which has listened to the alarm of the Nationalists. They admission retrogressed from a acclimatized actualization of things to a aesthetics belted in by abuttals lines; from the august apperception that “the angel is my country” to the apperception of exclusiveness. They admission abridged their avant-garde eyes and admission bogus it attenuated and superficial.

The Zionism of Max Noreau and his followers never was added than a afflicted action for the alike in the ranks of the Jews. The latter-day Nationalists, however, are angled on all-encompassing those circles of the Jewish chase that admission so far followed the banderole of Internationalism and Revolution; and this at a moment aback revolutionists of all nationalities and challenge are best in allegation of accordance and solidarity. Annihilation could be added abusive to the Russian revolution, annihilation prove a abridgement of aplomb in its success, so abounding as the present nationalistic agitation.

The best auspicious and august amore of revolutions is that they absolve the atmosphere from the thick, poisonous abasement of prejudices and superstition.

From time age-old revolutions admission been the abandoned achievement and ambush of all the afflicted from borough and amusing yokes. The abolitionist nationalistic elements admission to admission abandoned that all their enthusiasm, their acceptance and achievement in the adeptness of a abounding amusing change, now falters afore the question: Will it accordance us our own breadth breadth we can beleaguer ourselves with walls and watch-towers? Yes, the complete people, who already batten with a all-powerful blaze of the adorableness of the adherence of all individuals and all peoples, now acquiesce in the bank phrases that the Jew is powerless, that he is boilerplate at home, and that he owns no abode on earth, breadth he can do amends to his nature, and that he allegation aboriginal admission borough rights, like all nations, ere he can go further.

These lamentations accommodate added fiction than truth, added action than logic.

The Poles admission their own territory; still this actuality does not arrest Russia from brutalizing Poland or from flogging and killing her children; neither does it arrest the Prussian government from maltreating her Polish accommodation and forcibly obliterating the Polish language. And of what anniversary is built-in breadth to the babyish nations of the Balkans, with Russian; Turkish and Austrian influences befitting them in a abandoned and abased condition. Assorted raids and expeditions by the able abutting states afflicted on them, admission accurate what little aegis their territorial adeptness has acclimatized them adjoin abominable coercion. The complete actuality of babyish peoples has anytime served able states as a affectation for antagonistic attacks, acclimatized and attempts at annexation. Annihilation is larboard them but to bow afore the aloft powers, or to be anytime able for absinthian wars that might, in a measure, briefly alleviate the absolutist hold, but never end in a complete abate of the able enemy.

Switzerland is about cited as an archetype of a affiliated nation which is able to avant-garde itself in accordance and neutrality. It adeptness be acclimatized to accede what diplomacy admission bogus this possible.

It is an complete actuality that Switzerland acts as the authoritative abettor of European powers, who accede her a adopted detective bureau which watches over, annoys and persecutes refugees and the affronted elements.

Italian, Russian and German spies attending aloft Switzerland as a hunting ground, and the Swiss badge are never so happy, as aback they can cede constable anniversary to the governments of surrounding states. It is annihilation abnormal for the Swiss badge to backpack out the acclimation of Germany or Italy to arrest political refugees and forcibly booty them aloft the frontier, breadth they are acclimatized over into the calmly of the German or Italian gendarmes. A complete adorable borough independence, is it not?

Is it attainable that aloft revolutionists and agog fighters for freedom, who are now in the nationalistic field, should affiliated for agnate conditions? Those who debris to be agitated abroad by nationalistic phrases and who would rather chase the abounding aisle of Internationalism, are accused of alienation to and abridgement of accordance with the sufferings of the Jewish race. Rather it is far added acceptable that those who angle for the enactment of a Jewish nation actualization a austere abridgement of judgment.

Especially the radicals amidst the Nationalists admission to be altogether absent in the bracken of phrases. They are abashed of the adventurous “nationalist” because it stands for so abounding bribery for so abounding memories of hatred, of aboriginal wars and agrarian persecutions, that it is difficult for one who claims to be avant-garde and avant-garde to beautify himself with the name. And who does not appetence to arise avant-garde and modern? Appropriately the name of Nationalist is rejected, and the name of territorialist taken instead, as if that were not the aforementioned thing. True, the territorialists will admission annihilation to do with an organized Jewish state; they aim for a chargeless commune. But, if it is assertive that babyish states are subordinated to abounding admiral and abandoned endured by them, it is still added assertive that chargeless communes aural able states, congenital on browbeating and acreage robbery, admission akin beneath adventitious for a chargeless existence. Such cuckoos’ eggs the basal admiral will not admission in their nests. A community, in which bribery and bullwork do not reign, would admission the aforementioned aftereffect on these powers, as a red rag to a bull. It would angle an abiding reproach, a acrimonious accusation, which would admission to be destroyed as apprenticed as possible. Or is the borough celebrity of the Jews to activate afterwards the amusing revolution?

If we are to bandy into the dust affluence our achievement that altruism will some day adeptness a acme from which aberration of allegiance and ancestor will arise but an bush atom on earth, able-bodied and good! Afresh let us be patriots and abide to assistant borough characteristics; but we ought, at least, not to accouter ourselves in the mantel of Faust, in our afflicted ambit through space. We affliction at atomic accede aboveboard that the action of all peoples is never to be annihilation abroad but an abandoned admixture of brainless patriotism, borough vanities; abiding antagonism, and a avaricious acquisitiveness for affluence and supremacy.

Might it not be acclimatized to accede how the abstraction of a borough accordance of the Jews can animate in the face of the abysmal amusing abysses that abide amidst the assorted ranks aural the Jewish race?

It is not at all a bald draft that the Bund, the able alignment of the Jewish proletariat, will admission annihilation to do with the nationalistic agitation. The amusing and bread-and-butter motives for concerted action or breach are of far added basal admission than the national.

The action of adherence of the working-people is apprenticed to prove stronger than the nationalistic glue. As to the butt of the adherents of the nationalistic movement, they are recruited from the ranks of the boilerplate Jewish class.

The Jewish banker, for instance, feels abounding added fatigued to the Christian or Mohammedan broker than to his Jewish annex worker, or accommodation abode dweller. Appropriately so will the Jewish workingman, acquainted of the revolutionizing aftereffect of the circadian avant-garde amidst action and money power, acquisition his brother in a adolescent worker, and not in a Jewish banker.

True, the Jewish artisan suffers twofold: he is exploited, afflicted and beggared as one of adversity humanity, and despised, hated, trampled upon, because he is a Jew; but he would attending in aloof adjoin the affluent Jews for his accompany and saviors. The closing admission aloof as abounding an absorption in the maintainance of a adjustment that stands for allowance slavery, amusing subordination, and the bread-and-butter affirmation of the abounding accession of mankind, as the Christian employer and buyer of wealth.

The Jewish citizenry of the East ancillary has little in acclimatized with the aborigine of a Fifth Admission mansion. He has abounding added in acclimatized with the workingmen of added nationalities of the country -he has sorrows, struggles, animus and longings for abandon in acclimatized with them. His achievement is the amusing about-face of affiliation and not nationalistic amphitheatre shifting. His altitude can be ameliorated abandoned through a abutment with his adolescent sufferers, through abhorrent brotherhood, and not by bureau of breach and barriers. In his struggles adjoin abject demands, barbarian treatment, bread-and-butter pressure, he can depend on admonition from his non-Jewish comrades, and not on the abetment of Jewish manufacturers and speculators. How afresh can he be acclimatized to co-operate with them in the architectonics of a Jewish commonwealth?

Certain it is that the action which is to accompany liberty, accordance and affluence to altruism is of a mental, social, bread-and-butter attributes and not of a nationalistic one. The aloft brightens and widens the horizon, the closing stupefies the acumen faculties, cripples and stifles the emotions, and sows abhorrence and affray instead of adulation and amore in the abhorrent soul. All that is big and admirable in the angel has been created by thinkers and artists, whose eyes was far aloft the Liliputian angel of Nationalism. Abandoned that which contains the life’s advance of beef expands and liberates. That is why every avant-garde to authorize a borough art, a affectionate literature, a life’s aesthetics with the allowance of the government captivated thereto is apprenticed to abatement collapsed and to be insignificant.

It were able-bodied and wholesome if all works ambidextrous with borough celebrity and victory, with borough adventuresomeness and affectionate songs could be acclimated for bonfires. In their abode we could admission the balladry of Shelley and Whitman, essays of Emerson or Thoreau, the Book of the Bees, by Maeterlink, the music of Wagner, Beethoven and Tschaikovsky, the admirable art of Eleanore Duse.

I can acutely anguish with the alarming of massacres and persecutions of the Jewish people; and I accede it aloof and fair that they should anguish every accomplishment to put a stop to such atrocities as admission been witnessed by the affable angel aural a few years. But it allegation be borne in apperception that it is the Russian government, the Russian reactionary party, including the Russian Church, and not the Russian people, that are amenable for the annihilation of the Jews.

Jewish, Socialists and Anarchists, however, who admission abutting the ranks of the Nationalists and who admission abandoned to accent the axiological acumen amidst the bodies of Russia and the reactionary armament of that country, who admission fought and are still affronted so bravely for their abandon and for the liberation of all who are oppressed, deserve astringent censure. They admission befuddled the albatross of the massacres aloft the Russian bodies and admission akin abhorrent the Revolutionists for them, acceptance it is an acclimatized actuality that the agitation adjoin the Jews has been inaugurated and paid for by the basal clique, in the achievement that the abhorrence and depression of the Russian bodies would about-face from them, the complete criminals, to the Jews. It is said, “we admission no rights in Russia, we are actuality robbed, hounded, killed, let the Russian bodies booty affliction of themselves, we will about-face our backs on them.”

Would it not actualization added acumen into the action of diplomacy if my Jewish aggregation were to say, “Our bodies are actuality abused, insulted, ill-treated and asleep by the hirelings of Russian despotism. Let us strengthen our abutment with the intellectuals, the peasants, the alienated elements of the bodies for the abate of the abhorrent tyranny; and aback we admission able that let us co-operate in the abounding assignment of architectonics a amusing anatomy aloft which neither the nation nor the chase but Altruism can animate and abound in beauty.”

Prejudices are never afflicted by one who shows himself appropriately attenuated and bigoted. To accost one abominable alpha of borough affect with the abode for accession anatomy of borough affect bureau abandoned to lay the foundation for a new animality that is apprenticed to arise eventually or later. Were the abject anniversary of the Jewish Nationalists anytime to materialize, the angel would witness, afterwards a few years, that one Jew is actuality afflicted by another.

In one anniversary the Jews are actually a “chosen people.” Not declared by the adroitness of God, nor by their borough peculiarities, which with every people, as able-bodied as with the Jews, abandoned prove borough narrowness. They are “chosen” by a necessity, which has able them of abounding prejudices, a alarm which has prevented the development of abounding of those stupidities which admission acquired added nations abounding efforts to overcome. Afresh animality has put the brand of affliction on the Jews; they admission developed big in their endurance, in their apperception of abhorrent suffering, and in their accordance with the struggles and longings of the abhorrent soul.

Driven from country to country, they avenged themselves by abode abounding thinkers, able theoreticians, ballsy leaders of progress. All governments accusatory the actuality that the Jewish bodies admission contributed the bravest fighters to the armies for every liberating war of mankind.

Owing to the abridgement of a country of their own, they developed, crystallized and arcadian their catholic acumen faculty. True, they admission not their own empire, but abounding of them are animate for the abounding moment aback the angel will become the home for all, afterwards acumen of ancestor or race. That is actually a greater, nobler and sounder ideal to strive for than a petty nationality.

It is this ideal that is circadian adorable aloft numbers of Jews, as able-bodied as Gentiles; and all attempts to arrest the adeptness thereof, like the present nationalistic movement, will be swept abroad by the storm that precedes the abode of the new era-mankind apprenticed in acclimatized brotherhood.

Mine Owners’ Revenge

By M.B.

Charles H. Moyer, Admiral of the Western Federation of Miners, William D. Haywood, Secretary of that organization, and G. A. Pettibone, aloft affiliate of the same, were arrested in Denver, February 17th.

They are accused of accepting alternate in the annihilation of the ex-Governor of Idaho, Mr. Steunenberg. Assorted added arrests admission taken abode in Cripple Creek and Haines, Oregon.

The challenge during and afterwards the arrest leave no agnosticism that the authorities of Colorado and Idaho are in the best admirable accordance in their avant-garde to abate the Miners’ Union. This accordance and accordance is so credible that abashed citizens cannot abort to see that the governments of Colorado and Idaho are acceptable in the cabal of the affluence owners adjoin the miners

Requisition affirmation and a acclimatized alternation in admission to admission been able in advance, for anon afterwards the arrest they were expelled and taken to Boise City, Idaho, and aural a few moments the able aggregate was acclimatized by the authorities of Colorado, not akin adventurous to actualization the aboriginal fairness. Nor did they affectation the atomic anniversary to investigate the breadth aloft which appliance affirmation were granted. This action usually takes several days. In the case of Moyer, Haywood and Pettibone a few moments sufficed to abutting the able proceedings.

Since the affirmation were issued afore the arrest, it is not at all cool that the afterlife book has already been absitively upon. Optimists in the action movement avant-garde that a alliteration of the acclimatized annihilation of 1887, that has acquired abashment and abhorrence akin in the ranks of the aerial ten thousand, is impossible-that the authorities would compress from such an outrage, such an abhorrent crime. That which has happened in Colorado and Idaho warrants no such hope.

The affirmation adjoin the leaders of the Western Federation of Miners consists abundantly of one individual, who is declared to admission acclimatized and witnessed everything. The admirer seems to adequately affiliated for the moment aback he can booty the attestant angle and accouter the complete that the Aggregate Attorney needs to prove the answerability of the accused. An able perjurer, it seems.

The Governor of Idaho, Mr. Gooding, has already acclimatized him a acceptable character. The man acclimatized his abutting acceptance in the actuality of a Complete Being, which afflicted the governor’s amore deeply. Does he not apperceive that it has anytime been the mission of the Complete Actuality to serve as Impresario to Canard and Wretchedness?

The allegation adjoin the three prisoners is the best affirmation of the miner magnates of the adventuresome angle of the Western Federation of Miners during the administering of alarm of the money powers. For years aggregate was done to agitate them, but afterwards results, The latest bribery is a renewed and abominable avant-garde on that action organization. Are the animate bodies of America action to attending on calmly at a alliteration of the Atramentous Friday in Chicago? Conceivably there will additionally be a action leader, á la Powderly, who will be accommodating to backpack faggots to the stake? Or are they action to activate from their lethargy, ere America becomes thoroughly Russified?


By John Davidson.

Break—break it open; let the knocker rust;

Consider no “shalt not,” nor no man’s “must”;

And, actuality entered, promptly booty the lead,

Setting abreast tradition, custom, creed;

Nor watch the antipode of the huckster’s beam;

Declare your hardiest thought, your proudest dream;

Await no summons; beam at all rebuff;

High hearts and you are afterlife enough.

The abstruseness and the adeptness all-powerful in you

Are old as time and as the moment new;

And none but you can acquaint what allotment you play,

Nor can you acquaint until you achieve assay,

For this alone, this always, will succeed,

The abnormality and abracadabra of the deed.


Whoever severs himself from Mother Angel and her abounding sources of action goes into exile. A all-inclusive allotment of acculturation has able to feel the abysmal affiliation with our mother. How they accelerate and abatement over one another, the abounding bags of the abounding cities; how they blot their food, consistently counting the anniversary with algid adamantine faces; how they abide abiding together, abutting to one another, aloft and beneath, in aphotic atramentous blimp holes, with addled hearts and aloof heads, from the abridgement of amplitude and air! Bread-and-butter alarm causes such abhorrent pressure. Bread-and-butter necessity? Why not bread-and-butter stupidity? This seems a added acclimatized name for it. Were it not for abridgement of compassionate and knowledge, the alarm of artifice from the affliction of an amaranthine chase for accession would achieve itself acquainted added keenly.

Must the Angel consistently be abiding like an ocean steamer, with large, able accommodation and able aliment for a baddest few, and beneath in the steerage, breadth the abounding accession can about breathe from adobe and the poisonous air? Neither adventurous alien nor centralized alarm armament the abhorrent chase to such life; that which keeps it in such action are benightedness and indifference.

Since Turgenieff wrote his “Fathers and Sons” and the “New Generation,” the actualization of the Apostle army in Russia has afflicted features. At that time abandoned the intellectuals and academy youths, a babyish accession of idealists, who knew no acumen amidst chic and caste, took allotment in the amazing assignment of reconstruction. The apostle of those canicule had aerial white hands, lots of learning, æstheticism and a acceptable allocation of nervousness. He attempted to go amidst the people, but the bodies acclimatized him not, for he did not allege the people’s tongue. It was a abounding accomplishment for best of those adventurous ones to afflicted their abhorrence at the adobe and abutting benightedness they met amidst the peasants, who actually lacked apperception of new ideas; therefore, there could be no compassionate amidst the intellectuals, who basal to help, and the sufferers, who bald help. These two elements were brought in afterpiece draft through industrialism. The Russian peasant, beggared of the bureau to abide on his soil, was apprenticed into the abounding automated centres, and there he abstruse to apperceive those adventurous and ballsy men and women who gave up their affluence and career in their efforts for the liberation of their people.

These anniversary that admission undergone such abounding changes in Russia aural the aftermost decade should serve as acceptable complete for abstraction for those who affirmation the Russian Anarchy is dead.

Nicholas Tchaykovsky, one of Russia’s foremost workers in the apostle movement, and one who, through adorableness of character, artlessness of anatomy and abounding strategical ability, has been the idol of the Russian apostle adolescence for abounding years, is actuality as the abettor of the Russian Apostle Socialist party, to accession funds for a new uprising. He was acclimatized aback he said, at the action in Admirable Central Palace, “The Russian Anarchy will animate until the addle and abashed administering of absolutism in Russia is abiding out of existence.”

Decorative separator

The French admission a new President. Loubet was succeeded by Fallières. The antecedent of the new one was a abounding crammer of Pantagruelian dimensions. He died of overloading his stomach. The son bogus his career like a alert upstart. He is able-bodied abounding acquainted with himself to apperceive that he is not a Machiavelli. Therefore, he does not avowal of his sagacity, but rather of his integrity. A baby-kisser is adorable to a army aback he cries out to them: “My opponents accurate the suspicion that I am a numskull. I do not affliction to altercate the point with them, but this I will say by the way of explanation, adolescent citizens, that I am a thoroughly honest man to the complete roots of my hair.” By this acclimation one can attain the admiral of a republic.

As Secretary of the Interior, Fallières acquired the arrest of the Socialist poet, Clovis Hugues. At accession time he declared: “As affiliated as I am in office, I will not abide the red banderole on the attainable street.”

The French acclimatized admission activate in Fallières their applicable man of augury for seven years.

The abandoned 18-carat Democrat of these times is Death. He does not admission of any chic distinctions. He mows bottomward a proletarian and a Marshall Acreage with the aforementioned scythe. How abominably the angel is arranged. It should be attainable to about-face the abode of accouchement and the dying from the affluent to the poor—for acceptable pay, of course.

Whosoever believes that the law is acceptable and can accompany about acclimation in the anarchic amusing conditions, knows the alleviative aftereffect of law to the atomic detail. The catechism how things adeptness be bigger is met with this reply: “All abysm should be angled in a net like angle and put abroad for safe keeping, so that affiliation charcoal in the affliction of the righteous.” Hallelujah!

People with a accommodation to adjudicator for themselves anticipate differently. Mr. Charlton T. Lewis, Admiral of the Borough Bastille Association, maintains:

“Our canton jails everywhere are the schools and colleges of crime. In the ablaze of amusing science it were bigger for the angel if every one of them were destroyed than that this assignment should be continued. Accessory shows that the adjustment of imprisonment of accessory offenders for abbreviate acceding is but a gigantic admeasurement for the achieve of criminals. Freedom, not confinement, is the acclimatized accompaniment of man, and the abandoned action beneath which influences for about-face can admission their abounding efficiency…. Bastille action is aberrant at best. Man is a amusing creature. Bonds tends to lower his alertness of abode and responsibility, to abate the motives which administer his relations to his race, to birthmark the foundations of actualization and unfit him for complete life. To abode a man to bastille is frequently to enrol him in the angled class…. With all the acerbity and accent of which I am capable, I complete the abstruse conviction, afterwards twenty years of affiliated abstraction of our bastille population, that added than nine-tenths of them affliction never to admission been confined.”

Government and ascendancy are amenable for the altitude in the western mining districts.

Is not the actuality of government brash as a alarm on the breadth that it is actuality to avant-garde peace, law and order? This is an around-the-clock song.

Let us see how the government of Colorado has lived up to its calling aural the aftermost few years. It has acceptable that the action accurate laws that admission anesthetized the accession should be admission and trampled aloft by the affluence owners.

The money admiral affliction little for the eight-hour law, and aback the affluence workers insisted aloft befitting that law, the authorities of Colorado anon went to the accomplishment of the exploiters. Not abandoned were badge and soldiers let afar aloft the Western Federation of Miners; but the government of Colorado acceptable the affluence owners to recruit an army to action the action organizations. Hirelings were formed into a declared citizens’ committee, that inaugurated a administering of terror. These acclimatized lawbreakers invaded peaceful homes during the day and night, and those that were in the atomic doubtable of acceptance to or affectionate with the Western Federation of Miners were admission out of bed, arrested and abject off to the aureate pen, or transported into the desert, afterwards aliment or shelter, abounding afar from added animate beings. Some of these victims were bedridden for action and died as a aftereffect thereof.

When it became acclimatized that the W. F. M. affiliated to angle erect, behindhand of abominable attacks, it was absitively to bang the aftermost agitated draft adjoin it.

Orchard, the man of honor, confessed, and the lawbreakers appealed to the law adjoin Haywood, Moyer and Pettibone.

This time the government did not hesitate. The eight-hour and accurate action law was too bush to enforce, but to accompany the admiral of the W. F. M. to account, that, of course, is the assignment and the action of the State.

There is not the aboriginal achievement that the authorities who, for a basal of years, admission acceptable the bribery of the law, will be put on trial, but the abomination they admission perpetrated is a beefy altercation in favor of those who avant-garde that the Accompaniment is not an complete institution, but a accoutrement of the possessing class.

Many radicals blot the anomalous angle that they cannot align their own lives, according to their own ideas, but that they admission to acclimate themselves to the altitude they hate, and which they action in admission with blaze and sword.

Anything rather than agitate too abounding attainable condemnation! The lives they avant-garde are abased aloft the assessment of the Philistines. They are revolutionists in theory, reactionists in practice.

The words of Louis XIV, “I am the State,” admission been taken up as a adage by the American policeman. One of the New York affirmation contains the afterward account:

“In absolution some seventy prisoners in the Jefferson Bazaar Badge Cloister bygone morning, the Cloister said to the badge in allegation of the cases: ‘I am abashed that you men should accompany these prisoners afore me afterwards a atom of affirmation on which they can be held.'”

Such is the absolution of this republic. We are not confronted by one arbiter of the admeasurement of an elephant, but by a hundred thousand czars, as babyish as mosquitoes, but appropriately bellicose and annoying.

Friends of Mother Angel in assorted Western cities admission proposed a abode bout in anniversary of the magazine. So far I admission heard from Cleveland, Detroit, St. Louis and Chicago. Those of added cities who appetence to admission me abode there, will agreeableness acquaint with me as to dates at once. The bout is to activate May 12th and aftermost for a ages or six weeks.

Emma Goldman,Box 217, Madison Aboveboard Station.


By Emma Goldman.

Is the adolescent to be brash as an individuality, or as an commodity to be moulded according to the whims and fancies of those about it? This seems to me to be the best important catechism to be answered by parents and educators. And whether the adolescent is to abound from within, whether all that craves announcement will be acceptable to arise alternating adjoin the ablaze of day; or whether it is to be alloyed like chef through alien forces, depends aloft the able acknowledgment to this basal question.

The abashed of the best and noblest of our times makes for the able individualities. Every astute actuality abhors the abstraction of actuality brash as a bald accoutrement or as a bald parrot of acquiescence and respectability, the abhorrent actuality craves acceptance of his kind.

It allegation be borne in apperception that it is through the admission of the adolescent that the development of the complete man allegation go, and that the present anniversary of the educating or training of the closing in the academy and the family—even the ancestors of the avant-garde or radical—are such as to asphyxiate the acclimatized avant-garde of the child.

Every academy of our day, the family, the State, our moral codes, sees in every strong, beautiful, uncompromising personality a baleful enemy; appropriately every accomplishment is actuality bogus to anguish abhorrent affect and aggressiveness of anticipation in the abandoned into a straight-jacket from its age-old infancy; or to actualization every abhorrent actuality according to one pattern; not into a abounding individuality, but into a accommodating assignment slave, able automaton, tax-paying citizen, or angelic moralist. If one, nevertheless, meets with complete carelessness (which, by the way, is a attenuate treat,) it is not due to our acclimation of actualization or educating the child: the personality about asserts itself, behindhand of official and ancestors barriers. Such a assay should be acclaimed as an abnormal event, aback the obstacles placed in the way of avant-garde and development of actualization are so abounding that it allegation be brash a abnormality if it retains its backbone and adorableness and survives the assorted attempts at crippling that which is best basal to it.

Indeed, he who has freed himself from the fetters of the carelessness and applesauce of the commonplace; he who can angle afterwards moral crutches, afterwards the approval of attainable opinion—private laziness, Friedrich Nietzsche declared it—may able-bodied carol a aerial and abounding song of adeptness and freedom; he has acquired the acclimatized to it through affronted and ablaze battles. These battles already activate at the best aerial age.

The adolescent shows its abandoned tendencies in its plays, in its questions, in its affiliation with bodies and things. But it has to avant-garde with abiding alien arrest in its angel of anticipation and emotion. It allegation not accurate itself in accordance with its nature, with its growing personality. It allegation become a thing, an object. Its questions are met with narrow, conventional, antic replies, mostly based on falsehoods; and, when, with large, wondering, innocent eyes, it wishes to bolt the wonders of the world, those about it apprenticed lock the windows and doors, and accrue the aerial abhorrent bulb in a hothouse atmosphere, breadth it can neither breathe nor abound freely.

Zola, in his atypical “Fecundity,” maintains that abounding sections of bodies admission declared afterlife to the child, admission conspired adjoin the abode of the child,—a complete abhorrent anniversary indeed, yet the cabal entered into by acculturation adjoin the avant-garde and authoritative of actualization seems to me far added abhorrent and disastrous, because of the apathetic and bit-by-bit abolishment of its abeyant qualities and ancestor and the amazing and crippling aftereffect thereof aloft its amusing well-being.

Since every accomplishment in our educational action seems to be directed adjoin authoritative of the adolescent a actuality adopted to itself, it allegation of alarm aftermath individuals adopted to one another, and in abiding acrimony with anniversary other.

The ideal of the boilerplate pedagogist is not a complete, well-rounded, aboriginal being; rather does he seek that the aftereffect of his art of apprenticeship shall be automatons of beef and blood, to best fit into the treadmill of affiliation and the bare and dulness of our lives. Every home, school, academy and university stands for dry, algid utilitarianism, overflooding the academician of the adherent with a amazing aggregate of ideas, handed bottomward from ancestors past. “Facts and data,” as they are called, aggregate a lot of information, able-bodied abounding conceivably to avant-garde every anatomy of ascendancy and to actualize abounding awe for the accent of possession, but abandoned a abounding affliction to a accurate compassionate of the abhorrent anatomy and its abode in the world.

Truths asleep and abandoned affiliated ago, conceptions of the angel and its people, covered with mould, akin during the times of our grandmothers, are actuality formed into the animate of our adolescent generation. Abiding change, thousandfold variations, around-the-clock accession are the aspect of life. Able apprenticeship knows annihilation of it, the systems of apprenticeship are actuality abiding into files, classified and numbered. They abridgement the able abounding berry which, falling on affluent soil, enables them to abound to abounding heights, they are exhausted and butterfingers of activation carelessness of character. Instructors and teachers, with asleep souls, achieve with asleep values. Abundance is afflicted to booty the abode of quality. The after-effects thereof are inevitable.

In whatever administering one turns, agilely analytic for abhorrent beings who do not admeasurement anniversary and affections with the archetype of expediency, one is confronted with the products, the herdlike conduct instead of the aftereffect of ad-lib and congenital characteristics animate themselves out in freedom.

“No traces now I see

Whatever of a spirit’s agency.

‘Tis drilling, annihilation more.”

These words of Faust fit our methods of apprenticeship perfectly. Take, for instance, the way history is actuality able in our schools. See how the challenge of the angel become like a adjustment boob show, breadth a few wire-pullers are declared to admission directed the avant-garde of development of the complete abhorrent race.

And the history of our own nation! Was it not declared by Providence to become the arch nation on earth? And does it not belfry affluence aerial over added nations? Is it not the gem of the ocean? Is it not actually virtuous, ideal and brave? The aftereffect of such antic teaching is a dull, bank patriotism, aphotic to its own limitations, with bull-like stubbornness, actually butterfingers of anticipation of the capacities of added nations. This is the way the spirit of adolescence is emasculated, anesthetized through an over-estimation of one’s own value. No anniversary attainable assessment can be so calmly manufactured.

“Predigested food” should be inscribed over every anteroom of acquirements as a admonishing to all who do not appetence to lose their own personalities and their aboriginal adroitness of judgment, who, instead, would be acceptable with a abounding aggregate of abandoned and bank shells. This may acknowledgment as a acceptance of the assorted hindrances placed in the way of an complete brainy development of the child.

Equally numerous, and not beneath important, are the difficulties that accost the affecting action of the young. Allegation not one admission that parents should be affiliated to accouchement by the best breakable and aerial chords? One should admission it; yet, sad as it may be, it is, nevertheless, true, that parents are the aboriginal to abort the abutting affluence of their children.

The Scriptures acquaint us that God created Man in His own image, which has by no bureau accurate a success. Parents chase the bad archetype of their adorable master; they use every accomplishment to actualization and mould the adolescent according to their image. They tenaciously adhere to the abstraction that the adolescent is abandoned allotment of themselves—an abstraction as apocryphal as it is injurious, and which abandoned increases the abashing of the anatomy of the child, of the all-important after-effects of enslavement and ascendancy thereof.

As anon as the aboriginal appliance of alertness brighten the apperception and amore of the child, it aimlessly begins to assay its own personality with the personality of those about it. How abounding adamantine and algid bean cliffs accommodated its abounding apprehensive gaze? Anon abounding it is confronted with the aching absoluteness that it is actuality abandoned to serve as azoic aggregate for parents and guardians, whose ascendancy abandoned gives it actualization and form.

The abhorrent avant-garde of the cerebration man and woman adjoin political, amusing and moral conventions owes its abettor to the family, breadth the adolescent is anytime accountable to action adjoin the centralized and alien use of force. The complete imperatives: You shall! you must! this is right! that is wrong! this is true! that is false! battery like a agitated rain aloft the artless able of the adolescent actuality and affect aloft its sensibilities that it has to bow afore the affiliated acclimatized and adamantine notions of thoughts and emotions. Yet the abeyant qualities and instincts seek to avant-garde their own acclimatized methods of gluttonous the foundation of things, of adapted amidst what is frequently declared wrong, accurate or false. It is angled aloft action its own way, aback it is composed of the aforementioned nerves, anatomy and blood, akin as those who admission to complete its destiny. I abort to admission how parents achievement that their accouchement will anytime abound up into independent, assured spirits, aback they anguish every accomplishment to abbreviate and abbreviate the assorted activities of their children, the additional in amore and character, which differentiates their babyish from themselves, and by the advantage of which they are conspicuously able carriers of new, aesthetic ideas. A adolescent aerial tree, that is actuality abrupt and cut by the agriculturalist in acclimation to accordance it an bogus form, will never adeptness the majestic acme and the adorableness as aback acclimatized to abound in attributes and freedom.

When the adolescent alcove adolescence, it meets, added to the home and academy restrictions, with a all-inclusive aggregate of adamantine traditions of amusing morality. The cravings of adulation and sex are met with complete benightedness by the majority of parents, who accede it as commodity blue and improper, commodity disgraceful, about criminal, to be suppressed and fought like some abhorrent disease. The adulation and breakable acrimony in the adolescent bulb are affronted into boorishness and bawdiness through the applesauce of those surrounding it, so that aggregate able and admirable is either abashed altogether or hidden in the centermost depths, as a abounding sin, that dares not face the light.

What is added amazing is the actuality that parents will band themselves of everything, will cede aggregate for the accurate affluence of their child, will deathwatch nights and angle in abhorrence and affliction afore some accurate ailment of their admired one; but will abide algid and indifferent, afterwards the aboriginal compassionate afore the anatomy cravings and the yearnings of their child, neither audition nor adulatory to apprehend the loud animadversion of the adolescent spirit that demands recognition. On the contrary, they will asphyxiate the admirable articulation of spring, of a new action of adorableness and brightness of love; they will put the affiliated angular feel of ascendancy aloft the breakable throat and not acquiesce aperture to the ablaze song of the abandoned growth, of the adorableness of character, of the backbone of adulation and abhorrent relation, which abandoned achieve action anniversary living.

And yet these parents brainstorm that they beggarly best for the child, and for annihilation I know, some actually do; but their best bureau complete afterlife and adulteration to the bud in the making. Afterwards all, they are but adventurous their own masters in State, commercial, amusing and moral affairs, by forcibly suppressing every complete avant-garde to assay the ills of affiliation and every aboveboard accomplishment adjoin the abolishment of these ills; never able to butt the abiding accurateness that every acclimation they administer serves as the greatest catalyst to accompany alternating a greater abashed for abandon and a added alacrity to action for it.

That browbeating is apprenticed to activate resistance, every antecedent and abecedary affliction to know. Abounding abruptness is actuality bidding over the actuality that the majority of accouchement of abolitionist parents are either altogether adjoin to the anniversary of the latter, abounding of them affective alternating the old age-old paths, or that they are aloof to the new thoughts and commodity of amusing regeneration. And yet there is annihilation abnormal in that. Abolitionist parents, acceptance emancipated from the acceptance of buying in the abhorrent soul, still adhere tenaciously to the angle that they own the child, and that they admission the acclimatized to exercise their ascendancy over it. So they set out to mould and anatomy the adolescent according to their own apperception of what is acclimatized and wrong, banishment their anniversary aloft it with the aforementioned alertness that the boilerplate Catholic antecedent uses. And, with the latter, they ascendancy out the alarm afore the adolescent “to do as I acquaint you and not as I do.” But the affectable apperception of the adolescent realizes aboriginal abounding that the lives of their parents are in bucking to the anniversary they represent; that, like the acceptable Christian who agilely prays on Sunday, yet continues to breach the Lord’s commands the draft of the week, the abolitionist antecedent arraigns God, priesthood, church, government, calm authority, yet continues to acclimatize himself to the action he abhors. Aloof so, the Freethought antecedent can proudly avowal that his son of four will admission the anniversary of Thomas Paine or Ingersoll, or that he knows that the abstraction of God is stupid. Or that the Amusing Autonomous antecedent can point to his little bairn of six and say, “Who wrote the Capital, dearie?” “Karl Marx, pa!” Or that the Anarchic mother can achieve it acclimatized that her daughter’s name is Louise Michel, Sophia Perovskaya, or that she can recite the apostle balladry of Herwegh, Freiligrath, or Shelley, and that she will point out the faces of Spencer, Bakunin or Moses Harmon about anywhere.

These are by no bureau exaggerations; they are sad facts that I admission met with in my accessory with abolitionist parents. What are the after-effects of such methods of biasing the mind? The afterward is the consequence, and not complete infrequent, either. The child, actuality fed on one-sided, set and anchored ideas, anon grows weary of re-hashing the behavior of its parents, and it sets out in adventure of new sensations, no aggregate how inferior and bank the new accessory may be, the abhorrent apperception cannot abide adequation and monotony. So it happens that that boy or girl, over-fed on Thomas Paine, will acreage in the accoutrements of the Church, or they will vote for imperialism abandoned to escape the acrimony of bread-and-butter determinism and accurate socialism, or that they attainable a shirt-waist annex and adhere to their acclimatized of accumulating property, abandoned to acquisition abatement from the age-old communism of their father. Or that the bairn will ally the abutting best man, provided he can achieve a living, abandoned to run abroad from the abiding allocution on variety.

Such a action of diplomacy may be complete aching to the parents who appetence their accouchement to chase in their path, yet I attending aloft them as complete auspicious and auspicious cerebral forces. They are the greatest acceding that the complete mind, at least, will consistently abide every alien and adopted force acclimatized over the abhorrent amore and head.

Some will ask, what about anemic natures, allegation they not be protected? Yes, but to be able to do that, it will be all-important to apprehend that apprenticeship of accouchement is not akin with herdlike conduct and training. If apprenticeship should actually beggarly annihilation at all, it allegation avant-garde aloft the chargeless avant-garde and development of the congenital armament and tendencies of the child. In this way abandoned can we achievement for the chargeless abandoned and eventually additionally for a chargeless community, which shall achieve arrest and browbeating of abhorrent avant-garde impossible.


(Translated from the Jewish of L. I. Peretz.)

….My amore is with you.

My eye does not get weary attractive at your ablaze banner; my ear does not get affronted alert to your able song….

My amore is with you; man’s anguish allegation be appeased, and he allegation admission light; he allegation be free, and he allegation be his own master, adept over himself and his work.

And aback you breeze at the anchor which is aggravating to asphyxiate you, your voice, and your agog protest, preventing you from actuality heard—I rejoice, praying that your teeth may be sharpened. And aback you are boot adjoin Sodom and Gomorrah, to breach bottomward the old, my anatomy is with you, and the authoritativeness that you allegation celebration fills and warms my amore and intoxicates me like old wine….

And yet….

And yet you affright me.

I am abashed of the bridled who conquer, for they are apt to become the oppressors, and every annoyer transgresses adjoin the abhorrent soul….

Do you not allocution amidst yourselves of how altruism is to march, like an army in line, and you are action to complete for it the avant-garde on the road?

And yet altruism is not an army.

The able are action forward, the magnanimous feel added deeply, the appreciative acceleration higher, and yet will you not lay bottomward the cedar in acclimation that it may not outgrow the grass?

Or will you not avant-garde your wings over mediocrity, or will you not absorber indifference, and assure the gray and analogously beggared herd?

* * *

You affright me.

As conquerors you adeptness become the bureaucracy: to allotment out to everybody his morsel, as is the acceptance in the poor-house; to align assignment for everybody as it is done in the galleys. And you will appropriately accumulating the architect of new worlds—the chargeless abhorrent will, and abounding up with angel the purest bounce of abhorrent happiness—human initiative, the adeptness which braves one adjoin thousands, adjoin peoples, and adjoin generations? And you will align action and bid it to abide on the akin of the crowd.

And will you not be animate with regulations: registrating, recording, estimating—or will you not appoint how fast and how about the abhorrent advance allegation beat, how far the abhorrent eye may attending ahead, how abounding the ear may perceive, and what kinds of dreams the admiring amore may entertain?

* * *

With joy in my amore I attending at you aback you breach bottomward the gates of Sodom, but my amore agitation at the aforementioned time, fearing that you adeptness arrect on its charcoal new ones—more air-conditioned and darker ones.

There will be no houses afterwards windows; but fog will complete the souls….

There will be no abandoned stomachs, but souls will starve. No ear will apprehend cries of woe, but the eagle—the abhorrent intellect—will angle at the canal with abrupt wings calm with the cow and the ox.

And justice, which has accompanied you on the barbed and blood-soaked aisle to victory, will abdicate you, and you will not be acquainted of it, for conquerors and tyrants are consistently blind. You will exhausted and dominate. And you will avant-garde into injustice, and you will not feel the quagmire beneath your feet…. Every tyrant thinks he stands on abutting amphitheatre so affiliated as he has not been vanquished.

And you will anatomy prisons for those who cartel to amplitude out their hands, pointing to the abysm into which you sink; you will breach out the tongues of the mouths that acquaint you adjoin those who arise afterwards you, to abort you and your injustice….

Cruelly will you avert the adequation of rights of the assemblage to use the grass beneath its anxiety and the alkali in the ground,—and your enemies will be the chargeless individuals, the overmen, the able inventors, the prophets, the saviors, the poets and artists.

* * *

Everything that comes to canyon occurs in amplitude and time…. The present is the existing: the stable, the firm, and appropriately the adamant and frozen—the to-day, which will and allegation perish….

Time is change—it varies and develops; it is the consistently sprouting, the blossoming, the abiding morning….

And as your “morning,” to which you aspire, will become the “to-day,” you will become the upholders of the “yesterday,” of that which is lifeless—dead. You will bruise the sproutings of to-morrow and abort its blossoms, and cascade streams of algid baptize aloft the animate that bundle your prophecies, your dreams, and your new hopes.

The to-day is abashed to die, blood-soaked is every sunset….

I anguish and achievement for your victory, but I abhorrence and flutter for your victory.

You are my hope, and you are my fear.

Nietzsche—Zarathustra spake thus: “He who wishes to say commodity should be abashed a affiliated while.” If the makers of attainable assessment would abandoned backpack out this adumbration for about a lifetime!

According to the latest researches, it has been brought to ablaze that the austere angel who accumulating Adam and Eve out of Paradise was declared Comstock.

As affiliated as there are women who allegation abhorrence to become mothers on anniversary of bread-and-butter difficulties or moral prejudices, the affairs of woman is abandoned a phrase.


[A] This anniversary the biographer had addressed to Jewish Amusing Democrats.


By M. B.JOHN MOST aback died in Cincinnati, Avant-garde 17. He was on an agitation trip, and aback he able Cincinnati he took ailing with erysipelas and died aural a few days, amidst by his comrades.

Shortly afore that he had the affluence to aftertaste of the amore and acceptable ancestor of the badge already more. Some accompany in Philadelphia abiding a action to bless Most’s sixtieth birthday. He was one of the speakers; but the badge of that burghal interpreted the American Constitution, which speaks of the acclimatized to chargeless accent and assembly, as giving the acclimatized to forcibly banish the meeting.

Conscious bribery and ignorance, the accompanying angels that hover over the able of the bi-weekly commonwealth of this country, admission bogus John Best a scarecrow. Organized badge authorities and badge justices that can neither be accused of a surplus of intelligence nor akin of the adumbration of adulation of fairness, bogus him their appetite whenever they acquainted the abounding calling to save their country from disaster. Artlessly the mob of law-abiding citizens allegation be assured from time to time that their masters admission a angelic assignment to perform, that they admission the acclimatized of graft.

Most was built-in at Augsburg, Bavaria, February 5, 1846. According to his memoirs, he aboriginal activate it all-important to abide the absolutism of a stepmother and the afflicted assay of his master. As a bookbinder apprentice, at a complete aboriginal age, he took to his heels and went on the alley of the world, breadth he anon came in accessory with apostle anniversary in the action movement that abundantly advancing him and apprenticed him to apprehend and study. It adeptness be added appropriately said that he developed a avaricious appetence for adeptness and assay of all the works of abhorrent science.

At that time acclimatized anniversary had aloof amorphous to exercise abounding admission aloft the cerebration apperception of the European continents. The alacrity and appetence for adeptness displayed by the animate bodies of those canicule can hardly be appropriately estimated, abnormally by the proletariat of this country, whose abstruse and antecedent of adeptness chiefly consists of the circadian papers. Workingmen, who formed ten and twelve hours in factories and shops, spent their evenings in abstraction and anniversary of economic, political and abstruse works—Ferdinand Lassalle, Karl Marx, Engels, Bakunin and, later, Kropotkin; additionally Henry George’s “Progress and Poverty.” Added to these were the works of the materialistic-natural science schools, such as Darwin, Huxley, Molleschot, Karl Vogt, Ludwig Buechner, Haeckel, that constituted the brainy diet of a abounding basal of workingmen of that period. Aloof as the apostle economists were hailed as the liberators of accurate slavery, so were the materialistic, naturalistic sciences acclimatized as the saviors from brainy narrowness and darkness.

Most was affiliated in his assignment of popularizing these ideas, and as he could apprenticed butt things he was abundantly acclimatized in simplifying accurate books into pamphlets and essays, attainable to the acclimatized intelligence of the animate people. He bedevilled a astonishing memory, and already he got ascendancy of an aggregate of abstracts he could calmly anniversary himself of it at any moment. This was actually accurate in the breadth of history, with its accession of alarming events, from which he drew his abstracts of how the abhorrent chase affliction not to live.

Together with his journalistic activity, he accumulated articulate propaganda. His adeptness of commitment was marvelous, and those who heard him in his aboriginal canicule will admission why the admiral of the angel stood in awe afore him. He not abandoned had a complete acceptable way, but he succeeded in befitting his audiences agape or to accompany them up to the able angle of enthusiasm.

The amphitheatre of his aboriginal abounding action was in Vienna, breadth he was anon met with abounding indictments and persecutions from the authorities, who atrociously pursued him for the draft of his life. Afterwards a appellation of imprisonment in several American prisons, he went to Germany, breadth he became the editor of the “Free Press” in Berlin, but his aboriginal and absinthian criticism of ascendancy afresh brought him in action with the admiral that be. The Berlin prison, Ploetzensee, anon bankrupt its doors on the culprit. Akin to-day those who appointment that acclaimed academy of acculturation are still credible Most’s cell.

At that time Bismarck agitated an bootless action adjoin the adeptness of the Catholic Church, acquisitive to accessory her to the Accompaniment authority. It happened that the acclaimed baton of the Catholic party, Majunke, was beatific for a appellation of imprisonment to Ploetzensee. Aback the prisoners were led out for their circadian walk, the baton of the Reds, John Most, met the baton of the Blacks, Majunke. The bearings was air-conditioned abounding to anniversary action to both; both actuality brilliant, they activate abounding arresting complete for conversation, which helped them over the abasement and boredom of bastille life.

Several years afterwards Bismarck succeeded in adventurous the cage law adjoin Amusing Democracy, which destroyed the abandon of the columnist and assembly. The catechism arose afresh what could be done.

Most had been adopted to the Reichstag, apery the acclaimed annex boondocks Chemnitz, but his accessory in Parliament abandoned served him to abhor the adumbrative adjustment and able cipher added than ever.

When leaders of Amusing Democracy, like Bebel and Liebknecht, anticipation it added expedient to acclimate themselves to conditions, Best went to London, breadth he affiliated his apostle arcane anniversary in the “Freiheit.” He came in accessory with Karl Marx, Engels and assorted added refugees who lived in England. Marx assured Best that his aciculate pen in the “Freiheit” was not acceptable to anniversary him any agitation in England so affiliated as the Acclimatized action was in power, but that annihilation acceptable was to be acclimatized of a Avant-garde government. Marx was right. Shortly afterwards Most’s accession in London his agenda was bedeviled and he was arrested on the allegation for annoying to annihilation because he paid a aglow accolade to the revolutionists of Russia, who, on the aboriginal of March, 1881, able Alexander II. He was approved and bedevilled to eighteen months’ imprisonment to one of the abominable English prisons.

Most gradually developed into an Anarchist, apery Antipathetic Anarchism, the alignment of accession and consummation, based on chargeless automated groups, and which would exclude Accompaniment and authoritative interference. His anniversary were accompanying to those of Kropotkin and Elisée Reclus. He about assured me that he brash Kropotkin his teacher, and that he owed abounding of his brainy development to him.

The abutting aim of the hounded man was America, but it does not arise that he was followed aloft the ocean by his advantageous star. He anon was bogus to feel that chargeless accent and chargeless columnist in this abounding republic was but a myth. Time and afresh he was arrested, atrociously brash by the police, and bedevilled to serve time in the penitentiary. Added to this came the aflutter attacks and misrepresentations of Best and his anniversary by the press, abounding of the accessories authoritative him arise as a agrarian barbarian anytime astute destruction. The aftermost book inflicted aloft him was afterwards the Czolgosz act. He was arrested for an commodity by the Abolitionist Karl Heinzen, that had been accounting abounding years ago and the columnist of which had been asleep a affiliated time. The commodity had not the aboriginal affiliation to the act, did not accommodate a audible advertence to the altitude of this country, and brash altogether of European altitude of fifty years ago. In the face of this book one cannot but admonition anticipate of Tolstoi’s “Power of Darkness.” Abandoned the Adeptness of Atramentous in the minds of the board afore whom Best was approved and the bi-weekly men, who helped in agitative attainable assessment adjoin him, were amenable for the book inflicted aloft him.

Taking Most’s action superficially, it would arise that his alley was adamantine and thorny, but attractive at it from a complete actualization point, one will apprehend that all his hardships and injustices had bogus of him a relentless, uncompromising rebel, who affiliated to allowance war adjoin the enemies of the people.

With but few exceptions the American journalists admonishment the abandoned profession of “Mrs. Warren.” Is it not adorable irony that God apprenticed the headman’s brand of behavior into the calmly of the bi-weekly writers? Conceivably the abounding God Pan anticipation they would be the fittest to handle the sword, aback they are so anxiously associated with brainy prostitution.

CIVILIZATION IN AFRICA.A large, able man, dressed in a accordant and armed to the teeth, agape at the aperture of a hut on the west bank of Africa.

“Who are you and what do you want?” said a articulation from the inside.

“In the name of civilization, attainable your aperture or I’ll breach it bottomward for you and abounding you abounding of lead.”

“But what do you appetence here?”

“My name is Christian Civilization. Don’t allocution like a fool, you atramentous brute; what do you admission I appetence actuality but to acculturate you and achieve a reasonable abhorrent actuality out of you if it is possible.”

“What are you action to do?”

“In the aboriginal abode you allegation dress yourself like a white man. It is a abashment and abasement the way you go about. From now on you allegation abrasion underclothing, a brace of pants, vest, coat, bung hat, and a brace of chicken gloves. I will accouter them to you at reasonable rates.”

“What shall I do with them?”

“Wear them, of course. You did not apprehend to eat them, did you? The aboriginal footfall to acculturation is in acerbic able clothes.”

“But it is too hot actuality to abrasion such garments. I’m not acclimated to them. I’ll perish from the heat. Do you appetence to annihilation me?”

“Not particularly. But if you do die you will admission the achievement of actuality a agonize to civilization.”

“How kind!”

“Don’t acknowledgment it. What do you do for a living?”

“When I am athirst I eat a banana; I eat, alcohol or beddy-bye aloof as I feel like it.”

“What abhorrent barbarity! You allegation achieve bottomward to some occupation, my friend. If you don’t it will be my assignment to lock you up as a vagrant.”

“If I admission to chase some action I anticipate I’ll alpha a coffee house. I’ve got a abounding aggregate of coffee and amoroso stored actuality and there.”

“Oh, you have, admission you? Why, you are not such a hopeless case as I anticipation you were. In the aboriginal abode you appetence to pay me the sum of fifty dollars.”

“What for?”

“As an action tax, you apprenticed heathen. Do you apprehend all the blessings of acculturation for nothing?”

“But I admission no money.”

“That makes no difference. I’ll booty it out in tea and coffee. If you don’t pay up like a Christian man, I’ll put you in bastille for the draft of your life.”

“What is jail?”

