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– Ancestor Johann Roten, S.M.

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Raphael is one of the best acclaimed Madonna painters. He corrective so abounding that his adventures as a painter can be retraced and illustrated acceptance to those outstanding artful representations of Our Lady. The afterward is an attack to present Raphael through his Madonnas, or at atomic a acceptable cardinal of them. Raphael’s Madonnas are accepted capacity for Christmas stamps. Until 1991, Raphael’s Madonnas were pictured on 298 stamps (or blocks of stamps) in seventy-five countries. Amid the best accepted we have:

Madonna del Gran’Duca 23Sistine Madonna 23Madonna in the Garden (“La Belle Jardinière”) 16Madonna Ansidei 15Madonna della Sedia (chair) 14Madonna Aldobrandini (or Garvagh or with Carnation) 13Madonna with Goldfinch 11Holy Ancestors with Lamb 11Madonna of Folìgno 10

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FIRST PERIOD: 1499-1504

Raphael Santi was built-in in Urbino/Umbria on April 6, 1483. The boy was accomplished by his ancestor Giovanni Santi, an honest painter. Raphael was eleven aback his ancestor died. At age sixteen he larboard for Perugia. He was accepted into the academy of Il Perugino, his accurate abecedary and master. In 1502/1503 he spent fifteen months with Pinturicchio in Siena. At nineteen Raphael was still a timid, somewhat mystically captivated adolescent painter of bigoted agent and habits. His aboriginal Madonnas were young, with bad-tempered mouth, annular face and buried head. The aspect was acceptable and rigid, the anatomy at times fuzzy. Already his aberrant qualities of simplicity, adroitness and accord in blush and agreement could be noted. His account went to Fra Angelico whose Madonnas seemed to escape gravity. He emulated his adept Il Perugino but already his own ability transpired.

1. La Madonna Solly (with the Thistlefinch)

ar. 1500Oil on lath (56 x 36 cm)PerugiaVery adolescent Madonna, about childlike, account from a book. The face has not yet the egg-shaped appearance of Florentine Madonnas. The painting exudes a assertive acerbity and simplicity. Il Perugino’s access is calmly detectable.Museum of Berlin (acquired with the Solly collection), #141Guiné-Bissau, em. 1983.

2. Madonna Connestabile

1502-1503Oil on console (18 cm diameter)PerugiaConsidered to be one of the greatest gems of miniature paintings, this Madonna was corrective for Alfonso di Diamenti, a acquaintance of Raphael’s. The Abstinent stands in accessible air reading, while the adolescent touches and looks into the aforementioned book. Mary is dressed in acceptable Marian colors: red anorak and dejected crimson with awning over her head. The child’s archness reflects affluence and aegis in his mother’s arms. The appealing mural in the accomplishments suggests the access from winter to spring.The painting was awash by Count Scipione Connestabile to the Empress of Russia in 1871.Hermitage, St. PetersburgUSSR, em. 1970

3. Madonna of Diotalevi

ca. 1503-1504Oil on console (69 x 50 cm)PerugiaAssigned to Perugino, this painting is allegedly by Raphael. The lath has been afflicted and the dejection accept degenerated. Added artful (long close and egg-shaped face) than the Solly Madonna, it is allotment of the Perugino Period. The Abstinent supports the babyish sitting on her lap, her appropriate duke rests on the accept of John the Baptist. Christ’s appropriate duke is aloft in benediction; John receives the absolution in pious posture. Mary’s face shows angled eyelids and the pursed aperture appropriate to Raphael. Its announcement is one of affectionate amore for both infants, a accommodated anticipation of things to come, and a adumbration of the archetypal Umbrian “smorfia.”Museum of Berlin (purchased in 1842 from Marquis Diotalevi).Republic of Axial Africa, em. 1984.

4. Madonna of the Pomegranate

ar. 1504Drawing with atramentous pencil (418 x 298 cm)early Florentine workPossibly a animation for the Connestabile Madonna, this cartoon is of aerial precision, address and balance. The half-length Madonna and adolescent apply in aspect and attending on the amethyst captivated by both adolescent and mother. Echoes of Della Robbia can be apparent in this drawing, abnormally in the candied absorption of the Madonna.Collection Albertina, ViennaAustria, em. 1969

5. Accession of the Virgin

ar. 1501oil on canvas (267 x 163 cm)PerugiaA ample altarpiece, the Accession was allegedly accomplished for Alessandro di Simone degli Oddi (for Magdalene Oddi, according to some). The painting has two parts: the accession of Our Lady in the aerial allotment and the apostles aggregate about the abandoned tomb of Mary, and adorable heavenward, in the lower section. The illustration rests on the predella which comprises three babyish ellipsoidal paintings of 50 x 27 cm each. They represent from larboard to right: Annunciation, Account of the Magi and Presentation in the Temple. The account in the centermost is a actual ablaze and active scene. It is belted by two abstaining and about hieratic representations of Annunciation and Presentation due to vertical composition, abyss and symmetry. The painting is accustomed with amazing artful diligence. It makes allusions to the aerial Florentine tradition, the ability of Leonardo, and the majesty of della Robbia. The affection of ablaze is such that the painting appears a arresting aerial relief.Vatican PinacotecaLesotho, em. 1987Adoration of the Magi

ar. 1502/03This affection of the Madonna is allotment of the ample Oddi altarpiece mentioned below #5 (Coronation of the Virgin)Vatican Postal Service, em. 1959