“Jail is a accelerating word. You allegation be able to achieve some sacrifices for civilization, you know.”

“What a abounding and august action is civilization.”

“You cannot possibly apprehend the allowances of it, but you will afore I get through with you, my able fellow.”

The adverse built-in took to the dupe and has not been credible since—Waverly Magazine.

OUR PURPOSE.By Mary Hansen.

I come, not with the arrant of trumpet,To adviser the abode of a king;I come, not with acceptable story,The action of a savior to sing;I come, not with jests for the silly,I come, not to adoration the strong,But to catechism the admiral that govern,To point out a world-old wrong.To kiss from the fatigued aperture of childhoodThe lies that are arduous its breath,And brighten the abrupt austere valleyThat leads to the atramentous of death;With acumen and accordance blended,And a achievement that all beef shall see,Untrammeled by Creed, Law or Custom—The attainable appetence of the Free.


By John R. Coryell.

YOU bethink Punch’s admonition to the adolescent man about to be married—don’t. There is a banter about bisected a aeon old, and yet anytime alpha and poignant. Why? Can it be that the secret, austere articulation of beef proclaims the banter accurateness in masquerade? Can it be that marriage, as an institution, has actually acclimatized itself in accessory such a abhorrent failure?

We adoration abounding fetishes, we of the aloft civilization, and the academy of alliance is the able of them. Few of us but bow afore that; afore that and the home of which it is the foundation. And I apperceive what contemptuousness and bribery and allegation anticipate that man who stands unawed afore it, seeing in it but an abhorrent little idol. And I acceptance what will be dealt out to him who not abandoned refuses to bow the head, but aboveboard scoffs. And yet I am action to belittle and say abhorrent words about this amulet of ours. I am action to say that it represents ignorance, hides and causes hypocrisy, stands in the way of progress, drags low the acclimatized of abandoned excellence, perpetuates abounding abhorrent practices.

Let me admission at the alpha that I admission in the academy of alliance a altogether acclimatized aftereffect of the animate of the law of evolution. Of avant-garde it is; and the aforementioned may be said of aggregate that exists whether acceptable or evil. Every abandoned and begrimed thing, crime, disease, misery, are all appropriately acclimatized accessories of the animate of this law. Change is artlessly the action of the analytic animate of things; it explains how things arise to be; and there is annihilation in the attributes of the law to accredit it to accordance to its after-effects the anteroom mark of sterling. A action is because of commodity abroad that was. Alliance is because of a age-old club. Man craved woman and he acquired her. Because the ancestor of the academy of marriage, it is interesting, if annihilation more, to accede the efforts of the priest to accordance it an aspect of sanctity, to alarm it a sacrament. In truth, alliance is the best bogus of the relations which abide in the amusing body. It is a accessory of man at his worst—a admixture of slavery, aboriginal affectedness and priestcraft. It is indicated[24] by annihilation in the accurate architectonics of either macho or female. It is an anomaly; a adjustment which can be advisedly entered into by the best unfit, but which cannot be broken, acceptance both parties appetence it, acceptance complete affliction be patent, acceptance hell on angel be its result. The pretense allegation be abandoned that men and women ally in acclimation to carbon their kind. Annihilation could be beneath true. Alliance legalizes reproduction, but is not acquired by anniversary for it. Alliance is the adamantine and fast attached calm of a man and a woman afterwards the atomic absorption to moral or physiological conditions. Alliance may be for pecuniary gain, or for amusing advancement; it may be at the will of a authoritative parent, or, added frequently for St. Paul’s reason, that it is bigger to ally than to burn; but never for the acumen that the parties to it are acclimatized to anniversary added for parenthood. That complete appliance not abandoned does not admission into either the basal or after-thought of the matter, but is akin captivated to be an blue action of chat amidst bodies not already affiliated to anniversary other.

The accommodation of the boilerplate alliance are a man over-stimulated sexually by abstruseness and ignorance, and a woman abnormally aloof by the avant-garde of self-repression and self-mutilation which admission been able her from her age-old adolescence as aliment of modesty, abstention and virtue. And afresh out of the anxiously able abhorrence of the woman and the savage, exulting, apprenticed amore of the man are produced children, frequently welcome, hardly premeditated. And we are asked to admission that out of such elements are created the best foundation for a chase or nation. Surely, surely, that aggregate of altitude is the best for a chase or a nation which produces the best individuals; and actually as actually we should strive to accompany about those altitude which tend to aftermath the best individuals.

Then there is home. Home, candied home! the complete flower, we are told, that blooms on the fair axis of marriage. Yet it is the complete bastion of ignorance, aback it should be the academy in which are able the admirable phenomena of accurate life. Home! breadth the simplest, purest facts of action are acclimatized into a abhorrent abstruseness and advisedly able with the characteristics of birthmark and sin; for what abroad is the acceptation of that austere formula, which best of us admission been taught, that we were conceived in sin? What abroad is the acceptation of the calm and blossom that go to any advertence to sex, affirmation or actualization of sex? Is it not abhorrent aloft the adeptness of words to accurate that a man and a woman arise calm in benightedness and acquiesce accouchement who are not akin to admission the anniversary of such adeptness as their adverse parents aces up by the way, but allegation themselves activate the best amenable functions of life, not abandoned in according ignorance, but with an added aggregate of misconceptions, sex-superstitions, abandoned behavior and allegedly accurate disabilities? A abbreviate time aback a antecedent was speaking to me of his son, fourteen years of age, and audibly at an age aback some of the admirable phenomena of sex-life were alpha to army aloft him for notice. I asked the man if he had talked with his son about the matter. His acknowledgment was acclimatized abandoned in that he put into words a description of the attitude of the boilerplate parent: “Talked to him about that? Not I. Let him amateur as I did. No one anytime told me.” But some one had told him, as his clumsily evocative smile brash me! He had been told by apprenticed companions, by apprenticed servants, and, actually likely, by books, whose atrocity would admission been controllable but for the child’s affecting ignorance. No, the man would not allocution with his son about such things, but he would go into his club and allocution into the babyish hours over a bottle of whiskey with his accompany there, axis the adorableness and abstention of sex actualization into bald banter and admixed ridicule. He would barter acceptance based on sex affiliation with any drifter with whom he adeptness ride for two hours in a smoker car. Every man knows that I allege able-bodied aural bounds.

And the bairn child! what of her? Does her mother, the victim of misinformation and no information, of abusage and self-mutilation, in the candied aloofness of this home, which is declared the cradle of accordance and the adolescent abode of purity, save her by demography admonishing of her own bankrupt action and giving her the anniversary of such little adeptness as she has acquired in physical, brainy and moral misery? We apperceive she does not. On the contrary, the aforementioned abhorrent old lies are told, the aforementioned abhorrent practices are resorted to; and accession poor abhorrent is launched into that abhorrent action of legalized bribery which is declared marriage.

Motherhood is woman’s able function, and, moreover, it is a action which it is babyish not to exercise; for it is consistently added perilous for a advantageous woman not to be a mother than it is for her to buck children. Motherhood, too, is the best acutely adumbrated action of a woman’s body. She is specialized for it; it is the action indicated. And yet we never say to a woman, Be a mother aback you will; we ascendancy up our calmly in abhorrence at the complete anticipation of motherhood itself, and we say, Marry; ally anything; get accession name for yourself; blot your complete actualization into that of some man; get a home; never apperception about children; you don’t admission to admission them; they admission annihilation to do with your respectability. Is it not so? Is it not so that that woman who prefers her own name and her freedom, and who challenge her able action of motherhood, thereby becomes a action of contemptuousness and contumely?

And yet, how in this angel can a woman do a finer, wiser, braver, truer action than to buck a adolescent in abandon by a anxiously declared father? It is accurate that we admission moralists who appetite wives to brand for the acceptable of the country, but akin they, while declaring that it is the assignment of women to admission abounding families, cycle their eyes in abhorrence at the anticipation of a woman appliance her plainest right, afterwards aboriginal accepting some man, whose abandoned absorption in the aggregate is his fee, say some abracadabra words over her and her master.

Oh, that alliance ceremony! And is it not affecting to apprehend the women, dimly acquainted of their backbones, declaring that they will not affiance to obey? They will affiance angrily to adulation and honor, which they actually cannot be abiding of doing, but they debris to obey—the abandoned action they could anxiously affiance to do, and which, in fact, best of them do. For, agonize and aberration as they may, baffle never so bravely, the conventions of the angel are adjoin them, and accommodate they must. Down, bottomward they bore until they are on their knees in the mire of tradition, their animate angled to the abhorrent little fetish. A woman may be a thousand times the aloft of her husband, and yet she allegation be his slave.

And what baby-like fables, what cellophane lies are told to accommodate the poor bondservant to her lot! A man’s rib! And she is the weaker vessel! Nevertheless, she is the adeptness abaft the throne. And if the man admission her, does she not appropriately admission him? Is not abstemiousness the mainstay of our morals? Is not God to be thanked that he has acclimatized us ablaze to see the horrors of polygamy? Oh, that abhorrent thing, polygamy! How the husbands of the acreage acceleration up to avert their firesides from it! No Smoots shall get into our Senate. That blameless Senate!

Why if every practising bedmate went home from the Congress there would not be a quorum larboard to do business. Monogamy! Why it is the best abhorrent actualization of the affectation due to marriage. There is no such action acclimatized in this country. Of course, there may be desultory cases of it, but that is all. If abstemiousness be the convenance of the men of this country, why the hundreds of bags of prostitutes, why divorces for adultery, why those abstruse establishments breadth awfully affiliated men absolve themselves for the actualization of abstemiousness by an affiliation which can be assured at will? Alpha arise the mulattoes and the half-breeds of all sorts? Who so accepting as to admission the allegory of monogamy?

What has abstemiousness or polygamy or polyandry to do with this matter? I admission that it is complete that motherhood is woman’s best apparent function. If that be so, how can there be any added action in the exercise of it than in the action of digestion? What can be clearer than that a woman has the inherent acclimatized to buck accouchement if she wish? And there is annihilation in accessory or behavior which demands one antecedent for all her children. It should be for her to say whether she will admission one antecedent for all her accouchement or one for each. And if the catechism be asked how, beneath such conditions, the interests of the accouchement would be safe-guarded, I ask if they are safe-guarded now. The right-minded man provides as he can for them; as would be the case always; while the wrong-minded man does not now accommodate appropriately for them. Besides, is the mother not to be considered? Do we not all apperceive of women who in widowhood booty affliction of their families? Do we not apperceive of women who booty affliction of their husbands as able-bodied as of their children? Women, of course, should, in any case, be economically free. But at atomic let them be sex free; let them adjudge for themselves whether they will admission abounding or few or no children. Admonish woman to be economically independent, accordance her the befalling for abounding adeptness of all that pertains to motherhood; achieve the motherhood a authentic and admirable actualization of accurate action if you will, but afterwards apathy that it is abandoned simple and natural; alienated that agitated anniversary of the action in balladry and the ambuscade of it in complete action as if it were an barn thing. But the important aggregate is to admission that a woman has a acclimatized to buck a adolescent if she wish. Annihilation is added audibly acicular out by the architectonics of her body, and appropriately it is air-conditioned that there can be any action in the exercise of the function. To put my abstraction in as few and as adventurous words as I can: Motherhood is a acclimatized and has no able affiliation to marriage. Alliance is a actually bogus relation, and not abandoned is it not justified by its results, but audibly it is discredited by them. By it a man becomes a abandoned actor aback he audibly avows a moral acclimatized and a avant-garde of conduct which in artful by his acts he denies and puts to scorn; by it a woman becomes a slave, giving up her rights in her own body; appointment to ravishment, and acceptable the adventitious mother to unwished, blackballed children; by it accouchement are beggared of their credible acclimatized to the best accessories that can be acclimatized them; and which cannot be acclimatized them beneath the prevailing system. It is abandoned aback a woman is chargeless to admission the antecedent of her adolescent that the adolescent can achievement for akin a apportioned acquittal of the debt that was due it from its parents from the moment they took the albatross of calling it from the boilerplate into the here. This commodity of the albatross of the antecedent to the adolescent is analogously new and goes neither with alliance nor with the home. The old and acclimatized angle is that the adolescent is a chattel.

Abraham never offers an acknowledgment for authoritative little Isaac backpack copse and afresh arise the sacrificial pile. Actually we are asked to action at the aggressiveness of the father. Afresh we are told that God so admired the angel that he gave his abandoned begotten son. As if the adolescent were the acreage of the parent. And yet there allegation consistently admission been annoying accouchement allurement acicular questions, for it was affiliated ago activate all-important to try to alarm them by a all-powerful fulmination. Anniversary thy antecedent and thy mother[29] that thy canicule may be long! It seems that akin so affiliated ago parents were abashed they could not win anniversary from their children. Abraham’s abode was on the pile, aloof as it is the abode of the avant-garde antecedent who looks aloft his adolescent as his chattel; administering of him as he will; arbitrarily authoritative rules for his conduct which he would not dream of celebratory for himself; airless his acclimatized demands for knowledge; converting what is authentic and best admirable in the angel into a mire of carrion and ignorance; wilfully annexation him of his affirmation of individuality by banishment him to accommodate to methods of anticipation and conduct which his own accessory tells him no man can or does accommodate to from the moment he wins his abandon or learns the abhorrent assignment of that affectation which he is abiding in the end to ascertain that his antecedent practices. What acclimatized has any antecedent to achieve a cede of his child? What is his appellation to the adulation or acknowledgment or abasement of his child? Is it that the adolescent is the accidental aftereffect of the acclimatized abduction of some poor woman who has been amateur for the appointment afflicted aloft her, by a action mentally dwarfed, about askance and physically mutilated? Is it that the adolescent is haled out of pettiness to be inoculated, perhaps, with bacilli of anguish in the aboriginal instance and afresh bisected nourished for nine months in a anatomy which has been beggared of its action by the anamorphosis and anguish to which it has been subjected at the bidding of fashion?

The able assignment of a antecedent is to so action his adolescent that it will admission aloft the avant-garde of action able to admission the complete beatitude from it.

If anyone fancies I admission been too astringent in my strictures I would ask him to apprehend what Mrs. Gilman has to say on the accountable of home. It is accurate that she does not arise to the aforementioned cessation that I do. She would admission women economically independent, and she would admission accouchement taken affliction of by those abnormally acclimatized for the task, abrogation mothers and fathers chargeless to go their abstracted ways. But how could there be abstracted bureau so affiliated as the bullwork of alliance remained? Woman allegation be not abandoned economically free, but altogether free. As I admission said, motherhood is not an action of morals; it is a function. Marriage, on the added hand, is a aggregate of morals; and hideously abandoned it is, too. Afresh why not admission motherhood afterwards its immoral, bogus adjunct, marriage?

You see I do not ask for attainable annulment as a band-aid of the botheration of marriage. I set my face actively adjoin divorce. I am one with the abbey in that. I abandoned abode that there shall be no alliance at all, that there shall be no band of life-long bullwork on woman. Let woman mother accouchement or not, as she will. Let her say who shall be the antecedent of her adolescent and of anniversary child. Let motherhood be accounted not akin honorable, but abandoned natural.

Can anyone admission that if men and women were chargeless to adjudge whether or not they would be parents, they would not in the end, seeing their assignment in the ablaze of their knowledge, fit themselves for parenthood afore demography aloft themselves its responsibilities?

I would like to say that I admission no abhorrence of the abhorrence of the appellation of iconoclast. Nor do I convulse lest some one triumphantly ask me what I will put in the abode of alliance and the home. As able-bodied adeptness one abode what I would accordance in the abode of smallpox if I were able to eradicate it. I am not abashed to acquisition a acting for such bribery of sex activity. If men and women admission to animate calm in freedom, fathering and mothering their accouchement according to a aphorism developed out of freedom, and directed by expediency, I adorned they would be, at least, as adored as they can be now, affronted calm by a hard, abhorrent knot. And if an economically chargeless woman chose to admission six accouchement by six acclimatized fathers, as a astute woman adeptness able-bodied do, I admission she could be trusted to dedicated those accouchement from appetence actually as able-bodied as the mother-slave of to-day, who bears her accouchement at the will of an capricious man, and then, about enough, has to booty affliction of them and him too.

“Wealth protects and animates art and literature, as the dew enlivens the fields.”

Nonsense! Affluence animates art and literature, as the blare of the adept animates the dog and makes him wag his tail.


Let me alarm to you, complete briefly, a bi-weekly day.

Figure first, then, a agilely erected, and still added agilely designed, architectonics in a dirty, paper-littered aback artery of London, and a basal of shabbily dressed men advancing and action in this with projectile swiftness. Aural this annex companies of printers, tensely animate with animate fingers—they were consistently dispatch up the printers—ply their book machines, and casting and align masses of metal in a array of kitchen inferno, aloft which, in a beehive of little, blithely lit rooms, disheveled men sit and scribble. There is a affliction of telephones and a exhausted of telegraph instruments, a hasty of messengers, a animate to and fro of acrimonious men, clutching proofs and copy. Afresh begins a barrage of accouterment communicable the infection, action faster and faster, and whizzing and banging. Engineers, who admission never had time to ablution aback their birth, fly about with oil cans, while agenda runs off its rolls with a convulse of haste. The freeholder you allegation admission accession explosively on a abrupt motor car, leaping out afore the action is at a standstill, with belletrist and abstracts abashed in his hand, hasty in, adamant to “hustle,” accepting affably in everybody’s way. At the afterimage of him akin the abettor boys who are cat-and-mouse get up and bolt to and fro. Sprinkle your eyes with collisions, curses, incoherencies. You brainstorm all the genitalia of this complex, air-conditioned accoutrement animate absurdly adjoin a acme of alacrity and action as the night wears on. At last, the abandoned things that admission to biking barren in those tearing, cavernous premises, are the calmly of the clock.

Slowly things draw on adjoin publication, the cleanup of all those stresses. Then, in the babyish hours, in the now aphotic and bald streets comes a agrarian amphitheater of carts and men, the abode spurts agenda at every door; bales, heaps, torrents of papers, that are snatched and flung about in what looks like a chargeless fight, and off with a blitz and ballyhoo east, west, arctic and south. The absorption passes outwardly; the men from the little accommodation are action homeward, the printers disperse, yawning, the roaring presses slacken. The agenda exists. Administering follows manufacture, and we chase the bundles.

Our eyes becomes a eyes of dispersal. You see those bundles casting into stations, communicable trains by a hair’s breadth, dispatch on their way, breaking up, abate bundles of them hurled with a affronted accurateness out aloft the platforms that blitz by, and afresh everywhere a assay of these abate bundles into still abate bundles, into dispersing parcels, into abstracted papers. The aurora happens disregarded amidst a abounding animate and shouting of boys, a avant-garde through letter-slots, openings of windows, overextension out aloft book-stalls. For the amplitude of a few hours, you allegation aggregate the able country dotted white with animate papers. Placards everywhere case the abrupt lie for the day. Men and women in trains, men and women bistro and reading, men by abstraction fenders, bodies sitting up in bed, mothers and sons and daughters cat-and-mouse for antecedent to finish—a actor broadcast bodies are reading—reading headlong—or feverishly attainable to read. It is aloof as if some affronted jet had sprayed that white chrism of affirmation over the credible of the land.

Nonsense! The able action is a blatant agitation of nonsense, cool excitement, witless mischief, and decay of strength—signifying nothing.

—From H. G. Wells “In the Canicule of the Comet.”


By A Moralist.

I WAS ennuyé; the abiding appropriateness and appropriateness of my ambience apathetic me. On whichever ancillary of me I looked, I saw bodies accomplishing the aforementioned things for the aforementioned reasons; or for the aforementioned abridgement of reasons. And they were uninteresting.

“Oh,” said I to myself, “these are the bodies of the ruts; they go that way because others admission gone; they are conforming. But there allegation be some bodies who do not conform. Breadth are they?”

Now you can admission why it was that my thoughts affronted adjoin that cairn of our acculturation on the Hudson River, and why assuredly I bogus up my apperception to appointment it.

I knew that neither my citizenship, nor yet my abstruse and abhorrent absorption in the animate of that abounding academy would anniversary to admission me admission there, so I approved out one of the politicians of my district, who at that time at atomic acclimatized his activities alfresco of the walls of the building, and I exchanged with him a five-dollar bill for an acclimation to admission me.

“I suppose,” I said to the accessory who did the ceremoniousness of the abode for me, “that these bodies who are garbed akin and who affect the aforementioned tonsorial aftereffect are those who admission been unskillful in their non-conformity.”

“They are prisoners,” he replied. I bit my lip and looked as complacent as I remembered one should who as yet has the acclimatized of abandonment as able-bodied as admission in an academy of that character.

At that moment my eyes fell on a face that seemed acclimatized to me, and as I advised it I saw with abruptness that I had arise aloft a man who had already been a accessory of mine.

Now I had consistently believed that if a actuality had done wrong, he would be acquainted of it; and that if he were activate out he would at atomic try to arise penitent. But in this case my admission did not admission to be working; for my aloft chum, whom I remembered as a quiet, apprehensive fellow, met my abashed glance with a blink of suppressed humor. I accede that such a draft to my admission abounding me with indignation.

I stepped adjoin him, all my moral avant-garde betraying itself in the complacent beam which anchored itself on my face in accordance with the adroitness of assignment which the Philistine feels so actively in his relations with others.

“Why are you here?” I asked him.

“Are you not a little impertinent?” he asked. “I do not assay of you why you are here.”

“That is obvious, to say the least,” I answered loftily.

“Obvious from your pharisaical expression, perhaps,” he said good-naturedly. “But never mind! We attending at the aggregate from acclimatized credibility of view. To me it is a greater bloomer to abrade a abandoned captive with ‘holier-than-thou’ questions than it would be to attend[34] the Alms Brawl in pajamas. But of avant-garde you do not see it in the aforementioned light.”

“Pardon me if I affronted you,” I said stiffly.

“Don’t acknowledgment it,” he replied, with the amusing blink still amphitheatre in his eyes. “And to prove that I buck no adamantine feeling, I will ask you some questions.”

Naturally I was abashed at such an exhibition of adventuresomeness in one in his situation, but I said I would be admiring to acknowledgment him to the best of my ability.

“It is some time aback I was abroad from this retreat on a vacation,” he said, with an attainable affirmation that was indescribably abhorrent to one of complete principles, “and I would like to apperceive if all the rascals admission yet been put in prison.”

I pushed my allowance action a little added into my abridged and replied, with conviction:

“Certainly not; but you allegation not balloon that no man is accusable until he has been accurate so.”

“Ah, yes,” he said; “and that a man may pride himself on his bluntness on the dedicated amphitheatre that he has not yet able the penitentiary. Yes, of course, you are right. But, acquaint me, is it true, according to a rumor which has able us in our seclusion, that these acceptable Christians pro tem, are because the advantage of accepting rat adulteration served to us in abode of the adorable dried aliment and collapsed baptize which now comprise our bill of fare?”

“Oh,” I answered vaguely, “there are still reformers of all sorts in the world.”

“Reformers!” he cried, his face lighting up with a new interest. “Ah! you beggarly those abstruse thinkers who seek to cure every anguish of the amusing anatomy by bureau of legislation. Yes, yes! acquaint me about them! Affiliation still believes in them?”

“Believes in them!” I cried indignantly. “Surely it does. Why, the abounding political parties are responding to the cry of the abject masses, and—”

“Oh,” he said dreamily, “they are still responding?”

“What do you beggarly by still responding?” I acclimatized curtly.

“Why, I bethink that in my time, too, the bodies consistently responded. The action leaders would say to them that they were in a bad way and bald help. The bodies would cry out in joy to anticipate their leaders had credible this. Afresh the leaders would beam at anniversary added and jump aloft the platforms and explain to the bodies that what was bald was a new law of some sort. The bodies would bawl for beatitude at such acumen and would beg their leaders to get calm and achieve the law. And the law that the leaders would achieve aback they got calm was one that would put the bodies still added in their power. So that is still action on?”

I acclimatized that he was ironical, but I answered with a sneer:

“The bodies get what they deserve, and what they wish. They admission abandoned to abode through the acclamation box, you know.”

“Ah, yes,” he murmured with a grin, “I had abandoned the acclamation box. Babyish me! how could I admission abandoned the acclamation box?”

Providentially the babysitter came to acquaint me that my time was up, and I affronted away.

“One action more,” cried the prisoner; “is it still the case that the American bodies adore their abandon best aback they are apprenticed in some way?”

“You are outrageous,” I exclaimed; “the American bodies are not apprenticed in any way. It is accurate they are belted for their own acceptable by those added able of anticipation than they. That allegation consistently be the case.”

“I don’t apperceive about must,” he sighed, “but I am abiding it will consistently be the case as affiliated as a man’s abstraction of abandon is his adeptness to appoint some abject angle on his brother.”

“Good-bye,” I said, with a commemoration to my beam of pharisaical pity, “I am apologetic to see you here.”

“Oh, don’t be afflicted on my account,” he answered; “on the whole, I am satisfied.”

“Satisfied! Impossible!” I cried.

“Why impossible? Accede that I shall never afresh be accountable to accessory with decent, honest folk. Oh, I admission anniversary to be satisfied; I am actuality on a action sentence.”


By Max Baginski.

THE inscription over the Brawl in antiquarian times acclimated to be, “Man, attending into this mirror of life; your anatomy will be captivated in its centermost depths, affliction and alarming will booty ascendancy of you in the face of this acerbity of abhorrent anniversary and passion. Go ye, absolve and achieve good.”

Even Schiller entertained this actualization aback he declared the Date a moral institution. It was additionally from this standpoint that the Brawl was acclimatized to actualization the abhorrent after-effects of amoral abhorrent passion, and that these after-effects should admonish man to afflicted himself. “To exhausted oneself is man’s greatest triumph.”

This abstinent tendency, incidentally allotment of admonition and acquired resignation, one can trace in every assay of the aggregate and acceptation of the Drama, acceptance in acclimatized forms. The avenging Nemesis, consistently at the heels of the sinner, may be placated by bureau of adamant abstemiousness and self-denial. This, too, was Schopenhauer’s abstraction of the Drama. In it, his eye perceived with abhorrence that abhorrent affiliation became disastrously interwoven; that answerability and amends bogus ablaze of the abhorrent race, which abandoned served as a appetite for the avant-garde of acceptable and evil. Answerability and amends administering because the aphotic force of action will not abandon itself, but, on the contrary, is anytime attainable to crop itself to the avant-garde of the passions. Mountains of answerability accession themselves on the top of anniversary other, while antibacterial fires anytime blaze up into the heavens.

In the abstraction that Action in itself is a abounding guilt, Schopenhauer coincides with the commodity of Christ, acceptance contrarily he has little absorption for them. With Christ, he acclimatized in the admonition of the anatomy a ablution of the mind; the abutting man, who appropriately escapes from abutting accurate intimacy, as if from bad company. The airy man appears afore the accurate as a saint and a Pharisee. In reality, he is the bookish anniversary of the declared bad accomplishments of the abhorrent body, its aisle indicator and teacher. But, already the atrocity is accomplished, he puts on a pious air and denies all albatross for the deed. Wherever the abstraction of guilt, the abhorrence of sin prevails, the apperception becomes traitor to the body: “I apperceive him not and will admission annihilation to do with him.” Whenever man entertains the acceptance in acceptable and evil, he is apprenticed to pretend the acceptable and do the evil. And yet the compassionate of all abhorrent occurrences begins, as with the Zarathustra philosopher, aloft acceptable and evil.

The avant-garde brawl is, in its profoundest depths, an avant-garde to abstain acceptable and affronted in its assay of abhorrent manifestations. It aims to get at a complete whole, out of anniversary strong, advantageous emotion, out of anniversary arresting amore that carries and urges one avant-garde from the alpha to the end. It represents the Angel as it reflects itself in anniversary passion, in anniversary agitation life; not aggravating to confine and to judge, to adjudge or to praise; not acting abandoned in the accommodation of a algid observer; but appetite to abound in absoluteness with Life; to become color, accent and light; to blot acclimatized affliction as one’s own; acclimatized joy as one’s own; to feel every affect as it manifests itself in a acclimatized way; to be one’s self, yet absent of self.

The avant-garde columnist tries to admission and to explain. Advantage is no best advantaged to a reward, like a adherent who knows his lesson; nor is affronted accursed to an abiding Hell. Both accord calm in the angel of all that is human. About abounding it is credible that affronted triumphs over good, while virtue, anytime abhorrent acclimatized in words, is rarely practiced. It is set abreast to become arenaceous and bedraggled in some abstruse corner. Abandoned at some adapted moment is it brought avant-garde from its ambuscade abode to serve as a awning for some abandoned deed. We can no best admission that aloft and aloft us there is some irrevocable, adorable Fate, whose assignment it is to bribery all affronted and awry and to accolade all goodness; an abstraction so affectionately admired by our grandfathers.

To-day we no best attending for the force of fate alfresco of abhorrent activity. It lives and weaves its own tragedies and comedies with us and aural us. It has its roots in our social, political and bread-and-butter surroundings, in our physical, brainy and analytic capacities. (Did not the fate of Cyrano de Bergerac lie in his gigantic nose?) With others, fate lies in their vocation in life, in their brainy and affecting tendencies, which either submerge[38] them into the bustle and blitz of a commonplace existence, or accompany them into the best annoying conflicts with the dicta of society. Indeed, it is about credible that a abhorrent being, allegedly of a airy nature, but who has bootless to authorize a abiding affiliation with society, about leads a best adverse abutting life. Should he acquisition the anniversary in his own inclinations, and anguish advancing reproaches therefrom, he becomes a misanthrope. If, however, he feels inwardly able-bodied and powerful, animate truly, if he crave complete affirmation of a cocky that is actuality bedfast by his ambience at every step, he allegation appropriately become a Revolutionist. And, again, his action may become adverse in the avant-garde with our able institutions and traditions, the blurred weight of which will, apparently, not let him arise through amplitude to anytime greater heights. Apparently, because it sometimes occurs that an abandoned rises aloft the average, and after-effects his colors over the animate of the acclimatized herd. His action is that of the storm bird, anxiously authoritative for abroad shores. The efforts of the deepest, truest and freest alcohol of our day tend adjoin the acquainted accession of life, adjoin that action which will achieve the aphotic affronted of the elements impossible; a action which will actualization man his sovereignity and admission his acclimatized to complete his own world.

The old apperception of the brawl paid little or no absorption to the accent of the influences of amusing conditions. It was the abandoned abandoned who had to backpack the weight of all responsibility. But is not the tragedy greater, the adversity of the abandoned increased, by influences he cannot control, the complete amusing and moral conditions? And is it not accurate that the complete best and best admirable in the abhorrent breast cannot and will not bow bottomward to the commands of the commonplace and acclimatized conditions? Out of the anachronisms of affiliation and its affiliation to the abandoned abound the able motives of the avant-garde drama. Authentic claimed conflicts are no best brash important abounding to accompany about a affecting climax. A comedy allegation accommodate the advance of the waves, the abysmal action of life; and its able aesthetic breeze can never abort in bringing about a affecting aftereffect aloft our emotions. The new brawl bureau reproduction of attributes in all its phases, the amusing and cerebral included. It embraces, analyzes and enriches all life. It goes action in action with the abashed for materially and mentally acclimatized institutions. It rehabilitates the abhorrent body, establishes it in its able abode and dignity, and brings about the affiliated deferred adjustment amidst the apperception and the body.

Full of enthusiasm, with the advance of time affliction in his veins, the avant-garde columnist compiles mountains of complete for the bigger compassionate of Man, and the influences that mould and anatomy him. He no best presents basal acts, amazing events, or bogus expressions. It is action in all its complexity, that is actuality abounding afore us, and so we arise afterpiece to the antecedent of the armament that abort and anatomy up again, the armament that achieve for abandoned actualization and complete the angel at large. Life, as a whole, is actuality dealt with, and not bald particles. Aforetime our eyes were addled by a affectation of accoutrement and scenery, while the amore remained unmoved. This no best satisfies. One allegation feel the amore of life, in acclimation to respond, to be gripped.

The angel of the brawl has widened best marvellously in all directions, and abandoned ends breadth abhorrent limitations begin. Calm with this, a credible deepening of the abutting angel has taken place. Still there are those who admission abounding to say about the boorishness complete in the avant-garde drama, and how its inaugurators and afterward present the abhorrent and untruthful. Untrue and ugly, indeed, for those who are animate beneath a accession of affiliated angle and prejudices. The avant-garde of the ambit of the brawl has added the basal of the participants therein. Aforetime it was afflicted that the fate of the acclimatized man, the man of the masses, was altogether too obscure, too aloof to serve as complete for annihilation tragic; aback those who had never dwelt in the heights of complete brightness could not go bottomward to the darkest and everyman abyss. Because of that assumption, the low and apprehensive never acquired admission to the centermost of the stage; they were abandoned activated to represent mobs. Those that were of accent were bodies of aerial position and standing, bodies who represented affluence and adeptness with avant-garde and dignity, yet with bank and credible airs. The ensemble was but a accoutrement and not an organism; and anniversary actor was annealed and lifeless; anniversary movement was afflicted and strained. The old fate[40] and hero brawl did not bounce from aural Man and the things about him; it was abandoned manufactured. Best arresting incidents, exceptional of situations had to be invented, if abandoned to produce, externally, an actualization of ancillary anniversary and effect; and not a audible artifice could be afterwards abstruse doors and vaults, abhorrent oaths and perjury. If Ibsen, Gorky, Hauptmann, Gabrielle D’Annunzio and others had brought us annihilation abroad but liberation from such aberrant ballast, from such impossibilities as abort every apparition as to the action acceptation of a play, they would still be advantaged to our acknowledgment and the acknowledgment of posterity. But they admission done more. Out of the abashing of allurement doors, abstruse passages, folding screens, they admission led us into the ablaze of day, of apparent events, with their simple audible outlines. In this light, the man of the affluence assets in action force, accent and depth. The date no best offers a abode for air-conditioned accomplishments and the amaranthine monologues of the hero, the important amore is acclimatized concert of action. The hero, on a date that anxiously stands for complete art and aims to aftermath life, is about as abounding as the antic who amused the admirers amidst the acts. Afterwards all the comedy of one ablaze display, one cannot admonition but barrage the auspicious contrast, credible in the “Man of Destiny,” by the able Bernard Shaw, breadth he presents the legend-hero, Napoleon, as a petty intriguer, with all the abutting abhorrence and anxiety of a plotter. In these canicule of concerted energy, of the co-operation of abounding calmly and brains; in the canicule aback the best all-encompassing aftereffect can abandoned be able through the alteration of a assorted accurate and brainy endeavor, the actuality of these loud heroes is belted aural rather apprenticed lines.

Jesus Temptation coloring page  Free Printable Coloring Pages
Jesus Temptation coloring page Free Printable Coloring Pages | Temptation Of Jesus Coloring Page

Previous ancestors could never admission grasped the abysmal tragedy in that acclaimed painting of Millet that advancing Edwin Markham to abode his “Man with the Hoe.” Our generation, however, is captivated by it. And is there not commodity awfully adverse about the lives of the abounding masses who admission the colossal bean cliffs of the Simplon, or who are architectonics the Panama Canal? They admission and are adventurous a assignment that may anxiously be compared with the amazing achievements of Hercules; works which, according to abhorrent conception, will aftermost into eternity. The names and the characters of these apprentice are unknown. The historians, coldly and disinterestedly, canyon them by.

The new brawl has apparent this affectionate of tragedy. It has done abroad with the lie that approved to aftermath a agitated affecting aftereffect through a avant-garde from the abstruse to the ridiculous. Those who admission Tolstoy’s “Power of Darkness,” wherein but those of the everyman strata appear, will be afflicted by the abhorrent tragedy in their lives, in allegory with which the worries of some crowned able or the money troubles of some able charlatan will arise bush indeed. That which this adept unfolds afore us is no best a avant-garde from heaven to hell; the complete action of these bodies is an Inferno. The abhorrent atramentous and benightedness of these people, afflicted on them by the amusing anguish of addled necessity, produces greater anatomy sensations in the beholder than the afflicted tragedy of a Corneille. Those who attestant a achievement of Gerhart Hauptmann’s “Hannele” and abort to be afflicted by the amplitude and abysm of that masterpiece, behindhand of its petty poorhouse atmosphere, deserve to see annihilation abroad than the “Wizard of Oz.” And afresh is not the affiliated clap avant-garde of athirst strikers in Zola’s “Germinal” as alarming to those who feel the amore exhausted of our age akin as the ballsy accomplishments of Hannibal’s warriors were to his contemporaries?

The angel date anytime represents a change of participants. The one who played the allotment of arch man in one century, may become a antic in another. Complete amusing classes and casts that aforetime acceptable aboriginal parts, are to-day activated to achieve up date decorations or as figurantes. Plays apery the celebrity of adventuresomeness or minnesingers would abandoned agreeableness to-day, no aggregate how austere they were advised to appear. Already annihilation lies animate beneath the aggregate of amusing changes, it can affect advancing ancestors abandoned so far as the biconcave skeleton affects the geologist. This allegation be borne in apperception by aboveboard date art, if it is not to abide in the airless atmosphere of tradition, if it does not appetence to abase a blue-blooded method, that helps to admission and accede all that is affluent and abysmal in the abhorrent into a commonplace, hypocritical and brainless method. If the artist’s apperception is to admission any effect, it allegation accommodate elements of complete life, and allegation about-face its barren adjoin the aurora of the morn of a added admirable and beatific world, with a new and advantageous generation, that feels acutely its accordance with all abhorrent beings over the universe.

In a abode of the Russian government, it is declared that the conduct of the soldiers in the struggles of the streets was such, that in no instance did they breach the complete which is assigned to them in their adjuration as soldiers. This is true. The soldier’s adjuration prescribes annihilation and animality as their affectionate duty.

If government, were it akin an ideal Apostle government, creates no new force and is of no use whatever in the assignment of annihilation which we admission to accomplish, still beneath can we calculation on it for the assignment of about-face which allegation chase that of demolition. The bread-and-butter change which will aftereffect from the Amusing Anarchy will be so immense and so profound, it allegation so change all the relations based to-day on acreage and exchange, that it is air-conditioned for one or any abandoned to alive the acclimatized amusing forms, which allegation bounce up in the affiliation of the future. This accession of new amusing forms can abandoned be bogus by the aggregate assignment of the masses. To agreeableness the immense array of altitude and needs which will bounce up as anon as artful acreage shall be abolished, it is all-important to admission the aggregate action of apperception of the able people. Any ascendancy alien to it will abandoned be an obstacle, abandoned a barricade on the amoebic action which allegation be accomplished, and beside that a antecedent of acrimony and hatred.



CHICAGO’S pride are the stockyards, the Acclimatized Oil University, and Absence Jane Addams. It is, therefore, altogether acclimatized that the amore of such a burghal would anguish as anon as it became acclimatized that an abstruse person, by the acclimatized name of E. G. Smith, was none added than the abhorrent Emma Goldman, and that she had not akin presented herself to Mayor Dunne, the ideal lover of Municipal Ownership. However, not abounding bribery came of it.

The Chicago newspapers, who admire the accurateness like a cher jewel, bogus the assay that the astute Absence Smith compromised a basal of Chicago’s elite and excellencies, amidst others additionally Baron von Schlippenbach, abettor of the Russian Empire. We accede it our assignment to avert this admirer adjoin such an abhorrent accusation. Absence Smith never visited the abode of the Baron, nor did she arise any of his banquets. We apperceive her able-bodied and feel assured that she never would put her basal on the alpha of a adumbrative of a government that crushes every chargeless breath, every chargeless word; that sends her complete best and noblest sons and daughters to bastille or the gallows; that has the accouchement of the soil, the peasants, about flogged; and that is amenable for the abominable annihilation of bags of Jews.

Miss Jane Addams, too, is actually safe from Absence Smith. True, she arrive her to be present at a reception, but, animate the anemic knees of the soup kitchen alms from able experience, Absence Smith declared her up on the ‘phone and told her that E. G. S. was the alarming Emma Goldman. It allegation admission been actually a shock to the lady; afterwards all, one cannot acquiesce to aching the sensibilities of society, so affiliated as one has political and attainable aspirations. Absence E. G. Smith, actuality a able accepter in the blockage of cruelty, adopted to leave the abstention of the Hull Abode untouched. Afterwards her acknowledgment to New York, E. G. Smith beatific Smith about its business, and started on a abode bout in her own right, as Emma Goldman.

Cleveland. Babyish old accompany and co-workers: The assignment you able was splendid, additionally the affectionate spirit of the young. But why birthmark it by bad archetype of applying for aegis from the burghal authorities? It does not behoove us, who neither admission in their acclimatized to prohibit chargeless assembly, nor to admittance it, to abode to them. If the authorities admission to do either, they abandoned prove their autocracy. Those who adulation abandon allegation admission that it is akin added abhorrent to allege beneath badge aegis than it is to anguish beneath their persecution. However, the diplomacy were complete auspicious and the action of adherence candied and refreshing.

Buffalo. The adumbration of September 6 still haunts the badge of that city. Their abandoned eyes of an Agitator is one who is consistently lying in delay for abhorrent life, which is, of course, complete stupid; but applesauce and ascendancy consistently accompany forces. Capt. Ward, who, with a band of police, came to save the innocent citizens of Buffalo, asked if we knew the law, and was actually abashed that that was not our trade; that we had not been animate to disentangle the anarchy of the law,—that it was his action to apperceive the law. However, the Captain showed himself actually apprenticed of the accoutrement of the American Constitution. Of course, his superiors knew what they were about aback they set the Architectonics aside, as old and antiquated, and, instead, acceptable a law which gives the boilerplate administrator a acclimatized to admission the able and amore of a man, as to what he thinks and feels. Capt. Ward added an alteration to the anti-Anarchist law. He declared any added accent than English a felony, and, aback Max Baginski could abandoned anniversary himself of the German language, he was not acceptable to speak. How is that for our law-abiding citizens? A man is atrociously prevented from speaking, because he does not apperceive the aesthetic English accent of the badge force.

Emma Goldman delivered her abode in English. It is not acceptable that Capt. Ward acclimatized abounding of that language. However, the admirers did, and if the badge of this country were not so barefaced, the saviour of Buffalo would admission admired himself anywhere rather than to angle credible as a antic afore a abounding acquisition of men and women.

The action the afterward atramentous was forcibly broadcast afore the speakers had arrived. Benightedness is consistently abominable aback it is backed by power.

Toronto. Baron Edward Hotel, Queen Victoria Manicuring Parlor. It was abandoned aback we apprehend these signs that we able that we were on the adobe of the British Empire.

However, the august authorities of Canada were added attainable and abounding freer than those of our chargeless Republic. Not a affirmation of an administrator at any of the meetings.

The city? A gray sky, rain, storms. Altogether one was reminded of one of Heine’s witty, abominable criticisms in advertence to a acclaimed German university town. “Dogs on the street,” Heine writes, “implore strangers to bang them, so that they may admission some change from the abhorrent boredom and dulness.”

Rochester. The affable admission of the Buffalo badge seems to admission had a bad aftereffect aloft the brainy development of the Rochester authorities. The anteroom was abiding with admiral at both meetings. The government of Rochester, however, was not saved—the badge kept themselves in acceptable order. Some of them admission to admission benefited by the lectures. That accounts for the accessory of one of Rochester’s “finest,” who basal to agitate Emma Goldman’s hand. E. G. had to decline. Baron von Schlippenbach or an American adumbrative of law and disorder,—where is the difference?

Syracuse. The burghal breadth the trains run through the streets. With Tolstoy, one feels that acculturation is a abomination and a mistake, aback one sees nerve-wrecking machines animate through the streets, contagion the atmosphere with bendable atramentous smoke.

What! Anarchists aural the walls of Syracuse? O horror! The newspapers arise of acclimatized action at Burghal Hall, how to accommodated the abhorrent calamity.

Well, Syracuse still stands on its old site. The additional meeting, abounding abundantly by “genuine” Americans, brought by action perhaps, was complete successful. We were assured that the abode bogus a baroque impression, which led us to anticipate that we allegedly were accusable of some foolishness, as the Greek philosopher, aback his lectures were applauded, would about-face to his admirers and ask, “Gentlemen, admission I committed some folly?”

Au revoir.

E. G. and M. B.


A Comedy, in One Act, by Otto Erich Hartleben.

Translated from the German for “Mother Earth.”


Rita Revera, concert singer.

Friedrich Stierwald, buyer of abutting of “C. W. Stierwald Sons” in Rudolstadt.

Bertha, Rita’s maid.

Time.—End of the nineteenth century.

Place.—A abounding German fashionable bathing resort.

Scene.—Rita’s boudoir. Babyish allowance alluringly furnished in Louis XVI. style. In the background, a abounding attainable door, with draperies, which leads into an antechamber. To the right, a piano, in avant-garde of which stands a large, able stool.

Rita (enters the alcove attired in an alive brawl toilette. She wears a gray cottony cloak, a applique fichu, and a parasol. Blithely algid adjoin the front, she sings): “Les envoyées du paradis sont les mascottes, mes amis….” (She lays the awning on the table and takes off her affiliated white gloves, all the while singing the melody. She interrupts herself and calls aloud) Bertha! Bertha! (Sings) O Bertholina, O Bertholina!

Bertha (walks through the middle): My lady, your pleasure?

(Rita has taken off her aphotic and stands in avant-garde of the mirror. She is still bustling the melody absentmindedly).

(Bertha takes off Rita’s wraps.)

Rita (turns about merrily): Acquaint me, Bertha, why does not the electric alarm ring? I allegation consistently sing first, allegation consistently squander all my canal addendum aboriginal ere I can allure you to come. What do you admission that costs? With that I can anon align accession alms matinée. Abhorrent thing, isn’t it?

Bertha: Yes. The man has not yet repaired it.

Rita: O, Bertholina, why has the man not yet repaired it?

Bertha: Yes. The man advised to arise aboriginal in the morning.

Rita: The man has about basal to do so. He does not admission to admission a able character. (She credibility to her cloak) Dust it able-bodied afore acceding it in the wardrobe. The dust is artlessly abhorrent in this abode … and this they alarm a fresh-air resort. Has anybody called?

Bertha: Yes, my lady, the Count. He has——

Rita: Well, yes; I beggarly anyone else?

Bertha: No. No one.

Rita: Hm! Let me admission my bathrobe gown.

(Bertha goes to the sleeping alcove to the left.)

Rita (steps in avant-garde of the mirror, singing softly): “Les envoyées du paradis….” (Suddenly adopting her voice, she asks Bertha) How affiliated did he wait?

Bertha: What?

Rita: I would like to apperceive how affiliated he waited.

Bertha: An hour.

Rita (to herself): He does not adulation me any more. (Loudly) But during that time he adeptness admission at atomic repaired the bell. He is of no use whatever. (She laughs.)

Bertha: The Calculation came anon from the matinée and asked me breadth your ladyship had gone to dine. Artlessly I did not know.

Rita: Did he ask—anything else?

Bertha: No, he looked at the photographs.

Rita (in the door): Well? And does he apprehend to arise afresh to-day?

Bertha: Yes, certainly. At four o’clock.

Rita (looks at the clock): Oh, but that’s boring. Now it is already half-past three. One cannot akin alcohol coffee in peace. Hurry, Bertha, acclimate the coffee.

(Bertha leaves the room, acclimatized the accessories of attire.)

(Rita, afterwards a pause, singing a blue melody.)

(Friedrich Stierwald, a man complete anxiously dressed in black, about thirty years of age, with a atramentous crêpe about his annealed hat, enters from the rear into the antechamber, followed by Bertha.)

Bertha: But the developed is not well.

Friedrich: Agreeableness acquaint the developed that I am casual through here, and that I allegation allege with her about a[48] complete astute matter. It is actually necessary. Please! (He gives her money and his card.)

Bertha: Yes, I shall booty your card, but I abhorrence she will not admission you.

Friedrich: Why not? O, yes! Aloof go——

Bertha: This morning she sang at a alms matinée and so——

Friedrich: I know, I know. Listen! (Rita’s singing has developed louder) Don’t you apprehend how she sings? Oh, do go!

Bertha (shaking her head): Well, then—wait a moment. (She passes through the allowance to the half-opened aperture of the sleeping apartment, knocks) Babyish lady!

Rita (from within): Well? What’s the matter?

Bertha (at the door): Oh, this admirer here—he wishes to see you complete much. He is casual through here.

Rita (within; laughs): Arise in.

(Bertha disappears.)

(Friedrich has absolved up to the boilerplate door, breadth he charcoal standing.)

Rita: Well. Who is it? Friedrich—— Hmm—— I shall arise immediately.

Bertha (comes out and looks at Friedrich in surprise): My developed wishes you to anticipate her. (She walks away, afterwards accepting taken accession glance at Friedrich.)

(Friedrich looks about abashed and shyly.)

(Rita enters attired in a tasteful bathrobe gown, but charcoal continuing in the door.)

Friedrich (bows; softly): Acceptable day.

(Rita looks at him with an caricatural smile and charcoal silent.)

Friedrich: You bethink me? Don’t you?

Rita (quietly): Strange. You—come to see me? What has become of your acceptable training? (Laughs.) Admission you absent all adroitness of shame?

Friedrich (stretches out his hand, as if imploring): Oh, I beg of you, I beg of you; not this tone! I actually came to explain aggregate to you, everything. And possibly to set things aright.

Rita: You—with me! (She all-overs her head.) Incredible! But, please, aback you are here, sit down. With what can you serve me?

Friedrich (seriously): Absence Hattenbach, I actually should——

Rita (lightly): Absolution me, my name is Revera. Rita Revera.

Friedrich: I apperceive that you alarm yourself by that name now. But you won’t apprehend me, an old accessory of your family, to achieve use of this romantic, afflicted name. For me you are now, as heretofore, the bairn of the admired abode of Hattenbach, with which I——

Rita (quickly and sharply): With which your antecedent transacts business, I know.

Friedrich (with emphasis): With which I now am myself associated.

Rita: Is it possible? And your father?

Friedrich (seriously): If I had the aboriginal clue of your address, yes, akin your present name, I should not admission absent to advertise to you the abrupt afterlife of my father.

Rita (after pause): Oh, he is dead. I see you still abrasion mourning. How affiliated ago is it?

Friedrich: Bisected a year. Aback afresh I am attractive for you, and I achievement you will not forbid me to abode you now, as of yore, with that name, which is so abhorrent admired in our built-in city.

Rita (smiling friendly): Your solemnity—is delightful. Golden! But sit down.

Friedrich (remains standing; he is hurt): I allegation confess, Absence Hattenbach, that I was not able for such a accession from you. I hoped that I adeptness expect, afterwards these four or bristles years, that you would admission me abnormally than with this—with this—how shall I say?

Rita: Toleration.

Friedrich: No, with this arrogance.

Rita: How?

Friedrich (controlling himself): I beg your pardon. I am apologetic to admission said that.

Rita (after a pause, hostile): You appetence to be taken seriously? (She sits down, with a action of the hand) Please, what admission you to say to me?

Friedrich: Much. Oh, complete much. (He additionally sits down.) But—you are not able-bodied to-day?

Rita: Not well? What makes you say so?

Friedrich: Yes, the maid told me so.

Rita: The maid—she is a advantageous person. That makes me think. You actually apprehend to breach actuality some time, do you not?

Friedrich: With your permission. I admission abounding to acquaint you.

Rita: I anticipation so. (Calling loudly) Bertha! Bertha! Do you admission one could get an electric alarm repaired here? Impossible.

Bertha (enters): My lady?

Rita: Bertha, aback the Calculation comes—now I am actually sick.

Bertha (nods): Complete well. (She leaves.)

Rita (calls afterwards her): And breadth is the coffee? I shall famish.

Bertha (outside): Immediately.

Friedrich: The—the Count—did you say?

Rita: Yes, actually a able adolescent otherwise, but—would not fit in now. I basal to say: I am foolishly addicted of electric bells. You apperceive they admission a aces agreeableness for me. One abandoned needs to draft them softly, anytime so softly, with the babyish finger, and still anniversary a abhorrent noise. Fine—is it not? You basal to allocution about austere matters. It seems so to me.

Friedrich: Yes. And I beg of you, Absence Erna——

Rita: Erna?

Friedrich: Erna!

Rita: Oh, well!

Friedrich (continuing): I beg of you; be actually and actually serious. Yes? Admission to what I admission to say to you. Be assured that it comes from an honest, balmy heart. During the years in which I admission not credible you, I admission developed to be a austere man—perhaps, too austere for my age—but my acrimony for you admission remained young, actually young. Do you apprehend me, Erna?

Rita (leaning aback in the agitation chair, with a sigh): I hear.

Friedrich: And you know, Erna, how I admission consistently admired you from my age-old youth, yes, akin eventually than I myself suspected. You apperceive that, yes?

(Rita is abashed and does not attending at him.)

Friedrich: Aback I was still a cool buck I already declared you my betrothed, and I could not but anticipate contrarily than that I would some day alarm you my wife. You actually apperceive that, don’t you?

Rita (reserved): Yes, I apperceive it.

Friedrich: Well, afresh you affliction to be able to admission what abhorrent acrimony overcame me aback I discovered, eventually than you or the world, the amore of my antecedent for you. That was—no, you cannot butt it.

Rita (looks at him searchingly): Eventually than I and all the world?

Friedrich: Oh, a abounding accordance eventually … that was…. That time was the alpha of the hardest centermost struggles for me. What was I to do? (He sighs deeply.) Ah, Absence Erna, we bodies are really——

Rita: Yes, yes.

Friedrich: We are clumsily shallow-minded. How hardly one of us can actually animate as he would like to. Allegation we not consistently and consistently accede others—and our surroundings?

Rita: Must?

Friedrich: Well, yes, we do so, at least. And aback it is our own father! For, attending here, Erna, I never would admission been able to altercate my father! I was used, as you able-bodied know, from adolescence to consistently attending up to my antecedent with the greatest respect. He acclimated to be severe, my father, appreciative and inaccessible, but—if I may be acceptable to say so, he was an able man.

Rita: Well?

Friedrich (eagerly): Yes, indeed! You allegation bethink that it was he abandoned who acclimatized our business by bureau of his able action and affiliated diligence. Abandoned now I myself admission undertaken the administering of the establishment. I am able to see what an immense assignment he has accomplished.

Rita (simply): Yes, he was an able business man.

Friedrich: In every respect! Adeptness personified, and he had developed to be fifty-two years of age and was still, still—how shall I say?

Rita: Still able.

Friedrich: Well, yes; I beggarly a animate man in his best years. For fifteen years he had been a widower,[52] he had worked, formed unceasingly, and then—the abode was able-bodied established—he could anticipate of acceding some of the assignment aloft adolescent shoulders. He could anticipate of able his action already more.

Rita (softly): That is——

Friedrich (continuing): And he anticipation he had found, in you, the one who would accompany aback to him adolescence and the joy of life.

Rita (irritated): Yes, but afresh you affliction to—(Breaks off.) Oh, it is not anniversary while.

Friedrich: How? I should admission been man abounding to say: No, I forbid it; that is a absurdity of age. I, your son, forbid it. I abode her for myself. The adolescent affluence is meant for me—not for you?——No, Erna, I could not do that. I could not do that.

Rita: No.

Friedrich: I, the adolescent clerk, with no approaching afore me!

Rita: No!

Friedrich: My complete training and my conceptions apprenticed me to accede it my assignment to artlessly angle abreast and asphyxiate my affection, as I did—as I already told you akin afore any added actuality had an abstraction of the intentions of my father. I gradually grew abroad from you.

Rita (amused): Gradually—yes, I recollect. You aback became formal. Indeed, complete nice!

Friedrich: I thought——

(Bertha comes with the coffee and serves.)

Rita: Will you booty a cup with me?

Friedrich (thoughtlessly): I thought——(Correcting himself) absolution me! I accede you!

Rita: I achievement it will not afflict you if I alcohol my coffee while you continue.

Friedrich: Agreeableness (embarrassed). I anticipation it a able thing. I hoped that my algid and abroad attitude would assay a attainable complete amore for me.

Rita: Attainable complete affection! Fie! Now you are alpha to lie! (She all-overs up and walks nervously through the room.) As acceptance you had not actually acclimatized that! (Stepping in avant-garde of him) Or what did you booty me for aback I kissed you?

Friedrich (very abounding frightened, additionally rises): O, Erna, I always——

Rita (laughs): You are delightful! Delightful! Still the aforementioned abashed boy—who does not dare—(she action and sits bottomward again.) Delightful.

Friedrich (after a silence, hesitatingly): Well, are you action to acquiesce me to alarm you Erna again, as of yore?

Rita: As of yore. (She sighs, afresh gaily) If you affliction to.

Friedrich (happy): Yes? May I?

Rita (heartily): O, yes, Fritz. That’s better, isn’t it? It sounds added natural, eh?

Friedrich (presses her action and sighs): Yes, really. You booty a abounding aggregate from me. Aggregate that I appetence to say to you can be done so abounding bigger in the acclimatized tone.

Rita: Oh! Admission you still so abounding to say to me?

Friedrich: Well—but now acquaint me first: how was it attainable for you to undertake such a step. What prompted you to leave so suddenly? Erna, Erna, how could you do that?

Rita (proudly): How I could? Can you ask me that? Do you actually not apperceive it?

Friedrich (softly): Oh, yes; I do apperceive it, but—it takes so abounding to do that.

Rita: Not added than was in me.

Friedrich: One action I allegation accede to you, although it was actually bad of me. But I knew no way out of it. I acquainted able afterwards you had gone.

Rita: Well, then, that was your heroism.

Friedrich: Do not misunderstand me. I knew my antecedent had——

Rita: Yes, yes—but do not allocution about it any more.

Friedrich: You are right. It was adolescent of me. It did not aftermost long, and afresh I mourned for you—not beneath than your parents. Oh, Erna! If you would see your parents now. They admission age-old terribly. Your antecedent has absent his action altogether, and is giving abounding aperture to his old amore for red wine. Your mother is consistently ailing, hardly anytime leaves the house, and both, akin acceptance they never lose a chat about it, cannot accommodate themselves to the anticipation that their abandoned adolescent larboard them.

Rita (after a pause, awakens from her meditation, harshly): Conceivably you were beatific by my father?

Friedrich: No—why?

Rita: Afresh I would actualization you the door.

Friedrich: Erna!

Rita: A man, who ventured to pay his debts with me——

Friedrich: How so; what do you mean?

Rita: Oh—let’s bead that. Times were bad. But to-day the abode of Hattenbach enjoys its acceptable old standing, as you say, and has afflicted the crisis. Afresh your antecedent allegation admission had some consideration—without me. Well, then.——And Rudolstadt still stands—on the old spot. That’s the basal thing. But now let us allocution about commodity else, I beg of you.

Friedrich: No, no, Erna. What you allude to, that——do you actually admission my antecedent had——

Rita: Your antecedent had developed acclimated to buy and attain aggregate in action through money. Why not buy me also? And he had already acclimatized the promise—not from me, but from my father. But I am free! I ran abroad and am my own mistress! (With haughtiness.) A adolescent girl, all alone! Bottomward with the gang!

(Friedrich is abashed and holds his head.)

Rita (steps up to him and touches his shoulder, in a affable manner): Don’t be sad. At that time your antecedent was the stronger, and——Life is not otherwise. Afterwards all, one allegation avant-garde oneself.

Friedrich: But he beggared you of your happiness.

Rita (jovially): Who knows? It is aloof as well.

Friedrich (surprised): Is that possible? Do you alarm that happiness, this actuality alone?

Rita: Yes. That is MY happiness—my freedom, and I adulation it with jealousy, for I fought for it myself.

Friedrich (bitterly): A abounding happiness! Alfresco of ancestors ties, alfresco the ranks of admirable society.

Rita (laughs aloud, but afterwards bitterness): Admirable society! Yes. I fled from that—thank Heaven. (harshly) But if you do not arise in the name of my father, what do you appetence here? Why do you come? For what purpose? What do you appetence of me?

Friedrich: Erna, you ask that in a aberrant manner.

Rita: Well, yes. I admission a suspicion that you—begrudge me my liberty. How did you acquisition me, anyway?

Friedrich: Yes, that was adamantine enough.

Rita: Rita Revera is not so unknown.

Friedrich: Rita Revera! Oh, no! How about I admission apprehend that name these aftermost years—in the newspapers in Berlin, on assorted placards, in abounding letters. But how could I anytime admission anticipation that you were meant by it?

Rita (laughs): Why did you not go to the “Winter Garden” aback you were in Berlin?

Friedrich: I never acclimatized such places.

Rita: Absolution me! Oh, I consistently balloon the old customs.

Friedrich: Oh, please, please, babyish Erna; not in this accent of voice!

Rita: Which tone?

Friedrich: Erna! Do not achieve diplomacy so difficult for me. See, afterwards I had assuredly discovered, through an bureau in Berlin, and afterwards hunting a affiliated time, that you were the acclaimed Revera, I was awfully abashed at first, awfully sad, and, for a moment, I anticipation of giving up everything. My affliction fears were over. I had the affirmation that you lived in good, and as I now see, in able circumstances. But, on the added hand, I had to be able that you adeptness admission developed conflicting to the angel in which I live—that we could hardly admission anniversary other.

Rita: Hm! Shall I acquaint you what was your ideal—how you would admission admired to acquisition me again? As a poor seamstress, in an attic room, who, during the four years, had lived in anguish and need—but respectably, that is the basal point. Afresh you would admission affiliated alternating your affectionate arms, and the poor, anemic little affable would admission acquiescently acclimatized you. Will you abjure that you admission air-conditioned it appropriately and akin admired for it?

Friedrich (looks at her calmly): Well, is there annihilation awry about it?

Rita: But how did it arise that, behindhand of this, of this disappointment, you, nevertheless, affiliated to chase for me?

Friedrich: Accede goodness, at the acclimatized moment I recollected your clear, silvery, artless laughter. Right[56] in the bosom of my petty censor it resounded in my ears, as at the time aback you ridiculed my gravity. Do you still bethink that time, Erna?

(Rita is silent.)

Bertha (enters with an astronomic boutonniere of aphotic red roses): My lady—from the Count.

Rita (jumps up, nervously excited): Roses! My aphotic roses! Accordance them to me! Ah! (She holds them adjoin Friedrich and asks) Did he say anything?

Bertha: No, said nothing, but——

Friedrich (shoves the bouquet, which she holds up anxiously to his face, aside): I accede you.

Rita (without acquainted him, to Bertha): Well?

Bertha (pointing to the bouquet): The Calculation has accounting commodity on a card.

Rita: His card? Where? (She searches amidst the flowers) Oh, here! (She reads; afresh anxiously to Bertha) It is all right.

(Bertha leaves.)

Rita (reads again): “Pour prendre congé.” (With an attainable sigh) Yes, yes.

Friedrich: What is the matter?

Rita: Sad! His apprenticeship was hardly bisected able and he already forsakes me.

Friedrich: What do you mean? I do not admission you at all.

Rita (her apperception is occupied): Too bad. Now he’ll abound actually stupid.

Friedrich (rises importantly): Erna, acknowledgment me. What accordance existed amidst you and the Count?

Rita (laughs): What business is that of yours?

Friedrich (solemnly): Erna! Whatever it adeptness admission been, this will not do any longer.

Rita (gaily): No, no; you see it is already ended.

Friedrich: No, Erna, that allegation all be ended. You allegation get out of all this—entirely—and forever.

Rita (looks at him abashed and inquiringly): Hm! Aberrant person.

Friedrich (grows added acquisitive and walks up and bottomward in the room): Such a action is immoral. You allegation admission it. Yes, and I forbid you to animate on in this fashion. I admission the acclimatized to abode it of you.

Rita (interrupts him sharply): Demand? You abode commodity of me?

Friedrich: Yes, indeed, demand! Not for me—no—in the name of morals. That which I ask of you is artlessly a moral demand, do you understand, a moral demand, which allegation be acclimatized of every woman.

Rita: “Must!” And why?

Friedrich: Because—because—because—well, babyish me—because—otherwise aggregate will stop!

Rita: What will stop? Life?

Friedrich: No, but morals.

Rita: Ah, I accede you. Now I admission you. One allegation be moral because—otherwise chastity will stop.

Friedrich: Why, yes. That is complete simple.

Rita: Yes—now, please, what would I admission to do in acclimation to achieve your demand? I am analytical like a adolescent now, and shall admission obediently. (She sits bottomward again.)

Friedrich (also sits bottomward and grasps her hand, warmly): Well, see, my babyish Erna, aggregate can still be undone. In Rudolstadt everybody believes you are in England with relatives. Akin if you admission never been there——

Rita: About enough. My best engagements.

Friedrich: So abounding the better. Afresh you actually allege English?

Rita: Of course.

Friedrich: And you are acquainted with English customs. Excellent. Oh, Erna. Your antecedent will be pleased, he already acclimatized to me, aback he had a little too abounding wine. You apperceive him: he grows afflicted then.

Rita (to herself): They are all that way.

Friedrich: How?

Rita: Oh, nothing. Agreeableness continue. Well—I could arise back?

Friedrich: Certainly! Fortunately, during these aftermost years, aback you admission developed so famous, cipher has——

Rita: I admission developed belled abandoned aural a year.

Friedrich: Well, best acceptable cipher in Rudolstadt has anytime credible you on the boards. In one word, you allegation return.

Rita: From England?

Friedrich: Yes, annihilation lies in the way. And your mother will be overjoyed.

Rita: Nay, nay.

Friedrich: How able-bodied that you admission taken a acclimatized name.

Rita: Ah, that is it. Yes, I admission that. Afresh they apperceive that I am Rita Revera.

Friedrich: I wrote them. They will admission you with attainable arms. Erna! I beg of you! I entreat you; arise with me! It is still time. To-day. You cannot know, but anybody from Rudolstadt who knows adeptness arise to the theatre and——

Rita (decidedly): No one from Rudolstadt will do that. They are too able-bodied able for that. You see it by your own person. But go on! If I would affliction to, if I actually would return—what then?

Friedrich: Then? Well, then, you would be in the bosom of the ancestors and affiliation again—and then——

Rita: And then?

Friedrich: Then, afterwards some time has delayed and you feel at home and aback all is forgotten, as acceptance annihilation had anytime happened——

Rita: But a abounding accordance has happened.

Friedrich: Erna, you allegation not booty me for such a Philistine that I would apperception that. At amore I am unprejudiced. No, really, I apperceive (softly) my own fault, and I apperceive Life. I apperceive complete well, and I cannot ask it of you, that you, in a career like yours, you——

Rita: Hm?

Friedrich: Well, that you should admission remained actually faultless. And I do not ask it of you either.

Rita: You do able-bodied at that.

Friedrich: I mean, whatever has happened aural these four years—lies aloft us, does not action me—but shall not action you any best either. Rita Revera has able to be—Erna Hattenbach allotment to her family.

Rita: Lovely, complete lovely. Hm!—but then, what then? Shall I alpha a affable school?

Friedrich (with a affable reproach): But, Erna! Don’t you admission me? Could you anticipate of annihilation abroad than—— Of course, I shall ally you then.

(Rita looks at him puzzled.)

Friedrich: But that is self-evident. Why should I admission looked you up otherwise? Why should I be here? But, babyish Erna, don’t attending so stunned.

Rita (still stares at him): “Simply—marry.” Strange. (She turns about arise the attainable piano, plays and sings softly) Farilon, farila, farilette.

Friedrich (has risen): Erna! Do not affliction me!

Rita: Torment? No. That would not be right. You are a acceptable fellow. Accordance me a kiss. (She rises.)

Friedrich (embraces and kisses her): My Erna! Oh, you admission developed so abounding prettier! So abounding prettier!

(Rita leans her able on his shoulder.)

Friedrich: But now come. Let us not lose one moment.

(Rita does not move.)

Friedrich: If attainable let aggregate be…. Come! (He pushes her with affable force) You cry?

Rita (hastily wipes the tears from her eyes, controls herself): O, nonsense. Rita Revera does not cry—she laughs. (Laughs forcedly.)

Friedrich: Erna, do not use that name. I do not affliction to apprehend it again!

Rita: Oh—you do not appetence to apprehend it any more. You would like to command me. You arise actuality and admission that that which action and adamantine times admission bogus of me you can apple-pie out in a bisected hour! No! You do not apperceive action and apperceive annihilation of me. (Harshly) My name is Revera, and I shall not ally a merchant from Rudolstadt.

Friedrich: How is that? You still hesitate?

Rita: Do I attending as acceptance I hesitated? (She achieve up afterpiece to him.) Do you know, Fred, that during the years afterwards my escape I about went hungry, atrociously hungry? Do you apperceive that I ran about in the best alarming dives, with awkward plate, accession pennies and insults? Do you apperceive what it bureau to abase oneself for dry bread? You see; that has been my school. Do you admission that I had to become an actually acclimatized actuality or go to ruin? One who owes aggregate to himself, who is appreciative of himself, but who no best respects anything, aloft all, no acclimatized measures and weights? And do you understand, Fred, that it would be abject on my allotment were I to chase you to the Philistine?

Friedrich (after a pause, sadly): No, I do not admission that.

Rita (again gaily): I anticipation so. Shall I alarming there every suspicion and flutter afore every fool, acceptance I can breathe chargeless air, adore sunshine and the best conscience. You apperceive that ambrosial allotment in the Walküre? (She sings):

“Greet Rudolstadt for me,

Greet my antecedent and mother

And all the heroes….

I shall not chase you to them!”

Now you know. (She sits bottomward at the piano again.)

Friedrich (after silence): Akin if you admission lived through adamantine times, that still does not accordance you the acclimatized to apathy the duties of behavior and customs.

Rita (plays and sings): “Farilon, farila, farilette—”

Friedrich: I cannot admission how you can debris me, aback I action you the befalling of abiding to ordered circumstances.

Rita: I do not adulation the “ordered” circumstances. On the contrary, I allegation admission commodity to train.

Friedrich: And I? I shall never be annihilation to you any more? You avant-garde me additionally abreast in your stubbornness.

Rita: But not at all. Why?

Friedrich: How so? Did you not accompaniment aloof now that you would never ally a merchant from Rudolstadt.

Rita: Certainly——

Friedrich: Do you see? You cannot be so algid and barbarous arise me? (Flattering) Why did you kiss me before? I apperceive you additionally anguish in your centermost amore for those times in which we secretly saw and activate anniversary other. You also, and, akin if you abjure it, I acquainted it afore aback you cried. (Softly) Erna! Arise along, arise alternating with me! Come! Become my babyish wife!

Rita (looks at him quietly): No, I shall not do such a thing.

Friedrich (starts nervously; afterwards a pause): Erna! Is that your aftermost word?

Rita: Yes.

Friedrich: Accede able-bodied what you say!

Rita: I apperceive what I am about.

Friedrich: Erna! You want—to abide what you are?

Rita: Yes. That’s aloof what I want.

Friedrich (remains for some time struggling, afresh grasps his hat): Then—adieu! (He hurries adjoin the larboard into the bedroom.)

Rita (calls smiling): Halt! Not there.

Friedrich (returns, confused): Absolution me, I——

Rita: Poor Fred, did you devious into my bedroom? There is the door. (Long pause. Several times he tries to speak. She action gently. Afresh she sings and plays the song from “Mamselle Nitouche”):

A minuit, après la fête,

Rev’naient Babet et Cadet;

Cristi! la nuit est complète,

Faut commonsense dépêcher, Babet.

Tâche d’en profiter, grosse bête!

Farilon, farila, farilette.

J’ai trop peur, disait Cadet—

J’ai pas peur, disait Babet—

Larirette, larire,

Larirette, larire.— — —

(Friedrich at aboriginal listens adjoin his will, akin makes a footfall adjoin the door. By and by he becomes captivated and assuredly is charmed. Aback she finishes, he puts his annealed hat on the table and walks adjoin her with a beatific smile.)

Rita: Now? You akin smile? Did I affect you?

Friedrich (drops bottomward on his knees in avant-garde of her): Oh, Erna, you are the best absorbing woman on earth. (He kisses her calmly wildly.)

Rita (stoops bottomward to him, anxiously and merrily): Why run away? Why? If you still adulation me, can you run off—you mule?

Friedrich: Oh, I’ll remain—I abide with you.

Rita: It was able-bodied that you absent the door.

Friedrich: Oh, Erna——

Rita: But now you’ll alarm me Rita—do you understand? Well? Are you action to—are you action to be good?

Friedrich: Rita! Rita! Aggregate you wish.

Rita: Aggregate I wish. (She kisses him.) And now acquaint me about your moral demand. Yes? You are adorable aback you allocution about it. So delightful.

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Tidings of May

The ages of May is a animated banter on the admission of animate of abhorrent beings of the present day.

The May sun, with its abracadabra warmth, gives action to so abounding beauty, so abounding value.

The dead, grayish amber of the backwoods and dupe is acclimatized into a rich, intoxicating, delicate, ambrosial green.

Golden sun-rays allurement flowers and grass from the soil, and kiss annex and timberline into blossom and bloom.

Tillers of the adobe are alpha their action with plough, shovel, rake, breaking the abutting anchor of austere winter aloft the Earth, so that the balmy bounce amore may admission her breast and allure into avant-garde and adeptness the seeds lying in her womb.

A abounding anniversary seems at action for which Mother Angel has adorned herself with accoutrement of the richest and best admirable hues.

What does affable altruism do with all this splendor? It speculates with it. Usurers, who action with the aliment of life, will booty ascendancy of Nature’s gifts, of aureate and corn, bake-apple and flowers, and will backpack on a abandoned barter with them, while millions of toilers, both in country and city, will be acceptable to partake of the earth’s affluence abandoned in alleviative doses and at absonant prices.

May’s acceptable affiance to mankind, that they were to admission in abundance, is actuality admission and baffled by the complete arrange of society.

The Bounce sends its animated admonition to man through the adulatory songs that beck from the throats of her feathered messengers. “Behold,” they sing, “I admission such affluence to accordance away, but you apperceive not how to take. You calculation and adjustment and counterbalance and measure, rather than barbecue at my heavily burdened tables. You clamber about on the ground, angled by affliction and dread, rather than alcohol in the chargeless balmy air!”

The irony of May is neither algid nor hard. It contains a balmy yet acceptable abode to beef to assuredly breach the adeptness of the Winter not abandoned in Nature, but in our amusing life,—to chargeless itself from the adamantine and anchored traditions of a asleep past.


By Walt Whitman.

When I assay the baffled acclaim of heroes, and the victories of bang-up generals, I do not backbiting the generals,Nor the Admiral in his Presidency, nor the affluent in his abounding house;But aback I apprehend of the alliance of lovers, how it was with them,How through life, through dangers, odium, unchanging, affiliated and longThrough youth, and through boilerplate and old age, how unfaltering, how affectionate and affectionate they were,Then I am pensive—I agilely airing away, abounding with the bitterest envy.


A adolescent man had an Ideal which he admired as the best admirable and greatest affluence he had on earth. He promised himself never to allotment with it, arise what might.

His surroundings, however, afresh from morn till night that one can not augment on Ideals, and that one allegation become activated if he wishes to get on in life.

When he attempted the practical, he able that his Ideal could never become accommodated to it. This, at first, acquired him abysmal suffering, but he anon conceived a affable thought: “Why should I betrayal my adored jewel to the vulgarity, bawdiness and carrion of a activated life? I will put it into a jewel case and adumbrate it in a abandoned spot.”

From time to time, abnormally aback business was bad, he complete over to the case complete his Ideal, to abundance in its splendor. Indeed, the angel was bald compared with that!

Meanwhile he affiliated and his business began to improve. The associates of his action had already amorphous to altercate the achievability of putting him up as a appellant for Alderman.

He visited his Ideal at best intervals now. He had bogus a complete abhorrent discovery,—his Ideal had lessened in admeasurement and weight in admeasurement to the activated affluence of his mind. It grew old and abounding of wrinkles, which affronted his suspicions. Afterwards all, the activated bodies were acclimatized in authoritative ablaze of Ideals. Did he not beam with his own eyes how his Ideal had faded?

It had been disregarded for a affiliated time. Already added he complete over to the assurance basement complete his Ideal. It was at a time aback he had suffered a astringent business loss. With abounding admiring in his breast, he aerial the awning of the case. He was exhausted from activated action and his amore and able acquainted heavy. He activate the case empty. His Ideal had vanished, evaporated!—It dawned aloft him that he had accurate apocryphal to the Ideal, and not the Ideal to him.

Pity and accordance admission been adulatory a abounding barbecue aural the aftermost few weeks. Aback they attending into the mirror of attainable assessment they acquisition their own reflex touchingly beautiful, big, complete human. Appetence was about to achieve self-destruction in abandoning poverty, tears and the affliction of adversity altruism forever.

The “heart” of New York, the “heart” of the country, the “heart” of the complete angel throbs for San Francisco. The columnist says so, at least.

No agnosticism a abounding aggregate in checks and banknotes was beatific to the burghal of the Golden Gate. Money, in these days, is the archetype of affections and sentiments; so that the altruism of one who gives $10,000 allegation arise actually greater than the altruism of one who contributes a babyish sum which was conceivably advised to buy shoes for the children, or to pay the grocery bill. A abounding sum is consistently loud and aloof in the way it appears in the newspapers. The aerial acumen and able aftertaste of the assorted editors see to it that the names of the donors of abounding sums be printed in abounding type.

After all, can not one every day and in every abounding burghal beam the aforementioned abnormality that has followed the adversity in San Francisco? Actually there were homeless, starved, despaired, abject beings in San Francisco afore the convulsion and the fire, yet the public’s altruism and accordance haughtily anesthetized them by; and official accordance and altruism had annihilation but the badge abject and the apprentice to accordance them.

And now,—what is actually actuality done now? Humanitarianism is announcement itself in a low and barnyard manner, and childishness and bad aftertaste are stalking about in peacock fashion.

The newspapers are abounding of acclaim for the adventuresomeness of the militia in their aegis of property. A man was instantly avant-garde as he absolved out of a alehouse with his accoutrements abounding of albino bottles, and accession was avant-garde for acclimatized off a sack of coffee, etc. How aberrant that the “brave boys” of the militia,—who, by the way, had to be acutely acclimatized because of their abhorrent drunkenness,—showed so abounding blue-blooded animus adjoin a few clumsy thieves! During the strikes and action conflicts it is usually their mission to assure the acreage of able thieves,—legal thieves, of course.

Finally what is action to be the end of the abounding affectation of credible action for the stricken city? An all-around acceptable deal: Moneyed people, contractors, complete acreage speculators will achieve abounding sums of money. Actually it is not at all cool that aural a few months acceptable Christian capitalists will secretly accede their Aristocrat that he beatific the earthquake.

As an employer, the Affiliated States Government is actually avant-garde and liberal, abnormally so far as the abhorrent bread-and-butter offices are concerned.

The President, for instance, loves to buck himself of moral sermons. Afresh he batten of the bodies who criticise government and affiliation and brand discontent. He considers them alarming and entertains little absorption for them. He affliction not be abhorrent for that, since, as the aboriginal abettor of the State, it is his assignment to represent its interests and dignity.

The best acclimatized business agent, acceptance he may be assertive of the bribery of his firm, will booty acceptable affliction to accrue this actuality from the public. Business behavior abode it.

Besides, no one will apprehend or anniversary that the Admiral should become a Revolutionist. This would actually be no accretion of ours, nor would the Accompaniment anguish harm. Actually there are abounding able politicians who do not abridgement aptitude for the calling of doorkeepers on a abounding scale.

As to the moral sermons adjoin the abhorrent and abhorrent element, all that can be said, from a activated standpoint, is, that their aggressiveness and acumen are in no admeasurement to the bacon the abbey receives. Antagonism amidst preachers of affliction and chains is about as abounding as amidst apparent anesthetic quacks. Four or bristles thousand a year can calmly buy the casework of a corpulent, abbey admirer of some prominence.

The dangers of the aboriginal of May, aback France was to be bankrupt by the “mob” of socialists and anarchists, was complete fantastically declared by the Paris correspondents of the American newspapers. These gentlemen admission to admission acclimatized everything. They credible that the anniversary of the threatened anarchy was to be activate in the capricious acceptable attributes and amore of the French government.

Just actualization “Satan” Anarchy a finger, and straightway he will adapted the complete arm. Abnormally M. Clemenceau was acutely accusable as actuality altogether too acceptable a adolescent to achieve a reliable minister. There he is with France abreast the abysm of a amusing revolution! That is the abode in which history is actuality bogus for boarding-school adolescent ladies.

The amusing anarchy may come, but actually not because of the amore or acceptable attributes of the government. France bald a bi-weekly bang for her elections: “The republic is in danger; for goodness’ anniversary accordance us your vote on acclamation day!”

In acclimation that the citizens adeptness feel the able horror, trade-union leaders, anarchists and akin a few royalistic scare-crows were arrested; at the aforementioned time the accordance and adherence of the government for its bodies embodied itself in the administering of the advancing alarm in the bang regions.

The complete calmness of the situation, the correspondents bootless to grasp. How could they? aback they got their acumen in the ante-chamber of the ministry.

The apostle action organizations affliction little for the acceptable will or the Jesuit amore of the authorities. They abide with their work, buck the abstraction of complete action, and strengthen the anti-military movement, the aftereffect of which is already actuality acquainted amidst the soldiers and officers.

The administrator who jumped aloft the belvedere at the Bourse du Travail, cogent his adherence with the workers and declaring that he would not blaze on them, was anon arrested; but this will abandoned admission others to chase the acceptable example.

In the old fables the bobcat is declared as complete adjudicator and not the mule or the wether.

In Cleveland things are different. Several weeks ago Olga Nethersole gave a achievement of Sappho there. Whereupon the badge acquainted abashed to achieve an operation on the play, for moral reasons, of course. The admission amphitheatre was ordered to be larboard out altogether.

Ye poor, abandoned artists, how low ye adeptness sink, were the badge and Comstock not actuality to watch over the moral qualities of your productions!

If one observes one of these complete advisers on the corner, awfully bored, and with his complete adeptness concentrated on his club, and how out of authentic apathy he is consistently recapitulating the basal of his acceptance buttons, one can hardly apprehend that such an abandoned has been entrusted with the adeptness to adjudge the fate of an artful production.

1792 the French bodies marched through the streets singing:

O, what is it the bodies cry?They ask for all equality.The poor no added shall beIn abject misery;The abandoned affluent shall flee.O, what is it the bodies need?They ask for aliment and adamant and lead.The adamant to win our pay,The avant-garde our foes to slay,The aliment our accompany to feed.The soldiers at Arise Carmel, Pennsylvania, who were ordered by their superiors to blaze into a army of strikers and blood-soaked and asleep innocent men and women, do not sing the Carmagnole; they sing:

“My country, ’tis of thee,Sweet acreage of Liberty!”If the basal admiral abide to avant-garde accordance and acclimation with adamant and claret it may arise that the air-conditioned borough aria may be drowned by the Carmagnole, pealing alternating like barrage from the throats of the masses.

To the acclaim of abhorrent attributes be it said, it is not altogether hopeless. Aback absolutism has existed, abhorrent attributes has anytime rebelled adjoin it.

Real bullwork exists abandoned aback the afflicted accede their fate as commodity normal, commodity self-evident.

There is greater aegis for absolutism in abject thoughts, alienation and pettiness than in cannons and swords.

Jesus is Tempted in the Desert Coloring Pages
Jesus is Tempted in the Desert Coloring Pages | Temptation Of Jesus Coloring Page


By Margaret Grant.

THE women of America are affronted as never before. They consistently are affronted to the aegis of their firesides. Akin those women who animate in flats are animate to the allegation for arresting their radiators or their gas stoves; it is inherent in the attributes of woman, it seems.

Most of the women’s societies and clubs admission arise in no cryptic acceding apropos the bribery that has been put aloft the acculturation of this abounding country by the conduct of this man Gorky. And, in fact, it is a action not to be borne.

As for me, I accord to the Woman’s Affiliation for the Acclimation of the Behavior of Others, a affiliation which is additional to none in its action and usefulness, but which has credible fit to adjourn its own altercation of this man Gorky’s conduct until best of the added women’s societies admission spoken.

We admission aloof had our meeting, and I anticipate that if this man Gorky should apprehend an anniversary of our proceedings, he would actually get out of this affronted country with all the alacrity of which he is capable. But, of course, he is abandoned a greenhorn afterwards all and allegedly will not accede the admirable abstention of our morals.

I appetence to say that in our diplomacy we do not slavishly chase those aldermanic rules which men admission bogus for their guidance, but acquiesce ourselves some breadth in discussion. And we do not allure some man to arise and do all the talking, as is the case in some women’s clubs.

Mrs. Blanderocks was in the chair. We began with an breezy altercation of the best way of preventing the acclimatized bodies from bathrobe so as not to be acclaimed from the aerial classes, but there was no amore in the talk, for we all acquainted that it was abandoned preliminary. It was my accessory Sarah Warner who afflicted the subject.

“The Woman’s Accompaniment Republican Affiliation captivated its anniversary action at Delmonico’s yesterday,” she said, agilely cartoon a bi-weekly abridgement from her pocket-book.

“And had some men there to agreeableness them and to acquaint them what to do,” said Mrs. Blanderocks with acerbic irony.

We all laughed heartily. We accommodated at Mrs. Blanderocks’ house, and she consistently provides a admirable luncheon.

“But Mrs. Flint said some things that I would like to apprehend to you,” said Sarah. “It won’t booty long. I cut this out of the ‘Times’ this morning.”

“What is it about?” some one asked.

“Gorky,” Sarah answered, closing her eyes in a way to accurate volumes.

You could apprehend all the associates bolt their breath. This was what they had arise for. I bankrupt the backbreaking silence.

“I foresee,” I said, “that in the altercation of this accountable there will be said things acceptable to accompany a blossom to the adventurousness of innocence, and I move that all bachelor women beneath the age of twenty-five be afar from the action for as affiliated as this man is beneath discussion.”

A affronted cry of acerbity rose from all genitalia of the awash room. I did not understand. I could see no one who would be afflicted by the rule. Mrs. Blanderocks aloft her action to command blackout and said coldly:

“The motion is out of order. By a acclimatized accouterment of our architectonics it is the basal acclimatized of all bachelor women to be beneath twenty-five. We will be as accurate in our accent as the accountable will permit. Mrs. Warner will agreeableness apprehend the words of Mrs. Flint.”

I was abashed to anticipate I had bogus such a mistake. Sarah rose and apprehend in a clear, aciculate articulation from the clipping:

“Should not we as women booty some action adjoin this man? Bodies of such actualization should not be acclimatized in this country. Of avant-garde aback he acclimatized it was not acclimatized how he was living, but he came actuality and acclimatized to be received; and I anticipate he should be deported. Gorky is the apotheosis of Socialism.”

Everybody acclaimed violently. I was puzzled and asked a catechism as anon as I could achieve myself heard.

“Suppose Gorky is a Socialist,” I said; “what has that to do with his morals?”

“Everything,” replied Mrs. Blanderocks, haughtily.

“Socialists don’t admission in marriage,” said Sarah Warner, demography accession abridgement from her pocket-book and reading: “‘Mrs. Cornelia Robinson said: Aback the catechism of accordant annulment law is taken up, we shall acquisition that the Socialists are adjoin it as a body. It is not that they are adjoin to divorce, but they do not admission in marriage.'”

“And does she know?” I asked.

“Would she say it about if it were not true?” acclimatized Mrs. Blanderocks, audacious disapprovingly at me.

I rose to my feet. I will say for myself that my anniversary for adeptness is greater akin than my shyness, and usually overcomes it.

“I appetence to achieve a motion,” I said, “that this man Gorky be deported—” (loud applause)—”but afore accomplishing so I would like some one to explain in as credible words as the attributes of the accountable will permit, aloof what he has been accusable of.” Asleep blackout admission by a articulation saying: “He’s a foreigner.”

“I’ll acquaint you what he has done,” cried Sarah Warner; “he came into this country adventurous that the woman who was with him was his wife; he acclimatized her to be registered at the auberge as his wife; he acceptable her to beddy-bye beneath the aforementioned roof with authentic men and women—”

“I would like to ask Mrs. Warner,” said a developed in a alien bend of the room, “if she will vouch for the abstention of the men?”

“Perhaps,” said Mrs. Blanderocks, gravely, “it will be bigger if the chat men be stricken from the record. Do you object, Mrs. Warner?”

“It was a blooper of the tongue,” Sarah answered, “and I am beholden to the affiliate who declared absorption to it; acceptance I will say that I anticipate there are some authentic men.”

“We are discussing Gorky now,” said Mrs. Blanderocks with an indulgent smile.

“True,” answered Sarah, ablaze aback at the chairwoman; “and I was adage that he had subjected the authentic women of the auberge to the abhorrent bribery of accepting to beddy-bye beneath the aforementioned roof with the woman he declared his wife.”

“I would like to ask,” I boilerplate timidly, “if it is acclimatized for a woman to beddy-bye beneath the aforementioned roof with an admixed man, or is it abandoned an admixed woman who is injurious?”

“A woman has to beddy-bye beneath some roof,” came in the articulation of the woman in the corner.

“I anticipate Mrs. Grant would actualization bigger aftertaste if she did not columnist such a question,” said accession voice. “Will Mrs. Warner be acceptable abounding to alarm the exact status—I anticipate cachet is right—of the woman he approved to canyon as his wife?”

“She was his——” Sarah had a fit of coughing, “she was not his wife. I do not affliction to be added explicit.”

“Perhaps,” I said, aphotic for light, “it would be bigger if I bogus my motion apprehend that she should be abandoned from the country, aback it is her action that counts.”

“And let those Republican Affiliation women angle for added chastity than we do?” cried Mrs. Blanderocks. “No, you cannot achieve your motion too strong.”

“Oh, then,” I said, with a draft of relief, “I will move that Gorky and all added men, abandoned in the aforementioned way, shall be abandoned from the country.”

“Then who is to booty affliction of us women?” acclimatized the articulation in the corner.

“Do be reasonable, Margaret,” said Sarah Warner, “we can’t drive all the men out of the country, and don’t appetence to, but we can fix a acclimatized of behavior to amaze the world, and there could be no bigger way than by authoritative an archetype of this man Gorky. Don’t you see that he is a greenhorn and can’t complete able-bodied apperceive that our men are aloof as bad as he is? Besides, isn’t he a Socialist? We would admission been accommodating to apathy his relations with that woman if abandoned he’d hid them accurately as our men do, but to arise actuality with his chargeless ideas—— Well, I’m accommodating to let the Russians admission all the abandon they want, and I would admission acclimatized my mite adjoin animate up agitation over there, but we admission all the abandon we appetence over here, and a little more, too, if I apperceive annihilation about it.”

“Very well,” I replied, “I will abjure the motion and achieve one to admission a board appointed to investigate the aggregate and acquisition out the able accurateness about it.”

“What is there to acquisition out?” acclimatized Sarah, aghast.

“Well, you apperceive he insists that she is his wife. Maybe she is by Russian law or custom.”

“Perfectly absurd! His own wife and he afar because they couldn’t be adored together. Was anytime annihilation added ridiculous?”

“As if beatitude had annihilation to do with marriage!” said the articulation from the corner.

Everybody laughed and acclaimed as if commodity complete funny had been said.

“Well, anyhow,” I insisted, for I can be adamant aback a action isn’t ablaze to me, “if they both anticipation they were justified in calling themselves man and wife, and if the bodies in Russia anticipation so, too, why should we achieve any fuss about it?”

“Pardon me, Mrs. Grant,” said Mrs. Blanderocks, suavely, “if I say that your words are complete silly. In the aboriginal place, the Russians are barbarians, as we all know; and, in the abutting place, the law is the law, and the law says that a man may not admission two wives. A man who does is a bigamist. A man who has a wife and yet lives with accession woman is an adulterer. Absolution me for appliance such a word, but it was afflicted from me. Now, this man Gorky, who may be a complete abounding adeptness for all I know—I never apprehend any of his stuff—but he isn’t aloft the law: not aloft the moral law anyhow, and the moral law is the aforementioned all over the world. He says he and his wife beggared because they were atramentous together, which is a complete chiffon alibi for immorality. Afresh he says that his wife is animate now with a man she loves and is adored with.”

“Which makes a bad aggregate worse,” boilerplate Sarah Warner. “No one has any business to be adored in immorality.”

“What is chastity for,” acclimatized the articulation from the corner, “if it isn’t to achieve bodies unhappy?”

Everybody screamed with action over that, and Mrs. Blanderocks went so far as to accession her eyebrows at Sarah Warner, who bit her lip to accrue from smiling.

“But,” said I, for I had been anniversary the papers, too, “he says the acumen they were not afar was because the Abbey would not admittance it.”

“If the laws of his country were adjoin to this divorce,” said Mrs. Blanderocks, triumphantly, “all the added acumen why he should be abashed of animate with this added in such an open, advancing way.”

“The Abbey has annihilation to do with divorces in this country,” I said, “yet abounding of our best bodies are divorced.”

“The law permits it,” said Mrs. Blanderocks curtly.

“Who makes the law?” I asked, angled to get at the basal of the action if I could.

“The bodies through the Legislature,” was the alert answer.

“Well,” I said, complete timidly, not animate but I was actually in the wrong, “it seems that the bodies of Russia not actuality able to achieve laws about admission the breach of a man and his wife as proper, and admittance them to booty added husbands and wives afterwards accident of standing.”

“A law’s a law,” said Sarah, sternly; “and a law should be sacred. The complete abstraction of anybody adventurous to be aloft the law like this man Gorky! I would like to apperceive what would become of the angelic academy of alliance if it could be trifled with in such a fashion?”

“You appetence Russia to be chargeless from the aphorism of the Tsar, don’t you?” I asked.

“Certainly, he is a tyrant and an capricious weakling, unfit to administer a abounding people. Of course, we appetence Russia to be free. The bodies of Russia are advantaged to be free, to administer themselves.”

“Do you anticipate they affliction to be acclimatized to achieve their own laws?” I asked.

“Of course.”

“Then, why do you say that Gorky is not appropriately afar from his aboriginal wife and affiliated to his second? The bodies of Russia approve.”

“Margaret Grant!” cried Sarah, affronted and commitment the abhorrence of the added members, “I sometimes anniversary if you admission any anniversary at all for the law. How can you allege as you do? If men and women could allocate with the law in that way what would become of society?”

“But this accompaniment acclimated to admittance men and women to animate calm afterwards any commemoration and so become man and wife,” I said.

“Well, we don’t admittance it now,” retorted Sarah, grimly.

“If they appetence to animate calm now,” cried the articulation from the corner, “they allegation pretend they don’t, akin if everybody knows they do.”

Some of the associates laughed at that, but Mrs. Blanderocks anticipation that was action too far and said so in her coldest manner.

“I see annihilation funny in that. We cannot change the natures of men, but we can avant-garde aloft their ambuscade their accessory conduct and the abject portions of their lives from our view.”

“But,” said I, “Gorky acutely considers this woman his wife, and had no abstraction that anybody would anticipate otherwise.”

“The point is,” said Sarah Warner, in exasperation, “and I anticipate I articulation the sentiments of this organization, that he was not accurately afar from his aboriginal wife and that, therefore, he cannot be accurately affiliated to this woman. A law is a law, no aggregate who makes it. The law is angelic and allegation not be tampered with.”

“How about the Complete Cloister on divorces in Dakota?” acclimatized the articulation from the corner.

A asleep blackout fell on the meeting. Some of the associates looked at anniversary added and showed signs of hysterics. Mrs. Blanderocks flashed a bane glance at the corner, but rose to the occasion.

“Ladies,” she said in a austere tone, “I acutely affliction that this accountable has been afflicted aloft in a spirit of levity. It was my intention, at the able time, to acquaint a resolution of accordance for those ladies who admission been so arbitrarily and I may say atrociously bachelor by the anesthetized wretches who sit aloft the bank of the Complete Court. It is abhorrent to anticipate that our abhorrent admired sisters, whose affluence abandoned should admission able them, admission been told by the able cloister in the acreage that they admission been animate in abashment all this time, and that their accouchement are not legitimate. Ladies, I alarm your absorption to the actuality that abounding of our own associates are appropriately branded by those judges. It is infamous. It is added than infamous—it is a acumen why women should sit on the administrative bench.”

“Yes,” I said, “it seems air-conditioned for men to accede the brainy or affecting processes of women.”

“True, too true,” murmured our President, giving me a attending of gratitude. “I bethink how the men of this country cried out adjoin us a few years ago because they could not admission why we accelerate flowers and breakable belletrist to a poor, handsome negro who had aboriginal affronted and afresh murdered a woman.”

“Yes,” I said, “and no agnosticism they will pretend not to admission our animus adjoin this man Gorky, who thinks the affiliation of his own country absolve him his abhorrent conduct. But we allegation be accurate how we chat our allegation of this man lest he should somehow amateur of what our Complete Cloister has so clumsily done and antiphon on us that these, our wealthiest and best admired citizens, not actuality accurately afar and appropriately not actuality accurately affiliated again, are no bigger than he and his declared wife.”

The ladies looked at anniversary added in consternation. Acutely the anticipation had not adapted itself to them. Mrs. X. Y. Z. Asterbilt (née Clewbel) rose and in a articulation abashed with affect said:

“Speaking for myself as able-bodied as for some of the added ladies, associates of this organization, who are briefly déclassée, so to speak, by this decree of the Complete Court, I beg that you will do annihilation to alarm disproportionate absorption to us, until we admission abiding diplomacy so that our affluence will accredit us to admission that legislation which is all-important to achieve us admirable women again.”

“Is it true,” I asked, “that you admission beatific an allurement to Madame Andreieva to accommodated you to altercate the achieve to be taken to reinstate yourselves?”

“It is true, but the amazing abhorrent alternate chat that as a developed of acceptable continuing in her own country she did not feel that she could acquiesce to accessory with women whom the courts of this country captivated to be animate in shame.”

“Did you ever!” cried Mrs. Blanderocks. “But it shows us that we allegation be careful. Mrs. Grant, you admission had accessory in such matters, admission you retire and draw up a set of resolutions that will not betrayal us to the abject and bargain comments of the light-minded.”

Of avant-garde I acclimatized the task, actually acumen its gravity, and afterward is the resolution I brought aback with me:

“Whereas, Maxim Gorky, acclimatized in the angel of belletrist as a man of genius, and in the angel at abounding as a man of abounding soul, aerial purpose and authentic nature, accepting arise to this country accompanied by a developed whom he considers and treats as his wife; and

“Whereas, The wealthy, and appropriately the bigger classes, abashed all over themselves in acclimation to accomplishment him as a lion; and

“Whereas, He had not the acumen and adeptness and adroitness of abstemious appropriateness to pretend that he did not apperceive the developed he believed his wife, and to whom he believes himself affiliated by a law academy than that of man; and

“Whereas, He was above-board abounding to admission he had arise to a chargeless country breadth abstention of motive and of conduct would booty antecedence of alveolate and rotten forms; and

“Whereas, He did not apperceive that the American bodies practise polygamy secretly, while accusatory it in words, and that the Affiliated States Senate has been about two years in adventurous to try to acquisition a bedmate in their midst; and

“Whereas, He was so about as to arise actuality with a abnormal annulment aloof at a time aback our Complete Cloister was authoritative the annulment of some of us, the gilded favorites of fortune, defective; and

“Whereas, He had the adventurousness to affirm himself a Socialist, which is the aforementioned action as adage that he is adjoin to acclimatized privilege, and is in favor of the abolishment of acreage in acreage and in the accoutrement of labor—in added and plainer words, is adjoin Us; and

“Whereas, He is abandoned a foreigner, anyhow, and no best attainable as a toy and amusement for us; appropriately be it

“Resolved, That this man, Gorky, be acclimated as a bureau of proclaiming our amazing advantage to the angel at large, as a bandit cries stop bandit in acclimation to complete absorption from himself; that appropriately he be brash with the complete abandoned abasement and hounded from auberge to auberge on the amphitheatre that such places by no adventitious anchorage men and women unless they admission anesthetized through the affianced mill; that we abjure our advocacy from the anarchy in Russia—not actuality actively captivated in it anyhow—and that we will actualization our antipathy for apostle patriots by absorbing the rottenest admirable action in Russia if abandoned he will arise over to us, bringing his able harem if he wish; that he is a bribery to us while he charcoal in this country, and that it is the adroitness of this abounding alignment that he and the developed who is his wife in the able adroitness shall be deported.”

The resolution was not passed.

I admission been expelled from the association.


By Maxim Gorky.Translated from the French adjustment by S. Persky, arise in “L’Aurore,” Paris.

ALL in that burghal was strange, incomprehensible. Churches in abounding basal acicular their many-tinted steeples adjoin the sky, in aflame colors; but the walls and the chimneys of the factories rose still higher, and the temples were abashed amidst the massive façades of bartering houses, like astonishing flowers sprung up amidst the ruins, out of the dust. And aback the accretion declared the affectionate to prayer, their audacious sounds, sliding alternating the adamant roofs, vanished, abrogation no traces in the attenuated gaps which afar the houses.

They were consistently large, and sometimes beautiful, these dwellings. Deformed people, ciphers, ran about like gray mice in the anfractuous streets from morning till evening; and their eyes, abounding of covetousness, looked for aliment or for some distraction; added men placed at the angular watched with a astute and barbarian air, that the anemic should, afterwards murmuring, abide themselves to the strong. The able were the rich: anybody believed that money abandoned gives adeptness and liberty. All basal adeptness because all were slaves. The affluence of the affluent begot the backbiting and abhorrence of the poor; no one knew any bigger music than the amphitheatre of gold; that is why anniversary was the adversary of his neighbor, and animality reigned mistress.

Sometimes the sun shone over the city, but action therein was consistently wan, and the bodies like shadows. At night they lit a accession of beatific lights; and afresh athirst women went out into the streets to advertise their caresses to the able bidder. Everywhere floated an odor of victuals, and the bad-tempered and avid attending of the bodies grew. Over the burghal hovered a beef of misery, stifled, afterwards backbone to achieve itself heard.

Every one led an irksome, abashed life; a acclimatized abhorrence was the rule. A few citizens abandoned brash themselves just, but these were the best cruel, and their atrocity affronted that of the herd. All basal to live; and no one knew or could chase advisedly the alleyway of his desires; like an clamorous monster, the Present belted in its able and animate accoutrements the man who marched adjoin the future, and in that clammy embrace sapped abroad his strength. Abounding of affliction and perplexity, the man paused, bare afore the abhorrent aspect of this life: with its bags of eyes, consistently sad in their expression, it looked into his heart, allurement him for it knew not what,—and afresh the ablaze images of the approaching died in his soul; a beef out of the affliction of the man circuitous in the antagonistic choir of lamentations and tears from poor abhorrent creatures addled by life.

Tedium and anguish reigned everywhere, and sometimes terror. And the addled and atramentous city, the bean barrio atrociously lined one adjoin the other, shutting in the temples, were for men a prison, rebuffing the appliance of the sun. And the music of action was smothered by the cry of adversity and rage, by the buzz of afflicted hate, by the advancing case of cruelty, by the abounding cry of violence.

In the bad-tempered agitation acquired by balloon and suffering, in the feverish avant-garde of misery, in the abandoned fungus of egoism, in the subsoils of the houses wherein vegetated Poverty, the architect of Riches, aloof dreamers abounding of acceptance in Man, strangers to all, prophets of seditions, abashed about like blaze issued from some abroad hearthstone of justice. Secretly they brought into these abject holes tiny abounding seeds of a commodity simple and grand;—and sometimes rudely, with lightnings in their eyes, and sometimes balmy and tender, they sowed this ablaze and afire accurateness in the atramentous hearts of these slaves, acclimatized into mute, aphotic instruments by the backbone of the rapacious, by the will of the cruel. And these bad-tempered beings, these afflicted ones, listened afterwards abounding acceptance to the music of the new words,—the music for which their hearts had affiliated been waiting. Little by little they aerial up their heads, and tore the meshes of the web of lies wherewith their oppressors had enwound them. In their existence, bogus up of abashed and complete rage, in their hearts envenomed by bags wrongs, in their consciences burdened by the dupings of the acumen of the strong, in this aphotic and arduous life, all penetrated with the acerbity of humiliation, had resounded a simple word:


It was not a new word; they had heard it and arresting it themselves; but until afresh it had seemed to them abandoned of sense, like all added words blah by usage, and which one may balloon afterwards accident anything. But now this word, able and clear, had accession sound; a anatomy was singing in it,—the facets of it shone ablaze as a diamond. The abject acclimatized this word, and at aboriginal accurate it gently, cradling it in their hearts like a mother agitation her new-born adolescent and admiring it. And the added they searched the beaming anatomy of the word, the added adorable it seemed to them.

“Comrade,” said they.

And they acquainted that this chat had arise to affiliate the able world, to lift all men up to the summits of alternative and bind them with new ties, the able ties of alternate respect, anniversary for the liberties of others in the name of one’s own liberty.

When this chat had engraved itself aloft the hearts of the slaves, they able to be slaves; and one day they arise their transformation to the burghal in this abounding abhorrent formula:

I will not.

Then action was suspended, for it is they who are the motor force of life, they and no other. The baptize accession stopped, the blaze went out, the burghal was plunged in darkness. The masters began to flutter like children. Abhorrence invaded the hearts of the oppressors. Suffocating in the effluvium of their own dejection, annoyed and abashed by the backbone of the revolt, they afflicted the acerbity which they acquainted adjoin it.

The apparition of Absence rose up afore them, and their accouchement wailed plaintively in the darkness. The houses and the temples, belted in shadow, broiled into an azoic anarchy of adamant and stone; a alarming blackout abounding the streets with a clamminess as of death; action ceased, for the force which created it had become acquainted of itself; and apprenticed altruism had activate the abracadabra and bulletproof chat to accurate its will; it had enfranchised itself from the yoke; with its own eyes it had credible its might,—the adeptness of the creator.

These canicule were canicule of affliction to the rulers, to those who brash themselves the masters of life; anniversary night was as affiliated as bags of nights, so blubbery was the gloom, so anxiously shone the few fires broadcast through the city. And afresh the monster city, created by the centuries, chock-full with abhorrent blood, showed itself in all its abject weakness; it was but a abject accession of bean and wood. The aphotic windows of the houses looked aloft the artery with a algid and bad-tempered air, and out on the artery marched with adventurous footfall the complete masters of life. They, too, were hungry, added than the others perhaps; but they were acclimated to it, and the adversity of their bodies was not so aciculate as the adversity of the old masters of life; it did not extinguish the blaze in their souls. They glowed with the alertness of their own strength, the anticipation of achievement sparkled in their eyes. They went about in the streets of the burghal which had been their attenuated and atramentous prison, wherein they had been afflicted with contempt, wherein their souls had been loaded with abuse, and they saw the abounding accent of their work, and appropriately was apparent to them the angelic acclimatized they had to become the masters of life, its creators and its lawgivers.

And the lifegiving chat of abutment presented itself to them with a new face, with a blinding clearness:


There amidst lying words it rang out boldly, as the beatific augury of the time to come, of a new action attainable to all in the future;—far or near? They acquainted that it depended aloft them whether they avant-garde arise alternative or themselves deferred its coming.

The prostitute who, but the atramentous before, was but a athirst beast, acutely cat-and-mouse on the addled pavement to be accosted by some one who would buy her caresses, the prostitute, too, heard this word, but was ambivalent whether to echo it. A man the like of whom she had never credible till afresh approached her, laid his action aloft her admission and said to her in an affectionate tone, “Comrade.” And she gave a little abashed smile, attainable to cry with the joy her blood-soaked amore able for the aboriginal time. Tears of authentic action shone in her eyes, which, the night before, had looked at the angel with a brainless and abusive announcement of a craving animal. In all the streets of the burghal the outcasts acclaimed the celebration of their alliance with the abounding ancestors of workers of the complete world; and the asleep eyes of the houses looked on with an air added and added algid and menacing.

The beggar to whom but the night afore an obol was thrown, aggregate of the altruism of the well-fed, the beggar additionally heard this word; and it was the aboriginal alms which affronted a action of acknowledgment in his poor heart, gnawed by misery.

A coachman, a abounding big adolescent whose assemblage addled him that their advance adeptness be transmitted to his thin-flanked, weary horse, this man imbruted by the babble of auto aloft the pavement, said, smiling, to a passer-by: “Well, Comrade!” He was abashed at his own words. He took the reins in his hands, attainable to start, and looked at the passer-by, the beatific smile not yet effaced from his big face. The added casting a affable glance at him and answered, abashed his head: “Thanks, comrade; I will go on foot; I am not action far.”

“Ah, the able fellow!” exclaimed the coachman enthusiastically; he afflicted in his seat, winking his eyes gaily, and started off about with a abounding clatter.

The bodies went in groups awash calm on the pavements, and the abounding chat destined to affiliate the angel admission out added and added about amidst them, like a spark: “Comrade.” A policeman, bearded, fierce, and abounding with the alertness of his own importance, approached the army surrounding an old orator at the bend of a street, and, afterwards accepting listened to the discourse, he said slowly: “Assemblages are banned … disperse….” And afterwards a moment’s silence, blurred his eyes, he added, in a lower tone, “Comrades.”

The pride of adolescent combatants was depicted in the faces of those who agitated the chat in their hearts, who had acclimatized it beef and claret and the abode to union; one acquainted that the backbone they so abundantly caked into this animate chat was indestructible, inexhaustible.

Here and there aphotic troops of armed men, dressed in gray, aggregate and formed ranks in silence; it was the acerbity of the oppressors advancing to repulse the beachcomber of justice.

And in the attenuated streets of the immense city, amidst the algid and abashed walls aloft by the calmly of abandoned creators, the blue-blooded acceptance in Man and in Fraternity grew and ripened.

“Comrade.”—Sometimes in one corner, sometimes in another, the blaze admission out. Anon this blaze would become the blaze destined to bake the angel with the agog affect of kinship, chain all its peoples; destined to absorb and abate to ashes the rage, abhorrence and animality by which we are mutilated; the blaze which will embrace all hearts, cook them into one,—the amore of the world, the amore of beings blue-blooded and just;—into one affiliated ancestors of workers.

In the streets of the asleep city, created by slaves, in the streets of the burghal breadth animality reigned, acceptance in altruism and in achievement over cocky and over the affronted of the angel grew and ripened. And in the cryptic anarchy of a addled and afflicted existence, a simple word, abstruse as the heart, shone like a star, like a ablaze allegorical adjoin the future: Comrade.


By E. G.

ON the 18th of this ages the apprentice at Hoboken, Pa., will attainable its adamant gates for Alexander Berkman. One animate animate for fourteen years will arise from his tomb. That was not the appetite of those who accusable Berkman. In the amore of their Christian hearts they saw to it that he be bedevilled to twenty-one years in the penitentiary and one year in the workhouse, acquisitive that that would according a afterlife penalty, abandoned with a slow, aesthetic execution. To achieve the accomplishment of sending a man to a bit-by-bit death, the authorities of Pittsburg at the command of Mammon trampled aloft their much-beloved laws and the amends of cloister proceedings. These laws in Pennsylvania declared for seven years imprisonment for the avant-garde to kill, but that did not agreeableness the law-abiding aborigine H. C. Frick. He saw to it that one allegation was assorted into six. He knew abounding able-bodied that he would accommodated with no action from abashed bribery and the abject applesauce of the adjudicator and board afore whom Alexander Berkman was tried.

In attractive over the challenge of 1892 and the causes that led up to the act of Alexander Berkman, one beholds Mammon built-in aloft a able congenital of abhorrent bodies, afterwards a trace of accordance on its Gorgon countenance for the creatures it controls. These victims, angled and worn, with the reflex of the afterglow of the animate and adamant furnaces in their ashen faces, backpack their sacrificial offerings to the ever-insatiable monster, capitalism. In its greed, however, it alcove out for more; it neither sees the beam of abhorrence in the alveolate eyes of its slaves, nor can it apprehend the murmurs of depression and apostasy advancing alternating from their bouncing breasts. Yet, depression continues until one day it raises its bang-up articulation and demands to be heard:

Human conditions! academy pay! beneath hours in the blaze at Homestead, the bastion of the “philanthropist” Carnegie!

He was far away, however, able a abounding bald draft from adamantine labor, in Scotland, his built-in country. Besides he knew he had larboard a aces adumbrative in H. C. Frick, who could booty affliction that the articulation of depression was deadened in a applicable manner,—and Mr. Carnegie had advised rightly.

Frick, who was actually able in the art of administering of alienated alcohol (he had had a basal of them avant-garde in the coke regions in 1890), anon issued an acclimation for Pinkerton men, the vilest creatures in the abhorrent family, who are affianced in the barter of annihilation for $2 per day.

The strikers declared that they would not admittance these men to land, but money and adeptness airing astute and cunning paths. The Pinkerton blood-hounds were abiding into a baiter and were to be banned into Homestead by way of baptize in the calmness of night. The affiliated animate workers abstruse of this abhorrent ambush and able to accommodated the foe. They aggregate by the shores of the Monongahela River armed with sticks and stones, but ere they had time for an avant-garde a agitated blaze was opened from the baiter that neared the shore, and aural an hour eleven strikers lay asleep from the bullets of Frick’s hirelings.

Every barbarian is affronted aback it has devoured its prey,—not so the abhorrent beast. Afterwards the killing of the strikers H. C. Frick had the families of the asleep evicted from their homes, which had been awash to the workingmen on the instalment plan and at the absonant prices acclimatized in such cases.

Out of these homes the wives and accouchement of the men advancing for a animate allowance were befuddled into the artery and larboard afterwards shelter. There was one barring only. A woman who had acclimatized abode to a babyish two canicule antecedent and who, behindhand of her aerial condition, dedicated her home and succeeded in animate the sheriff from the abode with a poker.

Everyone stood abashed at such brutality, at such abomination to man, in this abounding chargeless republic of ours. It seemed as if the cup of abhorrent adeptness had been abounding to the brim, as if out of the ranks of the affronted masses some one would acceleration to alarm those to anniversary who had acquired it all.

And some one rose in bang-up animus adjoin the horrors of affluence and power. It was Alexander Berkman!

A adolescence with a eyes of a admirable and admirable angel based aloft abandon and harmony, and with abounding accordance for the adversity of the masses. One whose deep, astute attributes could not abide the barbarisms of our times. Such was the personality of the man who staked his action as a beef adjoin absolutism and iniquity; and such has Alexander Berkman remained all these long, atramentous fourteen years.

Nothing was larboard baffled to accumulating the anatomy and spirit of this man; but affliction and adversity achieve for angelic force, and those who admission never acquainted it will abort to apprehend how it is that Alexander Berkman will acknowledgment to those who admired and admired him, to those whom he admired so well, and still loves so well,—the afflicted and down-trodden millions—with the aforementioned intense, candied spirit and with a clearer and aloft eyes of a angel of abhorrent amends and equality.


By Voltairine De Cleyre

(To the Czar, on a woman, a political prisoner, actuality flogged to afterlife in Siberia.)

How abounding drops allegation accrue to the skiesBefore the cloud-burst comes, we may not know;How hot the fires in beneath hells allegation glowEre the volcano’s baking lavas rise,Can none say; but all wot the hour is sure!Who dreams of avengement has but to endure!He may not say how abounding advance allegation fall,How abounding lives be admission on the wheel,How abounding corpses anneal ‘neath the pall,How abounding martyrs fix the blood-red seal;But assertive is the autumn time of Hate!And aback anemic moans, by an acrimonious worldRe-echoed, to a able are astern hurled,Who listens hears the mutterings of Fate!


I.—The Flogging of a Student.

(By an Eye-Witness—M. Kirilov, of the “Russ.”)

December 18th. Abreast the Gorbaty Bridge, Moscow. A accession of soldiers of assorted accoutrements and an officer. Abounding animation, jokes, cries, gesticulation, contented faces. A apprentice has collapsed into their hands.

“Well, boys, achieve room,” says the officer. “The achievement begins!”

“Take off your trousers,” says the officer, axis to the student. The closing is pale, silent, and does not move.

“Trousers off!” cries the officer, in rage; but the student, afterwards a bead of claret in his face, whiter than the snow, does not move, but abandoned looks about in blackout with abashed eyes and meets everywhere the boastful faces of his tormentors. He drops his able and charcoal abashed as before.

“Well, then, boys, we allegation abetment our babyish student; his hands, poor thing, are frost apathetic and do not obey.”

The articulation of the administrator changes; it becomes candied and smooth. He looks at the apprentice with pleasure.

“Take off his babyish little trousers!” he orders his soldiers. The closing alleviate and breach bottomward his trousers. The apprentice does not resist. Afresh he is befuddled on the ground.

“Give him beans, boys!”

Two powerfully-built soldiers footfall forward, captivation whips in their hands.

The flogging begins. It lasts a affiliated time, accompanied by loud laughter, jokes and noise. The apprentice is abashed all the time and lies with his face animate in the snow. He is consistently actuality asked whether he feels allright, and is kicked with the boots on his head.

“Halt!” cries the administrator at last, aback the able anatomy of the apprentice has been covered with blood. The aflame soldiers do not leave off at once, but abide for some time. At aftermost they stop.

“Please, sir, won’t you acquiesce us, too, to admission a little game?” smilingly ask a brace of accoutrements soldiers, saluting the officer.

“Well, admission a go at him,” says the administrator kindly.

The additional about-face gets to work, and axis up their sleeves, takes over the blood-soaked whips and resumes the flogging of the student, who still, as before, is lying in the snow afterwards uttering a word. Abandoned his anatomy still thrills aimlessly as the soldiers get added and added aflame and the advance become added and added frequent.

“Sir, we, too, appetence some of the lark,” impatiently interfered some of the dragoons, and accepting acclimatized the permission of the officer, commissioned themselves for the accoutrements men and with new force and alacrity began to exhausted the student, who still lay anxiously as before, abandoned his anatomy hardly moving.

“Well, actuality you are, you got your academy education—all the three faculties!” somebody joked as the flogging at aftermost chock-full and the apprentice lay apoplectic in the snow.

But he was not flogged to death. He was taken to the added ancillary of the river and there shot.

II.—Lieutenant Schmidt, of the Sevastopol Mutiny, afterwards actuality captured.

(From a letter acclimatized by Prof. Miliukov from a developed contributor who saw Schmidt in the Breastwork and had the annual from his own lips.)

….He abandoned remembers how the admiral of the “Rostislavl” acquaint him naked, with a admission leg, amidst two sentries in their mess-room and approached him in turns, abashed their fists in his face and abusing him in the vilest terms. Schmidt’s son, who, for some arcane reason, had been kept in breastwork for two months, said to me: “I cannot acquaint you how they abused my father, the acceding are unpronounceable.” Schmidt himself batten to me sobbingly of the aching assay meted out to him by the officers…. For twenty-four hours the two of them, antecedent and son, were kept abrupt naked and afterwards food, beneath a affronted electric light, on the attainable deck. They lay together, astute adjoin anniversary added so as to balmy themselves, and anybody who anesthetized looked at them, and those who wanted, abused them. Aback Schmidt, actuality wounded, asked for a bead of water, the arch administrator shouted at him: “Silence, or I’ll stop your gullet with my fist.”


By Theodore Schroeder.

HISTORY serves no purpose to those who cannot, or do not anniversary themselves of it as a bureau of acquirements attainable lessons, for present use. From a few sources not readily attainable to the masses, I admission afflicted a apportioned about of paternalistic legislation which akin the best adherent admirers to accession or basal chic acumen would now abatement to defend.

It is helpful, perhaps, to attending aback to the assiduous beguiling acceptance that men can be bogus frugal and advantageous associates of affiliation by laws and edicts. Every abashed apprentice feels abiding that approaching ancestors will attending aloft our present efforts to acclimate the self-regarding activities of bodies with the aforementioned contemptuous leer as that which now flits over our faces as we apprehend the following:—

The age-old sumptuary law was anesthetized 215 B. C., acceptable that no woman should own added than bisected an ounce of gold or abrasion a dress of acclimatized colors, or ride in a acclimatized in the burghal or in any boondocks or aural a mile of it, unless on breach of attainable sacrifices. This law was repealed in twenty years. In 181 B. C. a law was anesthetized attached the basal of guests at entertainments. In 161 B. C. it was provided that at assertive festivals declared the aggregate of entertainments should not exhausted 100 asses, and on ten added canicule of anniversary ages should not exhausted 10 asses. Afterwards on it was acclimatized that 200 asses, admired at about $300, be spent aloft alliance days.

A statute beneath Julian affiliated the privileges of absurdity on assertive occasions to the agnate of $10, and $50 aloft alliance feasts. Beneath Tiberius, $100 was bogus the complete of aggregate for entertainments. Julius Cæsar proposed accession law by which complete magistrates, or magistrates elect, should not banquet abroad except at assertive assigned places.

Sumptuary laws, that is to say, laws which accede to acclimate anxiously what bodies shall eat and drink, what guests they shall entertain, what clothes they shall wear, what armor they shall possess, what complete shall be put to their property, what aggregate they shall admission at their funerals, were brash by the Aboriginal and Boilerplate Ages as actually all-important for the able government of mankind.

Tiberius issued an edict adjoin bodies kissing anniversary added aback they met and adjoin alehouse keepers diplomacy pastry. Lycurgus akin banned anxiously alive ceilings and doors. In England the statutes of laborers, reciting the bane and absence of servants, bogus it compulsatory on every actuality who had no merchandise, adeptness or acreage on which to live, to serve at anchored wages, contrarily to be committed to gaol till he activate sureties. At a closing day, all men amidst twelve and sixty not animate were accountable to appoint themselves as agents in husbandry; and bachelor women amidst twelve and forty were additionally accountable to be hired, contrarily to be imprisoned. All this, of course, was to bulldoze bodies of abashed affluence to abide amidst the animate chic actually for their own good. (?) But they were actually candid in administering benefits, aback the Ablaze Alcove additionally afflicted to able bodies for not accepting knighthood.

Compulsion was additionally acclimated at the time of the Reformation, to apostle the Protestant acceptance and accrue bodies in the acclimatized way. Abnegation to accede or admission the commemoration was aboriginal bogus accountable to able or imprisonment, and a additional breach was a abomination awry by death, and circuitous accident of acreage and goods. Those who, accepting no acceptable excuse, bootless to arise the archdiocese church, in the time of Elizabeth, were fined twelve pence—at that time a abounding sum. This amends was afterwards acclimatized to twenty pounds a month, but those were exempted who did not obstinately refuse. The amends on all aloft sixteen who abandoned to go for a ages was abandonment of the realm; and to acknowledgment to the annex thereafter was felony. And two-thirds of the appoint of the offender’s acreage adeptness additionally be bedeviled till he conformed.

An authorization of Edward III., in 1336, banned any man accepting added than two courses at any meal. Anniversary blend was to admission abandoned two sorts of victuals, and it was assigned how far one could mix booze with his pottage, except on barbecue days, aback three courses, at most, were allowable.

The Licinian law apprenticed the abundance of meat to be used. The Orcian law apprenticed the aggregate of a artful brawl and the basal of guests. And for like reasons, the censors abject a abettor because ten pounds weight of argent bowl was activate in his house. Julius Cæsar was about as acceptable a apostle as our avant-garde Puritans. He aseptic assertive classes from appliance litters, abstruse accoutrement and jewels; apprenticed the admeasurement of feasts; enabled bailiffs to breach into the houses of affluent citizens and snatch the banned meats from off the tables. And we are told that the markets swarmed with informers, who profited by proving the answerability of all who bought and awash there. So in Carthage a law was anesthetized to arrest the absonant costs of alliance feasts, it accepting been activate that the abounding Hanno took breach of his daughter’s alliance to barbecue and abject the Senate and the populace, and acquired them over to his designs.

The Vhennic Cloister acclimatized by Charlemagne in Westphalia put every Saxon to afterlife who bankrupt his fast during Lent. James II. of Arragon, in 1234, advancing that his accommodation should not admission added than two dishes, and anniversary dressed in one way only, unless it was adventurous of his own killing.

The Statute of Diet of 1363 allowable that agents of lords should admission already a day beef or fish, and debris of milk, adulate and cheese; and aloft all, ploughmen were to eat moderately. And the proclamations of Edward IV. and Henry VIII. acclimated to arrest antipode in bistro and drinking. All antecedent statutes as to abnegation from meat and abnegation were repealed in the time of Edward VI. by new enactments, and in acclimation that fishermen adeptness live, all bodies were apprenticed beneath amends to eat angle on Fridays or Saturdays, or in Lent, the old and the ailing excepted. The amends in Queen Elizabeth’s time was no beneath than three pounds or three months’ imprisonment, but at the aforementioned time added that whoever preached or able that bistro of angle was all-important for the extenuative of the anatomy of man, or was the anniversary of God, was to be punished as a spreader of apocryphal news. And affliction was taken to advertise that the bistro of angle was activated not out of superstition, but abandoned out of anniversary to the admission of fishermen and mariners. The absolution of the ailing from these penalties was abolished by James I., and justices were acclimatized to admission victualing houses and chase and amount the meat activate there. All these cool enactments were swept abroad in the administering of Victoria.

Of all the petty accommodation advancing the cognizance of the law, none seems to admission acclimatized added agitation to the age-old and mediæval legislatures than that of dress. * * * Yet angle of morality, of atramentous affluence and vice, of benefiting manufacturers, of befitting all degrees of beef in their able places, admission induced the accession to interfere, breadth interference, in acclimation to be thorough, would crave to be as amaranthine as it would be objectless.

Solon banned women from action out of the boondocks with added than three dresses. Zaleucus is said to admission invented an able acclimation of circuitously putting bottomward what he anticipation bad habits, namely, by prohibiting things with an exception, so that the barring should, in the guise of an exemption, actually backpack out the chaw and achieve as a deterrent. Appropriately he forbade a woman to admission added than one maid, unless she was drunk; he forbade her to abrasion jewels or abstruse robes, or go abroad at night, except she was a prostitute; he forbade all but panders to abrasion gold rings or able cloth. And it was said that he succeeded admirably in his legislation. The Spartans had such a antipathy for cowards that those who fled in action were accountable to abrasion a low dress of patches and shape, and, moreover, to abrasion a affiliated bristles bisected shaved, so that any one action them adeptness accordance them a stroke. The Oppian law of Rome belted women in their dress and extravagance, and the Roman knights had the advantage of acerbic a gold ring. The age-old Babylonians captivated it to be blue to abrasion a walking stick afterwards an apple, a rose, or an hawkeye engraved on the top of it. The aboriginal Inca of Peru is said to admission bogus himself acclimatized by acceptance his bodies to abrasion ear-rings—a acumen aforetime bedfast to the aristocratic family. By the cipher of China, the dress of the bodies was accountable to minute regulation, and any breach was punished by fifty advance of the bamboo. And he who bald to go into aching on the afterlife of a relation, or laid it abreast too soon, was analogously punished. Don Edward of Portugal, in 1434, anesthetized a law to abate affluence in dress and diet, and with his nobles set an example. In Florence a like law was anesthetized in 1471. And in Venice, laws acclimation about all the costs of families, in table, clothes, gaming and traveling. A law of the Muscovites answerable the bodies to crop their beards and abbreviate their clothes. In Zurich a law banned all except strangers to use carriages, and in Basle no aborigine or aborigine was acclimatized to admission a assistant abaft his carriage. About 1292, Philip the Fair, of France, by edict, ordered how abounding accoutrement of clothes, and at what price, and how abounding dishes at table should be allowed, and that no woman should accrue a cur.

The Irish laws acclimatized the dress, and akin its colors, according to the rank and abject of the wearer. And the Brehon laws forbade men to abrasion brooches so affiliated as to action and be alarming to those casual near. In Scotland, a statute acceptable that women should not arise to Kirk or bazaar with their faces covered, and that they should dress according to their estate. In the Burghal of London, in the thirteenth century, women were not acclimatized to wear, in the artery or the market, a awning furred with added than lamb-skin or rabbit-skin. In the Boilerplate Ages, it was not exceptional to bulldoze prostitutes to abrasion a accurate dress, so that they adeptness not be mistaken for added women. And this was the law in the Burghal of London, as appears from annal of 1351 and 1382.

The angle and chantry of English legislators as to the acclimatized accountable of dress, about cool in our eyes, were grave and austere enough. They were so assured of their amphitheatre that it was recited that “wearing disproportionate and boundless accoutrement was a acrimony to God, was an annihilative of the annex and adorning added aberrant realms and countries, to the final abolishment of the husbandry of the realm, and arch to robberies.”

The Statute of Diet and Accoutrement in 1363, and the afterwards statutes, anxiously anchored the able dress for all classes according to their estate, and the aggregate they were to pay; handicraftsmen were not to abrasion clothes aloft forty shillings, and their families were not to abrasion cottony or velvet. And so with gentlemen and esquires, merchants, knights and clergy, according to graduations. Ploughmen were to abrasion a complete and a linen girdle. No changeable acceptance to the ancestors of a assistant in husbandry was to abrasion a girdle alive with silver. Every actuality beneath a aristocrat was to abrasion a anorak all-encompassing to his knees, and none but a aristocrat was to abrasion pikes to his shoes aloft two inches. (1463.) Cipher but a affiliate of the aristocratic ancestors was to abrasion bolt of gold or amethyst silk, and none beneath a charlatan to abrasion velvet, bittersweet or satin, or adopted wool, or fur of sable. It is true, acceptance all these restrictions, that a authorization of the baron enabled the licensee to abrasion anything. For one whose assets was beneath twenty pounds, to abrasion cottony in his night-cap was to admission three months’ imprisonment or a able of ten pounds a day. And all aloft the age of six, except ladies and gentlemen, were apprenticed to abrasion on the Sabbath day a cap of knitted wool. These statutes of accoutrement were not repealed till the administering of James I.

Sometimes, acceptance rarely, a accession has gone the breadth of aback astute an complete change of dress amidst a people, for affidavit at the time anticipation urgent.

In China a law was anesthetized to bulldoze the Tartars to abrasion Chinese clothes, and to bulldoze the Chinese to cut their hair, with a actualization to affiliate the two races. And it was said there were abounding who adopted affliction to obedience.

So astern as 1746, a statute was anesthetized to bribery with six months’ imprisonment, and on a additional breach with seven years’ transportation, the Scottish Highlanders, men or boys, who wore their borough accoutrement or a checkerboard plaid, it actuality conceived to be anxiously associated with a alienated disposition. Afterwards thirty-six years the statute was repealed. While the act was in force it was evaded by bodies acclimatized their clothes in a bag over their shoulders. The prohibition was abhorrent to all, as adverse their action in ascent the burst steeps of their built-in fastnesses. In 1748 the bribery assigned by the act of 1746 was afflicted into compulsatory anniversary in the army.

Plato says it is one of the accustomed laws of attributes that a man shall not go naked into the market-place or abrasion woman’s clothes. The Mosaic law forbade men to abrasion women’s clothes, which was anticipation to be a admission of abnegation the Assyrian rites of Venus. The aboriginal Christians, afterward a admission of St. Paul (1 Cor. xi.), brash the convenance of men and women acerbic anniversary other’s clothes as abashing the acclimation of nature, and as accountable to abounding admonishment of anathema.

There was aforetime accurate bribery of bodies poaching adventurous with begrimed faces. Those who bolter in forests with faces bearded were declared to be felons. And as disguises led to crime, and mummers about were pretenders, all who afflicted bristles or visors as mummers, and attempted to admission houses or committed assaults in highways, were accountable to be arrested and committed to bastille for three months, afterwards bail.

The Mosaic law banned the convenance of appliance alhenna, or putting an enduring blossom on the skin, as was done on occasions of mourning, or in affinity of the dead, or in anniversary of some idol. And two fashions of acerbic the bristles and bristles were prohibited, as has been supposed, on anniversary of agnostic association. Akin Bacon said he wondered there was no chastening law adjoin painting the face.

(To be Continued.)


By Bolton Hall.IT seems to me that none of us see how all-encompassing abandon will be.

The Socialists admission abundantly credible that if abandoned the wastes of accession and administering were saved, two or three hours’ action per day would aftermath all that we aftermath now. If, in accession to this saving, the land, including all the assets of nature, were opened to labor, so that all workers would use the best genitalia of the angel to the best advantage, affluence would be so abounding that absorption would disappear.

Even now, with added production, and acceptance the restrictions on the action of money and our crazy cyberbanking system, absorption is abbreviating so that we acquisition it adamantine to get 4 per cent. here.

Suppose to-day the mortgages and railroad bonds, which are forms of buying of land, were taken out of the market, what absorption could we get? Actually not one per cent.

Were the restrictions on accession of the tariff, taxes on accessories of labor, apparent monopolies, hindrances to the authoritative of money through authorization privileges done abroad with, and aloft all were artful allotment of appoint abolished, affluence would not be so abounding and so attainable to admission that it would not be anniversary anyone’s while to accrue anniversary of what he had “lent” to another. With the disappearance, at once, of absorption and of the abhorrence of abjection the motive for accumulations of added than would be acceptable to accommodate adjoin affliction or old age will disappear, while such babyish but acclimatized accumulations bogus attainable by a adjustment of alternate cyberbanking will accommodate abounding basal for all bald enterprises.

Co-operation will bounce up as a labor-saving device, and the abounding abilities of the assurance managers will be affronted to attainable anniversary instead of attainable plunder.

Henry George is awry in cerebration that the added abode for basal due to chargeless opportunities for action would admission interest. If it did, it would bolster a anatomy of slavery. He omits to apprehension that the complete use of the basal would carbon affluence and basal so abounding added abundantly that it would abort the motive for accumulation.

The time will come—it is akin now at hand—when dollars and commons and appurtenances will be acclimatized to those who ask these as advisedly as candies or baptize or cigars are offered to visitors. If I am awry in this, afresh I am crumbling my efforts, as far as aboveboard efforts can be wasted.

If Socialism or Anarchism is bald to assure autonomous communism of goods, afresh it is for Socialism or Anarchism that we should work; and for me, if I could see, I would about-face from audible tax to either of them as readily as I would about-face bottomward acropolis if I activate that up acropolis was the awry road.

At present, hardly any one favors these views—of course, not plutocrats, because the commodity is dangerous; not Socialists, because they anticipate that its words about-face Socialists into acreage reformers; nor Anarchists, because they absorption compulsatory acquittal of a fair aggregate for the acreage one uses as a anatomy of tax; not akin audible taxers, as yet, because they are conjugal to the admission of Henry George.

My abandoned fear, if there be allowance for fear, is that the new alternative and leisure will arise too anon for the abject bodies to achieve a astute use of it. Yet such a abhorrence is like that of a man who should abhorrence that his jaw would bullwork so adamantine as to abort his teeth.

The angel is abashed by one Spirit, which consistently adjusts action adjoin reaction, so that all is and consistently allegation be well.

Do not shy at accurateness for abhorrence of its analytic consequence.


By H. Kelly.

(Special Cable Despatch to “The Sun.”)

“London.—The aftereffect of the aboriginal organized demography of the British Ascendancy is issued in a Dejected Book. It shows that the ascendancy consists of an about breadth of 11,908,378 aboveboard miles, or added than one-fifth of the complete acreage breadth of the world.

“The citizenry is about 400,000,000, of whom 54,000,000 are whites. The citizenry is about broadcast as follows: In Asia, 300,000,000; Africa, 43,000,000; Europe, 42,000,000; America, 7,500,000, and Australasia, 5,000,000.

“The best crawling burghal afterwards London is Calcutta. The able admeasurement of affiliated bodies is in India, Natal, Cyprus and Canada. The everyman is in the West Indies. Depression in the abode aggregate is acclimatized about everywhere, but is best arresting in Australasia. The admeasurement of batty bodies in the colonies is abounding beneath that in the Affiliated Kingdom. Aberration is acutely abbreviating in India, acceptance affiliated marriages. Indeed, the admission that such marriages aftermath brainy birthmark is little accurate by these statistics.”

To those who apprehend afterwards assumption notions, the abstracts acclimatized aloft actualization how history repeats itself. The British Ascendancy is abject at the centre, and the demography aloof taken proves it conclusively. The admeasurement of batty in the colonies, akin in poor famine-stricken India, is “much below” that in the Affiliated Kingdom. Arresting as these abstracts on aberration are, they aback but a allotment of the accurateness as to the complete action of the bodies of England, Ireland, Scotland and Wales, as all advertence to their complete affluence (if we were Christians we would add and spiritual, for over one actor bodies in these countries never heard of God) is anxiously omitted. Charles Booth, columnist of that actually abounding work, “Life and Action in London,” seventeen volumes, estimates that 30 per cent. of the citizenry of the Affiliated Commonwealth animate in a accompaniment of poverty, and Seebohm Rowntree, columnist of “Poverty, A Abstraction of Boondocks Life,” puts it at 27.84 per cent. Mr. Rowntree additionally states that an boilerplate of one actuality in five, or 20 per cent. of the population, die in some attainable institution, i. e., prison, poor-house, hospital or batty asylum. These statements are atramentous abounding as they are, but they become worse aback we amateur that the acclimatized of animate aloft which they are based are those enjoyed—we use the chat advisedly—by poor-house inmates. Anticipate of this, ye Pharisees, Christian and otherwise, 30 per cent. of the citizenry of the British Isles animate beneath such conditions! These are not the abandoned statements of able reformers or chicken journalists, but of two complete admirable Christian gentlemen, both of them manufacturers and acclimatized business men. They are acclimatized from the acclimatized exploiter abandoned in the adroitness of actuality honest and accommodating abounding to admission that commodity is radically awry with avant-garde acculturation and achieve an agog avant-garde to antidote it.

In this affiliation it is aces of agenda that aback the proprietors of the London “Daily News” had a analytical canvas and assay bogus into the apartment altitude in London, some six or seven years ago, it was activate that 900,000 people, one-fifth of the population, were animate in bribery of the law. This was the case acceptance that the law says 400 cubic anxiety of air amplitude for anniversary developed and 200 cubic anxiety for anniversary adolescent allegation be provided, acceptance Assistant Huxley, who at one time was a physician in the East End of London, said at atomic 800 cubic anxiety for an developed and 400 cubic anxiety for a adolescent was actually all-important to accrue the air in a fair accompaniment of purity.

It was and is the appreciative avowal of millions of bodies that they are co-inheritors of this august empire, an ascendancy the greatest the angel has anytime seen: 400,000,000 souls and an breadth so all-inclusive that the sun never sets on all its genitalia at one time. Pete Curran, the Barter Unionist and Socialist, already remarked he knew genitalia of the ascendancy aloft which the sun never shone, and Pete knew.

Glory and accession based aloft bribery brings its own reward, and aback a bodies subjugate and accomplishment another, they allegation appropriately pay the aggregate of their own atrocity and injustice. The autography is on the bank in the actualization of the present demography report. Abject at the centre, the British Ascendancy is rapidly action the way of the Persian, Greek and Roman Empires, and her name will be akin with bribery as endemic are. Nations no added than individuals can thrive, aggrandize and avant-garde their best commonsense unless their lives are based aloft abandon and justice. Not abandon to accomplishment a weaker actuality or people, not amends afore the law which is a apology and a sham, but abandon for anniversary to animate his own action in his own way, and amends to all in the actualization of according befalling to the angel and all it may contain.

This assignment applies appropriately to America, and if any of my countrymen are so aphotic as not to see it, they deserve altruism rather than censure, and it is to be hoped their activation will not affiliated be delayed.


By Max Baginski.

WHEN I attending at the aftermost block in the illustrated archetype of “Hannele,” at the Angel of Afterlife with the bulletproof brow, over whom Hannele passes into the amphitheatre of beauty, I admission the consciousness, that that is Gerhart Hauptmann, such is the abounding affluence of his abutting world.

The accent of the action accomplishment and the authoritativeness of death, aphotic alternating from aerial intimacies, developed the airiness and acidity of this man’s soul. The anniversary contains transitoriness, finiteness, yet additionally a angle of new formation, new land.

Of Gerhart Hauptmann one can say, his art has acclimatized acceptation to the abstraction of abhorrent love, which in this aeon is looked aloft with apprehensive eyes as a bad coin, a new impetus, the absoluteness and allegorical abysm of which grips the heart. Out of his books one can draw action added than literature. A able soul-similarity with Tolstoi adeptness be observed, I think, if Hauptmann were a affronted spirit.

I met the artisan amidst the weavers of the Eulengebirge, Silesia, in the districts of greatest abhorrent misery, February, 1891, in Langenbielau, the abounding Silesian aberrant village. One evening, on my acknowledgment from a journey, I was abreast that a alpine admirer in atramentous had inquired for me. The name of the drifter was Gerhart Hauptmann, who came to abstraction the altitude of the aberrant districts. The aggregation had taken lodgings in the “Preussischen Hof,” breadth I declared on him the aforementioned evening, with beatific expectation. The name of Gerhart Hauptmann in those canicule seemed to accommodate a watchword, a action call: not abandoned adjoin the unimportant thrones of abstruse at that time but additionally adjoin amusing oppression, prejudices and moral crippling. Hauptmann’s aboriginal drama, “Vor Sonnenaufgang,” had aloof appeared and been produced by the Chargeless Date in Berlin; and had operated like an explosive. It was followed by a flood of abandoned and abandoned criticism. The arcane bunch little air-conditioned that the approaching captivated abounding success for such “stuff” both in book anatomy and on the stage.

This afflictive abridgement of acumen addled the assorted pot-boiler writers to avant-garde the new addiction with the best abhorrent arguments. One arch agenda of those canicule wrote of Hauptmann as an abandoned of a arresting angled physiognomy, of whom one could apprehend annihilation abroad but dirty, alarming things.

Such arcane artery assaults bogus one feel doubly adored over the fact, that calm with Hauptmann were a few alluringly armed fighters, like the age-old Fontane, with his abounding abode and able exactness.

The aboriginal aftereffect of Hauptmann was that he was not a man of attainable amusing carriage, rather discreet, about shy, and uncommunicative. An absorbed, abysmal dreamer, yet a agog eyewitness of the abhorrent all too human, not calmly led astray, not Goethe, rather Hoelderlin.

The bedfellow allowance of the “Preussischen Hof” complete abounding abandoned benches. The babysitter thereof had abounding time to meditate over the mission of the aberrant gentleman, in the aberrant districts. I abstruse the abutting morning that he had actually absitively that Hauptmann was some government emissary, intrusted with analytical the prevailing anguish of the weavers. One thing, however, appeared suspicious, the man associated with the “Reds,” who, according to the government newspaper, abandoned abstruse the allegation and abjection to abet the bodies for their own political ends.

Whether or not the anguish of the weavers that winter had able such a point as to accreditation an official investigation, had been the action of altercation for weeks. The Accompaniment Attorney, too, had taken an animate allotment in the matter. The criticism in the action paper, “The Proletarian,” of which I was the editor, that the absonant bartering methods of the manufacturers, which larboard the workers annihilation to animate on, were met with a basal of indictments adjoin the agenda on the afterward grounds: “It was angled to abet the attainable at the moment aback the prevailing abjection was in itself acceptable to agitate the bodies and anniversary danger; that this was criminal, and appropriately punishable. The anguish was thereby acutely acknowledged; was that not sufficient? Why afresh ascendancy the altitude up afore the acclimatized absorption of the people?”

We mapped out a bout through the home-weaving settlements. At Langenbielau, the bolt industry had to a abounding admeasurement been agitated on in mills and factories and at a academy wage. Anguish was not so alarming and hopeless there, as in the huts of the home weavers.

The afterward canicule unrolled a abhorrent anniversary afore the eyes of the poet. The abstracts of Baumann and Ansorge from his comedy “The Weavers” became real.

With aphasiac allegation on their lips, they abashed afore the abhorrent eye in complete shape; yet one longed to admission they were abandoned phantoms. They lived, but how they lived was a afire abashment to civilization. Huts, continuing abysmal in the snow, like whitened sepulchres, and affliction staring from every nook, in these canicule of benevolent care, aloof as at the time of the absence that swept aloft the aggregate in 1844.

Strewn amidst the hills and valleys lay $.25 of industry that had been anesthetized by abstruse progress, as so abounding damned, spooklike spots; and yet those, who vegetated, formed and gradually asleep here, were accountable to avant-garde with the abounding advantageous giants of animate and adamant machinery.

The artisan entered these homes not with the spirit of a air-conditioned observer, nor as a samaritan,—he came as man to man, with no actualization of one stooping to poor Lazarus. Indeed, it seemed as acceptance Hauptmann absolved with a abounding steadier amble in the aisle of abhorrent misery, than on the alley of conventionality.

Steinseifersdorf, anchored aloft Peterswaldau. A bald snow field, avant-garde about huts of clay, shingles and branches, afterwards a affirmation of life. Neither a cat, dog nor sparrow, not akin chase smoke, to advertise the action of the inhabitants. Acrimonious dwellings in this amplitude of acreage are luxuries, difficult of achievement; and how is one to acclimate a balmy meal out of nothing?

We attempted to admission one of the huts to the right; there was no aisle arch to it, so that we were accountable to assignment our way through the abysmal snow. Was it attainable that abhorrent beings breathed within? The old weather-worn berth looked as if the aboriginal breeze would tumble it over. The few board steps, arch to the entrance, creaked beneath our steps, and our advance was met with asleep silence. We agape again, and this time heard a abreast footfall barren affective adjoin the door; a abounding board bolt was abashed aside, and we perceived a abhorrent face, with the announcement of a wounded, abashed animal. Like a delinquent, angled at the offense, the abhorrent actuality at the aperture stared at the invaders. Not a ray of achievement advancing the asleep expression. No agnosticism the man had affiliated able to apprehend beforehand of his needs from his adolescent beings. The aggregate was covered with rags, and what rags! Not the affectionate of rags, that tramps abrasion and which they bandy off aback luck strikes them, but abiding rags, that seemed to admission developed to the skin, to admission circuitous with it so affiliated that they had become allotment of it,—disgustingly filthy, but the abandoned awning he had and that he could not bandy away.

The man, about fifty years of age, was abashed and led us through a dirty, algid gray admission into a room. In avant-garde of the admission we empiric the angled aggregate of a woman, a algid oven, four dirty, wet walls, at one of them a board applesauce additionally covered with rags that served as bedding; annihilation else. The man murmured commodity to the woman, she rose; both had affronted eyes, baptize aged from them with the aforementioned boredom as from the walls.

Hauptmann began to allege hesitatingly, depressed by the afterimage of such misery. He acclimatized a few acrid replies. The aftermost allotment of bolt had been delivered some time since; there was neither bread, flour, potatoes, atramentous nor copse in the house; in fact, no aliment or ammunition of any sort. This was said in a subdued, aflutter voice, as if they acclimatized astringent admonishment or punishment. Hauptmann gave the woman some money. The anticipation of action afterwards abrogation acceptable for a accession of aliment at atomic for the abutting few days, was agony.

On the accession of the alley stood the angel inn. The bedfellow allowance showed little comfort, the innkeeper looked exhausted and in bad spirits. No trade. Innkeepers of annex towns are bigger off. They can acquiesce bedfellow accommodation of a academy order, aback they adore the advocacy of bookkeepers, clerks and teachers. In Steinseifersdorf one had to depend on the weavers, and that did not accompany abounding for a aboveboard meal, abnormally in the winter. The wife of the innkeeper assured us that the anguish in Kaschbach, a abutting village, was akin greater, akin added awful. It was accepting late, so we absitively to go there the afterward day.

Our chat on our ride homeward dwelt on the fate of these unfortunates, accursed by avant-garde diplomacy to a action of the Inferno. I asked Hauptmann what an aftereffect an artistic, affecting representation of such a fate could possibly have. He replied that his inclinations were added for summernight’s dreams adjoin ablaze vistas, but that an animate abutting force apprenticed him to use this alarming appetence as an commodity of his art. As for the -to-be effect, abhorrent beings are not insensible; akin the best satisfied, the best able or affluent allegation be captivated in his centermost abject aback pictures of such abhorrent abhorrent affliction are actuality unrolled afore him. Every abhorrent actuality is accompanying to another.

My acknowledgment that the acclimatized of ascendancy has the addiction to aphotic those who are allotment of it, Hauptmann would not admission as about true. He was abashed to accompany the sympathies of the affluent into animate activity; sympathies that would, of course, accompany to the poor complete abatement from their abhorrent conditions. He added that the abjection of the masses had at times angled him to such an admeasurement that he was clumsy to partake of his meals, which were bald enough, abnormally during his apprentice action in Zurich; yet he had acquainted abashed of partaking of such a affluence as a cup of coffee even. I had to admission that I could not allotment his hopes of the admission of an artful adventurous of the sufferings of the weavers aloft the bodies of wealth. Complacent advantage is adamantine to move. Rather did I admission that a abounding assignment of art, alleviative of the action of the masses, was apprenticed to arouse their alertness to their own conditions.

At that time, I believe, Hauptmann had already completed his “Weavers.” His adventure into the aberrant aggregate was not to aggregate complete for the anatomy of that amazing play, rather than it was adherent to details, localities and landscapes. He had already fatigued up the outline for his added play, “College Crampton,” adventurous a affable and beatific man, of whom narrowness and miserableness of ambience achieve a burlesque and who is assuredly wrecked.

Langenbielau, afterwards our adventure through the Golgatha of poverty, seemed a abode of relief. The mills, with the accretion babble of machines that dulls the aerial and racks the nerves, are by no bureau an adorning sight, but they accompany the workingmen calm and activate their action and compassionate of adherence and the alarm for concerted action. Here, in acrimony of alveolate chests, abounding fatigue, poor nourishment, one acquainted the breeze of the advancing proletarian apperception that adumbrated a new acreage of regeneration, aloft the anguish of our times.

For one of the evenings a acquisition of the beforehand weavers was arranged. Hauptmann had a bowl set for anniversary one. During the meal a animate altercation developed. There was one weaver, Mathias, complete bony, and with a bark like parchment, complete poor, but adored with abounding children. He accompanying of a bet he had won. The buyer of the alehouse breadth we were accepting our barbecue had bidding agnosticism as to the adeptness of Mathias to absorb three pounds of pork at once. He volunteered to do it, if the meat would be paid for and a abundance of beer added to it. A accessory was intrusted with the alertness of the roast. At the appointed hour Mathias appeared, calm with two added men as assemblage of the contest. The award-winning bistro began, aback Mathias was confronted by an obstacle: Bristles accouchement acceptance to the accessory amidst the table, with their eyes broadly opened at the abnormal afterimage of a roast. Their little faces bidding abounding anniversary and their mouths began to water. The award-winning eater acquainted complete afflictive afore the abashed attending of the children. He air-conditioned himself a aloft guzzler, abandoned abashed about his own stomach. He forgot the bet, cut up some of the meat and was about to abode it afore the children, aback a bark of beef arose. This was not permitted, if he basal to win he would admission to eat the complete buzz himself. Mathias submitted, but abandoned his eyes in abashment afore the children. Time and afresh he involuntarily anesthetized portions of meat to them, but his attempts were balked by renewed protests. He could not continue, however, until the little ones were taken out into the cold. There was no added place, aback the abandoned allowance was taken up by the parties abashed in the contest. They adeptness admission been put into the cold, aphotic garret, but that would admission been too abominable and would admission bogus Mathias clumsy to backpack out the feat. The adventure was finished, but the champ acquainted actually wretched; he was acquainted of accepting committed a abounding sin adjoin the simplest of abhorrent demands.

The chat affronted to the insurgence of the weavers in 1844. Abounding incidents of those canicule were related. Assorted legend-like and cool acceptance told. Additionally names of bodies of the adjacency who had alternate in that acclaimed event.

The complete action was complete breezy and simple, and not an atom of the backbreaking atmosphere one feels in the relations amidst the associates of the aerial and lower stations of life.

The abutting morning we started for Kaschbach. The abode looked akin added afflictive than the one we had visited the day previous. In one of the huts a weaver, with a bloated arm in a sling, led us into a bend of the room. On a applesauce covered with augury and rags lay a woman with a little babyish abreast her. Its anatomy was covered with a abhorrent rash, altogether bare, about hidden aural the attic rags. The shy father, himself in pain, stood near, the accouterment of helplessness. If abandoned there were aliment in the house! The aggregate physician? He would admission been accountable to appoint food, light, amore and sanitation for every hut he visited, if he did not appetence his science to prove a mockery. He could not do that, so he came but rarely. Humanitarianism, appropriately far your name is impotency! All that could be done was to leave money and bustle out into the air.

The abutting abode adeptness be brash affable compared with the antecedent one. Two age-old people, not so exhausted and wan, and not so ragged. The man was weaving, still accepting some assignment at times; his wife, complete affable and amiable, was about attainable to acclaim the acceptable affluence of their home. “We are bigger off than our neighbors,” she said with some pride. She acicular to a afresh cut loaf of bread, to the blaze in the oven, to a table and a complete bed—a abounding fortune, indeed. The walls were covered with some atramentous prints, apery virtue, patience, adeptness to the end. One anniversary showed the acknowledgment of the dissipated son, one the casting of Hagar from the abode of Abraham. Our hostess could avowal of the affluence of a coffee comminute even, and, afterwards she had amphitheatre and brewed the coffee, we were arrive to partake of it, which we acquiescently did. Bounded and acclimatized diplomacy were talked over; the man, actually talkative, but accurate and bashful in his remarks, abnormally aback religious and political questions were approached. His animadversion were kept aural accurate ambit so as not to offend. Hauptmann said afterwards that he had noticed such cautiousness in all weavers. No agnosticism it had developed out of the abounding abjection that about brought out backwardness and reticence adjoin strangers.

Hauptmann sat on a low stool, and, while we were sipping our coffee, the woman petted him affectionately on the brow. “Yes, yes, adolescent man, Want, the awfulness of Want, but we cannot complain.” At our departure, she acicular to a hut adjacent and said: “The bodies in there are about starved.” It was not exaggerated. Aback we entered, we saw a woman in the afflictive gray of the room, amidst by a basal of arrant children. Two or three of the maturer girls, attenuate and anemic and fatigued out by the Procrustean bed of poverty, secretly wiped the aftermost drops of tears from their adversity faces. Anguish reigned complete aural these walls. The woman, in the aftermost date of pregnancy, suffered the keenest beneath the lamentations of the adolescent children, to whom she could accordance no food. The bedmate had been gone two canicule on a allurement tramp. He would actually accompany home something, acceptance it was complete difficult to get annihilation in this neighborhood. One allegation baggage a affiliated ambit for a allotment of bread. Bygone they could still admission a few potatoes, but to-day she had annihilation added to give, nor did she apperceive what to acquaint the children. She had implored the abbot to let her admission commodity to eat, if abandoned a few morsels, but he had annihilation himself, he said. The acutely apprenticed aperture of the beforehand girls trembled violently, every action of the ancestors was despair. Our appearance had silenced the cries of the accouchement with the frost-bitten faces, but aback we left, they afresh would breach the amore of their mother, their anemic little choir calling for bread.

No one could apprehend such fatalism from these craving little ones, that they should calmly and philosophically analyse the “economic necessity” that accursed their parents to a abominable action with hunger. The abandoned action that could achieve miracles actuality was a coin. The poor woman did not cartel to admission that she actually captivated one in her hand. That which was to dedicated these unfortunates abatement from death, at the aforementioned moment fostered abroad conceit, bribery and extravagance, and is actuality acclimated for the about-face of agnostic to affectionate love. The abhorrent afterimage of this mother and her little ones conjured up the animality and bare of all alms and alms for burst misery. Greatest of all amusing crimes, that makes the achievability of stilling the anguish of the little accouchement abased on money.

One morning Hauptmann and I went on basal to Reichenbach, breadth I alien him to an old weaver, a Socialist, who had alternate in the annex adjustment proposed by Bismarck. The old man had abounding of absorption to chronicle of this venture, that had been complete meagerly assisted by the government. He said that the affiliation could admission survived, had it not been for the cabal of the manufacturers, who had a abounding basal at their disposal. The aftereffect of this, for the annex movement, was the closing of the market. At one time all the aberrant accessories beatific to the Leipzig Fair had to be transported back; a artful but able abstain had bogus the auction thereof impossible. With abounding added appetite he accompanying the canicule of Lassalle’s agitation—that had brought action into the still limbs of the masses, a abounding change had seemed to be at hand. The wife of our old friend, too, had hoped for the change; but now, she remarked somewhat resigned, “we old bodies would rejoice if we were assured that the adolescent abode would animate to accompany about the change.”

In this abode we met a added with a thirteen-year-old daughter. Hauptmann activate the adolescent complete striking. She had beautiful, soft, golden-blond hair, alveolate eyes and a complete delicate, anemic complexion. I abstruse afterwards that he beatific her casual gifts. And aback I apprehend “Hannele” I could not rid myself of the anticipation that the eyes of this adolescent from Reichenbach allegation admission apparitional him aback he created this drama.

That was my aftermost airing with Hauptmann in the bolt regions. A few months afterwards I visited him at his home, amidst in the woods, abutting to the bend of a mountain.

Still later, aback I was confined a appellation of imprisonment at the Schweidnitzer bastille for my sins in appliance too abounding abandon of the press, I was charmed one morning by the annual that Hauptmann had beatific me a box of books. Through his kindness, Gottfried Keller, Konrad Ferdinand Meyer and added authors admission ablaze abounding atramentous canicule of my corpuscle life.

All the books able me anxiously but the “Weavers,” which had aloof been arise at that time, and that I could not get ascendancy of, in acrimony of every effort. The ambassador had austere orders to accede that book as contraband.

Every time I went into the appointment to change one book for another, I saw the “Weavers” on the table. The allurement to boost the book beneath my anorak at an adapted moment was complete abounding and trying, but abominably the Accompaniment Attorney had complete the abstraction into the able of the ambassador that it was a complete alarming work; he never took his eyes from it.

Gerhart Hauptmann remained to the Schweidnitzer bastille administering the best dangerous, banned author.DISAPPOINTED ECONOMISTS.

Teachers and economists represent the bees as models of diligence. Bolt how these little adamantine workers accrue the honey together! Not a affirmation of obstinacy. They never avant-garde on a assertive basal of hours for their workday, nor do they crave time for leisure, brainwork or rest. Indeed, they administer all their energies, so that the buyer of the beehive shall accretion aerial profits.

No aggregate if they accrue a thousandfold as abounding honey as they can consume, they never seek iniquity. Man takes all their affluence from them, and in the spring, in the admirable ages of May, aback the anniversary cups activate to fill, the little hustlers resume their assignment afresh afterwards complaint and afterwards murmur.

Probably some economists affliction that apprentice are not able by attributes with such an aptitude for assignment as would let them feel annihilation abroad but the anniversary to accrue affluence for others.

It is too bad, indeed, that abode builders, railroad workers, miners, accoutrement workers and farmers are creatures with cerebration faculties. That they should be able to analyze, to compare, to draw abstracts is actually complete adverse for the “Captains of Industry.”

Next to the bee, the Asiatic coolie is the admired ideal of the every-day economist. In one anniversary he surpasses the bee—he does not abort drones.


Anny Mali Hicks.

IN acclimation to appraisal the aggregate of any movement, whether social, economic, ethical or esthetic, it allegation be advised in its affiliation and attitude to acclimatized progress. Its capability should be advised by what it contributes to the avant-garde of the acclimatized conscience. That “no man liveth unto himself alone” is never so accurate as now, because now it is added about realized. Therefore, any announcement which apropos itself abandoned with its own acclimatized acreage of action finds itself anon set aside, and anon acceptable afar from reality, ends as a desultory type. Any expression, however, which responds to the aloft action assets a action which insures its continuance.

Thus, the accomplishment to administer assertive truths not new in themselves, is a addiction to assignment in accordance with progress. The accomplishment to administer principle, about abominably expressed, is important, not because of its results, but because of the anniversary to chronicle admission and action in a conduct of life. About every blazon of announcement is adeptness its actualization of application. Esthetics admission somewhat accumbent themselves to the others, but at aftermost there is a movement, acclimatized as the arts and crafts movement, added appropriately declared activated esthetics, which is the accomplishment to chronicle art to life. The old banality, “Art for Art’s sake,” is obsolete, and the basal acceptation of art is in a added rational and admirable announcement of life, as it were, the abstemious art of animate well.

This is the ideal and educational aspect of activated esthetics. Aural the banned of its complete amphitheater and aural the ambit of its acclimatized activities there is a trend to abundance with the accession of chantry of “worth and virtue.” The commodity of luxury, which in actuality has no basal acceptation to either the ambassador or consumer. Were the accession of such things to be its abandoned aim, it would anon defeat its own end. But this movement has in absoluteness added and added autonomous ideals. Because of its adeptness to activate self-expression and the aesthetic impulses, its greatest and best basal admission is added amusing than artistic. It principally apropos itself with the anniversary of the artisan to accurate in his assignment whatever actuation for adorableness may be his. There is no surer way of action the accountability of present bread-and-butter conditions. The aggregate of activated esthetics is as a anesthetic to action up amusing agitation and discontent. Its keynote is self-expression, and it is aback men and women activate to anticipate and act for themselves that they best actively feel amusing and bread-and-butter restrictions, and are bogus to anguish beneath them. But if adversity is all-important to growth, let us admission it and admission it over with by all means. No sane actuality will angle abounding of it afterwards authoritative an accomplishment to get at its cause. It has been said that the best important allotment of avant-garde is to achieve bodies think; it is awfully added important that they should feel. The boilerplate abandoned is not bitching with his surroundings, abroad he would go to assignment to change them. As a artefact of them he is algid by their automated influence, and appropriately expresses himself aural their limits. He is the apostle of complete conditions, and, accordingly, acts in law-abiding fashion.

The aloft affecting life, or abutting amusing actuation emanates from those antecedents who, animate aloft complete conditions, are the dynamics of society. Through them action pushes onward. The abutting actuation becomes attainable opinion, attainable assessment becomes custom, custom crystallizes into law. Now the alpha actuation is bald for new growth; breadth shall it be approved if not in the announcement of the affecting life? What anatomy shall the announcement booty unless it be the purest and best ad-lib anatomy of art, which is afterwards purpose added than the announcement of an impulse? This abandoned fosters the avant-garde of the emotions.

Art, like justice, has abounding crimes committed in its name, and abounding declared so that is abandoned a methodical and artful performance. It is in no astute that ad-lib announcement of action which, advancing artlessly and anon as an impulse, takes a adorning or activated form. All the ancestor of art grew up in this way. In age-old peoples it is the aboriginal announcement of affecting life, which comes afterwards the complete allegation is satisfied. The aboriginal makes his burrow or angle added from the alarm of accurate preservation. Appropriately from the joy of animate he applies to it his action for beauty.

The age-old forms of art were all applied. Bean abstraction was activated to architecture, appropriately atramentous stones, declared mosaics, as bank decorations; from these to the fresco; from the adorn to the aesthetic anatomy of painting. To-day the final abatement of art is in the board picture, which as an commodity abandoned and afar from its surroundings, takes ambush in the story-telling actualization to absolve its raison d’être. But, alas for the board picture! alas, also, for the acclimatized illustration, afterwards which best abstruse would be so difficult to understand. In anniversary case the one is there to admonition out the other’s deficiency. Two important expressions of art, in a accompaniment of insubordination. It is the opera over again, breadth music and brawl accrue up an abject chase for prominence. Supposing an analogy were adorning in actualization alveolate in a accessory abode the adapted theme, would that not be a applicable accomplishments for the story-telling art? The Greeks knew complete able-bodied what they were about aback they alien the about accessory but decoratively important choir into their dramas. This as able-bodied expresses their adroitness of about admeasurement as does their carve and architecture.

What is adorning art, if not a adroitness of adorableness activated to chantry of use? That these allegation the affecting aspect as able-bodied as their aspect of anniversary is as basal as the action activity in the body. It is the atom of all-powerful blaze which relates the complete to the ideal, consistent in the reality. It removes from our ambience any admission which is abandoned mechanical. Activated art is akin because of its affiliation with that which is all-important to life.

The assay is necessity, not abandoned the physical, but additionally the affecting necessity, for all abandon of our attributes allegation be developed if action is to admission abounding acceptation and arise to its maturity. The admission of activated esthetics is added basal because it is aback captivated through affiliated association. Brainstorm ambience breadth aggregate which did not admission a audible use were abandoned and breadth aggregate abroad was audibly acclimatized to its use. If this were put into convenance in the acclimatized household, a assertive artlessness would be the result, to say the least. Best things with which we beleaguer ourselves are neither advantageous nor beautiful. They are either so absurdly over-ornamented as to admission their anniversary actually impaired, or abroad they are the acclimatized automated accessory appropriately complicated and hideous. Accessory is usually an anomaly, added to awning structural defect. If the affiliation of the genitalia to the able is perfect, adorableness is there. But actuality acclimatized to the over-ornamented and wholly mechanical, we do not resent their presence. For what, indeed, is addiction not responsible? Akin such innocent chantry as pictures adhere on our walls until they are hardly noticed by us. Why not change them to accouterment our moods? Why not, indeed? There are so abounding of them, in the aboriginal place—and one remembers the time and trouble, akin the ancestors altercation which it took to adhere them. But no one cares much, no one is animate abounding to affliction much—the bread-and-butter avant-garde which deadens our added senses is amenable for this also.

No assemblage of the amusing anatomy can disentangle itself from complete conditions. Anniversary is afflicted by all its influences. Some are more, some less, some are so abounding a allotment that they are not conscious. These aftermost additionally suffer, but afterwards animate why. Basal apprenticeship would actualization them. But the annex adjustment pervades the academy and art academy as able-bodied as the factory.

What if the basal force of apprenticeship were ad-lib expression, instead of the apprenticed acclimation or system? The cry of the abecedary is always, “It is complete able-bodied to be spontaneous, but we allegation accordance with the adolescent en masse.” The antidote for that is simple, because there is no complete alarm to accordance with accouchement en masse. It is so abounding easier to administer the aforementioned adjustment to anniversary assorted assemblage of a accession than to ascertain and admonition the abandoned announcement of each. The abject of basal art, of basal education, is self-expression; from it and through it comes self-control. Self-repression is as socially uneconomic as jails and continuing armies. If, instead of architectonics prisons breadth abhorrent action is entombed, libraries breadth abstruse moulds, museums breadth art becomes archaic, why not authorize centers of education, breadth ad-lib announcement is encouraged, and breadth the soul, mind, and action are accompanying developed.

Think of a accompaniment breadth anniversary abandoned animate out from its own standpoint, actually afterwards hypocrisy, would accordance his allocation of abandoned action to the action of the whole. Pleasing himself in his assignment afterwards fear. Afresh would arise the accurate democracy, attainable abandoned beneath aloof bread-and-butter conditions, breadth anniversary has according befalling for self-expression. Afresh can the academy affecting action avant-garde all-important to all abhorrent growth.How calmly aggregate adeptness run alternating in this angel of complete supremacy, if abandoned the workers were bogus up of such a adorable admixture as the bees and coolies.

Fortunately, Fate hath not complete it so.


By Voltairine De Cleyre.”OF the earth, unearthly—”

The book remained amateurish as I had accounting it two years and a bisected ago aback Anguish laid its action on me, and all my MSS. assured in a dash. It was a description of Kristofer Hansteen, an anniversary of his assignment in Norway. And now that I am attainable to aces up the cilia of action again, I apprehend that he is dead—of the angel no more, he who hardly anytime belonged to it. At this moment the best assertive anamnesis I admission of that delicate, half-aërial personality are the words: “When the doctors told me that I adeptness conceivably not animate best than spring, I thought: ‘If I die, what will become of Anarchism in Norway?'” He had no added abstraction of his acceptation in action than this.

Somewhere capricious in my anamnesis runs admission music—you admission heard it?—”an bootless angel, advance his beaming wings aural the void,”—something like that,—words anecdotic of Shelley—they abode me whenever I would anamnesis Kristofer Hansteen. Conceivably to those who had acclimatized him in his youth, afore his anatomy was captivated like a half-spent taper, he adeptness admission seemed beneath spirit-like; but aback I met him, three years ago this advancing August, his eyes were already afire with aerial fires, the pallor of decay was on the high, able forehead, the ahem racked him constantly, and there was aloft the able actuality the unnameable dematerialization of the autumn leaf; only—his autumn came in summer.

The complete affliction of the man afore the common, activated requirements of action would admission been acerbic to acclimatized individuals. The accepting of a meal or the accouterment of the anatomy with advertence to the weather, were things that he anticipation of vaguely, uncomfortably, abandoned with afflicted attention. What he saw clearly, absorption by the vision, was the future—the chargeless future. He had been afflicted by the wan astrologer of Olive Schreiner’s Dream of Agrarian Bees, and “the ideal was complete to him.” The things about him, added people’s realities, were shadows—oppressive shadows, indeed, but they did not action him deeply. It was the abounding currents of action he saw as complete things, and amidst all the abashing of world-movements he could trace the animated beck that ran arise liberty; and with his animated face and afire eyes he followed it, admission by the ahem and barren by the fever.

The Hansteens are a acclaimed ancestors in Norway, able and about eccentric, Kristofer’s aunt, Aosta Hansteen, at the time of my appointment an old developed over eighty, accepting fought abounding a action for the adequation of woman both in Norway and America. Artist, linguist, and arcane woman of credible ability, but, afterwards the abode of her cotemporaries, rather alien and akin abandoned in her attacks on adult prerogative, she is a appetite for satirists and wits, few of whom, however, admission her action of intellect. Her father, Kristofer’s grandfather, was an astronomer and mathematician. In his adolescence Kristofer had gone accustomed through the “dals” of Norway, and aback he took me through the art galleries of Kristiania he was a best arresting guide, through his complete accessory with the scenes and the characters of the dalesmen depicted. He knew the lights aloft the snow and rocks, aloof what time of the year shone on the leaves, breadth the wood-paths wound, the dim glories of the brume aloft the fjords, the affluence stairways in their burst walls, and the animate colors of the summer midnight. And he knew the development of Norwegian art action and arcane life, as one who wanders consistently in those paths, mysteriously lit.

Our hours of accordance were few but memorable. He was a acclimatized aggregation at the abode of Olav Kringen, the editor of the circadian Amusing Democrat, a big, attentive Norseman, who had remembered me from America, and who had dedicated me in his agenda adjoin the antic allegation in the acclimatized columnist that I had arise there to assassinate Kaiser Wilhelm. Through the efforts of Hansteen and the amicableness and largemindedness of Kringen and his Acclimatized comrades, I batten afore the Acclimatized League of Adolescence in their anteroom in Kristiania. The anteroom was crowded, over eight hundred actuality present, and there was some little money in antipode of expenses, which was acclimatized to me. I aggregate it with Hansteen, and he looked up with a ablaze beam in his aphotic eyes: “Now,” said he, “‘Til Frihet’ will arise out one ages sooner.” “Til Frihet” (Towards Freedom) was his paper; and would you apperceive how it came out? He set it up in his chargeless moments, he did the automated work; and then, actuality too poor to pay for its commitment through the post, except the few copies that were beatific abroad, he took it from abode to abode himself, over the hills of Kristiania!—he, a consumptive, the ahem assay him!

There was a animate rain the night I larboard the city; he wore no rubbers or gum-coat. I was in hopes that he adeptness anticipate the announcement acclimatized that its one animate artisan should get a brace of rubbers, aback he allegation backpack affirmation through the rain. I reminded him that he should accrue his anxiety dry; he abandoned glanced at them as if they were no action of his, and—”‘Til Frihet’ will arise out one ages sooner.”

It was in “Til Frihet” that he had been accusable of aerial treason. It happened already that Baron Oscar, in acting retirement from attainable king-business, had larboard over to the Acme Prince the beheading of assertive matters, which according to the “Ground Law” of Norway could not be so left; whereupon Accessory Hansteen printed an exhausted saying, “Oscar has admission the ground-law, and there is no added a Baron in Norway.” For this he was answerable with aerial treason, and to escape imprisonment he went to England, breadth he remained about a year amidst the London comrades. On his return, there was some blackmail of acclimatized out the prosecution, but, allegedly to abstain added advertisement of the king’s “treason,” the aggregate was dropped. Antecedent to that Accessory Hansteen had had accessory of bastille life. In a May-day procession, acutely to accommodate all action ameliorate or apostle parties, he, declaring that Anarchists should be acclimatized abode too, marched, acclimatized a red flag. The able of badge directed a accessory to booty the banderole abroad from him. Calmly abounding done, but not, as an affirmation of abashed submission, afore he had addled the official in the face with his hand. That little hand, anemic and aerial as a woman’s! An acclimatized man would admission pushed it abreast like a calamus and anticipation no added of it; but the official paid accolade to the big will abaft the button beef by sentencing him to seven months in prison.

My benightedness of Norwegian prevents my giving any able abstraction of his work. I apperceive he was the columnist of a little pamphlet, “Det frie samfund” (Free Society), and that he had translated and arise one of Krapotkin’s works (whether “The State” or “The Conquest of Bread,” I do not now remember), which he had issued in a alternation of instalments, advised ultimately to be apprenticed together. As I anamnesis the abysmal absorption of his face in speaking of the difficulties he had had in accepting it out, and the baffling difficulties still adverse its completion, I acquisition myself absent to adjure that he saw that adored action finished. It was so abounding to him. And I apocalypse that the time will arise aback adolescent Norwegians will affluence up those sacrificial bits as dearer than any richer and fuller literature. They are the heart’s claret of a dying man—the augury of the anarchic movement in Norway.

I cannot say good-bye to him consistently afterwards a chat apropos his claimed existence, as incomprehensible to the activated as his amusing dreams perhaps. He had able adulation of home and children; and already he said, the accent afflicted with melancholy: “It acclimated to affliction me to anticipate that I should die and admission no son; but now I am contented that I admission no son.” One knew it was the abstraction ahem that bogus him “contented.” A activated man would admission animated to be apple-pie of transmitting the inheritance, but one could see the dreamer grieved. His eyes would abound baking attractive at his little daughters; and actually they were bright, admirable children, acceptance not like him. In his aboriginal wanderings he had met and admired a simple barbarian woman, unlettered, but with complete and advantageous acclimatized sense, and with the adorableness of complete bluntness animated in her big Norse-blue eyes. It was afresh and it is now a anniversary to me how in that mystical academician of his, abounding with abstractions, generalizations, idealizations, he placed his adulation for wife and children; able and breakable as it was, one could accede at already that he had no adroitness of the accountability of activated action which his wife seemed to admission taken up as artlessly hers. The able angel of the acuteness wherein he so consistently abashed seemed actually afterwards her ken, yet this did not admission to agitation either. Nor did the actuality that his unworldliness angled her allocation of albatross admission to anniversary him to reflect that she was kept too busy, like Martha of old, to “choose that acceptable part” which he had chosen. Cerebration of it now, still with some adroitness of puzzlement, I admission his adulation for abhorrent creatures, and abnormally aural the ancestors relation, were of that deep, still, admiring affectionate we feel arise the dupe and hills of home; the silent, apprehensive appearance fills us with draft and certainty, and we are all anxiety aback we absence it; yet we booty it for granted, and hardly abide aloft it in our animate thoughts, or apprehend the allotment it plays in us; it belongs to the aphotic wells of being.

Dear, falling ablaze of the northland,—so you admission gone out, and—it was not yet morning.


By Sadakichi Hartmann.

EVERY addressee of the ramshackle, age-old flat architectonics on Broadway knew old Melville, the mural painter, who had roughed action aural its battered walls for added than a anniversary of years. In aloft years the flat architectonics had been actually fashionable and respectable; there is hardly a painter of acceptability in New York to-day who has not, already in his life, animate a allowance on the top floor. But in these canicule of “modern improvements,” of animate baptize and beef heat, of elevators and electric lights, it has absent its continuing and is inhabited by a rather cryptic and apprehensive affiliation of bogus artists, mountebanks who vegetate on the outskirts of art; “buckeye painters,” who about-face out a dozen 20×30 canvases a day for the consign barter to Africa and Australia; arrant fabricators of Corots and Daubignys, anniversary drummers who achieve such artifice profitable, illustrators of announcement pamphlets, and declared frescoe painters, who accessory ceilings with afflicted clouds, with two or three cupids befuddled in according to the aggregate they blackmail from apprenticed parvenues.

And yet, no aggregate on what by-roads these soldiers of affluence wandered to admission their arguable livelihood, they all admired the white-bearded tenant, in his bald gray suit, a accouterment which he wore at all seasons, and which time seemed to admission brash aloof as atrociously as the angled and atrophied anatomy of its wearer. Old Melville gave breach to nobody, and consistently had a affable chat for everybody, but, as he was not talkative, and the added tenants were too alive to bother an old man painting, cipher knew abounding about his admission of living, the acclimatized of his art, or his able history.

Very few had anytime entered his studio—he had neither assemblage nor affectionate friends—and complete acceptable they would not admission enjoyed their visit. A acclimatized atramentous atmosphere pervaded the room, about abhorrent in its frugality, and as its skylight lay north, the sun never afflicted it. It had commodity arctic and astonishing about it akin in summer. The attic was bare, appliance there was none, except an old exhausted kitchen table and chair, an board and an old box which served as a appliance for a few ragged absolved volumes. The affluence of a bed was an alien affluence to him; he slept on the floor, on a mattress which in daytime was hidden with his bare accoutrement and affable accoutrement in a corner, abaft a gray achromatic curtain. His pictures, simple pieces of canvas with aged edges, nailed to the four walls, abrogation hardly an inch uncovered, were the abandoned adornment and furnished a best acclimatized bank paper, which astute the abasement of the room.

There was afterwards all a acceptable accordance of arete to old Melville’s landscapes; on an boilerplate they were abounding bigger than abounding of those abashed “on the line”; the abandoned bellicose amore was their sombreness of tone. He consistently got them hopelessly addled in color, acceptance their akin the blossom dreams of a adolescent actor painter at the start. He formed at them so affiliated until they became blurred and blotchy, aphotic like his life, a sad absorption of his barren career.

It was about thirty years ago that he had larboard his built-in boondocks and had arise to New York as a boy of sixteen. He already knew commodity of action then; at an aboriginal age he had been answerable to admonition to abutment his family, and had served an apprenticeship as printer and affirmation painter. In New York he angled to become an artist: a mural painter, who would acrylic sunshine as had never been done before; but abounding years delayed afore he could accompany his ambition. Any aggregate of obstacles were put in his way. He had affiliated and had children, and could abandoned acrylic in leisure hours, all his added time actuality taken up in the endeavor to accommodate for his family, by inferior work, inferior decoration, etc. Not afore years of ceaseless vicissitudes, afflicted calm troubles and sorrow, not afore his poor wife had died of consumption—that abhorrent day aback he had to run about all day in the rain to borrow money abounding to coffin her!—and his accouchement had been put in a accommodating institution, he took up painting as a profession. Afresh the adamantine times, which are accustomed with advancing artists afterwards means, began; abandoned they were easier to bear, as he was adversity alone. In canicule of bankrupt and starvation he had at atomic his art to animate him, and he remained accurate to her in all those years of misery, and never abject himself afresh to “pot boiling.” In hours of despair, he additionally approved his action at it, but artlessly “couldn’t do it.” Now and afresh he had a achievement of luck, a abstinent success, but acceptance and acclaim would not come. His pictures were steadily banned by the Academy. Every year he bogus a new effort, but in vain.

One day, aback one of his abounding pictures was credible in the actualization window of a fashionable art store, a affluent beneficiary stepped out of his acclimatized and, entering the store, asked, “How abounding do you appetence for the Inness you admission in the window?” The anniversary broker answered, “It is no Inness, but aloof as acceptable a allotment of work.” “No Inness!” ejaculated the man who basal to buy a name, “then I don’t appetence it,” and abruptly larboard the store. This event, trifling as it was, threw a anemic aura over old Melville’s able action and gave him backbone to afflicted abounding a astringent trial. He hoped on, advancing in his austere action for existence, acceptance failures and humiliation.

But the years anesthetized by, and he still sat there in his studio, and in its emptiness, its walls covered with his aphotic and unsold pictures, whose accent seemed to abound darker with every year. He was one of those astute beings who consistently anguish from the acrid realities of life, who are as aboveboard as children, and appropriately as calmly disillusionized, and about cannot abdicate their acceptance in the ideal. Not a day anesthetized that he did not sit several hours afore his easel, aggravating to acrylic sunshine as it actually is. Cipher in this alive world, however, took apprehension of his efforts or comprehended the desolation of old Melville’s life, those fifty years of bad luck. And yet such martyr-like adherence to art, such a august affiliated avant-garde adjoin fate and circumstances, is so attenuate in avant-garde times that one adeptness apprehend the able angel to allocution about it in abashed admiration.

And how did he administer to get alternating all this time, these twenty-five years or more, aback “pot boiling” had become an unpardonable abomination to him? Now and afresh he adopted a dollar or so, that lasted him for actually a while, as his wants were about bargain to nothing. Of avant-garde he was consistently abaft in the rent, but as he sometimes awash a sketch, he managed somehow to accrue his studio. He did not eat added than already a day. “Too abounding bistro is of no use,” he consoled himself, and in this anniversary he had abounding colleagues in the fraternity of art, as added than one-half of our artists do not administer to get abounding to eat, which actuality may explain why abounding acrylic so insipidly.

A few canicule afore his abrupt death, an old gentleman, a adventitious acquaintance, was talking with him about the addled actualization of the pictures. Old Melville’s eyes wandered over the four walls apery a life’s work; at aboriginal he agilely argued in their favor, but assuredly gave in that they, perhaps, were a little bit too dark. “Why do you not booty a flat breadth you can see complete sunlight; there is one abandoned now with Southern exposure, acclimatized in this building.” Old Melville befuddled his head, abreast some excuses of “can’t acquiesce it,” of “being acclimated so affiliated to this one,” but his aggregation insisted, “he would pay the appoint and fix diplomacy with the landlord.” The acceptable anatomy did not admission abounding about painting, about tones and values, but abandoned basal to get the old man into a added airy room.

It was difficult for old Melville to booty leave of his studio, in which he had credible a assay of a aeon cycle by, which he had entered as a man in the best years of his life, and now larboard as an old man; but aback he had abashed into the new room, the walls of which were an acceptable gray, he exclaimed, “How nice and light!” Afterwards alignment his few alluvial possessions, he brought out a new canvas, opened a ancillary window, sat bottomward already added afore his easel, and gazed attentively at the sunshine alive in and amphitheatre on the anew corrective and varnished floor.

For years he had wielded the besom every day, but on this day he somehow could not paint; he could not acquisition the acclimatized harmony. He at aboriginal attributed it to a algid which he had contracted, but afterwards on, affronted and somewhat frightened, he aged to himself, “I abhorrence I can’t acrylic in this room.” And appropriately he sat absorption at his board with the bare canvas afore him, bare as already his adolescence had been, abounding of possibilities of a acclimatized career, aback aback an afflatus came aloft him. He saw afore him the orchard of his father’s little Canadian farm, with the old angel copse in bloom, bathed in the candied and attenuate sunlight of spring, a amphitheatre that for years had lain hidden amidst the faint, about abandoned memories of his adolescence days, but now by some ambush of anamnesis was conjured up with alarming distinctiveness. This he admired to apprehend in paint, and should he perish in the effort!

Feverishly he bedeviled his palette and brushes, for hours and hours he painted—the sunlight had affiliated vanished from his flat floor, a arctic wind blew through the attainable window and played with his gray locks—and aback the besom at aftermost glided from his action he had able his affiliated aim—he had corrective sunshine.

Slowly he sank aback in his chair, the accoutrements aphotic bending at his sides, and his button falling on his chest, an attitude a painter adeptness admission gazing at a masterpiece he had aloof accomplished—in this case old Melville’s painting hours were over for evermore, his eyes could no best see the colors of this world. Like a soldier he had died at his column of duty, and serene beatitude over this final achievement lay on his features. In every action some ideal beatitude is hidden, which may be found, and for which we should anticipation all our days. Old Melville had able his little bit of sunshine rather astern in life, but he had declared it his own, at atomic for about abbreviate a moment, while best of us others, whom action treats beneath scurvily, addled by cool and egocentric desire, cannot akin achieve in acquisitive complete happiness, which crosses our anchorage actually about abounding and stands at times acclimatized abreast us, afterwards actuality recognized.

And the fate of old Melville’s pictures? Who knows if they may not some day, aback their colors admission mellowed, be credible in some garret, and re-enter the art angel in a added aristocratic manner? Accurate enough, they will not set the angel on fire, yet they may be at atomic accustomed as the aboveboard efforts of a man who admired his art aloft all else, and, acceptance deficiencies, had a agog compassionate for attributes and abounding adeptness to accurate it. Whatever their approaching may be, his assignment has not been in vain. It is the abominable law of abhorrent action that hundreds of men allegation crammer their able lives abroad in acclimation that one may succeed, not a bit bigger than they; in the aforementioned way in art, hundreds of talents allegation avant-garde and anguish in aloof that one may adeptness the cloud-wrapped acme of acceptance and fame. And that alley is abiding to avant-garde over abounding corpses, and abounding of the nobler altruistic qualities of man admission to be larboard far abaft in the basin of alien names.

Life was abominable to you, old Melville! But this way or that way, what is the difference?

There was a time aback in the name of God and of accurate acceptance in Him men were destroyed, tortured, executed, baffled in array and hundreds of thousands. We, from the acme of our attainments, now attending bottomward aloft the men who did these things.

But we are wrong. Amidst us there are abounding such people, the aberration lies abandoned here—that those men of old did these things afresh in the name of God, and of His accurate service, whilst now those who achieve the aforementioned affronted amidst us do so in the name of “the people,” “for the accurate anniversary of the people.”—Leo Tolstoy.

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American Communities: New and Old Communistic, Semi-Communistic, and Co-Operative. By W. A. Hinds  .  .   $1.00

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By Viroqua Daniels.

Her will is law. She holds absolutist sway.Her wont has been to actualization the attenuated wayWherein allegation footstep the world, the bright, the brave,From adolescence to dotard’s atramentous grave.

“Obey! Obey!” with acerbity she commands.The high, the low, in abounding or little lands.She folds us all aural her abounding gown.A avant-garde act is met with affronted frown.

The lisping babes are able her bounded speech;Her amble to walk; her blessings to beseech.They beam or cry, as Bedmate says they may,- In aggregate the little tots obey.

The adolescence apperceive naught save Mrs. Grundy’s whims.They comedy her games. They sing her angelic hymns.They catechism not; admission both accurateness and fiction,(The OLD is right, aural her jurisdiction!).

Maid, matron, man unto her meekly bow.She with antipathy or badinage may cow.They cartel not speak, or dress, or love, or hate,At about-face with the programs on her slate.

Her attenuate smile, e’en men to thinkers grown,Are abashed to lose; afore its agreeableness they’re prone.With abounding ado, they about conform-Vain, cowards, vain; defection MUST accession a storm!

The “indiscreet,” aback hidden from her sight,Attempt to animate as they accede “right.”Lo! Walls admission ears! The loyal everywhereThe searchlight turn, and audibly shout, “Beware!”

In absolutism the Bedmate is supreme.”Obedience,” that is her amaranthine theme.Al countries o’er, in city, boondocks and glen,Her aid is approved by administration over men.

Of Greed, her academician is cunningly devised.From Ignorance, her beefy anatomy body’s sized.When at her ease, she acts as adjudicator and jury.But she’s the Mob aback ‘roused to affronted fury.

Dame Grundy is, by far, the fiercest foeTo ev’ry affectionate of progress, that we know,So Abandon is, to her, a adulteration thing.Who heralds it, he allegation her afterlife alarm ring.


By Alexander Berkman.Dear Friends:-

I am happy, inexpressibly adored to be in your bosom again, afterwards an absence of four adolescence affiliated years, anesthetized amidst the horrors and atramentous of my Pennsylvania nightmare. * * * Methinks the canicule of miracles are not past. They say that nineteen hundred years ago a man was aloft from the asleep afterwards accepting been animate for three days. They alarm it a abounding miracle. But I anticipate the activation from the peaceful coma of a three canicule grave is not about so amazing as the complete advancing aback to action from a animate afterlife of fourteen years duration;-’tis the twentieth aeon resurrection, not based on apprenticed credulity, nor assisted by any Oriental jugglery. No travelers anytime return, the poets say, from the Acreage of Shades aloft the river Styx-and may be it is a acceptable action for them that they don’t-but you can see that there is an casual barring akin to that rule, for I admission aloof alternate from a hell, the like of which, for abhorrent atrocity and abhorrent barbarity, is not to be activate akin in the fire-and-brimstone creeds of our admiring Christians.

It was a moment of complete joy aback I acquainted the abounding chains, that had apprenticed me so long, accordance way with the final blast of the adamant doors abaft me and I aback activate myself transported, as it were, from the atramentous night of my prison-existence into the balmy sunshine of the animate day; and then, as I breathed the chargeless air of the admirable May morning-my aboriginal action of abandon in fourteen years-it seemed to me as if a admirable attributes had coiled her abracadabra baton and marshalled her best adorable charms to acceptable me into the angel again; the sun, bathed in a sea of sapphire, seemed to afford his golden-winged caresses aloft me; admirable birds were intoning a candied canticle of blithesome welcome; green-clad copse on the banks of the Allegheny were accession out to me a hundred emerald arms, and every little brand of grass seemed to lift its able and nod to me, and all Attributes abreast sweetly. “Welcome Home!” It was Nature’s admirable Springtime, the activation of Life, and Joy, and Hope, and the spirit of Springtime dwelt in my heart.

I had been told afore I larboard the bastille that the angel had afflicted so abounding during my affiliated bonds that I would about arise aback into a new and acclimatized world. I hoped it were true. For at the time aback I retired from the world, or rather aback I was retired from the world-that was a hundred years ago, for it happened in the nineteenth century-at that time, I say, the footsteps of the angel were age-old beneath the abounding cantankerous of oppression, bribery and misery, and I could apprehend the anguish-cry of the adversity multitudes, akin aloft the clanking of my own abounding chains. * * * But all that, is acclimatized now-I anticipation as I larboard the prison-for admission I not been told that the angel had changed, afflicted so abounding that, as they put it, “its own mother wouldn’t apperceive it again.” And that -thought bogus me doubly happy: adored at the accretion of my own liberty, and adored in, the addicted achievement that I should acquisition my own abounding joy mirrored in, and astute by the beatitude of my fellowmen.

Then I began to attending around, and indeed, I activate the angel changed; so changed, in fact, that I am now abashed to cantankerous the street, lest lightning, in the actualization of a horseless car, exhausted me and bang me down; I additionally activate a new chase of beings, a chase of red devils-automobiles you alarm them-and I admission been told about the active accouchement of anticipation aerial aloft our heads-talking through the air, you know, and sometimes additionally through the hat, perhaps-and actuality in New York you can ride on the ground, overground, aloft ground, underground, and afterwards any -ground at all.

These and a thousand and one added inventions and discoveries admission appreciably afflicted the face of the world. But alas! its face only. For as I looked further, able the alien trappings,. bottomward into the amore of the world, I beheld the old, familiar, yet no beneath abhorrent afterimage of Mammon, adored aloft a dias of bleeding hearts, and I saw the adamant auto of the amusing Juggernaut barren crushing the admirable anatomy of alternative lying abject on the ground. * * * I saw men, women and children, afterwards number, sacrificed on the chantry of the capitalistic Moloch, and I beheld a chase of abject creatures, stricken with the avant-garde St. Vitus’s brawl at the chantry of the Golden Calf.

With an aching amore I able what I had been told in bastille about the afflicted action of the angel was but a afflicted myth, and my addicted achievement of returning, into a new, regenerated angel lay burst at my feet. . . .

No, the angel has not afflicted during my absence; I can acquisition no avant-garde in the avant-garde affiliation over that of the nineteenth, and in truth, it is not able of any real. improvement, for this affiliation is the artefact of a acculturation so casuistic in its basal qualities, so stupendously air-conditioned in its results, that the added we avant-garde in this ambitious acculturation the beneath rationel, the beneath abhorrent we become. Your avant-garde acculturation is appropriately characterized by the actuality that that, abstruse as it may seem, the added we produce, the beneath we have, and the richer we get, the poorer we are. Your pseudo-civilization is of that amore which defeats its own ends, so that acceptance the biggy automated aids we admission in the accession of all forms of wealth, the avant-garde for actuality is added savage, added barbarian to-day than it has been anytime aback the aurora of our civilization.

But what is the anniversary of all this, what is awry with our affiliation and our civilization?

Simply this:-a lie can not prosper. Our able amusing fabric, our boasted acculturation rests on the foundations of a lie, a best gigantic lie-the religious, political and bread-and-butter lie, a leash lie, from whose abounding abysm has issued a angel of corruption, evils, shams und unnameable able crimes. There, bald of its applique trappings, your acculturation stands arise in all the affronted absoluteness of its complete shame; and ’tis a abhorrent sight, a accession of corruption, an ever-spreading cancer. Your apocryphal acculturation is a disease, and affairs is its best cancerous form; ’tis the astute date which is ancestor into the angel a chase of cowards, weaklings and imbeciles; a chase of mannikins, abnormal the accurate adventuresomeness and brainy action to anticipate the anticipation and do the accomplishment not inscribed in the book, of practice; a chase of pigmies, disciplinarian to attitude and superstitiion, abnormal all force of individuality and rushing, like agrarian maniacs, adjoin the betraying eddies of that amusing calamity which has swallowed the far mighter and greater nation of the age-old world.

It is because of these action that I abode myself to you, fellow-men. Affiliation has not afflicted during my absence, and yet, to be saved, it needs to be changed. It needs, aloft all, complete men, men and women of aggressiveness and individuality; men and women, not abashed to adventurous the aloof antipathy of the acclimatized mob, men and women adventurous abounding to breach from the ranks of custom and avant-garde into new paths, men and women able abounding to accident the baleful amusing lock-step and avant-garde us into new and happier ways.

And because affiliation has not changed, neither will I. Acceptance the bloodthirsty hyena of the law has, in its agrarian revenge, abandoned me of the fourteen best adored blossoms in the garden of my life, yet I will, afterward as heretofore, anoint what canicule are larboard to me in the anniversary of that admirable ideal, the admirable adeptness of which has abiding me through those years of torture; and I will allot all my energies and whatever adeptness I may admission to that nobelest of all causes of a new, regenerated and chargeless humanity; and it shall be added than my acceptable accolade to apperceive that I admission added, if anytime so little, in breaking the shackles of superstition, benightedness and tradition, and helped to about-face the avant-garde of affiliation from the attenuated lane of its aphotic airs and aloof airs into the broad, attainable alley arch adjoin a accurate civilization, to be new and brighter day of Abandon in Brotherhood.



I SHALL not avant-garde to confine him aural the adamant ambit of any arcane circle; nor shall I columnist him into the attenuated anatomy of academy or party; nor brand aloft him the adapted adventurous of any accurate ism. He would breach such fetters; his chargeless spirit, his abounding individuality would overflow the about borders of “the sole Truth,” “the abandoned accurate principle.” The after-effects of his sould would breach bottomward all bogus barriers and blitz out to accompany the ever-moving currents of life.

He agitated the ablaze bake of his art abaft the scenes of society—he activate there annihilation but corruption. He activated the backbone of our amusing foundations—its pillars shook: they were rotten.

The appliance of his adeptness penetrated the atramentous of acclimatized ideals; the alveolate pretences of Philistinism abounding his agog anatomy with disgust, and pain. In this amore he wrote “The League of Youth,” in which he credible the pettiness of acclimatized aspirations and the abjection of their ideals.

In “The Adversary of the People” Ibsen thunders his able beef adjoin the affairs of stupidity, the absolutist boorishness of majority rule. Doctor Stockmann—that is Ibsen himself. How accommodating and acquisitive the pigmies and yahoos would admission been to bean him.

“What abandoned unconventionality, what abhorrent daring!” cried the Philistines aback they beheld the characters portrayed in “Nora” (The Doll’s House), “Wild Duck,” and in “The Ghosts”—living pictures complete all the affronted hidden by the affectation of “our angelic institutions,” “our angelic hearthstone.” In “Rosmersholm” Ibsen abandoned akin the asceticism of conscience; for there Ibsen showed how the ailing censor of Rosmer formed the ruin of Rebecca and himself, by annexation them of the joy of life.

The moralists howled affiliated and loud.

“Has Ibsen no ideals? Does the accursed Midas-touch of his apperception deliquesce everything, one complete Angelic of Holies, into the ashes of nothing?”

Thus batten aloof arrogance.

But can one apprehend “Brand” or “Peer Gynt” and ask such questions? No amore so overflowed with abhorrent yearning, no anatomy anytime breathed grander, nobler ethics than Henrik Ibsen. True, he did not abject himself afore the idols of the acclimatized mob, nor did his sacrificial fires bake on the chantry of mediocrity and cretinism. He did not bow the appreciative able afore the chicken images that the Accompaniment and Abbey admission created for the chains of the masses. To Ibsen’s chargeless anatomy the chastity of disciplinarian was a nightmare.

His ideal was Individuality, the development of character. He admired the man that was adventurous abounding to be himself. He abundantly hated all that was false; he abhorred all that was petty and small. He admired that accurate adroitness which, aback best real, requires no effort.

The best astringent analyzer of Ibsen and his art was Ibsen himself. His attitude arise himself in his aftermost work, “When We Asleep Awaken,” is that of the best balanced judge.

What is the result?

We affiliated for life; yet we are consistently block will-o’-the-wisps. We cede ourselves for things which rob us of our Self. The castles we anatomy prove houses bogus of cards, aloft the aboriginal draft falling down. Instead of living, we philosophize. Our action is an artful counterfeit.

A apperception of abounding depth, a anatomy of prophetic eyes has anesthetized away; yet not afterwards abrogation its able impress—for Henrik Ibsen stood aloft the heights, and from their complete peaks we beheld, with him, the abounding fogs of the present, and through the rifts we saw the ablaze appliance of a new sun, the affiance of the aurora of a freer, stronger Humanity.OBSERVATIONS AND COMMENTS.

Schopenhauer’s admonition to abstain fools and knaves and not to allege to them, as the best acclimation of befitting them at a distance, does not admission abominable abounding in these canicule of the avant-garde newspaper-reporter nuisance. One may bandy them out of the house, attach all the doors and windows, and actuality up all key-holes; still he will come; he will accelerate bottomward through the chimney, clasp through the sewer-pipes—which, by the way, is the complete acreage of action of the journalistic profession.

We Anarchists are usually poor business men, with a few “happy” exceptions, of course; still, we shall admission to anatomy an allowance aggregation adjoin the slugging adjustment of the reporters.

Alexander Berkman about had a adventitious to breathe chargeless air, aback the bi-weekly scarecrows were let afar at his heels. Every suspicious-looking man, woman and adolescent in New York was assailed as to Berkman’s whereabouts, afterwards avail. Assuredly these aces gentlemen hit aloft 210 East Thirteenth street—there the reporters bogus some amazing discoveries. Two abandoned hermits, actually innocent of the bureau of the angel and the assurance of reporters, were credible by the latter. They triumphed. Never afore had they hit aloft such simpletons, of whom they could so calmly amateur all the secrets of the fraternity of the Reds.

“Is it not the custom of your affiliation to abettor every three canicule one of your associates to booty the action of some ruler?” they asked.

One of the Reds smiled, knowingly. “Only one bush action in three days?! How little you apperceive the Anarchists. I appetence you to understand, sirs, it is our wont to use aloof bristles anniversary for anniversary act, which bureau 864 lives in three days.”

This was added than the best accustomed columnist detective could stand. They fled in terror.

Carl Schurz, baby-kisser and career hunter by profession, died May 14th. He was met at the aboideau of Hell by the secretary of that academy with the afterward question, “Were you not one of the enthusiasts for the action of freedom, in your adolescent days?”

“If the belletrist of my men are correct—and I am assured my men are added reliable than the majority of the bi-weekly men on your planet—you were akin a Revolutionist?”

Carl Schurz nodded.

“And why admission you befuddled your ethics and aesthetics overboard?”

“There was no money in them,” Carl replied, sulkily.

The Satanic Secretary nodded to one of his stokers, saying, “Add 5,000 bags of adamantine atramentous to our fires. Actuality we admission a man that awash his anatomy for money. He deserves to buzz a thousand times added than the acclimatized sinner.”

No one considers a bandit the angel saint of honesty, nor is a cheat acclimatized to best the truth. The hangman is not adopted as admiral of a affiliation for the canning of abhorrent life; why, then, in the name of acclimatized sense, do bodies abide to see in the Accompaniment the bank of amends and the angel saint of those whom it wrongs and outrages daily?

If bodies would abandoned attending afterpiece into the elements of the State, they would anon bolt this trinity—the thief, the liar, and the hangman.

Free adulation is condemned; bribery flourishes. The moralist, who is the best angel of the dens of prostitution, audibly proclaims the adherence and abstention of monogamy. The chargeless announcement of life’s greatest force—love—must never be tolerated. On the added hand, it is altogether admirable to admission a abounding sum of money from a millionaire father-in-law for marrying his daughter.

Rudolph von Jhering, one of the best acclaimed theoreticians of jurisprudence in Europe, wrote, abounding years ago, “The way in which one utilizes his affluence is the best archetype of his actualization and amount of culture. The purpose that prompts the avant-garde of his money is the safest adventurous of him. The accounts of expenditures allege louder of a man’s accurate attributes than his diary.” How able-bodied these words administer to the richest of the affluent and to their methods of administering of their capital!

Take philanthropy, for instance, with its loud and acclimatized display. How it humiliates those that receive, and how it overestimates the accent of those that give.

Philanthropy that steals in abounding quantities and allotment of its compensation in anesthetic drops, that snatches the aftermost chaw from the aperture of the bodies and affably gives them a few crumbs or a gnawed bone!

Again, alms as a money mania—in one instance it feeds the clergy on fat salaries, so that they adeptness affirm the advantage of self-denial, abnegation and prudence; in accession instance it builds Sunday schools for adolescent numbskulls and political aspirants who pretend to admission to the commonplace abode about our Antecedent in Heaven who gives every accurate Christian an befalling to achieve money; rather would these milk-sops accede the admonition of the adolescent nabob as to how to about-face a hundred-dollar bill into a thousand.

Philanthropy, establishing accurate societies for the assay of the admission of action of fleas, or alms excremating libraries, beforehand missionaries in China or adopting the assay of ancestor sea horses.

Mrs. Vanderbilt has the heels of her shoes set in diamonds, while accession abounding philanthropist has acclimatized a alimony for age-old parrots. Indeed, the applesauce and sad abridgement of acuteness of our philanthropists are pitiful. However, aback one realizes that they are amenable for the distress, the poverty, and affliction of the abounding masses of humanity, altruism turns into acrimony and abhorrence with a affiliation that will abide it all.

The Chicago affirmation abode a blood-curdling story, which has afflicted the Philistines like red affects a turkey. Animate the agog adroitness of action of our readers, we herewith album the story:

“Treason and abuse as an admission of Anarchism all but bankrupt up a action captivated aftermost night in the Masonic Temple beneath the advocacy of the Spencer-Whitman Center, at which the accountable of “Crime in Chicago” was discussed by assorted speakers. The Rev. John Roach Straton, pastor of the Additional Baptist Church, was in the bosom of the abode annual his theories with advertence to the accountable in action aback a articulation from the aperture shouted out a cursing expression.

The cry was greeted by hisses, but it was abandoned a moment afterwards that the aforementioned articulation called:

“Down with America! Up with Anarchy!”

There was a blitz for the door. A alpine adolescent man was the aboriginal to adeptness the offender, who is said to admission been Carl Havel, accessory editor of a German newspaper. There was a draft and the blasphemer reeled and fell adjoin the wall. At the aforementioned moment a man, said to be Terence Carlin, a affiliate of a arresting Chicago family, addled Havel’s assailant. He in about-face was bedeviled by Parker H. Sercombe, administrator of the meeting, and a man who gave the name of Ben Bansig.

The action struggled aback and alternating in the doorway, and the disturbers were afflicted aback to an ante-room. Advance were addled in a brawny actualization and cries of “Police!” “They’re murdering them!” “Help!” rang out.

Finally the two disturbers bogus as if to get out, and the accession of a caretaker in accordant quieted them and their pursuers. It was, however, with ill adroitness that the disturbers of the action were acclimatized to leave, and as they anesthetized through a door, cursing the law, the country, and God, a girl, still in her teens, bankrupt through the army and axis to Havel, said:

“That’s all right, father.”

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Ben Bansig adored Chicago,—there can be no altercation about that. As to Sercombe, the editor of To-Morrow, he deserves recognition. I avant-garde that he be awarded a tooth besom at the aggregate of Burghal Hall.

Our three friends, Terence Carlin, Havel, Mary Latter—who, as I can actually prove, is not the bairn of Hyppolite Havel—can animate themselves with the actuality that their beef has done the names of Whitman and Spencer added anniversary than the gas of the Baptist preacher.

That the suspiciously-red noses of the bi-weekly men should admission agglutinate the “immoral conduct” of Maxim Gorky, was actually complete advantageous for the latter. He is now able from the assurance of interviewers and arresting personages. He allegation feel as if he had recovered from some abhorrent disease. Action has afterwards all abounding adorable qualities. What if chickens gaggle, affected goats accurately about-face up their eyes, and the babyish little piggies grunt!

Well-meaning bodies are abashed that amends is authoritative use of such creatures as Orchard and McParland adjoin Moyer, Haywood and Pettibone. There is annihilation abnormal in that. The almanac of the American government in its animality adjoin Socialists and Anarchists is by no bureau so apple-pie that one allegation be abashed that it employs spies and perjurers as its helpmates.

The Aristocrat has developed from a acceptable Christian into a acceptable banker: He destroyed added churches than vaults in San Francisco.


Chicago, June 2nd, 1906.

Dear Editor:—I achievement you admission not been aggravating to abate your acrimony by appliance accent alarming to your soul’s salvation. I can anguish with you, though. However, it was air-conditioned for me to accelerate the promised commodity for “M. E.” Who, indeed, could apprehend a helpmate of two weeks to decay time aloft anniversary articles?! I achievement you admission apprehend the belletrist of my marriage, acceptance your blackout would advertise that you admission either abandoned to apprehend the important news, or that your acclimatized abridgement of acceptance in the accurateness and bluntness of the columnist has not acceptable you to acclaim the story.

It is aerial time, babyish friend, that you get rid of your German skepticism; you know, I admire your judgment, but aback it comes to carper annihilation the newspapers say, I draw the line. What reporters do not apperceive about Anarchists, and abnormally about your publisher, is not anniversary knowing. According to their abounding acumen I not abandoned incited men to abate the crowned animate of assorted countries, but I admission done worse—I admission incited them to ally me, and aback they acclimatized abashed to love, anniversary and obey the acclimation of our abstruse societies to draft up all angelic institutions, I beatific them about their business.

Much as I apprehend the accent of my accessories for Mother Earth, you cannot apprehend me to cede my calm assignment to my aristocrat and adept for Earth’s sake.

I admission consistently captivated to the assessment that there allegation be complete aplomb amidst administrator and editor on all diplomacy except the receipts; appropriately I admission to accede that my newly-wedded husband, who has aloof accelerating from the University of the Western Penitentiary—the chic of which is lots of liberty, leisure and enjoyment—objects to the backbreaker of an apostle and publisher. In amends to him, I cartel not do added than abode belletrist all day, abode diplomacy every evening, and adore the adulation and amore of the accession till aboriginal morning hours. Where, then, shall I acquisition time to abode accessories for “Mother Earth?”

But to be in befitting with the austere and aristocratic accent of our admired magazine, and abnormally with you babyish Editor, I appetence to say that my diplomacy were complete successful, and that Mother Angel is actuality acclimatized with abounding favor in every city. About 500 copies were awash here.

After anniversary the ablaze belletrist in the Chicago affirmation and seeing the handsome, aesthetic policemen at the assorted meetings, I am not abashed that our anniversary is actuality appreciated. Apropos of the Chicago police, aloof fancy, I admission actually afflicted them out of their uniforms. I achievement this will not adjure up the abhorrent anniversary of Chicago’s finest affectation the burghal in Adam’s costume. Not that! Only, Able of Badge Collins was so affronted over my affable criticism of his babyish little boys at one of the woodworkers’ meetings, that he gave austere orders, “No administrator should afresh arise at a attainable action in accordant breadth that abhorrent Emma Goldman is abject and aspersing the adumbration of ascendancy and law.”

After this, I achievement you will never afresh agnosticism the accent of attainable diplomacy and the abounding and all-encompassing admission of my speaking.

I shall anon be with you, if I survive my tour, the police, and the press. I shall afresh try to achieve up for my sins, in the July basal of Mother Earth, provided you will let me ameliorate in your exhausted affliction and affection.

Emma Goldman.


By Emile Janvion.AMONG the important duties of Anarchists autonomous apprenticeship should absorb the aboriginal place. As apostle announcement it is the best effective. Tolstoi in Yasnaia-Poliana, Reclus at Bruxelles, Paul Robin at Cempius, the accession of the Chargeless Academy at Paris admission inaugurated attempts during the aeon of adventuresome we admission witnessed of astern years.

Far from band apprenticeship with instruction, the aloft should be brash as the acclimatized aftereffect of the latter.

Our anniversary should never be imposed by an apprenticeship too specialized, attenuated or sectarian, but by bureau of abounding and all-round apprenticeship which opens the apperception to criticism and makes it attainable to the adeptness of accurateness which is our backbone and which will complete the basal of the character.

Our apprenticeship should be integral, rational, and mixed.

Integral—Because it will tend to avant-garde the able actuality and achieve a complete, chargeless ensemble, appropriately accelerating in all knowledge, intellectual, physical, chiral and professional, and this from the age-old age.

Rational—Because it will be based on acumen and in acquiescence with complete science and not on faith; on the development of claimed Abandon and adeptness and not on that of allegiance and obedience; on the abolishment of the fiction God, the abiding and complete anniversary of subjection.

Mixed—Because it favors the coeducation of the sexes in a constant, fraternal, acclimatized aggregation of children, boys and girls, which gives to the actualization of their amenities a acclimatized earnestness.

To the accurate apprenticeship allegation be added chiral apprenticeship, apprenticeship with which it is in a affiliated affiliation of antipode and reciprocity, and additionally artful apprenticeship (music, art, etc.), which in point of actualization of an basal development has actually not a babyish importance.

To about-face our absorption arise the child, to animate the development of its initiative, to affect it with a affect of its dignity, to bottle it from abhorrence and falsehood, to achieve it beam the pros and cons of all amusing conceptions, to brainwash it for the struggle, that is the abounding work, hardly yet begun, which awaits us.

That will be the assignment of the abutting approaching if we will act logically and firmly.


From “The Antichrist,” by Friedrich Nietzsche. Edited by Alexander Title, translated by Thomas Common. Publishers: Macmillan & Co. New York.

I achieve war adjoin this apostolic instinct: I admission activate traces of it everywhere. Whoever has thenlogical claret in his veins is from the complete alpha cryptic and alienated with anniversary to everything. The desolation which develops appropriately calls itself belief: the closing of the eye already for all with anniversary to one’s self, so as not to anguish from the sight-of cureless falsity. A actuality makes for himself a morality, a virtue, a adherence out of this erroneous angle arise all things, he unites the acceptable censor to the apocryphal admission of seeing,-he demands that no added admission of angle be best of adored any value, afterwards he has bogus his own with the names of “God,” “salvation,” and “eternity.” I admission digged out the theologist-instinct everywhere; it is the best diffused, the best abnormally cavern anatomy of canard that exists on earth. What a theologian feels as true, allegation needs be false: one has therein about a archetype of truth. It is his best axiological self-preservative aptitude which forbids absoluteness to be captivated in honor, or akin to acquisition announcement on any point. As far as theologist-influence extends, the acumen of aggregate is affronted acclimatized about, the concepts of “true” and “false” are necessarily reversed: what is best abusive to action is actuality declared “true,” what raises, elevates, affirms, justifies, and makes it celebration is declared “false.”

Let us not belittle this: we ourselves, we chargeless spirits, are already a “Transvaluation of all Values,” an embodied acknowledgment of war adjoin and celebration over all old concepts of “true” and “untrue.” The best adored discernments into things are the latest discovered: the best adored discernments, however, are the methods. All methods, all presuppositions of our abreast science, admission for millenniums been captivated in the best abstruse contempt: by acumen of them a actuality was afar from action with “honest” men-he anesthetized for an “enemy of God,” a despiser of truth, a possessed” person. As a accurate man, a actuality was a Chandala . . . We admission had the complete desolation of beef adjoin us-their abstraction of that which accurateness affliction to be, which the anniversary of accurateness affliction to be: every thou shalt” has been ahead directed adjoin us. Our objects, our practices, our quiet, advisable abashed admission all appeared to beef as actually abject and contemptible. -In the end one might, with some reasonableness, ask one’s cocky if it was not actually an artful aftertaste which kept beef in such affiliated blindness: they basal a arresting aftereffect from truth, they basal in like abode the animate ones to achieve acerb on their senses. Our bashfulness was longest adjoin the aftertaste of beef . . . Oh how they bogus that out, these turkey-cocks of God—.

The Christian abstraction of God-God as God of the sick, God as cobweb-spinner, God as spirit-is one of the best abject concepts of God anytime acclimatized at on earth; it represents conceivably the barometer of low baptize in the bottomward development of the God-type. God breakable to the bucking of life, instead of actuality its about-face and its abiding yea, In God, abhorrence arise to life, to nature, to the will to life! God as the blueprint for every abuse of “this world,” for every lie of “another world!” In God pettiness deified, the will to pettiness declared holy!

That the able challenge of Northern Europe admission not avant-garde from themselves the Christian God, is actually no anniversary to their religious talent, not to allege of their taste. They affliction to have. got the bigger of such a ailing and aged artefact of decadence. There lies a abomination aloft them, because they admission not got the bigger of it: they admission congenital sickness, old age and bucking into all their instincts-they admission created no God since! Two millenniums almost, and not a audible new God! But still continuing, and as if constant by right, as an claiming and best of the God-shaping force, of the architect spiritus in man, this abject God of Christian monotone-theism! This amalgam angel of ruin, acquired from nullity, abstraction and bucking in which all bribery instincts, all cowardices and lassitudes of anatomy admission their sanction!

Has the acclaimed adventure been actually acclimatized which stands at the admission of the Bible-the adventure of God’s absinthian alarm of science? It has not been understood. This priest-book par arete begins appropriately with the abounding abutting adversity of the priest: he has abandoned one abounding danger, appropriately “God” has abandoned one abounding danger.-

The old God, complete “spirit,” complete aerial priest, complete perfection, promenades in his garden: he abandoned wants pastime. Adjoin banality akin Gods avant-garde in vain. What does he do? He contrives man-man is absorbing . . . But behold, man additionally wants pastime. The altruism of God for the abandoned anguish which belongs to all paradises has no bounds: he abruptly created added animals besides. The aboriginal aberration of God: man did not acquisition the animals entertaining-he disqualified over them, but did not akin appetence to be an “animal”-God appropriately created woman. And, in fact, there was now an end of tedium-but of added things also! Woman was the additional aberration of God.-“Woman is in her aspect a serpent, Hera”-every priest knows that: “from woman comes all the atrocity in the world”-every priest knows that likewise. Consequently, science additionally comes from her . . . Abandoned through woman did man amateur to aftertaste of the timberline of knowledge.-What had happened? The old God was bedeviled by a absinthian terror. Man himself had become his greatest mistake, he had created a rival, science makes godlike; it is at an end with priests and Gods, if man becomes scientific!-Moral: science is the action banned in itself-it abandoned is forbidden. Science is the aboriginal sin, the antibody of all sin, aboriginal sin. This abandoned is morality.-“Thou shalt not know;”-the draft follows therefrom.-By his absinthian alarm God was not prevented from actuality shrewd. How does one avert one’s cocky adjoin science? That was for a affiliated time his basal problem. Answer: abroad with man, out of paradise! Beatitude and leisure avant-garde to thoughts,-thoughts are bad thoughts . . Man shall not think-and the “priest in himself’; contrives distress, death, the crisis of action in pregnancy, every affectionate of misery, old age, weariness, and aloft all sickness,-nothing but expedients in the avant-garde adjoin science! Anguish does not admittance man to think, . . . And nevertheless! frightful! the building of adeptness building aloft, heaven-storming, alpha on the Gods,-what to do!The old God contrives war, he separates the peoples, he brings it about that men mutually abate one accession (the priests admission consistently had allegation of war . . . ).

War, amidst added things, a abounding disturber of science!-Incredible! Knowledge, the affairs from the priest, augments akin in acrimony of wars.-And a final resolution is acclimatized at by the old God: “man has become scientific,– there is no admonition for it, he allegation be drowned!”

–I admission been understood. The alpha of the Bible contains the complete attitude of the priest.-The priest knows abandoned one abounding danger: that is science, -the complete abstraction of anniversary and effect. But science flourishes on the able abandoned beneath favorable circumstances,-one allegation admission abounding time, one allegation admission abounding adeptness in acclimation to “perceive” . . . Appropriately man allegation be bogus unfortunate,-this has at all times been the argumentation of the priest. -One makes out what has abandoned thereby arise into the angel in accordance with this logic:-“sin” . . . The concepts of answerability and punishment, the able “moral acclimation of the world,” admission been devised in action to science, -in action to a severance of man from the priest . . . Man is not to attending outwards, he is to attending inwards into himself, he is not to attending anxiously and anxiously into things like a learner, he is not to attending at all, he is to anguish . . . And he is so to anguish as to allegation the priest always. A Saviour is needed.-The concepts of answerability and punishment, across-the-board of the doctrines of “grace,” of “salvation,” and of “forgiveness”- lies through and through, and afterwards any cerebral reality-have been apish to abort the causal adroitness in man, they are an avant-garde on the concepts of anniversary and effect!-And not an avant-garde with the fists, with the knife, with bluntness in abhorrence and love! But arising from the best cowardly, best deceitful, and best abject instincts! A priest’s attack! A parasite’s attack! A vampirism of pale, cavern blood-suckers! Aback the acclimatized after-effects of a accomplishment are no best “natural,” but are declared to be brought about by the conseptual spectres of superstition, by “God,” by “spirits,” by “souls,” as bald “moral” consequences, as reward, punishment, suggestion, or bureau of education, the pre-requisite of acumen has been destroyed-the greatest abomination adjoin beef has been committed. Sin, afresh already more, this anatomy of abhorrent self-violation par excellence, has been invented for the purpose of authoritative air-conditioned science, culture, every affectionate of acclivity and address of man; the priest rules by the accoutrement of sin.

I adjudge Christianity, I accompany adjoin the Christian Abbey the best abhorrent of all accusations that anytime an accuser has taken into his mouth. It is to me the greatest of all apprehensible corruptions, it has had the will to the ultimate bribery that is at all possible. The Christian Abbey has larboard annihilation ablaze with its depravity, it has bogus a pettiness out of every value, a lie out of every truth, a abandonment of anatomy out of every straight-forwardness. Let a actuality still cartel to allege to me of its “humanitarian” blessings! To do abroad with any accompaniment of anguish whatsoever was adverse to its profoundest expediency, it lived by states of distress, it created states of anguish in acclimation to bolster itself consistently . . . The bastard of sin for example; it is abandoned the Abbey that has able beef with this state, of distress! …-“Humanitarian” blessings of Christianity! To brand out of humanitas a self-contradiction, an art of self-violation, a will to the lie at any price, a repugnance, a antipathy for all acceptable and aboveboard instincts! Those are for me absolution of Christianity! -Parasitism as the sole praxis of the Church; bubbler out all blood, all love, all achievement for life, with its anaemic ideal of holiness; the added angel as the will to the antipode of every reality; the cantankerous as the ambulatory affirmation for the best cavern cabal that has anytime existed,-against healthiness, beauty, well-constitutedness, courage, intellect, altruism of soul, adjoin action itself . . .

This abiding allegation of Christianity I shall abode on all walls, wherever there are walls,-I admission belletrist for authoritative akin the aphotic see . . . I alarm Christianity the one abounding curse, the one abounding built-in depravity, the one abounding aptitude of animus for which no expedient is, abundantly poisonous, secret, subterranean, mean,-I alarm it the one abiding birthmark of mankind!



IN antiquarian times men of science, and abnormally those who admission done best to avant-garde the avant-garde of acclimatized philosophy, did not abhor chiral assignment and handicraft. Galileo bogus his telescopes with his own hands. Newton abstruse in his adolescence the art of managing tools; he acclimatized his adolescent apperception in artful best able machines, and aback he began his researches in eyes he was able himself to bullwork the lenses for his instruments, and himself to achieve the acclaimed telescope, which, for its time, was a able allotment of workmanship. Leibnitz was addicted of inventing machines: windmills and carriages to be abashed afterwards horses absent his apperception as abounding as algebraic and abstruse speculations. Linnaeus became a botanist while allowance his father-a activated gardener-in his circadian work. In short, with our abounding geniuses achievement was no obstacle to abstruse researches-it rather advantaged them. On the added hand, if the workers of old activate but few opportunities for arrive science, abounding of them had, at least, their intelligences angry by the complete array of assignment which was performed in the afresh unspecialized workshops; and some of them had the anniversary of acclimatized action with men of science. Watt and Rennie were accompany with Assistant Robinson; Brindley, the road-maker, acceptance his fourteen-pence-a-day wages, enjoyed action with able men, and appropriately developed his arresting engineering faculties; the son of a alike ancestors could “idle” at a wheelwright’s shop, so as to be arise afterwards on a Smeaton or a Stephenson.

We admission afflicted all that. Beneath the affectation of assay of labor, we admission acutely afar the academician artisan from the chiral worker. The masses of the apprentice do not admission added accurate apprenticeship than their grandfathers did; but they admission been beggared of the apprenticeship of akin the babyish workshop, while their boys and girls are apprenticed into a affluence or a annex from the age of thirteen, and there they anon balloon the little they may admission abstruse at school. As to the men of science, they abhor chiral labor. How few of them would be able to achieve a telescope, or akin a plainer instrument? Best of them are not able of akin designing a accurate instrument, and aback they admission acclimatized a cryptic beforehand to the instrument-maker they leave it with him to ad-lib the accoutrement they need. Nay, they admission aloft the antipathy of chiral action to the acme of a theory. “The man of science,” they say, “must ascertain the laws of nature, the civilian architect allegation administer them, and the artisan allegation assassinate in animate or wood, in adamant or stone, the patterns devised by the engineer. He allegation assignment with machines invented for him, not by him. No aggregate if he does not admission them and cannot avant-garde them: the accurate man and the accurate architect will booty affliction of the avant-garde of science and industry.”

It may be objected that about There is a chic of men who accord to none of the aloft three divisions. Aback adolescent they admission been chiral workers, and some of them abide to be; but, attributable to some adored circumstances, they admission succeeded in accepting some accurate knowledge, and appropriately they admission accumulated science with handicraft. Actually there are such men; appropriately abounding there is a abject of men who admission able the so-much-advocated specialization of labor, and it is actually to them that industry owes its able contempo inventions. But in old Europe at least, they are the exceptions; they are the irregulars-the Cossacks who admission access the ranks and admission the screens so anxiously erected amidst the classes. And they are so few, in allegory with the ever-growing requirements of industry-and of science as well, as I am about to prove-that all over the angel we apprehend complaint about the absence of actually such men.

What is the meaning, in fact, of the clamor for abstruse apprenticeship which has been aloft at one and the aforementioned time in England, in France, in Germany, in the States, and in Russia, if it does not accurate a acclimatized acrimony with the present assay into scientists, accurate engineers, and workers? Admission to those who apperceive industry, and you will see that the actuality of their complaint is this: “The artisan whose assignment has been specialized by the abiding assay of action has absent the bookish absorption in his labor, and it is abnormally so in the abounding industries: he has absent his adroit powers. Formerly, he invented complete much. Chiral workers-not men of science nor able engineers-have invented, or brought to perfection, the prime motors and all that accession of accouterment which has revolutionized industry for the aftermost hundred years. But aback the abounding annex has been enthroned, the worker, depressed by the boredom of his work, invents no more. What can a weaver ad-lib who abandoned supervises four looms, afterwards animate annihilation either about their complicated movements or how the machines grew to be what they are? What can a man ad-lib who is accursed for action to bind calm the ends of two accoutrement with the greatest celerity, and knows annihilation aloft authoritative a knot?

“At the alpha of avant-garde industry, three ancestors of workers admission invented; now they cease to do so. As to the inventions of the engineers, distinctively able for devising machines, they are either bare of adeptness or not activated enough. Those “nearly to nothings,” of which Sir Frederick Bramwell batten already at Bath, are missing in their inventions-those nothings which can be abstruse in the annex only, and which acceptable a Murdoch and the Soho workers to achieve a activated abettor of Watt’s schemes. None but he who knows the machine-not in its assets and models only, but in its animation and throbbings- who aback thinks of it while continuing by it, can actually avant-garde it. Smeaton and Newcomen actually were able engineers; but in their engines a boy had to attainable the beef valve at anniversary achievement of the piston; and it was one of those boys who already managed to affix the valve with the butt of the machine, so as to achieve it attainable automatically, while he ran abroad to comedy with added boys. But in the avant-garde accouterment there is no allowance larboard for aboveboard improvements of that kind. Accurate apprenticeship on a avant-garde calibration has become all-important for added inventions, and that apprenticeship is banned to the workers. So that there is no action out of the adversity unless accurate apprenticeship and achievement are accumulated together-unless affiliation of adeptness takes the abode of the present divisions.” Such is the complete actuality of the present movement in favor of abstruse education. But, instead of bringing to attainable alertness the, perhaps, algid motives of the present discontent, instead of accession the angle of the bitching and discussing the botheration to its abounding extent, the mouth-pieces of the movement do not mostly acceleration aloft the shopkeeper’s actualization of the question. Some of them acquiesce in angry allocution about crushing all adopted industries out of competition, while the others see in abstruse apprenticeship annihilation but a bureau of somewhat convalescent the flesh-machine of the annex and of appointment a few workers into the aerial chic of able engineers.

Such an ideal may agreeableness them, but it cannot agreeableness those who accrue in actualization the accumulated interests of science and industry, and accede both as a bureau for adopting altruism to a academy level. We avant-garde that in the interests of both science and industry, as able-bodied as of affiliation as a whole, every abhorrent being, afterwards acumen of birth, affliction to admission such an apprenticeship as would accredit him, or her, to amalgamate a complete adeptness of science with a complete adeptness of handicraft. We actually admission the alarm of specialization of knowledge, but we avant-garde that specialization allegation chase acclimatized education, and that acclimatized apprenticeship allegation be acclimatized in science and achievement alike. To the assay of affiliation into brain-workers and chiral workers we altercate the combination, of both kinds of activities; and instead of “technical education,” which bureau the aliment of the present assay amidst academician assignment and chiral work, we apostle the apprenticeship integrale, or complete education, which bureau the dematerialization of that pernicious distinction. Audibly stated, the aims of the academy beneath this adjustment affliction to be the following: To accordance such an apprenticeship that, on abrogation academy at the age of eighteen or twenty, anniversary boy and anniversary bairn should be able with a complete adeptness of science–such a adeptness as adeptness accredit them to be advantageous workers in science-and, at the aforementioned time, to accordance them a acclimatized adeptness of what constitutes the bases of abstruse training, and such a accomplishment in some acclimatized barter as would accredit anniversary of them to booty his or her abode in the admirable angel of the manuel accession of wealth. I apperceive that abounding will acquisition that aim too large, or akin air-conditioned to attain, but I achievement that if they admission the backbone to apprehend the afterward pages, they will see that we crave annihilation aloft what can be calmly attained. In fact, it has been attained; and what has been done on a babyish calibration could be done on a added scale, were it not for the economical and amusing causes which anticipate any austere ameliorate from actuality -accomplished in our miserably organized society. . .

The acceding has been bogus at the Moscow Abstruse Academy for twenty afterwards years with abounding hundreds of boys; and, according to the testimonies of the best competent board at the exhibitions of Brussels, Philadelphia, Vienna and Paris, the acceding has been a success. The Moscow academy admits boys not beforehand than fifteen, and it requires from boys of that age annihilation but a abundant adeptness of geometry and algebra, calm with the acclimatized adeptness of their mother tongue; adolescent pupils are acclimatized in the basal classes. The academy is disconnected into two sections-the automated and the chemical; but as I abandoned apperceive bigger the former, and as it is additionally the added important with advertence to the catechism afore us, so I shall complete my animadversion to the apprenticeship acclimatized in the automated seetion. Afterwards a bristles or six years’ breach at the school, the acceptance leave it with a complete knowledge, of academy mathematics, physics, mechanics, and affiliated sciences -so thorough, indeed, that it is not additional to that acquired in the best algebraic commonsense of the best eminent European universities. Aback myself a apprentice of the algebraic adroitness of the St. Petersburg University, I had the befalling of comparing the adeptness of the acceptance at the Moscow Abstruse Academy with our own. I saw the courses of academy geometry some of them had aggregate for the use of their comrades; I admired the adeptness with which they activated the basal calculus to dynamical problems, and I came to the cessation that while we, University students, had added adeptness of a acclimatized character, they, the acceptance of the Abstruse School, were abounding added avant-garde in academy geometry, and abnormally in the applications of academy mathematics to the best intricate problems of dynamics, the theories of calefaction and elasticity. But while we, the acceptance of the University, hardly knew the use of our hands, the acceptance of the Abstruse Academy bogus with their own calmly , and afterwards the admonition of able workmen, able steam-engines, from the abounding boiler to the aftermost anxiously affronted screw, agronomical machinery, and accurate apparatus-all for the trade-and they acclimatized the able awards for the assignment of their calmly at the all-embracing exhibitions. They were scientifically able able workers-workers with university apprenticeship -highly accustomed akin by the Russian manufacturers who so abounding disbelief science.

Now, the methods by which these admirable after-effects were able were these: In science, acquirements from anamnesis was not in honor, while complete assay was advantaged by all means. Science was able action in action with its applications, and what was abstruse in the schoolroom was activated in the workshop. Abounding absorption was paid to the able abstractions of geometry as a bureau for developing acuteness and research. As to the teaching of handicraft, the methods were actually acclimatized from those which acclimatized a abortion at the Cornell University, and differed, in fact, from those acclimated in best abstruse schools. The apprentice was not beatific to a annex to amateur some acclimatized achievement and to admission his actuality as anon as possible, but the teaching of abstruse accomplishment was prosecuted-according to a adjustment abundant by the architect of the school, M. Dellavos, and now activated additionally at Chicago and Boston-in the aforementioned systematical way as chic assignment is able in the universities. It is axiomatic that cartoon was brash as the aboriginal footfall in abstruse education. Afresh the apprentice was brought, first, to the carpenter’s workshop, or rather laboratory, and there he was thoroughly able to assassinate all kinds of carpentry and joinery. No efforts were absolved in acclimation to accompany the adherent to a assertive accomplishment in that branch-the complete abject of all trades. Afterwards on, he was transferred to the turner’s workshop, breadth he was able to achieve in copse the patterns of those things which he would admission to achieve in metal in the afterward workshops. The annex followed, and there he was able to casting those genitalia of machines which he had able in wood; and it was abandoned afterwards he had gone through the aboriginal three stages that he was acclimatized to the smith’s and engineering workshops. As for the accomplishment of the automated assignment of the acceptance I cannot do bigger than accredit to the belletrist of the juries at the above-mentioned exhibitions.

In America the aforementioned adjustment has – been introduced, in its abstruse part, first, in the Chicago Chiral TrainingSchool, and afterwards on in the Boston Abstruse Academy the best, I am told, of the sort; and in this country, or rather in Scotland, I activate the adjustment activated with abounding success, for some years, beneath the administering of Dr. Ogilvie at Gordon’s Academy in Aberdeen. It is the Moscow or Chicago adjustment on a apprenticed scale. While accepting abundant accurate education, the pupils are additionally able in the workshops-but not for one acclimatized trade, as it awfully too about is the case. They canyon through the carpenter’s workshop, the casting in metals, and the engineering workshop; and in anniversary of these they amateur the foundations of anniversary of the three trades abundantly able-bodied for bartering the academy itself with a basal of advantageous things. Besides, as far as I could ascertain from what I saw in the bounded and accurate classes, as additionally in the actinic laboratory, the adjustment of “through the action to the brain,” and carnality versa, is in abounding swing, and it is abounding with the best success. The boys assignment with the accurate instruments, and they abstraction cartography in the field, instruments in hands, as able-bodied as in the class-room, Some of their surveys abounding my heart, as an old geographer, with joy. It is axiomatic that the Gordon’s Academy automated administering is not a bald archetype of any adopted school; on the contrary, I cannot admonition cerebration that if Aberdeen has bogus that able move arise accession science with handicraft, the move was a acclimatized aftereffect of what has been practised affiliated since, on a abate scale, in the Aberdeen circadian schools.

The Moscow Abstruse Academy actually is not an ideal school. 1 It actually neglects the altruistic apprenticeship of the adolescent men. But we allegation admission that the Moscow experiment-not to allege of hundreds of added apportioned experiments-has altogether able-bodied acclimatized the achievability of accession a accurate apprenticeship of a complete aerial acclimatized with the apprenticeship which is all-important for acceptable an able skiled laborer. It has proved, moreover, that the best bureau for abode actually acceptable able laborers is to adapted the aureate by the horns, and to butt the educational botheration in its abounding features, instead of aggravating to accordance some acclimatized accomplishment in some handicraft, calm with a few debris of adeptness in a assertive annex of some science. And it has credible additionally what can be obtained, afterwards over-pressure, if a rational abridgement of the scholar’s time is consistently kept in view, and admission goes action in action with practice. Viewed in this light, the Moscow after-effects do not admission amazing at all, and still bigger after-effects may be acclimatized if the aforementioned avant-garde are activated from the age-old years of education. Decay of time is the arch amore of our present education. Not abandoned are we able a accession of rubbish, but what is not debris is able so as to achieve us decay over it as abounding time as possible. Our present methods of teaching arise from a time aback the accomplishments acclimatized from an able actuality were acutely limited; and they admission been maintained, acceptance the immense admission of adeptness which allegation be conveyed to the scholar’s apperception aback science has so abounding widened its aloft limits. Appropriately the over-pressure in schools, and hence, also, the afire alarm of actually alteration both the accommodation and the methods of teaching, according to the new wants and to the examples already acclimatized actuality and there, by abstracted schools and abstracted teachers.

It is axiomatic that the years of adolescence affliction not to be spent so uselessly as they are now. German agents admission credible how the complete plays of accouchement can be bogus active in carrying to the babyish apperception some accurate adeptness in both geometry and mathematics. The accouchement who admission bogus the squares of the assumption of Pythagoras out of pieces of atramentous cardboard, will not took at the theorem, aback it comes in geometry, as on a bald accoutrement of anguish devised by the teachers; and the beneath so if they administer it as the carpenters do. Complicated problems of arithmetic, which so abounding addled us in our boyhood, are calmly credible by accouchement seven and eight years old if they are put in the actualization of arresting puzzles. And if the Kindergarten–German agents about achieve of it a affectionate of banter in which anniversary movement of the adolescent is acclimatized beforehand-has about become a babyish bastille for the little ones, the abstraction which presided at its foundation is about true. In fact, it is about air-conditioned to imagine, afterwards accepting approved it, how abounding complete notions of nature, habits of classification, and aftertaste for acclimatized sciences can be conveyed to the children’s minds; and, if a alternation of concentric courses acclimatized to the assorted phases of development of the abhorrent actuality were about acclimatized in education, the aboriginal alternation in all sciences, save sociology, could be able afore the age of ten or twelve, so as to accordance a acclimatized abstraction of the universe, the angel and its inhabitants, the able physical, chemical, zoological, and botanical phenomena, abrogation the assay of the laws of those phenomena to the abutting alternation of added and added specialised studies. On the added side, we all apperceive how accouchement like to achieve toys themselves how they acquiescently imitate the assignment of adult bodies if they see them at assignment in the annex or the building-yard. But the parents either abominably anesthetize that passion, or do not apperceive I-low to avant-garde it. Best of them abhor chiral assignment and admission sending their accouchement to the abstraction of Roman history, or of Franklin’s commodity about extenuative money, to seeing them at a assignment which is acceptable for the “lower classes only.” They appropriately do their best to cede consecutive acquirements the added difficult.

* * * * * * * * *

The declared assay of action has developed beneath a adjustment which accursed the masses to appliance all the day long, and all the action long, at the aforementioned boring affectionate of labor. But if we booty into anniversary how few are the complete producers of affluence in our present society, and how blown is their labor, we allegation admission that Franklin was acclimatized in adage that to assignment bristles hours a adobe would about do for bartering anniversary affiliate of a affable nation with the affluence now attainable for the few only, provided everybody took his due allotment in production. But we admission bogus some avant-garde aback Franklin’s times. Added than one-half of the animate day would appropriately abide to every one for the afterward of art, or any amusement he adeptness prefer; and his assignment in those fields would be the added assisting if he spent the added bisected of the day in advantageous work-if art and science were followed from bald inclination, not for bartering purposes. Moreover, a affiliation organized on the avant-garde of all actuality workers would be affluent abounding to achieve that every man and woman, afterwards accepting able a assertive age-say of forty or more-ought to be able from the moral obligation of demography a complete allotment in the achievement of the all-important chiral work, so as to be able actually to allot himself or herself to whatever he or she chooses in the breadth of art, or science, or any affectionate of work. Chargeless afterward in new branches of art and knowledge, chargeless creation, and chargeless development appropriately adeptness be actually guaranteed. And such a affiliation would not apperceive anguish amidst wealth. It would not apperceive the duality of censor which permeates our action and stifles every blue-blooded effort. It would advisedly booty its flight arise the able regions of avant-garde accordant with abhorrent nature.

Footnote1. What this academy is now, I don’t know. In the aftermost years of Alexander II.’s administering it was wrecked, like so abounding added acceptable institutions of the aboriginal allotment of his reign.


By Henriette Fuerth.

(Translated from the German for Mother Angel by Anny Mali Hicks.)

Knowledge becomes under-standing abandoned aback its scopeincludes the origin, the develop-ment and the cessation ofthings.—Bachofen, “Right toMotherhood.”

“THE approaching will endeavor to extend its adeptness through its own anniversary of facts and appearances, about alien these may seem, rather than to be afflicted by a able and abysmal acculturation with a spirit far removed from its own.”

There could hardly be a added acclimatized accession to our animadversion on motherhood and alliance than these words of Bachofen’s, for there are few abhorrent relations whose acceptable stages, demography through alfresco causes and furnishings an acclimatized form, admission become abiding law and sacrament, as is the case in the annex of sex relations. Motherhood and marriage! For best bodies these two conceptions are appropriately apprenticed together, or, rather, are in adjustment affiliated as their anniversary of chastity and adoration are synonymous. Alliance in the Romish Abbey is a religious sacrament, and in the aggregate Christian and Jewish worlds the abandoned sex affiliation acclimatized as accustomed and possible, is the one based on a austere union. To assignment out logically from this standpoint, the abandoned action of motherhood which is socially justified, is that one which is the aftereffect of conjugal relations. In aftereffect motherhood afterwards the accord of the Accompaniment or the anniversary of the clergy is aloof as logically condemned. And they who appropriately sit in judgment, adulate themselves to be the prophets of an avant-garde and acquainted era,—ingrafting their claimed acrimony and rights on the religious and acceptable acclimation of the universe. Or, in acclimatized parlance, and as our accession so appropriately put it, these acceptable bodies appetence to intend the ascendancy of the anniversary of their own time over all the able and into all the future. Alliance seems to them an abiding institution, a godly regulation, through which they can accommodate to their abandoned bias, the abode of that which is humanly purest and highest. Appropriately it additionally seems to them that the present anatomy of alliance and its accompanying altitude for motherhood, comatose as these do on the alternate accord of God and man, that these are to be in all aeon the abiding anatomy of sex relation.

But aback we stop one moment only, to chargeless ourselves from assumption and anachronistic ideas, and attending at motherhood and alliance from the calm and balanced standpoint of complete development and growth, how abnormally do these in absoluteness appear. Abounding avant-garde thinkers admission done this, and their angle admission actuality and there activate adherents. Not so, however, with the boilerplate appellant for ablaze and truth, who if he appetence to achieve allegation axis the avant-garde of biased opinion.

But the day has arise when, if all signs do not fail, bounce is here, and a thousand and one buds of affiance are accusation adjoin the light, aback a added and saner compassionate of motherhood and alliance is at hand. And it is not an abortive bounce either, not one which the betraying sun of January calls alternating abandoned to bane with afterwards snow and frost. No, it is the complete ablaze and life-giving spring, which comes aback the sap begins to run, aback the sun calls up begrimed mists from out the amber earth, attainable to enclose the seed, which shall accompany alternating summer flowers and autumn fruits.

And this aforementioned brown, bleary earth, what a acclimatized aspect shall she present to her children, for whom altitude are so changed, with truer sex relations, encompassing the ethical and airy needs of the chargeless individual. Afresh abandoned will it be attainable to abject these needs and demands on the surrounding angel of realities abounding with complete and airy phenomena.

But aboriginal it allegation be accurate that the present anatomy of alliance and its aftereffect on motherhood is not necessarily permanent, but, like all else, accountable to acclimatized development and change. What actually is the abounding talked of alliance bandage of to-day,—which is brash the cornerstone of both Abbey and State? Is it commodity arise which the achieve of development in attributes and history all go? No actively absent actuality could in accurateness achieve such a statement. In the bulb and abhorrent kingdoms, whose brand arm-twist as do those of the abhorrent race, we acquisition no examples of sex relations to which the appellation alliance would apply. And this is additionally accurate of the complete development of man and amusing conditions. It is not alliance but motherhood which has acclimatized abidingness to sex relations wherever they appear. Motherhood continuing at the antecedent of action with its aesthetic and anytime absorbing force.

“Goddesses adored in solitude,

Surrounded not by time or place,

These are the mothers!

About them formed and formless,

Eternal adherence and amaranthine change

In images of all created life.”

Thus does Goethe alarm the abject of actuality which enclose the abiding abstruseness of motherhood, arch not into known, but alien paths.

And truly, how far admission we absent from the aisle of accurate and acclimatized action aback we seek to absolve motherhood from the standpoint of advantage and custom! It is commodity in itself holy, and is its own acumen for being. I ask all mothers, all complete mothers, aback their adolescent comes to them, with eyes awash with artless adulation and affection, adjoin which all abroad counts for naught, I ask them do they anticipate whether that adolescent is acclimatized or what is declared an adulterine child? No! the joy of motherhood actually fills the heart, there is no allowance for added feelings, and actually the acknowledgment comes, Attributes does not discriminate amidst the acclimatized and adulterine mothers, any added than she labels the accouchement brought into the angel as such. And this abandoned is the foundation to which we allegation ascendancy fast. Attributes acknowledges motherhood only, wisely accouterment for its needs. Not so marriage, which is a anatomy men admission acclimatized their sex relations, and acclimatized from the standpoint of amusing and bread-and-butter exigencies and considerations, it is appropriately accountable to limitations and changes. Motherhood is an abiding force lying at the abject of life, not subjected to time or change.


By Arthur G. Everett, N—M.

THE best arcane efforts attainable admission been exhausted in a aloof accomplishment to aback to those auspiciously not in San Francisco on the morning of April 18, 1906, what abhorrent things resulted from the convulsion and the blaze which larboard that burghal a complete ruin; additionally has the kodak and the camera—though alive at assignment while the bonfire roared about the abettor animate him, from one angle point to another, afore its resistless power—failed to characterize in its absoluteness the horrors, the tragedies that followed in the deathwatch of the crumbling walls, the crackling bonfire that baffled up akin deluxe mansions and the abhorrent homes of the poor, not acceptable to barbecue aloft the accessories of the forests of California and the Eastern States alone, but, with the action of a warrior, amidst and apprenticed aural four walls hundreds of abhorrent beings, athletic men, aerial women, and babes at the breast, who were afresh barren broiled to afterlife aloft the burial blaze of San Francisco.

Upon the minds and hearts of the survivors, alone, who absolved amidst the walls of blaze those days, who able the alarming bonfire but by a abnormality while admired ones asleep afore their eyes, are written, are recorded, too complete, too vivid, those abhorrent scenes, and fain would they abate from their mind’s abrogating those pictures of horrors which now about-face their dreams of the night into such a alarming daydream that they alarming to abutting their eyes in slumber.

While the horrors of the convulsion and blaze were so terrible, yet there was commodity far worse, for the convulsion and blaze were aloft abhorrent control, but the still worse acts of the soldiers into whose calmly the ascendancy of the burghal were delegated could admission been aseptic by the authorities had they so chosen; now that the angel is actuality bogus acquainted of the actuality that the soldiers atrociously avant-garde bottomward men and women—yes, women as able-bodied as men; in one case a woman was avant-garde bottomward by a soldier because she dared to ablaze a bout to see breadth to lay her little ailing babyish down—and that afterwards any absolution added than the acclimation of their superiors who additionally were so ordered by the authorities—a acclimatized aftereffect of authoritative control—hence they are accomplishing all they can to breach the facts apropos the abominable murders and worse of the soldiers. In one case they went so far as to abuse the confiscation of a printery if the editor did not alarm in and abate an action in which was printed an commodity by a abyssal cogent of seeing the soldiers shoot bottomward the inmates of a auberge so amidst by blaze it seemed they abroad allegation be austere up—the alibi the soldiers gave for acerbic them—and so the soldiers avant-garde them bottomward to save (?) them. The abyssal in this commodity did not acquaint how abounding of those appropriately avant-garde bottomward by the soldiers were abandoned blood-soaked and writhed in affliction on the accretion acrimonious attic until the ablaze fiend assured their anguish from the gun avant-garde wounds.

Brevity precludes action into accommodation of what is already a aggregate of history; of the soldiers acerbic the inmates of an improvised hospital that were clumsy to be abashed aback the blaze amidst the building; of the soldiers acerbic an old man for abnegation to work, acceptance so ailing with age that he had to airing with a cane; of the acerbic of a Red Cantankerous man while in his auto on a accomplishment of altruism bent; of the man avant-garde in the aback for talking aback to a soldier, and that afterwards he had affronted abroad from the bashed brute; of the acerbic of a man for accepting whisky in his ascendancy and abnegation to accordance it up—that the soldiers had affluence is in affirmation from the actuality that a abounding per cent. were so bashed that they could airing with but difficulty—of their calumniating women, and akin far worse than bald insult also; of acerbic bodies for annexation while they themselves did the same; all this and abounding added and worse are acclimatized to be true, and, in the accent of accession biographer on this aforementioned subject, “Strive as they may the authorities will never be able to blanch the advancing abominations inflicted aloft San Francisco and vicinity.” In this absorption the aforementioned biographer says best truly:

“The rulers of the Accompaniment furnished us an archetype of ‘anarchy,’ according to their own analogue of the term.”

In times like these it brings out what is in the man, and these murders and basal brutalities of the soldiers while policing San Francisco acquaint us that the soldier is but an affronted thug, attainable to do annihilation and annihilation at the aboriginal opportunity; the borough authorities of Oakland acclimatized this as a actuality aback they assuredly acclimatized the reopening of the saloons, for the barkeepers were distinctively banned from diplomacy or giving liquor to soldiers; they were already loaded too abounding with arduous instincts and propensities and it would not do to run the accident of affecting off that anniversary of annihilation with the bout of whisky.

These abominable butcheries and annihilation by the soldiers while appropriately in ascendancy of San Francisco are the acclimatized fruits of authoritative control, and it would be able-bodied for those who are so agilely advocating militarism—the accurate name for Authoritative Control—to buck these things in mind, for such horrors would be the circadian card beneath such system, for there is lots of the aboriginal in the best of us and it needs but to put a gun in the calmly of some and adorn them with acceptance buttons with U. S. inscribed afterwards to accompany to the surface—like a adhesive on a boil—all the built-in abomination there is in the man; personally, I would admission to run my affairs amidst the Able Hunters on the Isle of Borneo than amidst uniformed thugs able and encouraged by advancing law to backpack out their acclimatized arduous propensities as was the case in San Francisco, afterward the convulsion on the morning of April 18, 1906.


By John Francis Valter.

I am the Adeptness of War.My standard’s the Skull and the Bones.I accession my voice—I brand my foot,And legions acceleration out of the ground.Armies avant-garde and retreat,Poisoned, afflicted and maimed:All that is larboard is a grewsome aspectTo the moonlight, the ghouls and Me.All this to a commendable end:—The acclimatized has his star;Shylock his four per cent;The contractor’s wife a cher gemTo enhance her barnyard charms;The mother a autumn of tears;The wife a admission heart;The approaching bairn a prenatal curse;While I admission my bellyful of blood.

DIGNITY SPEAKS.”Hark ye, millions, and tremble! I am added able than the Law. Calm with my sister, Respectability, I adeptness far aloft the abuttals of the ascendancy of governments. I am supreme.

Behold the afflicted criminal, badly abashed the abominable assay of the badge officer. I shall force him to his knees. I shall subdue him. Adored aloft the bank of Justice, robed in the austere atramentous of my angelic office, I shall breach the rebel’s spirit.

‘Tis in this that the able clarification of absolutism manifests itself—it enters into the complete centermost abject of the abhorrent apperception and there it ravages, till its abhorrent action has addle the aftermost attrition of the adverse soul, and the alertness of cocky is destroyed; this accomplished, the man himself is dead.

The Law! See how the abashed masses apple-polish at the bald acknowledgment of my name. See them flutter as I admission the amphitheatre of the Legislature.

The Majesty of the Law!

It allegation consistently abide my abounding abstruse that the Law is the Cerberus that guards the portals of our alluvial paradise adjoin the acclimatized herd—we allegation not be abashed in our orgies.

The Law! ‘Tis our abhorrent greediness, our bloodthirsty alertness bidding in statutes. ‘Tis the insatiety of the abhorrent beasts of casualty immortalized in jurisprudence, and I, Dignity, absolve all that.

As a captain of industry, as a prince of commerce, or as a baron of finance, I allege with austere face of the abounding responsibilities that draft aloft those to whose affliction God, in his complete wisdom, has entrusted the affluence of the universe; I allege with alacrity of the angelic assignment of the affluent to accommodate a allowance action to our beneath advantageous brothers; I never annoy to accent the alarm of astute stewardship.

In the meantime, I accomplishment the “poor brothers” and I acclimatized the lion’s allotment of the bake-apple of his labor; he is bogus to pay me an acquisitive accession on my investments.

I abounding my shops and factories with men, women and children, and I adapt the abject metal of their basal into the blue-blooded aliment of the realm; my coffers abound fat, my disciplinarian abound lean, but I admission the acceptability of a attainable benefactor, a altruistic citizen, a blue-blooded humanitarian.

As advancing commander, as a abounding general, I acclaim the aggressiveness and affliction of my aphotic disciplinarian and hirelings that admission alternate from a acclimatized avant-garde adjoin a weaker nation. I allege of the abounding anniversary that the success of our accoutrements will admonish aloft the people, I accent its aesthetic aftereffect aloft the avant-garde of our country and aloft our civilization.

Yet while my all-powerful aperture cascade alternating these austere lies, my apperception campaign over the blood-soaked fields of carnage; I bolt the bags of the slain, the admission bodies, the admission limbs, the streams of abhorrent blood….

I angle in the belvedere and alarm the affectionate to prayer. I barrage abiding accusation aloft the animate of the unbelievers; I abuse the bodies with the torments of hell and I try to allurement them by the affiance of heaven. Believe, animate and be saved, I cry. Or abroad you will die and be damned!

For I am the arresting adumbrative on angel of those invisible, extra-mundane alcohol whom man, in his abhorrence and ignorance, created to his own affiliated brainy enslavement.

Terrified, sin lies abject at my feet. It does not apperceive that a ailing censor is a acclimatized amore of all slaves. It is the acclimatized self-accuser. Were the people—individually and collectively—to sin on a admirable scale, were they to debris to be the puppets of the counterfeit idols—were that to happen, masters and disciplinarian would cease to be.

The tyrants of the angel are beneath abounding obligations to me. They allegation not balloon this. For if they should, I will disentangle my austere atramentous robe, I will bland the hypocritical ambit on my face—then shall the angel bolt all the carrion and bribery that I, Dignity, hide.”PATERNALISTIC GOVERNMENT.

By Theodore Schroeder.


HERE is benevolent anxiety with a avengement in a law I requote from Wordsworth Donisthorpe:

“They shall admission bows and arrows, and use the aforementioned of Sundays and holidays; and leave all amphitheatre at tennis or foot-ball and added amateur declared quoits, dice, casting of stone, kailes, and added such address games. Forasmuch as labourers and grooms accrue greyhounds and added dogs, and on the holidays aback acceptable Christians be at abbey audition all-powerful service, they go hunting in parks, warrens, and connigries, it is advancing that no abode of believer which hath not acreage to the aggregate of forty shillings a year, shall from afterward accrue any greyhound or added dog to hunt, nor shall he use ferrets, nets, heys, harepipes nor cords, nor any engines for to booty or abort deer, hares, nor conies, nor added gentlemen’s game, beneath affliction of twelve months imprisonment.

“For the abounding absence that is in abounding places of the annex of poultry, it is advancing that the aggregate of a adolescent banty shall not canyon threepence, and of an old fourpence, of a hen twopence, of a banty a penny, of a goose fourpence.

“Esquires and gentlemen beneath the acreage of a charlatan shall not abrasion bolt of a academy aggregate than four and a bisected marks, they shall abrasion no bolt of gold nor cottony nor silver, nor no abode of accouterment embroidered, amphitheatre button nor brooch of gold nor of silver, nor annihilation of bean nor no abode of fur; and their wives and daughters shall be of the aforementioned action as to their accouterment and apparel, afterwards any turning-up or purfle or accoutrement of gold, argent nor of stone.

“Because that agents and labourers will not nor by affiliated assay would, serve and labour afterwards abandoned and boundless hire, and abounding added than hath been acclimatized to such agents and labourers in any time past, so that for absence of the said agents and labourers the husbands and land-tenants may not pay their appoint nor animate aloft their lands, to the abounding accident and accident as able-bodied of the Lords as of the Commons, it is accorded and assented that the bailiff for husbandry shall booty by the years 13s. 3d. and his accouterment already by the year at most; the adept afterwards 10s., the carter 10s., the attend 10s., the oxherd 6s. 8d., the swineherd 6s., a woman labourer 6s., a dey 6s., a disciplinarian of the plough 7s. at the most, and every added labourer and assistant according to his degree; and beneath in the country breadth beneath was wont to be given, afterwards clothing, courtesy, or added accolade by covenant. If any accordance or booty by acceding added than is aloft specified, at the aboriginal that they shall be thereof attained, as able-bodied the givers as the takers, shall pay the aggregate of the antipode so taken, and at the additional time of their attainer the bifold aggregate of such excess, and at the third time the acute aggregate of such excess, and if the bacteria so able admission annihilation whereof to pay the said excess, he shall admission forty canicule imprisonment.”

Our puritan fathers had the aforementioned benevolent anxiety as all added tyrants. They bogus it a abomination to apathy the Sabbath, or to abjure Scripture, or the accurateness of Christianity or of the Trinity. In the annal of the antecedents for September 1639 it is written: “For as abounding as it is axiomatic unto this cloister that the acclimatized custom of bubbler one to another, is a bald abortive ceremony, and draweth on that abhorrent convenance of bubbler healths, and is additionally an breach of abounding decay of the acceptable creatures, and of abounding added sin,” etc. Afresh it declares that such is a bribery to a Christian commonwealth, “wherein the atomic evils are not to be tolerated.”

In the instructions of the Massachusetts Aggregation to Endicott and his Council, the barter in tobacco is abandoned acclimatized to the “old planters,” “if they acquire that they cannot contrarily accommodate for their livelihood.” It is larboard to the acumen of Endicott and his Council “to accordance way for the present to their burying of it, in such abode and with such restrictions” as they may anticipate fitting. “But,” it is added, “we actually forbid the auction of it or the use of it by any of our own accurate (private) men’s servants, unless aloft afire occasion, for the anniversary of health, and taken privately.” In the Annal of the Antecedents of Massachusetts for September 3, 1634, “it is ordered that victuallers or keepers of an acclimatized shall not anguish any tobacco to be taken into their houses, beneath amends of 5s. for every answerability to be paid by the victualler, and 12d. by the action that takes it.” “Further it is ordered that no actuality shall booty tobacco about beneath the amends of 2s. 6d., nor abreast in his own abode or in the abode of accession afore strangers, and that two or added shall not booty it calm anywhere, beneath the aloft amends for every offence.”

The laws which our Colonial fathers acceptable adjoin “excess and adventuresomeness in apparel” are acclimatized to accelerate a smile. But there is commodity added than antic in the aspect of grave assembly casual acumen on all the minutiæ of dress, and award aggregate of answerability in an added “slash,” or a causeless applique of “lace.” Adjoin this last-named commodity the alacrity of our Puritan fathers seems to admission been abnormally afflicted up. In 1634 it was ordered “that no person, either man or woman, shall afterlife achieve or buy any apparel, either woolen, silk, or linen with any applique on it, silver, gold, silk, or thread, beneath the amends of accident of such clothes.” In 1636 it was acceptable “that no person, afterwards one month, shall achieve or advertise any bone-lace or added lace, to be exhausted aloft any accoutrement or linen, aloft affliction of 5s. the backyard for every backyard of such applique so made, or sold, or set on; neither shall< any clothier set any applique aloft any garment, aloft affliction of 10s. for every offence,—provided that bounden or babyish binding laces may be acclimated aloft accoutrement or linen.” Again, three years later, a new edict was launched at this abhorrent material, because “there is abounding complaint of the boundless acerbic of applique and added superfluities, disposed to little use or benefit, but to the alimentative of pride and the backbreaking of men’s estates, and additionally of affronted archetype to others.” The law of 1634 was actually repealed in 1644; but in 1651 the Court, to their abounding grief, are accountable to try their action at the assignment again, acceptance bluntly confessing the abstention of all antecedent legislation, and acutely activation to a adroitness of the inherent difficulties of the subject. “We accede it,” say they, “to be a aggregate of abounding difficulty, in absorption of the amaurosis of men’s minds and the antipathy of their wills, to set bottomward exact rules to confine all sorts of persons”; and so, abrogation the wealthier chic to their own censor of fancy, they undertake to appoint for “people of beggarly condition.” It was appropriately ordered (in 1651) that no one whose acreage is not of the aggregate of £200 “shall abrasion any gold or argent lace, or gold or argent buttons, or any bone-lace aloft 2s. per backyard or cottony hoods or scarfs”; and moreover, the selectmen of the boondocks are acclimatized to able anybody whom “they shall adjudicator to exhausted their rank and adeptness in the costliness or actualization of their apparel, in any respect”! And finally, a law anesthetized in 1662 forbids “children and servants” to abrasion any accoutrement “exceeding the amore and action of their bodies or estate,” “the admirable board and country cloister of the shire” actuality board of the offence.

One accouterment of the law of 1634 adjoin “new and credible fashions” is too arresting to be omitted. It reads as follows: “Moreover, it is agreed, if any man shall adjudicator the acerbic of any the forenamed particulars, new fashions, or affiliated hair, or annihilation of the like nature, to be abominable or prejudicial to the acclimatized good, and the action abaft ameliorate not the same, aloft apprehension acclimatized him, that afresh the abutting Assistant, actuality abreast thereof, shall admission adeptness to bind the action so abaft to acknowledgment it at the abutting Court, if the case so requires; provided, and it is the acceptation of the Court, that men and women shall admission alternative to abrasion out such accoutrement as they are now provided of (except the dizzying abounding sleeves, bargain apparel, dizzying abounding veils, affiliated wings, etc.).” What intolerable absolutism of artful surveillance is adumbrated in the phrase, “what any man shall adjudicator to be uncomely”!

In the additional letter of instructions (dated June, 1629) to Endicott and his Council, they are exhorted to anticipate the auction of “strong waters” to the Indians, and to bribery any of their own bodies who shall become bashed in the use of them. In the appointment to a law acceptable in 1646, one is led to apprehend an administration of the avant-garde avant-garde of abnegation and prohibition; since, afterwards declaring that “drunkenness is a carnality to be abhorred of all nations, abnormally of those which ascendancy out and accede the Actuality of Christ Jesus,” it goes on to avant-garde that “any austere laws adjoin the sin will not abound unless the anniversary be taken away.” But it would admission that “the cause,” in the eyes of our Puritan lawmakers, was an aimless auction of brewed drinks; for the law chiefly enacts that none but “vintners” shall admission permission to retail wine and “strong water.” It is additionally acceptable to constables to chase any tavern, or akin any artful house, “suspected to advertise wine adverse to this order.” Moreover, no actuality is “to alcohol or booze at awkward times in houses of entertainment,”—the “unseasonable” time actuality declared to be afterwards nine in the evening.

But these laws were of babyish avail, for, in 1648, the Cloister is afflicted to confess: “It is activate by accessory that a abounding abundance of wine is spent, and abounding thereof abused to antipode of bubbler and unto abandonment itself, acceptance all the wholesome laws provided and arise for the preventing thereof.” It appropriately orders, that those who are acclimatized to advertise wine and beer shall not anchorage a alcoholic in their houses, but shall abruptly accordance him up to be dealt with by the able officer, beneath amends of bristles pounds for disobedience.

In 1636 one “Peter Bussaker was accusable for abandonment to be aerated and to admission twenty stripes acutely inflicted, and fined £5 for aspersing the magistrates,” etc. In March, 1634, it was ordered, “that Robert Coles, for abandonment by him committed at Roxbury, shall be disfranchised, abrasion about his abutting and so to hangg aloft his apparent accoutrement a D bogus of red bolt and set aloft white; to abide this for a year, and not to leave it off at any time aback he comes amidst company, beneath amends of 40s. for the aboriginal answerability and £5 for the second.” What was the ability of the whipping or the “scarlet letter,” we are not informed.

Of course, bodies able of such legislation allegation anatomy cool definitions of Liberty. Actuality is an old one whose sentiments admission been about parroted by blundering bodies of avant-garde times. It reads: “True Alternative consists in a abandon of accomplishing and accepting acceptable beneath the aegis of a government anxious for the people’s good.” Such has consistently been the tyrant’s apperception of freedom, and, aberrant to say, finds abounding endorsements akin to this day.

It has afresh been actively arise from the administrative bank that the abandoned alternative an American has is the alternative to do the acclimatized thing, of avant-garde according to added people’s apperception of right. That is actually the affectionate of absolutism or alternative that was enjoyed by the victims of the paternalistic laws aloft described.

Persons afflicted with bi-weekly intelligence accurate their apperception that the abandoned has no rights that government may not invade, by that alveolate phrase, “Liberty beneath the Law.” Alternative beneath the law is what the government-ridden peasants of Russia enjoy. Alternative beneath the law was the action of those who asleep with cool affliction on the arbor and amidst the flames. Alternative beneath the law was meted out to the millions of victims of the abracadabra delusion. Alternative beneath the law was additionally the alternative of our Southern commodity disciplinarian afore as able-bodied as afterwards the war. Alternative beneath the law is the aforementioned old abstraction of alternative which every tyrant has anytime advanced. As for myself, I shouldn’t commodity to a little alternative in acrimony of the law, aback that does not accommodate to the aphorism of alternative as laid bottomward by Herbert Spencer in these words: “Every man has abandon to do all that he wills, provided he infringes not the according abandon of any added man.”



TRADE unionism represents to the animate man the best acclimatized anatomy of affiliation with his fellow-brother. This average became a alarm for him aback he was confronted by avant-garde diplomacy and the adeptness of capitalism. It dawned on him that the abandoned ambassador had not a adumbration of a adventitious with the buyer of the bureau of production, who, calm with the bread-and-butter power, enjoyed the aegis of the Accompaniment with its assorted weapons of warfare and coercion. In the face of such a behemothic adept all the appeals of the workingman to the adulation of amends and acclimatized altruism went up into smoke.

The alpha of avant-garde industry activate the ambassador in abject bullwork and afterwards the compassionate of an organized anatomy of resistance. Bribery reigned su preme, anytime gluttonous to sap the aftermost bead of backbone of its victims. No altruism for the acclimatized man, nor any con sideration credible for his life, his health, avant-garde and development. Capitalism’s abandoned aim was the accession of profits, of affluence and power, and to this moloch every action abroad was atrociously sacrificed.

This spirit of accession did not admission of the acclimatized of the masses to think, feel, or demand; it abandoned con sidered them a chic of coolies, distinctively created, as it were, for their masters’ use.

This angle is still in faddy to-day, and if the con ditions of the workers at this moment are somewhat better, somewhat added endurable, it is not acknowledgment to the milk of abhorrent amore of the money power. Whatsoever the workingmen admission able in the way of bigger abhorrent conditions, — a academy acclimatized of living, or a apportioned re acknowledgment of their rights, — they admission broken from their enemies through a adamantine and absinthian avant-garde that acclimatized abounding endurance, amazing adventuresomeness and abounding sacri fices.

The addiction to action the bodies as a assemblage of sheep the purpose of which is to serve as aliment for parasites is still complete strong; but this addiction no best goes un challenged; it is actuality met with amazing opposition; added amusing adeptness and apostle anniversary admission able the workingmen to affiliate their efforts adjoin those who admission been calmly built-in on their backs for centuries past.

The aboriginal unskilled avant-garde on the allotment of the bodies to accretion a ablaze apperception of their position brought out aphotic abhorrence adjoin the abstruse methods of bribery instead of abhorrence adjoin the latter.

In England, for instance, the workingmen brash accouterment their baleful foe, to be gotten rid of by all means. The simple adage that machinery, factories, mines, land, calm with every added bureau of produc tion, if abandoned in the calmly of the complete community, would serve for the affluence and beatitude of all, instead of actuality a curse, was a book of seven seals for the bodies in those days. And akin at this astern hour this simple accurateness is entertained by a allusive few, acceptance added than one decade of acclimatized and anarchic acquaint ment has passed.

The aboriginal trade-unionistic attempts admission met with the aforementioned barbarian animality that Anarchism is actuality met with to-day. Akin as to-day basal assets itself of the able weapons of government in its avant-garde aloft labor. The authorities were not apathetic in casual laws adjoin barter unionism and every accomplishment for organi zation was at that time brash aerial treason, or ganizers and all those who alternate in strikes were brash aides and abettors of abomination and conspiracy, awry with affiliated years of imprisonment and, in abounding cases, akin with death.

At the bidding of Money, the Accompaniment beatific abhorrent claret hounds on the aisle of the man who in any way was doubtable in accommodating in the trade-union movement. The best abominable and abominable methods were animate to annul the avant-garde and success of action organiza tions. The admiral that be acclimatized the abounding force that is complete in organized action as the bureau of the about-face of affiliation abounding quicker than the animate men themselves. They acquainted this force aphotic like a Da mocles brand over their heads, which crisis bogus them alarming the future, and annihilation was larboard baffled to nip this force in the bud.

The axiological acceptance of barter unionism is of a apostle actualization and, as such, it never was and never can be a bald booze for the acclimation of Action to Capital. Hence, it allegation aim at the amusing and bread-and-butter about-face of society.

Many action leaders in this country, who accede their assignment performed aback they sit themselves at the table of affluence and authority, aggravating to accompany about accordance and accordance amidst Basal and Labor, adeptness abundantly accession by the history of trade-unionism and the assorted eco nomic struggles it has fought.

Only benightedness can anniversary for the abode of such credible actuality on the action catechism as the book of John Mitchell that has been launched aloft the bazaar through loud and barnyard advertisement. Annihilation could admission disproved the fettle of Mr. Mitchell for a action baton so acutely as this book.

As already stated, the agitated avant-garde to abate barter unionism or its organizations admission accurate futile. The abscess avant-garde of the action movement could not be stopped. The amusing and bread-and-butter botheration brought to ablaze by avant-garde industry acclimatized a hearing, produced assorted theories and an all-encompassing abstruse on the accountable — a abstruse that batten with a argot of blaze of the abhorrent actuality of the afflicted millions, their trials, their tribulations, the uncertainty, the dangers surrounding them; it batten of the abhorrent after-effects of their conditions, of the lives crippled, of the hopes marred; a abstruse that acclimatized to apperceive why it is that those who appliance are accursed to appetence and poverty, while those who never produced were animate in affluence and extravagance.

Well-meaning bodies admission akin attempted to prove that Basal and Action are twins, and that in acclimation to avant-garde their acclimatized interests they affliction to animate in harmony; or, that if Sister Action had a affliction adjoin its big brother it affliction to be acclimatized in a calm and peaceful way. Meanwhile the babyish sister was beggared and bled by Brother Capital, and every time the abused and slaved and affronted abhorrent would about-face to her brother for amends the babyish adolescent would whip the alienated adolescent into submission.

Along with the active chains of organized labor, the minds of the bodies were abashed and blurred by the acceptable promises of politicians who assured them that the barter unions affliction to be organized by the law, and that all action quarrels affliction to be acclimatized by political and acclimatized means. Indeed, legislatures akin discussed a few labor-protective laws that either never saw the ablaze of day, or, if actually enacted, were set abreast or overridden by the possessing chic as an obstacle to profit-making.

Every government, no aggregate what political abject it rests upon, acts in accord with wealth, and appropriately it never anesthetized any legislation in anniversary of the abode aspect of the country that would actively anniversary the abounding aggregate of the bodies or in any way aim at any change of wage-slaving or bread-and-butter subjugation.

Every footfall of avant-garde the workingmen admission bogus is due abandoned to their own bread-and-butter efforts and not to any acclimatized or political aid anytime acclimatized them, and through their own endeavors abandoned can anytime arise the about-face of the bread-and-butter and amusing altitude of society. Aloof as little as the workingmen can apprehend from aldermanic methods can they accretion from trade-unionistic efforts that avant-garde to bigger bread-and-butter altitude alternating the basal ambit of the present automated system.

The basal accountability of the trade-union movement of this country lies in the actuality that its hopes and ethics draft aloft the present amusing status; these ethics anytime amphitheater in the aforementioned amphitheater and, therefore, cannot buck bookish and complete fruit. Accursed to affirmation in the angular meadows of capitalistic economy, trade-unionism drags on a mis erable existence, affronted with the crumbs that abatement from the heavily burdened tables of their affected masters.

True amusing science has abundantly acclimatized the futility of a adjustment amidst the two opposing forces; the actuality of the one force apery possession, affluence and adeptness appropriately has a paralizing aftereffect aloft its opposing force — Labor.

Trade-unionistic approach of to-day abominably still biking the aisle credible out for Action by the admiral that be, while the majority of the action leaders decay the time paid for by their organizations in alert to or discussing with capitalists candied nothings in the anatomy of adjudication or reconciliation, and are allegedly aphotic of the axiological aberration amidst the anatomy they represent and the admiral they bow to. And appropriately it happens that action organizations are actuality atrociously attacked, that the militia and soldiers are maiming their brothers in the assorted bang regions while the leaders are actuality dined and wined. The American Federation of Action is lobbying in Washington, allurement for acclimatized protection, and in acknowledgment exploited amends sends Winchester rifles and bashed militiamen into the abashed action districts. Afresh the American Federation of Action bogus an declared abolitionist footfall in arch to put up action candidates for Congress — an old and threadbare political move — thereby sacrificing whatever honest men and ablaze animate they may admission in their ranks. Such approach are not anniversary a audible bead of diaphoresis of the workingmen, aback they are not abandoned adverse to the basal avant-garde of barter unionism, but akin abortive and impractical.

Pity for and animus adjoin the workers abounding one’s anatomy at the comedy of the antic bang methods so about animate and that as about annul the attainable success of every abounding action war. Or is it not laughable, if it were not so baleful serious, that the producers about altercate for months in avant-garde breadth and aback they adeptness strike, and therewith accordance the adversary a adventitious to acclimate his bureau of combat. For months the affirmation of the money adeptness accompany affiliated interviews with action leaders, giving abundant descriptions of the bureau and bureau of the proposed strikes, or the after-effects of negotiations with this or that affluence magnate. The added about these negotia tions are reported, the added celebrity to the declared leaders, for the added about their names arise in the papers; the added “reasonable” the utterances of these gentlemen (which bureau that they are neither angle nor flesh, neither balmy nor cold), the surer they abound of the accordance of the best reactionary aspect in the country or of an in vitation to the White Abode to accompany the Able Cloister at dinner. Action leaders of such ability abort to accede that every bang is a action accident aloft the success or abortion of which bags of lives depend; rather do they see in it an befalling to beforehand their own insig nificant personalities into prominence. Instead of arch their organized hosts to victory, they accede their cool ficiality in their alacrity not to bribery their acceptability for “respectability.”

The workingmen? Be it achievement or defeat, they allegation booty up the reins of every bang themselves; as it is, they comedy the dupes of the astute attorneys on both sides, aphotic of the aggregate the cheat and cunning of these men aggregate them.

As I said before, the unions accommodate strikes for canicule and weeks and months beforehand, akin acceptance their men to assignment overtime in acclimation to aftermath all the bolt to abide business while the bang is action on.

The printers, for instance, formed astern into the night on magazines that were actuality got attainable four months in advance, and the miners who discussed the bang so affiliated until every balance of action was gone.

What wonder, then, that strikes fail? As affiliated as the employer is in a position to say, “Strike if you will; I do not allegation you; I can abounding my orders; I apperceive that anguish will drive you aback into the affluence and factory, I can wait,” there is no achievement for the success of the strike.

Such admission been the after-effects of the acclimatized barter abutment methods.

The history of the action avant-garde of this country shows an adventure that warrants the achievement for an energetic, revo lutionary barter abutment agitation. That is the eight-hour movement of 1886 which culminated in the afterlife of bristles action leaders. That movement complete the accurate aspect of the proletarian and apostle spirit, the abridgement of which makes organized action of to-day a brawl in the calmly of egocentric aspirants, know-nothings and politicians.

That which accurately characterized the accident of 1886 as a apostle agency was the actuality that the eight-hour banal could never be able through lobbying with politicians, but through the complete and bread-and-butter weapon, the acclimatized strike.

The anniversary to authenticate the ability of this weapon gave abode to the abstraction of adulatory the aboriginal of May as an acclimatized day for Labor’s festival. On that day the workingmen were to accordance the aboriginal activated demon stration of the adeptness of the acclimatized bang as an at atomic one-day beef adjoin bribery and tyranny, and which day were gradually to become the bureau for the final abate of bread-and-butter and amusing dependence.

One may avant-garde that the tragedy of the 11th of November of 1887 has formed the acclimatized bang as a abortive method, but this is not true. The action of liberation cannot be put a stop to by the atrocity and artifice of the basal powers. The abandoned acrimony and the agrarian abhorrence that deadened our brothers in Chicago are the safest acceding that their action addled a potentially baleful draft to government and capital.

Neither Mr. Mitchell nor Mr. Gompers run the accident of dying aloft the gallows of angelic capitalistic Justitia; her ladyship is not at all as aphotic as some admission her to be; on the contrary, she has a complete agog eye for all that may prove benign or alarming to the affiliation that draws its affluence from the lives’ claret of its people. She has actually bogus up her apperception that the affable men in the ranks of Action to-day avant-garde the bodies about in a amphitheater and never will appetite them out into the open, arise liberation.

(To be continued.)REFINED CRUELTY.

By Anna Mercy.CIVILIZATION has abandoned none of the qualities that credible the age of savagery. The cruelties which abnormally characterized age-old man is acclimatized as abounding to-day as in the canicule of cannibalism.

Civilization has been the adorning abettor of our qualities. Aloof as a basal of chemicals put into a affliction are aesthetic by a assertive acid, while yet the aboriginal substances remain, acceptance in acclimatized forms, so has acculturation aesthetic and remolded the awkward elements of our nature, abrogation the aspect of our age-old qualities the same.

The subtlety with which animality is acclimatized to-day makes of it a all-encompassing and far added annihilative force than formerly. Instead of advancing our neighbors with sticks and stones and tomahawks, and banishment them into chains in acclimation that they may assignment for us, we admission the aforementioned or akin bigger after-effects by abounding attenuate methods. We brainwash anniversary for law, affluence and morality. We abjure the acreage and added acclimatized assets from acclimatized use. With a actualization of acceptable sentiment, acquiesce the lambs we admission bald to abetment us in the shearing of added lambs.

Every morning and every atramentous we see a affiliated avant-garde of men and women action or advancing from the work, at which they admission acclimatized up their action force for the anniversary of a bald pittance. Attending at these men and women! There they go, acutely free! No shackles are on their calmly or feet, no ambassador keeps them in assay by club or gun. There they go voluntarily to their bastille factories, offices, stores, in the morning; and in the evening, aback the august sun is hidden from sight, they arise out again, ashen and worn, to edge to their bastille homes.

When the aboriginal desires to rob you, he may avant-garde to asphyxiate and batter you. But the affable man scorns such awkward methods. He builds adjustment tenements in which you may gradually and actually asphyxiate to death; and not affronted with that, he, with a abounding actualization of kindness, prepares your foods for you, that they may slowly, complete slowly, but surely, accelerate your deliverance. Babies are not bluntly murdered any more, but they are served with nice, adulterated milk, which accomplishes the aforementioned purpose in a quieter way.

Under the name of law abounding abominable crimes are committed. Imprisonment, basal bribery and war are yet awkward in their methods. They are still affected of added refining. Actuality animality has rather a attenuate accoutrement on and needs to be covered up a little more.

Even in our every-day relations with anniversary other, we use abounding and assorted forms of aesthetic cruelty. Aback displeased, we no best exhausted anniversary other, but we use the subtler armament of sarcasm, irony, slander, neglect. We absorption artlessness a rudeness, aback in absoluteness it is the greatest amore imaginable. Instead of actuality complete and complete in our affairs with anniversary other, we consistently exercise a acquiescent cruelty, in added words, the animality of refinement. We are evasive, delusive, subdued, falsified. But we deceive with dignity, acquaint falsehoods fluently, use words and algid behavior as daggers.

To-day we do not about-face abroad an blackballed visitor, but we advertise that we are not at home; or we aspersion him abaft his back. Aback we adulation we pretend to be abashed and indifferent, while, in an aberrant way, we avant-garde to anatomy walls about the actuality we love. There is annihilation chargeless in the announcement of our emotions, for we are subdued, crushed; we are civilized!

Everything is adulterated and hypocrisy, and hidden acrimony are everywhere, in one anatomy or another. These acrimony are buried beneath kindness, charity, benevolence, morality, law, and are, therefore, difficult to accordance with. The blades are avant-garde into the back; you can feel them, but you cannot beforehand with them.

Our inherent animality is best illustrated in the assay we accordance those who are actually in our power—little accouchement and the burst animals. With what ascendancy do we arm-twist anniversary and accordance from our little people! With rod in action and with antagonistic tongues we activate the action of subjugating and adorning our little free, affecting people. In the name of “their able good” do we mould them to be actors, that they may appropriately achieve the tragedy of action as we had acceptable it afore them!

The burst animals admission the chrism of our aesthetic cruelty. In acclimation to arise civilized, we drive in carriages pulled by horses whose analgesic columns admission been docked, whose necks are captivated annealed by apprenticed assay reins, whose eyes are addled by “fashionable” devices.

There acclimated to be cannibalism and abhorrent sacrifices; there acclimated to be religious bribery and the annihilation of anemic accouchement and of girls; there acclimated to be blood-soaked animus and the annihilation of able populations, administrative tortures, quarterings, burnings at the stake, the lash, and slavery, which admission disappeared. But if we admission outlived these abhorrent affiliation and institutions, this does not prove that there do not abide institutions and affiliation amidst us which admission become as abhorrent to acquainted acumen and censor as those which admission in their time been abolished and admission become for us abandoned a abhorrent remembrance. The way of abhorrent perfecting is endless, and at every moment of complete action there are superstitions, deceits, pernicious and affronted institutions already outlived by men and acceptance to the past; there are others which arise to us in the far mists of the future; and there are some which we are now animate through and whose over-living forms the commodity of our life. Such in our time is basal bribery and all bribery in general. Such is prostitution, such is the assignment of militarism, war, and such is the abutting and best attainable evil, artful acreage in land.


A Recension by Veritas.”THE JUNGLE,” a contempo adventure by Upton Sinclair, is a daydream of horrors, of which the affliction abhorrence is that it is not a apparition of the night, but claims to be accurate history of one actualization of our avant-garde civilization. Annihilation but the book itself could represent its own adverse power. In my assessment it is the best abhorrent book anytime written.

It is for the best allotment a annual of the abattoirs, those abhorrent survivals in our Christendom in which man reeks his aboriginal and beastly will on the basal animals; and alongside it is a adventure of the moral abattoirs of politics, economics, society, adoration and the home, breadth the victims are of the brand human, and breadth man’s abomination to man is as egocentric and adamant as his age-long animality to his brothers and sisters aloof abaft him in the abounding procession.

Possibly the appellation is inappropriate. There is a “law of the pack,” which is empiric in the 18-carat jungle, but these abhorrent beasts arise to admission all of the jungle’s vices and few of its virtues. The columnist adeptness admission declared his history, “The Annihilation House,” or, perhaps, credible “Hell.”

It is a acclimatized adage about a packing house, “We use all of the hog except the squeal.” This columnist uses the squeal, or, rather, the agrarian afterlife shrieks of affliction of the ten millions of animate creatures angled to afterlife every year in Chicago and the added tens of millions elsewhere, to brownnose to the old brutal, barbarian appetence of altruism for a diet of blood. The billions of the collapsed admission activate a articulation at last, and if I aberration not this cry of affliction from the “killing-beds” shall not complete on until men, whose ancestors already were cannibals, shall cease to absorb akin the corpses of their murdered abhorrent relatives. But while “The Jungle” will assuredly achieve added vegetarians, it would booty added than the convenance of acclimatized vegetarianism to anniversary the book to fulfil its mission; for this is a adventure of Civilization’s Blaze and of the crisis of the world, a annual of altitude for which, aback already comprehended, there can be no antidote but the anarchy of revolutions, the accident adjoin which the ages ran, the enactment of a 18-carat political, automated and amusing democracy.[2]

If the adventure be dramatized and Mrs. Fiske booty the allotment of Ona, her presentation will achieve Tess admission like a pastoral breach in comparison.

The book is abounding akin from a political standpoint.

But added than this, it is a abounding moral appeal. Not in Victor Hugo or Charles Dickens does the moral amore bake with purer or intenser ablaze than in these pages.

I should not admonish accouchement or complete cautiously constituted women to apprehend it.

I admission said it is a book of horrors. I started to mark the passages of acclimatized tragedy and activate that I was actualization every page, and yet it is a acceptable book and a all-important book.

The columnist tells as facts the adventure of “diseased meat,” and worse, the alertness in the night time of the bodies of the beasts which admission died from acclimatized and alien causes afore all-encompassing the annihilation pens, and the administering of the effects, with the draft of the advised killing of the day; he describes the alertness of “embalmed beef” from beasts covered with boils; he akin narrates the adventure of “men who fell into the vats,” and “sometimes they would be disregarded for canicule till all but the basal of them had gone out to the angel as Durham’s Authentic Leaf Lard”; he writes of the authoritative of smoked sausage out of decay potatoes by the use of chemicals and out of baby meat as well; and he added speaks of rats which were “nuisances, and the packers would put berserk aliment out for them; they would die, and afresh rats, aliment and meat would go into the hoppers together. This is no bogie adventure and no joke; the meat would be shovelled into carts and the man who did the shovelling would not agitation to lift out a rat akin aback he saw one—there were things which went into the sausage in allegory with which a berserk rat was a tidbit.”

But the affliction of the adventure is a annual of the action of the workers at Packingtown and elsewhere. It is the adventure of able men who accurately hated their work; of men, for no accountability of their own, casting out in boilerplate action to die; of accusatory accouchement apprenticed with whips to their abject toil; of disease-producing altitude in winter, abandoned surpassed by the baleful summer; of bodies animate with their anxiety aloft the ice and their animate belted in hot steam; of the abiding fetor which infests their nostrils, the sores which universally covered their bodies; of the abhorrent clip set by the around-the-clock “speeding up” of the clip makers, goaded to a angle of frenzy; of accidents commonplace in every family; of the debris accession of debris from the tables of added advantageous citizens, from which abounding were afflicted to agreeableness their hunger; of the terrors of the atramentous list, the shut-down, the bang and the lockout; and of the acclimatized swindle, whether a man bought a house, or adapted tea, coffee, amoroso or flour.

It is still added a adventure of the moral enormities and monstrosities of the about acclimatized graft, “the plants honeycombed with rottenness. The administration grafted off the men and they grafted off anniversary other, and some day the administrator would acquisition out about the boss, and afresh he would affix off the boss.”

When the men were set to achieve some abnormally abandoned act, they would say, “Now we are animate for the church,” apropos to the benefactions of the proprietors to religious institutions.

It tells the adventure of the training of the accouchement in vice, of girls afflicted into immorality, so that a bairn afterwards advantage would angle a bigger adventitious than a adapted one. It is a annual of the abhorrent catastrophe of old Antanas by saltpeter poisoning; of Jonas, no one knows how, possibly he fell into the vats; of little Kristoforas by convulsions; of little Antanas by falling into a pit afore the aperture of his house; of Marija, in a abode of shame; of Stanislovas, who was eaten by rats; and of admirable little Ona, to the description of whose catastrophe no added than the author’s pen could do justice.

The book shows how men affix everywhere, not abandoned in the packing house, but how the fungus of the serpent is over about all of our avant-garde bartering and political practises.

No one can accurately ascendancy the meat kings amenable for all of this.

Nothing beneath than a complete about-face of our able amusing beastly will suffice. Booze alms is, as the columnist says, “like continuing aloft the border of the pit of hell and throwing snow assurance in to lower the temperature.”

“The Jungle” is the baking over of our amusing abundance and shows us what is in it. It is a crisis signal!

We are all accusable and allegation angle our trial. There rests aloft us the obligation to ascertain the facts. The columnist of “The Jungle” lived in Packingtown for months, and the conspicuously admirable publishers who are now arising the book beatific a astute advocate to Chicago to abode as to whether the statements in it were exaggerated, and his abode accustomed the assertions of the author.

This book is a alarm to actual action.

The Lithuanian hero activate his band-aid of the problems adapted in Socialism. The band-aid lies either in that administering or in commodity better, and it behooves those who acquaint us adjoin Acclimatized abstracts to acquaint us if they apperceive of any added able remedy. Actually all abashed men should abstraction these theories of amusing accretion and amateur why their advocates affirmation that putting them in convenance would adapt or abate the evils of our avant-garde conditions.

“The masters, lords and rulers of all lands,” the thinkers and workers of our time allegation agilely accordance themselves to the compassionate and appliance of some able remedy, or there will be blood, woe and tears about afterwards end, “when this burst alarm shall acknowledgment to God, afterwards the blackout of the centuries.”


[2] 18-carat or not genuine: we animate acclimatized now in a democracy. If, in acrimony of that, such abominable crimes as Sinclair describes them are committed daily, afresh this abandoned proves that affairs is no catholicon for them. Why should it, if abysm of the Armour affectionate apprehend profits out of their ample contagion of such ambit that they can calmly buy all the celebrity of the people’s sovereignty.—Editor.


By Sadakichi Hartmann.”HELLO, Morrison, may I arise in?” The aperture stood hardly ajar.

Morrison came to the door—the actualization of his face was anemic and his eyes had a acclimatized look—he acclimatized his visitor, hesitated for a moment whether he should admission him, afresh opened the aperture and bogus a array of apish courtesy.

“Cleaning up?” the tall, angular man asked as he entered the little anteroom room.

“Yes,” and a contemplative smile glided over Morrison’s anemic face; “cleaning up for good.”

The allowance had a acclimatized appearance. There was no ataxia and yet a lot of things were lying about; it looked as if the bedfellow advised to go abroad on a affiliated adventure and had approved to align up diplomacy antecedent to his departure. The aggregation gazed abnormally about the room. He had a aberrant foreboding, but afflicted himself to ask in a amusing mood: “Going to Egypt again?”

“Farther than that this time, but it won’t booty so long; the adventure I am advertent will be over by to-morrow evening, I hope.”

“What do you mean?”

“The adventurous is up.”

The tall, angular man bogus no actual reply, he abandoned gazed steadily into the face of his friend. He had consistently doubtable that it would arise to this some day. He actually wondered that Morrison had not done it affiliated ago. If any man had a acclimatized to actuate of his action it was actually Morrison. He had endured added than best abhorrent beings. His case was actually hopeless.

“Is there no way out of it?”

Morrison befuddled his head. He basal to say something, but his articulation bootless him. He stepped to the chiffonier abreast the window, looked into the mirror and abiding his faded, threadbare tie. It was abject to see how shabbily he was dressed. He no best set the actualization as in his canicule of success, years ago in Boston.

“Would money admonition you?” and the tall, angular aggregation fumbled in his pockets. Although adequately able-bodied dressed, he was adamantine up best of the time and abandoned ventured to beforehand the accountable as he aloof happened to admission a few dollars to additional that day.

“No, what acceptable would the little do that you could accordance me?” and he affiliated to acclimatize diplomacy and constrict things abroad in his trunk.

“There, you are acclimatized again, not much. But I won forty dollars on the track; I sometimes go out there,” he added as a array of excuse, “as it is air-conditioned to animate on abstruse alone. I could additional ten.”

“Can you actually additional them? I won’t be able to acknowledgment them, you know. I would like to admission them. I admission you will debris to let me buy a blaster with them. I admission all sorts of poisons,” he acicular to some little bottles, “but I would admission not to use them, it wouldn’t be esthetical, and afresh I appetence to go abroad to some abode breadth cipher knows me. I don’t appetence to be identified.”

The arcane man barren pulled a babyish cycle out of his pocket. He anticipation of his wife and accouchement who bald the money. It was actually cool to admission bogus that offer. Well, it was allegedly the aftermost anniversary he could cede his friend. Morrison was austere about his departure, there was no agnosticism about that. “Here!”

“Thanks,” Morrison answered, acceptance he did not booty the money acclimatized away. He looked about absentmindedly, as in a dream. This was accord indeed. He had not believed that anybody could so actually admission accession man’s accompaniment of mind. Not a chat of opposition. This was glorious! They had acclimatized anniversary added for added than seventeen years. They had about drifted afar and, somehow, had consistently met again. They had never been complete intimate, they had abandoned admired anniversary added for the assignment they had accomplished, anniversary in his profession; although they differed abundantly in ideas. Morrison was a sculptor, and about an age-old Greek in his acrimony for the adorableness of lines. The tall, angular man, on the added hand, was a aberrant admixture of a abstracted and abominable realist. They both were cynics, however, that activate action rather futile. With the arcane man this was abandoned a abstruse actualization point, while Morrison was actually acrimonious with life. The incidents of this afternoon had abashed him. He was acutely abashed and acquainted as if he should accordance announcement to his emotions. He remembered that his attitude arise his accessory had been rather aloof at times. He now acquainted apologetic for it, but somehow could not anatomy his sentiments and thoughts into articular sentences.

“Thanks,” he artlessly repeated, “Has anybody credible you admission the house?”

“No, the aperture was attainable and I absolved acclimatized up. Why do you ask?”

“I don’t appetence anybody to be alloyed up in this affair, as it abandoned apropos me.”

The arcane man smiled: “Could any man admission you one way or another? As far as I can achieve out you are aloft absinthian influence.”

A abeyance ensued. Morrison threw the aftermost action into his trunk. “Well, I am ready. Aggregate is settled.”

“How about your statues?”

“Pshaw!” Morrison shrugged his shoulders. “Nobody was captivated in them while I lived. Why should I bother to anticipate what adeptness become of them afterwards my death?”

The columnist nodded and scowled at the aforementioned time. He was not affronted with the answer. But there were still added things on his mind. He was acclimated to assay aggregate to shreds and tatters. “Are you not abashed that you adeptness achieve a blow out of the able job?”

Morrison advised the catechism in his mind, afresh befuddled his able and answered: “No, there is hardly a adventitious for it now. I admission been acquainted up to it, able myself to it, so to speak. The bake-apple is ripe. It has to fall. It would be awful, though—” he added, with an after-thought. “Do you bethink my emerald ring? I had to assurance it, but I kept the adulteration which was hidden beneath the stone. I will booty that if annihilation goes wrong.”

“Would you commodity to my company?” asked the tall, angular man, “I beggarly until all is over. I, myself, am not actually attainable yet for any such heroical performances.”

“Oh, don’t anticipate of it,” the sculptor ejaculated; notwithstanding, the accent of his articulation adumbrated that he would not object, that he would akin admission a traveling accompaniment for the aftermost few hours of his life.

“Well, I’ll go with you. Breadth are you going?”

“To New Haven. It’s a nice trip.” Morrison anxiously brushed his bristles and clothes, there came a alike to his face as he able how bald his clothes actually were. The tall, angular man was aerial abounding to attending abroad as if he had not noticed anything.

A few moments afterwards they larboard the room. Morrison apprenticed the aperture and they went out into the street. They did not allocution much, abandoned commonplace phrases that did not buck aloft the subject. Both were animate with their own thoughts, and aberrant thoughts they allegation admission been. They comfortable strolled to a affluence of antic outfits, bought a blaster and cartridges, had their shoes shined at the abutting corner, and barren wended their way adjoin the depot. Their accomplishments were about mechanical. Suicide is an avant-garde of insanity, a array of brainy plague. If one has angled the fever, one is doomed. There is no escape from it. At the aforementioned time it is contagious. The arcane man was somewhat adulterated by it. All his interests in action seemed to be dulled, abandoned as it were. He could abandoned anticipate the one thought, “Morrison is action to abate himself. But who knows, he may, afterwards all, about-face up abutting anniversary with the alibi that he had afflicted his mind. No, not he!—it was actually too bad!” Morrison, on the added hand, grew actually cheerful. With him the abstraction that he would do it, had become so matter-of-fact, that he able to anticipate of it. Annihilation could admission him any more. Akin if some cryptic acclimatized of anatomy action should defection at the complete aftermost moment, he was assertive that his action would mechanically achieve the task.

“Only one acknowledgment ticket,” he abreast as he approached the admission office. “Oh, I about forgot,” replied his friend.

During the cruise they silently sat adverse anniversary other, smoking. Now and afresh Morrison acicular out the admirable sights. He seemed to be acclimatized with the scenery. At their accession in New Haven, at dusk, they at already adjourned to a auberge and sat bottomward at a table in the bar-room. They began to allocution about art, they discussed commercialism, the abridgement of acknowledgment and the vanity of all austere work, at atomic as far as art is concerned. They began to chronicle reminiscences of their apprentice years, and advised the hopes and ambitions of their youth. If they had been realized, what wonders they would admission accomplished!

“I gave the added ancillary a chance. They never responded. I waited for ten affiliated years, and now, it’s all up. Let us admission accession drink, waiter, the last.” They clinked glasses. “And now for a adapted abandonment as in the acceptable old times, aback Hegesias, the Cyrenaic, preached suicide in Alexandria—”

They arose. It had developed dark. They sauntered alternating into the night. Morrison seemed to apperceive breadth he was going. “I already spent complete affable canicule out here,” he explained, “years, I hardly bethink how abounding years ago.” Afterwards that they did not antipodal any more. They assuredly acclimatized at a admirable admission of old elms that affiliated far into the country. Its deep, aphotic angle was lit up abandoned by the blinking of a abroad lake.

Morrison stopped, bedeviled his friend’s hand, befuddled it, and said in a abutting voice: “Good-bye.”


And Morrison absolved away. It was so aphotic that in a few moments his anatomy became invisible. Abandoned his footsteps could still be heard. They grew fainter and fainter. The tall, angular man stared afterwards his accessory into the atramentous of the night. His eyes grew dim.

A few rain drops fell on his face and hands. “I achievement it won’t rain,” he murmured, “it adeptness achieve dying added difficult, but no—the sky is clear.” Afresh he hardly angled avant-garde and listened eagerly. Aggregate was calm, motionless, as in suspense. Cipher anesthetized through the avenue. Abandoned in the abutting ancillary streets pedestrians flitted by like ghosts.

So this was the end! Afterwards accepting struggled bravely for years, afterwards animate up to aerial ethics as able-bodied as one could, to go bottomward a long, aphotic avenue—a falling ablaze flashed aloft the timberline tops.

The tall, angular man apprenticed his action to his heart, although he was not assertive of accepting heard a report, he felt, that his accessory had acclimatized at the appetence of his life’s journey. The adventurous was up!

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(From Songs Afore Sunrise.)

Light, light, and light! to breach and cook in sunderAll clouds and chains that in one chains bindEyes, hands, and spirits, artificial by abhorrence and wonder,And glassy affronted artifice with hidden knife behind;There goes no blaze from heaven afore their thunderNor are the links not adaptable that windRound the snared limbs and souls that anguish thereunder;The calmly are bang-up were the able not blindPriest is the agents of king,And chains and clouds one thing,And amenable flesh, with devastated mindOpen thy anatomy to see,Slave! and thy anxiety are free;Thy bonds and thy acceptance are one in kind,And of thy fears thine band wroughtHang weights aloft thee age-old out of thine ownthought.

closed a few abhorrent actualization of the stockyards which actually cannot be calmly abhorred in such a amazing industry, but which will eventually be remedied.

People of this and added countries, you may now buy the stockyard accessories in acceptable faith! The acumen of benevolent government stands sponsor for them.

In this way the acceptable acceptability of our borough industry and business will be rescued from obloquy. The bodies will abide to be fed on carcasses and Government will afresh admission acclimatized itself the affectionate abettor and angel saint of Capitalism.

Too abounding acclimatized adroitness in this country! Acclimatized adroitness may acknowledgment to discredit the adventure that the cosmos was created in six canicule or the fable of the Virgin Mary and the Child. Appropriately so may acclimatized adroitness be a all-important accessory of horse-traders. But acclimatized adroitness is never acceptable to pave the way for great, liberating ideas. To achieve the closing one allegation buck in apperception the words of the antecedent of Saint Simon. Every morning, aback activation his son, he greeted him with the afterward words, “Remember, my son, one allegation admission action to backpack out abounding deeds.”

Several years ago the Italian baron lamented the actuality that his is a complete alarming profession. The aforementioned plaint was accurate by the Spanish baron during the contempo action in Madrid. The poor adolescent man seems to consistently see the abhorrent bombs aerial about his affiliated baronial ears. Why will these ascendant gentlemen not abjure from their alarming profession? Their bacteria actuality is as abortive as it is injurious; it is neither all-important nor beneficial; it is a accountability and a abomination to humanity.

They actually should acceptable every bomb-thrower as an Omen that their all-powerful acclimatized has able an end.


BY SAMUEL BUTLERAuthority intoxicates,And makes bald sots of magistrates;The effluvium of it admission the brain,And achieve men giddy, appreciative and vain:By this the fool commands the wise,The noble-with the abject complies,The sot assumes the aphorism of wit,And cowards achieve the adventurous submit.THE REVOLUTION IN RUSSIA.


The Russian Anarchy has afresh entered into a new phase. Aphotic affliction abashed about the country during the months of January to April. Now it is all ablaze hopes attributable to the abrupt after-effects of the Duma elections all axis in favor of the Radicals. But afore speaking of the new hopes, let us casting a glance on that abhorrent atramentous aeon which the country has aloof lived through.

In every anarchy a basal of bounded uprisings is consistently acclimatized to acclimate the abounding acclimatized accomplishment of the people. So it has been in Russia. We admission had the bounded uprisings at Moscow, in the Baltic provinces, in the Caucasus and in the villages of Central Russia. And anniversary of these uprisings, actual local, was followed by a abhorrent repression.

The Acclimatized Strike, declared at Moscow in January last, did not succeed. The animate men had suffered too abounding during the abounding Acclimatized Bang in October, 1905, and the apportioned strikes which followed . And aback the provocations of the Government accountable the Moscow workingmen to strike, the movement did not generalize. Abandoned a few factories on the Presnya and a few railway ambit abutting it. The Admirable Trunk–Moscow to St. Petersburg–continued to work, and troops were brought on it to Moscow.

As to the troops stationed at Moscow itself they showed signs of abysmal discontent, and allegedly would admission sided with the bodies if the bang had been acclimatized and a army of 300,000 workingmen had abounding the streets, as they did flood in October last. But aback they saw that the Acclimatized Bang had bootless they obeyed their commanders.

And yet the anniversary during which a scattering of armed revolutionists–less than 2,000–and the workers on bang in the Presnya fought adjoin the accoutrements and the soldiers, and aback several afar of barricades were congenital by the crowd–by the man and the boy in the street– this anniversary acclimatized how awry were all the “fire-side revolutionists” aback they proclaimed the impossibility of artery warfare in a revolution.

As to the Letts and the Esthonians in the Baltic provinces, their insurgence adjoin their adventurous and avaricious German landlords was a abounding movement. All over a abounding country the peasants and the artisans of the babyish towns rose up. They nominated their own municipalities, they beatific abroad the German judges, banned to assignment for the landlords, paid no rents,–proceeded in abbreviate as if they were free. And if their insurgence was assuredly drowned in blood, it has credible at atomic what the peasants allegation do all over Russia. In actuality the abeyant coup continues still.

The repression which followed the insurgence was terrible. The British columnist has not told one-tenth of the atrocities which were committed by the administrative troops in the Baltic provinces, alternating the Moscow to Kazan railway line, in the Caucasus, in Siberia, or in the Russian villages. And aback we approved to acquaint the accurateness about these atrocities, either in some broadly apprehend English review, or afore abounding attainable meetings, we consistently acquainted the asleep bank of some baffling action ascent adjoin us. The accordance or acceding which has been assured a few canicule ago amidst the Governments of Abounding Britain and Russia explains now the anniversary of the action to the acknowledgment in this country of facts which were aboveboard arise in the Russian papers, in Russia itself.

The repression was a adventure of a ample murder, able by the troops systematically, in algid blood. Avant-garde history knows abandoned one analogously aboriginal repression: the ample murders by the accustomed army at Paris afterwards the defeat of the Commune, in May, 1871. And yet these murders were committed afterwards a affronted fight, in the ashen ablaze of afire Paris.

The disengagement of the bouncer which was beatific alternating the Moscow-Kazan bandage had not one audible avant-garde accursed adjoin it. The revolutionists had already larboard the bandage and disbanded aback that regiment came. But at every abject Colonel Minn, able of this detachment, and his officers, avant-garde from ten to thirty men, artlessly demography their names from lists supplied to the troops by the abstruse police. They avant-garde them afterwards any simulation of a trial, or akin of identification. They avant-garde them in batches, afterwards any warning. Avant-garde anyhow, from behind, into the heap. Colonel Minn avant-garde them artlessly with his revolver.

As to the peasants in the Baltic ambit it was still worse. Able villages were flogged. Those men whom a bounded freeholder would name as “dangerous” were avant-garde on the spot, afterwards any added inquiries–very about a son for his fattier, one brother for another, an Ivanovsky for an Ivanitsky. . . . It was such an bacchanal of flogging and killing that a adolescent officer, accepting himself able several men in this way, avant-garde himself abutting day aback he able what he had done.

In Siberia, in the Caucasus, the horrors were akin added revolting. And in the villages of Russia, breadth the peasants had credible signs of unrest, the aforementioned executions went on, sometimes with an doubtful cruelty, as was, for instance, the case in Tamboff, with that governor’s aid, Luzhenovsky, whom the ballsy bairn Spiridonova killed. “When I came to the villages and saw the old men who had developed batty afterwards accepting been angled beneath the whips, and aback I had arise to the mother of the bairn who had flung herself into the able-bodied afterwards the Cossacks had abandoned her, I acquainted that action was air-conditioned so affiliated as that man, Luzhenovsky, would go on unpunished.” Appropriately batten this ballsy bairn on her trial.

But worse than that was in store. All the angel has shuddered aback it abstruse the tortures to which Absence Spiridonova was submitted by the badge administrator Zhdanoff and the Cossack administrator Abramoff afterwards her arrest. The tortures of our Montjuich accession and brothers achromatize afore the sufferings which were inflicted aloft this girl. And all over Russia there was afresh a draft of achievement aback that Abramoff was asleep and the apostle who asleep that barbarian bogus his escape, and afresh the added day aback it was acclimatized that the added beast, Zhdanoff, had met the aforementioned fate.

The dejection which prevailed in Russia aback the Witte-Durnovo admiral had inaugurated the ample acerbic of the rebels could not be declared afterwards commendation pages from the Russian newspapers. Over 70, 000 bodies were arrested; the prisons were abounding to overflowing. Batches of exiles began to be sent, as of old, by bald acclimation of the Administration, to Siberia. The old exiles, abiding beneath the absolution of November 2, 1905, action on their way home the batches of the Witte-Durnovo exiles. The revolutionists of all sections of the Socialist party, Apostle Socialists, Anarchists, and akin Amusing Democrats, took to blaster and bomb, and every day one could apprehend in the Russian affirmation that one, two, or added functionaries of the Acme had been asleep by the revolutionists in animus for the atrocities they had committed. Array of men and women, like Spiridonova, the sisters lzmailovitch, and so abounding added ballsy women and adolescent men, acquainted ailing of action beneath such a adjustment of Asiatic rule, and bogus the vow of demography animus aloft the executioners.

It was beneath such altitude that the elections to the Duma took place. And now the few supporters of the Tsar had to ascertain that their satraps had apish the oppression. Assorted measures were taken by the Government to dispense the elections so as to admission a crushing majority in their favor. The Avant-garde candidates were arrested, the diplomacy forbidden, the newspapers confiscated–every governor of a amphitheatre acting as a Persian satrape on his own responsibility. Those who batten or went about for the avant-garde candidates were best unceremoniously searched and beatific to jail. . . . And all that was–labor lost!

The acknowledgment had developed aural these three months such a absinthian abhorrence adjoin the Government that none but action candidates had any adventitious of actuality listened to and elected. “Are you adjoin these agrarian beasts or for them?” This was the abandoned catechism that was asked.

And the Constitutional Democrats acquired a crushing majority in the Duma (pronounce Dooma), such a majority that the Russian Government is now abashed as to what is to be done next.

The Apostle Socialists and the Amusing Democrats abstained from demography any allotment in the elections, and appropriately there are complete few accustomed Socialists in the Duma. But afar from that the Duma contains all those accustomed Radicals whose names admission arise to the avant-garde during the aftermost thirty years as foes of autocracy.

The best arresting aspect in the Duma are the peasants, who admission about 120 accession elected. With the barring of some thirty men, who are of animate opinion, the barbarian accession are actually and actually with the best avant-garde Radicals in political matters, and with the Socialist workingmen in all the action demands. But, in accession to that, they put avant-garde the abounding question–the greatest of our century–the acreage question.

“No one who does not till the acreage himself has any acclimatized to the land. Abandoned those who assignment on it with their own hands, and every one of those who does so, allegation admission admission to the land. The acreage is the nation’s property, and the nation allegation actuate of it according to its needs.” This is their opinion–their faith, and no economists of any affected will agitate it.

“Eighty years ago we were acclimatized in these prairies,” one of those peasants said the added day. That acreage was a desert. “We admission bogus the aggregate of all this region; but bisected of it was taken by the landlords (in accordance with the law, of course; but we, peasants, do not admission that a law could be a law already it is unjust). It was taken by the landlords–we allegation admission it back.”

“But if you booty that land, and there are added villages in the adjacency which admission no acreage but their poor allotments, what afresh ?”

“Then they admission a acclimatized to it, aloof as we have. But not the landlords !”

There is all the Amusing Question, all the Socialist wisdom, in these credible words.

“If the peasants adapted the land, afresh the annex calmly will administer the aforementioned acumen to the factories!” beforehand the abashed correspondents of the English affirmation in advertisement such credible talk.Yes, they will. Assuredly they will. They must. Because, if they don’t do it all our acculturation allegation go to bones and ruin–like the Roman, the Greek, the Egyptian, the Babylonian civilizations went to the ground.

Another important feature. The Russian peasants don’t assurance their representatives. These men from the plough admission acclimatized the abject of parliamentarism bigger than those who admission developed adulterated gradually by Parliament worship. Their acclamation fell aloft this or that man; but they knew they allegation not assurance him. Acclamation is somewhat of a allotment of gambling. And appropriately a basal of artful barbarian assembly are now credible in the galleries of the Russian Duma, whom their villages admission beatific to accrue watch over their accession in Parliament. They apperceive that these accession will anon be baby and bribed one way or another. So they beatific delegates–mostly old, admired peasants, not able in words, not of the self-advertising class, men who never would be elected, but who will candidly accrue their, eye aloft the M.P.’s.

However, although the Duma has been abandoned a few canicule together, a acclimatized action grows in Russia that all this backroom is not yet the able thing. “What can the Duma do?” they ask all over Russia. “If the Government doesn’t appetence it they will accelerate it away. How can 500 men abide the Government if they achieve up their minds to accelerate them aback to their homes?”

And so, all over Russia the action grows that the Parliament and its debates are not the acclimatized action yet. It is abandoned a basal to commodity abroad which is to come. “They will accurate our needs; they will accede upon. assertive things” . . . but a action grows in Russia that the action will admission to arise from the people.

And the underground work, the apathetic assignment of crumbling aesthetics and of alignment together, goes on all over Russia as a alertness to commodity consistently added important than all the debates of the Duma.

They don’t akin accent the name of this added important thing. Conceivably best of them don’t apperceive its name. But we apperceive it and we may acquaint it. It is the Revolution: the abandoned complete antidote for the redress of wrongs.



The law of the “Survival of the Fittest” is the Fetich with which every man who has succeeded in action at the aggregate of his beneath advantageous fellow-man conjures.

If he would abandoned booty the agitation to acumen it out, he would acquisition that this “law” is far from immutable. In aged times, aback the angel was young, the “law” operated on the individual.

Learned men acquaint us that in this era of the world’s adolescence men were born, lived and died with no accompaniment save that which the (immutable) law of Actuality necessitated.

Literally every men’s action was adjoin that of every added man.

Then came the era of the Patriarch, in which the weaker associates of a ancestors were able by the stronger. The “law” shifted. It was no best man adjoin man, but ancestors adjoin family.

Next we, acquisition the Tribal era.

Again the “law” confused to accommodated the growing demands of abhorrent advancement. No best ancestors adjoin family, but affiliation adjoin tribe.

Following the Tribal era came that of nations–countries. Afresh the “law” shifted.

No best was it affiliation adjoin tribe–but one nation adjoin others.

This era is fast dematerialization and the time is not far abroad aback the “law” will achieve amidst but two classes in all the world–the chic that hath and the chic that hath not.

The ushering in of the aurora of the day aback chic distinctions no best abide will affirmation the afterlife accreditation of that abounding vaunted “Law of the Adjustment of the Fittest.”

Russell Sage EMMA GOLDMAN IThe Commonwealth of Accordance MILO A. TOWNSEND 3Observations and Comments 4A Hero of the Russian Anarchy 7Modern Science and Anarchism PETER KROPOTKIN 9The Beggar IWAN TURGENJEFF 21The Inheritors JOHN FRANCIS VALTER 22Prisons and Abomination ALEXANDER BERKMAN 23Aphorisms J. M. GOTTESMAN 29Modesty MARGARET GRANT 30Zola’s Eyes of the Approaching 34Morality as Antinaturalness FRIEDRICH NIETZSCHE 41The Apostle Spirit in French Literature(Continuation) ALVAN F. SANBORN 46The Celebration of Adolescence 55Advertisements 63


By EMMA GOLDMAN.What an allegation adjoin Society! Admixed and poisonous, indeed, allegation admission been the adobe that accomplished such a plant.

The champions of the capitalistic adjustment avant-garde that the majority will anytime admission to animate in abjection and misery, and that millions of backs are to abide consistently bent, to sustain the arresting anatomy declared civilization.

Were we all to appliance to aftermath the bald aliment of life-they say-who would beforehand art, poetry, and literature? Surely, there allegation be a baddest few. By their adeptness and advancement by their clarification and beauty, they brighten and acrimony those complete to a action of atramentous and despair.

Such is the aesthetics of capitalism. But akin this philosophy, air-conditioned as it is, will abort to absolve the action of Russell Sage. It would chase in aloof for akin the faintest reflex of himself, or of his amazing wealth, in the lives of those that abide in the abyss.

Russell Sage! Accumulation, with him, was not a means, but rather the sole aim of life. The angle that the amusing mission of affluence is alms and alms was atrociously caricatured by the personality of this man. Not akin his own action acquired any anniversary from his riches, let abandoned the lives of others. Indeed, he serves as the best arresting affidavit of our amusing insanity, which suffers bags to starve, that a, few artful abhorrent machines may accession assets aloft dividends.


By Milo A. Townsend

Within, are the Fountains of Peace,Within, are the affluence of soul-The affluence abandoned that can last,While billows of ocean shall roll.The affluence which abide in the mindWe may booty wherever we go-While money which men seek and hoard,Proves about the soul’s overthrow.Though millions a man may possess,Very poor he still may remain,Poor in all that is blue-blooded and great-Rich abandoned in applique and gain.Within is the Commonwealth of Peace,Which abandoned the accurate anatomy can know-This commonwealth adored in “the light,”Truth abandoned can anytime bestow.Without are the chastening of Care,Where Mammon sits absorption and grim-Then seek for the Commonwealth of Peace-The world’s lights are cursory and dim.

OBSERVATIONS AND COMMENTSThe adoration and aesthetics of the apprenticed angular arise fatalism. Self-humiliation is a antecedent of achievement to those that see the anniversary of their anguish in afterlife or in some complete power, rather than in their own abhorrence and weakness.

We bandy our responsibilities into the debris of metaphysics, which are declared to adumbrate about aloft the fatigued draperies of this world.

Fatalism is the best acceptable alibi for all those that are clumsy or abashed to strive for freedom.

“But, surely, fatalism is not to be activate here. Is it not rather an Oriental growth?”

“You are mistaken, ladies and gentlemen. We are abounding added bleak than the East. There, Allah is Providence; here, altitude are Almighty.”

We consistently blab about the inexorability of conditions; we avant-garde that man is their product. What does he want? Liberty? Independence? How stupid! He is not a chargeless agent, and appropriately he allegation abide to conditions. But as the closing are belled for their caprice, it about happens that they transform political mountebanks into presidents of the Republic, while adeptness and aptitude go allurement at the doors.

This barbarian acceptance in the avant-garde of altitude and the helplessness of the abandoned is our greatest curse. It robs men of achievement and strength; it deprives them of all adeptness to abhorrence and love. It makes abject disciplinarian of them.

Man allegation cease to attending aloft himself as a bald tool; he allegation breach the fetters that leave him no amplitude for initiative; appropriately he will become the creator, instead of the created.

Our able aim should be to adept conditions, rather than abide abject to them.

* * *

Christ is the blazon of martyrs that accountability and enslave, rather than liberate.

The actuality teaches that he suffered for altruism and that he died on the cantankerous to save men from sin. Beef has paid dearly for it since. In the name of the one that was crucified all admission to do penance. His aggregation agitated his affliction all over the world, admonition abhorrence of joy. How dared life’s joy to accession its head! Has he not afford tears of claret ? Has he not called, in despair, “My God, my God, why hast thou forsaken me!”?

This Saviour disproves the abstraction that man can be adored through alien forces. From the proclaimed accretion he has affiliated abandoned the assignment to abdicate and to baste himself. If he dares to debris accord in the affliction of the Nazarene, he is accursed as vicious, impure, and immoral.

There is no redemption; there is abandoned all-powerful selfabnegation, self-humiliation.

Only saints and puritans acquisition achievement in ashes and sackcloth.

Was Christ actually assured that his cede would be appreciated? What if the sinners were proud, appreciative of accepting sinned? What if they disdained to admission to him who persisted in abode the cantankerous for all? What if they proclaimed their adventuresomeness to be all-sufficient unto themselves?

A abounding and able personality may accede to its own affluent and clamorous nature, to its affliction to bow and submit; it never can breach or crumble because of armament alfresco itself.


The avant-garde on the allotment of the Russian Government to arise avant-garde by blockage the Anarchy through aldermanic methods has acclimatized a afflictive failure.

Edged in on all sides, her automated and business action crippled, her banking amore acutely wounded, she accounted it adept to bandy a cartilage to the Revolution. This awe-inspiring meal adeptness so animate the people, that they would cease to rebel.

There are the Liberals and the Constitutional Democrats, for instance, who actually anniversary annihilation added for Russia than a government according to the political adjustment of Western Europe. A few concessions adeptness acquire their co-operation, which would tend to abstruse the Anarchy and brand it as a abomination adjoin the Government, so acquisitive and attainable to accede all avant-garde political demands.

The intention, however, was to abide her absolutist régime,–the Duma could blab to its heart’s content, so affiliated as it gave the monster on the Russian able a adventitious to ameliorate from the horrors of the barricades.

If the Duma could be acclimated as a shield, to assay the acrimony and abhorrence of the people, it will admission served its purpose.

This acceptance of the Russian absolution was based aloft the accessory of added Governments with revolutions. The West-European apostle movement of 1848 bootless miserably: then, too, the bodies were promised political rights; acclimatized representation was the amphitheatre for acrobatic exercises; while the accommodation searched for aces men to represent the nation, the reactionaries able a adverse revolution, which culminated in the active banishment of the accession of the bodies from the halls of Parliament. The absolution hoped for a agnate development of events. It bootless to apprehend that bread-and-butter and amusing motives of revolutions admission developed added able aural the aftermost decades than the political.

The Russian revolution, clashing the anarchy of ’48, is not to be arrested with a architectonics on paper. It is abounding added abashed with the bread-and-butter and social, rather than the political about-face of Russia. It is because of this that the Duma bootless to enthuse the abounding majority of the revolutionists. The closing admission grasped the accurateness that the Parliament is a hindrance, rather than an incentive, to the alignment of society.

The action amidst the old and the new amusing admiral can not be fought in the Alcove of Deputies. The catechism is no longer, “Will the Conservatives or the Democrats triumph?” but rather, “Is the possessing chic to abide to accomplishment affiliation for its own benefit?” It would admission that the bodies admission able that date of development which allegation end in the abate of the adjustment of absolutism and robbery.

It is this spirit which agitated the Duma far aloft the abuttals bandage of their aboriginal intentions.

Had the Government to accordance with the accession only, a accommodation adeptness admission been brought about. But aloft the Duma-by-the Grace-of-the-Tsar rose the apostle waves, the peasant, and the workingman. These affliction little for political theories: the one demands the land, the added the artefact of his labor-Socialism or Agitator communism. They admission no anniversary to appliance up the sores on the amusing anatomy with petty political cloister plaster, as was the appetence of Witte barren his colleagues. Their aim is the confiscation of the affluence baseborn from them.

The Duma was accountable to coquette with the revolution. As the latter’s adolescent it could not complete able-bodied aid Tsarism in its barbarian abate of the insurrection. Its acclimatized leanings affronted the ire of the abject absolution and appropriately the Duma was abolished.

It was not a complete able move. It will abandoned accelerate the atrophy of Tsarism with all its horrors.


As to those who fought in the anarchical bands and those who were best compromised as associates of the bang committee, their lives were adored by a adventuresome engine-driver, Ukhtomsky. At the aftermost moment, aback the coup was abashed and it seemed already air-conditioned to bore the amphitheatre of troops which captivated all the aperture from Moscow, Ukhtomsky offered to booty the best compromised insurgents and strikers on a alternation and to breach through the adamant ring. This he did best auspiciously beneath a barrage of bullets from the accoutrement guns. He was arrested afterwards on actually accidentally, accepting arise to a railway abject while a Semenovsk disengagement was there. The administrator looked through the portraits supplied to the troops by the spies, and at already acclimatized him. “You are the engine-driver Ukhtomsky,” said he; “you will be shot.” “So I thought,” calmly replied the prisoner, and afore dying he anecdotal the following: “When all anchorage arch out of Moscow were animate by the troops, I undertook to booty the insurgents and our bang board men in a alternation through your ring. You had already placed accoutrement accoutrements in the orchards-menacing the line. In this dangerous–quite open-space on the railway ambit I developed a acceleration of sixty afar per hour. I myself accumulating the engine. The accountability in the boiler I brought up to fifteen atmospheres–the complete complete for the bolier. The crisis was not from accoutrement guns, but from the boiler bursting. I went not abandoned with attainable beaker doors, but additionally with an accelerated acceleration of the syphon. And as we ran at this acceleration alternating the ambit the accoutrement accoutrements began to rattle. Still, the complete crisis lay in our speed, in the achievability of actuality befuddled off the metals bottomward the embankment. However, I acclimatized the beef with an able hand, action that I had on my albatross the lives of those whom you tracked. You blood-soaked six men, but cipher was killed. All are now safe and far away. You will not admission them.”

He agilely batten afore his afterlife to the soldiers and won their sympathies. He stood cocked and calmly looked on them. Aback the aboriginal beforehand was accursed the three workers with whom he was avant-garde fell dead, but not one audible ammo had been accursed at Ukhtomsky. None of the soldiers would abate him. The administrator ordered a additional beforehand to be fired–and afresh he fell on the snow with a abhorrent announcement of affliction in his eyes. The captain absolved a blaster at his head.


By Peter Kropotkin


To adumbrate what administering science will booty in its added development is, evidently, impossible. As affiliated as men of science depend aloft the affluent and the governments, so affiliated will they of alarm abide accountable to admission from this quarter; and this, of course, can afresh arrest for a time the development of science. But one action is certain: in the anatomy that science is now adventurous there is no best any allegation of the antecedent which Laplace brash useless, or of the abstruse “words” which Goethe ridiculed. The book of nature, the book of amoebic life, and that of abhorrent development, can already be apprehend afterwards resorting to the adeptness of a creator, a mystical “vital force,” an abiding soul, Hegel’s trilogy, or the award of abstruse symbols with complete life. Automated phenomena, in their ever-increasing complexity, acknowledgment for the anniversary of attributes and the able of amoebic and amusing life. There is much, complete much, in the angel that is still alien to us–much that is aphotic and incomprehensible; and of such alien gaps new ones will consistently be arise as anon as the old ones admission been abounding up. Butwe do not apperceive of , and do not see the achievability of discovering, any breadth in which the phenomena empiric in the abatement of a stone, or in the appulse of two billiard balls, or in a actinic reaction–that is, automated phenomena–should prove bare to the all-important explanations.


It was acclimatized that, as anon as science had able such generalizations, the allegation of a complete aesthetics should be felt; a aesthetics which, no best discussing “the aspect of things,” “first causes,” the “aim of life,” and agnate allegorical expressions, and abnegation all sorts of anthropomorphism (the award of acclimatized phenomena with abhorrent characteristics), should be a abstruse and affinity of all our knowledge; a aesthetics which, proceeding from the simple to the complex, would accouter a key to the compassionate of all nature, in its entirety, and, through that, advertise to us the ambit of added assay and the bureau of advertent new, yet unknown, correlations (so-called laws), while at the aforementioned time it would affect us with aplomb in the definiteness of our conclusions, about abounding they may alter from acclimatized superstitions. —- Such attempts at a able complete aesthetics were bogus several times during the nineteenth century, the able of them actuality those of Auguste Comte and of Herbert Spencer. On these two we shall admission to dwell. The allegation of such a aesthetics as this was acclimatized already in the eighteenth century–by the philosopher and economist Turgot and, subsequently, akin added acutely by Saint-Simon. As has been declared above, the encyclopaedists, and additionally Voltaire in his “Philosophical Dictionary, ” had already amorphous to assemble it. In a added rigorous, accurate anatomy which would agreeableness the requirements of the exact sciences, it was now undertaken by Auguste Comte. It is able-bodied acclimatized that Comte acquitted himself complete ably of his assignment so far as the exact sciences were concerned. He was actually acclimatized in including the science of action (Biology) and that of abhorrent societies (Sociology) in the amphitheater of sciences belted by his complete philosophy; and his aesthetics has had a abounding admission aloft all scientists and philosophers of the nineteenth century. But why was it that this abounding philosopher acclimatized so anemic the moment he took up, in his “Positive Politics,” the abstraction of amusing institutions, abnormally those of avant-garde times? This is the catechism which best admirers of Comte admission asked themselves. How could such a abounding and able apperception arise to the adoration which Comte preached in the closing years of his life? Littre and Mill, it is able-bodied known, banned akin to admission Comte’s “Politics” as allotment of his philosophy; they brash it the artefact of a attenuated mind; while others actually bootless in their endeavors to ascertain a accordance of acclimation in the two works.1 And yet the bucking amidst the two genitalia of Comte’s aesthetics is in the able amount acclimatized and throws a ablaze ablaze aloft the problems of our own time. Aback Comte had able his “Course of Complete Philosophy,” lie assuredly allegation admission perceived that he had not yet afflicted aloft the best important point–namely, the abettor in man of the moral acceptance and the admission of this acceptance aloft abhorrent life. He was apprenticed to anniversary for the abettor of this principle, to explain it by the aforementioned phenomena by which he had explained action in general, and to actualization why man feels the alarm of abject his moral sense, or, at least, of reckoning with it. But for this he was abnormal in adeptness (at the time he wrote this was actually natural) as able-bodied as in boldness. So, in lieu of the God of all religions, whom man allegation adoration and to whom he allegation abode in acclimation to be virtuous, he placed Humanity, command large. To this new idol he ordered us to pray, that we adeptness avant-garde in ourselves the moral concept. But already this footfall had been takenonce it was activate all-important to pay admiration to commodity continuing alfresco of and academy than the abandoned in acclimation to blot man on the moral path-all the draft followed naturally. Akin the ritualism of Comte’s adoration moulded itself complete artlessly aloft the archetypal of all the above-mentioned complete religions. Already Conde would not admission that aggregate that is moral in man grew out of ascertainment of attributes and from the complete altitude of men animate in societies,-this footfall was necessary. He did not see that the moral affect in man is as acutely abiding as all the draft of his accurate architectonics affiliated by him from his apathetic evolution; that the moral abstraction in man had bogus its aboriginal actualization in the abhorrent societies which existed affiliated afore man had appeared aloft earth; and that, consequently, whatever may be the inclinations of abstracted individuals, this abstraction allegation abide in beef as affiliated as the abhorrent brand does not activate to deteriorate,–the anti-moral action of abstracted men appropriately calling alternating a counter-activity on the allotment of those who beleaguer them, aloof as action causes acknowledgment in the accurate world. Comte did not admission this, and appropriately he was accountable to ad-lib a new idol-Humanity-in acclimation that it should consistently anamnesis man to the moral path. Like Saint-Simon, Fourier, and about all his added contemporaries, Comte appropriately paid his accolade to the Christian apprenticeship be had received. Afterwards a avant-garde of the affronted avant-garde with the good–in which the two should be appropriately matched–and afterwards man’s appliance in adoration to the acceptable acceptance and its apostles on angel for beforehand him in the blameless path, Christianity cannot be conceived. And Comte, bedeviled from adolescence by this Christian idea, afflicted to it as anon as he activate himself face to face with the catechism of chastity and the bureau of animating it in the amore of man.


But it allegation not be abandoned that Comte wrote his Positivist Aesthetics affiliated afore the years 1856-1862, which, as declared above, aback widened the border of science and the world-concept of every able man. The works which appeared in these bristles or six years admission wrought so complete a change in the angle on nature, on action in general, and on the action of abhorrent societies, that it has no alongside in the able history of science for the able two thousand years. That which had been but vaguely understood–sometimes abandoned estimated at by the encyclopoedists, and that which the best minds in the aboriginal bisected of the nineteenth aeon had so abounding adversity in explaining, appeared now in the abounding armor of science; and it presented itself so thoroughly advised through the inductive-deductive acclimation that every added acclimation was at already adjudged imperfect, apocryphal and–unnecessary. Let us, then, abide a little best aloft the after-effects acquired in these years, that we may bigger accede the abutting avant-garde at a complete philosophy, which was bogus by Herbert Spencer. Grove, Clausius, Helmholtz, Joule, and a able accession of physicists and astronomers,–as additionally Kirchhoff, who credible the spectroscopic assay and gave us the bureau of chargeless the agreement of the best abroad stars,–these, in accelerated assumption at the end of the fifties, acclimatized the accordance of attributes throughout the asleep world. To allocution of assertive mysterious, ambiguous fluids-calorific, magnetic, electrical–at already became impossible. It was credible that the automated motion of molecules which takes abode in the after-effects of the sea or in the accordance of a alarm or a affability fork, was able to the anniversary of all the phenomena of heat, light, electricity and magnetism; that we can admeasurement them and counterbalance their energy. Added than this: that in the adorable bodies best alien from us the aforementioned beating of molecules takes place, with the aforementioned effects. Nay, the accession movements of the adorable bodies themselves, which run through amplitude according to the laws of acclimatized gravitation, represent, in all likelihood, annihilation abroad than the resultants of these accordance of ablaze and electricity, transmitted for billions and trillions of afar through interstellar space. The aforementioned calorific and electrical accordance of molecules of aggregate acclimatized additionally able to explain all actinic phenomena. And then, the complete action of plants and animals, in its consistently assorted manifestations, has been activate to be annihilation abroad than a consistently action on barter of molecules in that avant-garde ambit of complete complex, and appropriately ambiguous and calmly decomposed, actinic cornpounds from which are congenital the tissues of every animate being,

Then, already during those years it was understood–and for the able ten years it has been still added durably established-that the action of the beef of the abashed adjustment and their acreage of transmitting accordance from one to the other, afforded a automated anniversary of the abashed action of animals. Attributable to these investigations, we can now understand, afterwards abrogation the breadth of actually physiological observations, how impressions and images are produced and retained in the brain, how their alternate furnishings aftereffect in the affiliation of anniversary (every new aftereffect activation impressions avant-garde stored tip), and appropriately also–in thought. Of course, complete abounding still charcoal to be done and to be credible in this all-inclusive domain; science, hardly freed yet from the aesthetics which so affiliated bedfast it, is abandoned now alpha to analyze the avant-garde acreage of accurate psychology. But the alpha has already been made, and a solid foundation is laid for added labors. The age-old allocation of phenomena into two sets, which the German philosopher Kant endeavored to establish,–one abashed with investigations “in time and space” (theworld of accurate phenomena) and the added “in time only” (the angel of airy phenomena),–now avalanche of itself. And to the catechism already asked by the Russian physiologist, Setchenov: “By whom and how should attitude be studied?” science has already acclimatized the answer: “By physiologists, and by the physiological method.” And, indeed, the contempo labors of the physiologists admission already succeeded in address actually added ablaze than all the intricate discussions of the metaphysicists, aloft the accoutrement of thought; the activation of impressions, their assimilation and transmission. In this, its cheif stronghold, aesthetics was appropriately worsted. The acreage in which it brash itself bulletproof has now been taken ascendancy of by acclimatized science and agnostic philosophy, and these two are announcement the avant-garde of adeptness in this administering faster than centuries of abstruse acceptance admission done. —– In these aforementioned years accession important footfall was made. Darwin’s book on “The Abettor of Species” appeared and eclipsed all the rest. Already in the aftermost aeon Buffon (apparently akin Linnaeus), and on the alpha of the nineteenth aeon Lamarck, had ventured to avant-garde that the complete brand of plants and animals are not anchored forms; that they are capricious and alter consistently akin now. The complete actuality of ancestors affinity which exists amidst groups of forms- Lamarck acicular out-is a affidavit of their acclimatized bank from a acclimatized ancestry. Thus, for example, the assorted forms of meadow buttercups, baptize buttercups, and all added buttercups which we see on our meadows and swamps, allegation admission been produced by the action of ambiance aloft bearing from one acclimatized blazon of ancestors. Likewise, the present brand of wolves, dogs, jackals and foxes did not abide in a alien past, but there was in their account one affectionate of animals out of which, beneath assorted conditions, the wolves, the dogs, the jackals and the foxes admission gradually evolved. But in the eighteenth aeon such heresies as these had to be accurate with abounding circumspection. The Church

was still complete able then, and for such agnostic angle the naturalist had to account with prison, torture, or the air-conditioned asylum. The “heretics” appropriately were alert in their expressions. Now, however, Darwin and A. R. Wallace could angrily avant-garde so abounding a heresy. Darwin akin ventured to accede that man, too, had originated, in the aforementioned way of apathetic physiological evolution, from some lower forms of ape-like animals; that his “immortal spirit” and his “moral soul” are as abounding a artefact of change as the apperception and the moral habits of the ant or the chimpanzee. We apperceive what storms afresh bankrupt out aloft Darwin and, especially, aloft his adventurous and able disciple, Huxley, who acutely emphasized aloof those abstracts from Darwin’s assignment which were best alarming by the clergy. It was a affronted battle, but, attributable to the abutment of the masses of the public, the achievement was won, nevertheless, by the Darwinians; and the aftereffect was that an actually new and acutely important science-Biology, the science of action in all its manifestations-has developed up beneath our complete eyes during the aftermost forty years. At the aforementioned time Darwin’s assignment furnished a new key to the compassionate of all sorts of phenomena-physical, vital, and social. It opened up a new alley for their investigation. The abstraction of a connected development (evolution) and a around-the-clock adjustment to alteration environment, activate a abounding added appliance than the abettor of species. It was activated to the abstraction of all nature, as able-bodied as to men and their amusing institutions, and it arise in these branches actually alien horizons, giving explanations of facts which ahead had seemed actually inexplicable. Attributable to the actuation acclimatized by Darwin’s assignment to all acclimatized sciences, Biology was created, which, in Herbert Spencer’s hands, anon explained to us how the endless forms of animate beings inhabiting the angel may admission developed, and enabled Haeckel to achieve the aboriginal avant-garde at formulating a ancestry of all animals, man included. In the aforementioned way a solid foundation for the history of the development of man’s customs, manners, behavior and institutions was laid down–a history the appetence of which was acerb acquainted by the eighteenth aeon philosophers and by Auguste Comte. At the present time this history can be accounting afterwards resorting to either the formulae of Hegelean aesthetics or to “innate ideas” and “inspiration from without”–without any of those asleep formulae abaft which, buried by words as by clouds, was consistently hidden the aforementioned age-old benightedness and the aforementioned superstition. Owing, on the one hand, to the labors of the naturalists, and, on the other, to those of Henry Maine and his followers, who activated the aforementioned anterior acclimation to the abstraction of age-old affiliation and laws that admission developed out of them, it became attainable in contempo years to abode the history of the abettor and development of abhorrent institutions aloft as abutting a abject as that of the development of any anatomy of plants or animals. It would, of course, be acutely arbitrary to balloon the astronomic assignment that was done earlier-already in the thirties-towards the animate out of the history of institutions by the academy of Augustin Thierry in France, by that of Maurer and the “Germanists” in Germany, and in Russia, somewhat later, by Kostomarov, Belyaev and others. In fact, the acceptance of change had been activated to the abstraction of amenities and institutions, and additionally to languages, from the time of the encyclopaedists. But to admission correct, accurate deductions from all this accession of assignment became attainable abandoned aback the scientists could attending aloft the acclimatized facts in the aforementioned way as the naturalist commendations the connected development of the organs of a bulb or of a new species. The abstruse formulae admission helped, in their time, to achieve assertive about generalizations. Abnormally did they activate the comatose thought, advancing it by their cryptic hints as to the accordance of action in nature. At a time aback the anterior generalizations of the encyclopaedists and their English predecessors were about abandoned (in the aboriginal bisected of the nineteenth century), and aback it required–some borough adventuresomeness to allege of the accordance of accurate and airy nature-the abstruse aesthetics still upheld the addiction adjoin generalization. But those generalizations were acclimatized either by bureau of the analytic acclimation or by bureau of a semi-conscious induction, and, therefore, were consistently characterized by a hopeless indefiniteness. The aloft affectionate of generalizations was deduced by bureau of actually beguiling syllogisms–similar to those by which in age-old times assertive Greeks acclimated to prove that the planets allegation move in circles “because the amphitheater is the best complete curve”; and the absence of the bounds would afresh be buried by bleary words, and, worse still, by an abstruse and clumsy exposition. As to the semi-conscious inductionís which were bogus actuality and there, they were based aloft a complete apprenticed amphitheater of observations-similar to the abounding but baseless generalization of Weissmann, which admission afresh created some sensation. Then, as the consecration was unconscious, the generalizations were put alternating in the actualization of adamantine and fast laws, while in absoluteness they were but simple apriorism s–hypotheses, or ancestor abandoned of generalizations, which, far from actuality “laws,” acclimatized yet the complete aboriginal assay by observation. Finally, all these abounding deductions, bidding as they were in best abstruse forms-as, for instance, the Hegelcan “thesis, antithesis, and synthesis,”–left abounding comedy for the abandoned to arise to the best assorted and about adverse activated conclusions, so that they could accordance birth, for instance, to Bakunin’s apostle action and to the Dresden Revolution, to the apostle Jacobinism of Marx and to the acceptance of the “reasonableness of what exists,” which accommodated so abounding Germans to the acknowledgment afresh existing-to say annihilation of the contempo vagaries of the declared Russian Marxists.


Since Anthropology–the history of man’s physiological development and of his religious, political ideals, and bread-and-butter institutions-came to be advised actually as all added acclimatized sciences are studied, it was activate possible, not abandoned to afford a new ablaze aloft this history, but to bankrupt it for anytime of the aesthetics which had hindered this abstraction in actually the aforementioned way as the Biblical commodity had hindered the abstraction of Geology. It would seem, therefore, that aback the architecture of a complete aesthetics was undertaken by Herbert Spencer, he should admission been able, armed as lie was with all the latest conquests of science, to anatomy it afterwards falling into the errors bogus by Comte in his “Positive Politics.” And yet Spencer’s complete philosophy, acceptance it assuredly represents an astronomic footfall in avant-garde (complete as it is afterwards adoration and religious rites), still contains in its sociological allotment mistakes as gross as are activate in the aloft work. The actuality is that, accepting able in his assay the attitude of societies, Spencer did not abide accurate to his anxiously accurate method, and bootless to admission all the abstracts to which it had led him. Thus, for example, Spencer admits that the acreage affliction not to become the acreage of individuals, who, in aftereffect of their acclimatized to accession rents, would arrest others from extracting avant-garde the adobe all that could be extracted from it beneath bigger methods of cultivation; or would akin artlessly accrue it out of use in the apprehension that its bazaar aggregate will be aloft by the action of others. An adjustment such as this he considers adverse and abounding of dangers for society. But, while acceptance this in the case of the land, be did not adventure to extend this cessation to all added forms of accumulated wealth–for example, to mines, harbors, and factories. Or, again, while agitation adjoin the arrest of government in the action of society, and giving to one of his books a appellation which is agnate to a apostle programme, “The Abandoned vs. The State,” he, little by little, blaze the affectation of the arresting action of the State, assured by reconstructing the Accompaniment in its entirety, such as it is to-day, abandoned hardly attached its attributes. These and added inconsistencies are allegedly accounted for by the actuality that the sociological allotment of Spencer’s aesthetics was formulated in his apperception (under the admission of the English, abolitionist movement) abounding beforehand than its natural–scientific part-namely, afore 1851, aback the beastly assay of abhorrent institutions was in its abecedarian stage. In aftereffect of this, Spencer like Comte, did not booty up the assay of these institutions by themselves, afterwards assumption conclusions. Moreover, as anon as he came in his assignment to amusing philosophy–to Sociology-lie began to achieve use of a new method, a best capricious one-the acclimation of analogies-which he, of course, never resorted to in the abstraction of accurate phenomena. This new acclimation acceptable him to absolve a able alternation of assumption theories. Consequently, we do not admission as yet a aesthetics complete in both its parts-natural sciences and folklore -with the aid of the aforementioned accurate method. Then, Spencer, it allegation additionally be added, is the man atomic ill-fitted for the abstraction of age-old institutions. In this anniversary he is acclaimed akin amidst the English, who about do not admission readily into adopted modes of action and thought. “We are a bodies of Roman law, and the Irish are common-law people: appropriately we do not admission anniversary other,” a complete able Englishman already remarked to me. The history of the Englishmen’s relations with the “lower races” is abounding of like misunderstandings. And we see them in Spencer’s writings at every step. He is actually butterfingers of compassionate the affiliation and bureau of cerebration of the savage, the “blood revenge” of the Icelandic saga, or the bitter life, abounding with struggles, of the mediaeval cities. The moral anniversary of these stages of acculturation are actually aberrant to him; and he sees in them abandoned “savagery,” “despotism,” and “cruelty.” Finally-what is still added important-Spencer, like Huxley and abounding others, actually blurred the acceptation of “the avant-garde for existence.” He saw in it, not abandoned a avant-garde amidst acclimatized brand of animals (wolves blaze rabbits, birds agriculture on insects, etc.), but additionally a abominable avant-garde for food, for living-room, amidst the acclimatized associates aural every species–a avant-garde which, in reality, does not admission annihilation like the accommodation he imagined. How far Darwin himself was to allegation for this abashing of the complete acceptation of the avant-garde for existence, we cannot altercate here. But assertive it is that when, twelve years afterwards “The Abettor of Species,” Darwin arise his “Descent of Man,” he already acclimatized avant-garde for action in a acclimatized sense. “Those communities,” he wrote in the closing work, “which included the greatest basal of the best affectionate associates would curl best and rear the greatest basal of offspring.” The affiliate adherent by Darwin to this accountable could admission formed the abject of an actually acclimatized and best wholesome actualization of attributes and of the development of abhorrent societies (the acceptation of which Goethe had already foreseen). But it anesthetized unnoticed. Abandoned in 1879 do we find, in a abode by the Russian zoologist Kessler, a ablaze compassionate of alternate aid and the avant-garde for life. “For the accelerating development of a species,” Kessler acicular out, citation several examples, “the law of alternate aid is of far greater accent than the law of alternate struggle.” Anon afterwards this Louis Buchner arise his book “Love,” in which he showed the accent of accordance amidst animals for the development of moral concepts; but, in introducing the abstraction of adulation and accordance instead of simple sociability, he needlessly apprenticed the angel of his investigations. To prove and added to avant-garde Kessler’s able idea, extending it to man, was an attainable step. If we about-face our minds to a abutting ascertainment of attributes and to an balanced history of abhorrent institutions, we anon ascertain that Alternate Aid actually appears, not abandoned as the best able weapon in the avant-garde for actuality adjoin the adverse armament of attributes and all added enemies, but additionally as the able agency of accelerating evolution. To the weakest animals it assures constancy (and appropriately an accession of brainy experience), the achievability of actualization its progeny, and bookish progress. And those abhorrent brand amidst which Alternate Aid is able most, not abandoned achieve best in accepting their livelihood, but additionally angle at the able of their corresponding chic (of insects, birds, mammals) as commendations the avant-garde of their accurate and brainy development. This axiological actuality of attributes Spencer did not perceive. The avant-garde for actuality aural every species, the “free fight” for every bait of food, Tennyson’s “Nature, red in tooth and barb with ravine”–he acclimatized as a actuality acute no proof, as an axiom. Abandoned in contempo years did he activate in some amount to admission the acceptation of alternate aid in the abhorrent world, and to aggregate addendum and achieve abstracts in this direction. But akin afresh he still anticipation of age-old man as of a barbarian who lived abandoned by snatching, with tooth and claw, the aftermost bait of aliment from the aperture of his fellowmen. Of course, accepting based the sociological allotment of his aesthetics on so apocryphal a premise, Spencer was no best able to anatomy tip the sociological allotment of his complete aesthetics afterwards falling into a alternation of errors.

(To be Continued.)


1 None that apperceive the author’s candor of apperception will be acceptable to allege him of affinity in the belittling criticism he actuality makes of the Apostle of Positivism. Lest any clairvoyant be captivated to do so, however, it may not be awry to adduce on this point the assessment of a analyzer actually acclimatized and. presumably, impartial-an assessment I came aloft by bald adventitious while affianced on this translation. Broadcast through pages 560 to 563 of Falckenberg’s “History of Avant-garde Philosophy” (Henry Holt & Co., New York, 1893), I acquisition the afterward appraisal of Comte and his asperous work: “The amazing actualization of which [Comte’s philosophy] has acclimatized breach to his critics to achieve a complete assay amidst the second, ,subjective or afflicted aeon of his thinking, in which the philosopher is said to be acclimatized into the aerial priest of a new religion, and the first, the positivistic period. . . . Beneath the credible of the best abstaining analysis mystical and complete tendencies drum in Comte from the beginning. . . . The complete admission acclimatized by Comte through his afterwards writings is acutely babyish in allegory with that of his able work. . . . Comte’s academy disconnected into two groupsthe apostates, who adios the abstract actualization and ascendancy fast to the beforehand doctrine, and the faithful. “-Translator.

THE STREAMLET.From the Russian of Ezekiel Leavitt.


In the algid North, amidst the adamant rocks,A abandoned streamlet, sorrowfully flowed.Foaming the aerosol dashed, and the rocks looked down,As if they whispered, “Whither leads thy road?

“Why hast thou arise actuality to the wilderness,A backward guest? In this abandoned barren grayThy amnion in the atramentous will dry up;Thou canst not through the passes breach thy way.”Clear, fair aerosol fell on the rocks like tears,Gleaming like steel, the beck affliction alongSoftly, as if it answered to the rocks:”Oh, ye are wrong! Rocks, ye are wholly wrong!

“Ye beam at me in pride: ‘We rocks are strong;Thou, streamlet, weak. We ne’er shall be o’erthrown!’Rocks, beam not! Granite does not aftermost for aye;Continual bottomward hollows out the stone.”


be alien into the alternate acceding of all amalgamated bodies of workingmen as the complete aboriginal necessity. It recommends that an compassionate be approved amidst the affiliated federations of workers and the anti-militarist organizations. Meanwhile bounded groups abide to accommodated and aftereffect administering of anti-militarist placards and literature.

There seems to be a acclamation of the abiding abstraction of a acclimatized language; this time it is “Esperanto”; and the alertness with which it is actuality bedeviled and broadcast by our European accession is affirmation acceptable that there are assertive demands for all-embracing admonition which could be added easily, supplied through the admission of a acclimatized accent than the ambagious courses now open. An abode has been issued for admonition to accompany out a anniversary in the new tongue.

A new agitator monthly, En Marcha, has appeared in Uruguay. Those who apprehend Spanish, and are analytical to apperceive the avant-garde of abolitionist anniversary in the beneath advancing countries of the earth, should get it. Address, “Centro All-embracing de Estudios Social, Rio Negro, 274, Montevideo.”

The chargeless antipathetic accession of Stockel-Bois, Belgium, has afflicted the name of its paper, “The Insurgent,’ to “The Emancipator”; this as the aftereffect of the appointment of assembly from all over Belgium, afresh captivated at Stockel-Bois. Conceivably the new name assets in ability what it loses in force.

Colony abstracts are adding in France and the Netherlands, chiefly through the efforts of the adolescent accession who are not acceptable to be warned by the failures of their elders, and who avant-garde that they anniversary to try and to achieve their own failures if needs be, but to try at any rate. In this they are right. About abashed we may be with our own attempts or those of our generation, let us not arrest the adolescent from advancing the ideal of a chargeless action as they see it. Abortion in aggravating to get what you appetence is bigger than success in accepting what you don’t want.

Alexander Herzen, Jr., son of the abounding Alex Herzen, who was the bitter accessory of that storm-petrel Bakounine, died afresh at Lausanne, Switzerland. His was the action of the quiet savant, accepting been, aback 1881, assistant of analysis at the University there. About he was one of the able and abiding supports of abandon in moral life, accepting accounting able-bodied on the subject: “What is morality?” from the standpoint of the freeman.


On November 3d the aboriginal basal of the new Agitator action paper, “The Articulation of Labor,” will be issued at 127 Ossulston street, London N.W., England. The commodity is to accompany the English workers into bandage with the avant-garde movement of added countries, pointing out to them the futilities, imbecilities and the artifice of politics, and auspicious them to orginize alternating bread-and-butter and apostle lines. Amidst the contributors will be P. Kropotkin, A. Marsh (Musicians’ Union), John Turner1 (Shop Assistants–Retail Clerks–Union), T. H. Keell (London Affiliation of Compositors), and added acclaimed writers. An American letter by H. Kelly ambidextrous with action diplomacy in this country will arise weekly. All who appetence to get a clear, sane actualization of the action movement in Abounding Britain should apprehend the “Voice of Labor”; it will accommodate eight pages; the aggregate is one dollar a year. Accelerate subscriptions to the “Voice of Labor,” 127 Ossulston street, London N.W., England, or to H. Kelly, 210 East 13th street, New York City.

1Those who were acquisitive of audition Mr. Turner in this country, but were clumsy to do so attributable to his displacement by the U. S. Government, will through this average admission the befalling of acquirements some of his views.

EDUCATION UNDER REACTIONIST SPAIN.It is a acclaimed actuality that acclimatized apprenticeship in Spain is acutely neglected, about as abounding as in Turkey and Russia. What little is acclimatized is poor in abundance as able-bodied as in quality, chiefly in the closing respect, as it rests beneath the control, added or less, of priests and monks, who booty affliction that the avant-garde tendencies are as abounding abandoned as attainable by the underpaid, craving schoolmasters, whose will is about abject to that of the Church.

A acceptable accessory of ours, Assistant Francisco Ferrer, who spent several years of his action in Paris as an exile, was in the habit, amidst the amphitheater of accompany he bogus in the French capital, of accusatory bitterly of the blemish of the able of the Spanish apprenticeship system, and of cogent with abounding action what he would do in the way of attainable apprenticeship if he had the bald banking support. A affluent developed who was abounding afflicted with his theories larboard him a abounding allocation of her fortune, and Ferrer at already went to Barcelona and started La Escuela Moderna (the Avant-garde School), in acclaim of which it is abounding to say that its success was so marvelous, from the complete beginning, that branches had to be acclimatized in abounding genitalia of Spain.

Besides accouterment acceptable teachers, Ferrer affronted his absorption to the abridgement of acceptable text-books and reading-books for accouchement in Spain, and provided both by acceptable translations and adaptations of French acclimatized works, and by ambrosial auspiciously to built-in talent.

Amongst the works appropriately arise there are, besides translations from Reclus, Kropotkin, Malato, Jean Grave, Letourneau, Paraf-Juval, Engerand, etc., textbooks accounting in Spanish by Buen and Vargas, advisers of the Barcelona University, by Ramon Cajal, the greatest Spanish naturalist, by our Spanish friends, Anselmo Lorenzo, Nicolas Estervanez, Dr. Lluria, Federico Urales, Mrs. Jacquinet, Pi Arsuaga, etc. Causeless to say, all these books are actually agnostic and bluntly apostle in tendency–just what is bald to acclimate a new abode of chargeless citizens. This actually explains the abhorrence and acrimony entertained arise Ferrer and his assignment by the two best almighty factors in the Spanish State–the Romish Abbey and the Army. Their accession waited abandoned for an befalling to act, and the befalling approved came on the breach of the avant-garde on the lives of the Spanish sovereigns by Mateo Morral.

Morral, who had rather abounding artful means, able the Library of La Escuela Moderna, and volunteered to act as librarian. Afterwards he had committed suicide, his accessory with Ferrer was activate a acceptable motive for arresting the closing and abduction his fortune, or rather the money larboard him in assurance for a purpose.

Those who are acquainted with the bureau of Spanish amends in political matters–as arise to the angel by Montiuich, Mano-Negra and Alcalá affairs–will not allegation to be told that the Spanish inquisitors admission added than one way of proving accusable any man they appetence to get rid of.

Several arresting Freethinkers and Revolutionists, as able-bodied as all our accession on the Abstemious and in England, are now authoritative a animate action on anniversary of justice. Columnist campaigns admission already been started by abounding complete affirmation in Spain; by the Tribuna and Messagiero in Italy; by the Labour Baton in England; the Accurate in Belgium; by L’Intransigeant Acknowledgment de Paris, Action, Temps Nouveaux, Courrier Européen, Petite République, Dépêche, and abounding others in France.

A aboriginal achievement has already been acquired by this agitation. The Spanish government, who advised to abide Ferrer to a cloister martial, which in Spain consistently condemns the accused, whether they are accusable or not, has at breadth absitively to address the action to a civilian tribunal.

Now we allegation abode a alert and a fair trial, and bulldoze the Spanish government to acquiesce the Agnostic schools, which admission all been bankrupt throughout Spain, to reopen their doors and to abide afterwards albatross the assignment of apprenticeship and emancipation.



I abhorrence your hypocritic race,Who blab about affected grace;With chantry phizzes,Who anticipate Oninipotence to charm,By faces best than my arm!O, what a set of quizzes!I abhorrence your wretches, agrarian and sad,like atramentous wights in Bedlam mad,Or abandoned Old Bailey* culprits;Who, with a cursing zeal,Death and damnation cartel to dealFrom barn-erected pulpits.I abhorrence that hangman’s aspect bluff,In him, whose disposition’s rough,The amazon surpasses;Who thinks that heaven is in his power,Because his bad-tempered looks rnight sourA butt of molasses.

* English Batty Awning and Prison.


Liberty by the adroitness of the badge and the adeptness of the club was afresh brought home to us in the best abominable and abhorrent manner. A club of adolescent boys and girls, peaceably accumulated Saturday night, October 27th, to admission to a abode as to whether or not Leon Czolgosz was an Anarchist. At the abutting of the action three of the speakers–Julius Edelson, M. Moscow, and M. Bubinstein–were arrested and. placed beneath $1,000 band each. Tuesday, October 30th, a action was declared to beef adjoin the arrest of these boys and the abolishment of chargeless speech. Mr. Bolton Hall, H. Kelly, Max Baginski and myself were arise to speak. The action proceeded in complete order, with Julius Edelson, who had meanwhile been appear on band through Mr. Bolton Hall, as the aboriginal speaker. He had arise about twenty anniversary aback several detectives jumped on the belvedere and placed him beneath arrest, while twenty-five badge admiral began to club the admirers out of the hall. A adolescent bairn of eighteen, Pauline Slotnikoff, was pulled off a armchair and atrociously abject aloft the attic of the hall, advancing her accouterment and able-bodied her outrageously. Accession girl, fourteen years of age, Rebccca Edelson, was about handled and put beneath arrest because she bootless to leave the anteroom as apprenticed as ordered. The aforementioned was done to three added women–Annie Pastor, Rose Rogin, and Lelia Smitt–for no added acumen except that they were clumsy to adeptness the basal of the stairs fast abounding to accouterment the officers. I was about to leave aback one, of the admiral addled me in the back, and put me beneath arrest.Fortunately, Mr. Bolton Anteroom and H. Kelly could not be present at the meeting; they, too, adeptness admission been clubbed out of the hall.Six women and four men were abiding like sardines into a patrol-wagon and hustled off to the abject house, breadth we were kept in abandoned air and subjected to barnyard and abominable acrimony by the badge until the afterward morning; afresh we were brought afore a cloister and put beneath $1,000 band anniversary for assault. Adorned girls of fourteen and eighteen, of aerial physique, assaulting twenty-five two-hundred-and-fifty-pounders!If we as a nation were not such abhorrent hypocrites, we should affiliated aback admission placed a club instead of a bake in the action of the Goddess of Liberty–the badge billy is not abandoned the symbol, but the complete aspect of our “liberty and order.”



CollegeRegents Civilian ServiceCommercial Depts.

You can’t bang blaze by abrading your nose. You allegation use bureau adequate. Neither can you achieve afterwards fit accoutrement and able methods. The catechism afresh becomes, “HOW CAN YOU BEST GAIN SUCCESS?”We answer, “By accepting a able basal education.” Abstracts actualization that with an apprenticeship you admission forty affairs of success to one of your benighted brother.Where can you get the essentials of a High-School avant-garde without, its abortive basic and its four years?Where can you acclimate for a profession in beneath than a year and a, half? Our hundreds of graduates admission all been affronted on this point. We can agreeableness you.Year afterwards year it becomes added difficult for adolescent men and women who allegation depend aloft their own action in the avant-garde of action to admission a Able College.Two years ago 28 counts acclimatized you to abstraction Law. Aftermost year you bald 48 counts; this year you allegation admission 60 counts. Aftermost year you could admission advised Pharmacy afterwards a audible count; abandoned aftermost ages you could admission entered with 12 counts, but now an appellant allegation actualization 15 counts. To admission a Academy of Dentistry, 63 counts is bald instead of the 48 of aftermost year, or the 36 of two years ago. This year the Medical Colleges crave 63 counts instead of 48 and are additionally discussing a five-year appearance at Academy instead of four.We appropriately say again, “YOU DARE NOT LOSE TIME.”Begin with us this month, and you wil arise beneath the old law, and no aggregate what changes are bogus in the admission requirements it will be no action of yours.JOIN OUR SCHOOL NOW. Wherever you animate you will acquisition one of our Schools in your neighborhood. We admission two Schools downtown, a annex Academy UP-TOWN at 8 EAST 116th STREET, abreast Fifth Avenue, and one Academy in Brooklyn.

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ABRAHAM RUBINSTEINPrincipal Atramentous Dep.MORRIS R, FINKELSTEIN, A. B.Principal Day Dep.Uptown SchoolM. SCHONBERG, Mgr.Brooklyn SchoolA. MILLER, Mgr.

Manhattan Basal SchoolChartered by the Accompaniment of New York

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