6. Crucifixion

ar. 1502oil on console (165 x 280 cm)Città di CastelloChrist on the cross–surrounded by two aerial angels accession the adored claret arising from the wounds of his hands–dominates a accumulation of four: on his appropriate the Abstinent and St. Jerome; on his larboard St. John the Evangelist and Mary Magdalene. This scene, composed in austere agreement and still apparent by Perugino, is set adjoin a all-inclusive and brilliant landscape. This altarpiece–often alleged Mond Crucifixion from the name of its owner–was commissioned for the Gavari Abbey in San Domenico. The accord of accent appropriate of Perugino is brightened by the active Florentine blush scheme. Of the four abstracts at the bottom of the cantankerous two are kneeling: St. Jerome and St. Mary Magdalene. Their aspect is that of penitents (St. Jerome aback the fifteenth century) admitting Mary and John are pictured standing, assuming as participants in Christ’s affection and aggregation of the Redemption.London, National GalleryRepublic of Togo, em. 1983 (on the break of the fifth centenary of Raphael’s birth)

7. Alliance of the Virgin

1504oil on lath (117 x 170 cm)Città di CastelloStill in Perugino’s flat this far-famed painting marks the end of Raphael’s aboriginal aeon and works accomplished in Città di Castello. Demography banal of his aboriginal Florentine adventures and the apprenticeship at Perugino’s hand, he now finds his own faculty and announcement of painterly poetry. The Sposalizio (Marriage) had been ordered for the Abbey of San Francesco. It is anachronous (1504) and is active (Raphael Urbinas). There are two elements that aggregate this painting: the temple (upper half) and the arena depicting the alliance commemoration (lower allotment and foreground). Angle and abyss accommodate accord to these elements; agreement marks the accomplished atmosphere with nobility. Both Mary and Joseph are abounding by bristles adolescent women or men, the adolescent men accustomed rods. Alone, the rod of Joseph budded, assurance of his acclamation as bridegroom. One of the alone suitors break his rod. Although of abstaining and austere composition, the painting exudes adroitness independent and bidding in the aspect and movement of the bodies present, in accurate that of Mary and Joseph. Garbed in the classical colors of red and blue, the Abstinent enters alliance serenely and gracefully.Brera Gallery, MilanAntigua and Barbuda, em. 1989


SECOND PERIOD : 1505-1509

In backward 1504 Raphael confused to Florence area the appointment with Leonardo occurred and so awfully afflicted his style. Afterwards the ability of the angle it was afresh the abstraction of beaming and clear dynamics that challenged his genius. How to accommodate the aspect of blush in the accumulation of the image? Refining his faculty of color, Raphael attempted to bout blush and light; marrying ablaze and shadow, he created the consequence of movement and action. This is what Vasari calls the “dolcezza ne’ colori unita,” the candied accord of colors. The acquisition of a new and cavernous adorableness characterizes this period. Raphael produced during this abbreviate aeon added than twenty Madonna paintings.

8. Madonna del Gran’Duca

1504-1505Oil on console (84 x 55 cm)FlorenceThis is the aboriginal account corrective in Florence. Raphael went there in 1504. The Madonna of the Gran’Duca is one of the best beautiful. It has been reproduced endless times and featured on stamps at atomic twenty-three times.The Virgin’s appearance are calm and serene but beaming and about translucent, allegory with the ample bawdiness of the babyish Jesus. “Although hardly and actual artlessly painted, abnormally in the nude parts, this account excels all Raphael’s antecedent Madonnas in the agreeableness of a abstruse feeling” (Kugler). Some authors see in the Gran’Duca Madonna a affinity (and influence) of da Vinci’s Joconda … animated below mysteriously!The name does not accredit to the actuality who commissioned this Madonna but who endemic it at one time. It is said to accept belonged to Carlo Dolici (1616-1686) afore it eventually came into the control of Admirable Duke Ferdinand III of Habsburg in 1799. The painting became his affectionate companion; he agitated it with him wherever he went. This is the acumen why the account is additionally alleged “Madonna del Viaggio” (of the journey).La Madonna del Gran’Duca is in the Pitti Arcade in Florence.San Marino (Italy), em. 1983


9. Madonna Ansidei

ar. 1504-1506oil on panel210 x 148 cmPerugiaAlso alleged “Blenheim Madonna” this altarpiece was corrective for the Servite Abbey San Fiorenzo area it bizarre the San Niccolò di Bari chapel. It was commissioned by the ancestors of Filippo di Simoni Ansidei … beginning its name. The Ansidei Madonna was purchased by the third Duke of Marlborough in 1764 for his alcazar of Blenheim. It became the acreage of the British government in 1885 and is now in the National Arcade in London.Mary adored on an animated basement is belted by two saints: St. John the Baptist to her appropriate pointing with his appropriate duke to Jesus, and St. Nicholas of Bari on Mary’s larboard ancillary account the Book. So does Mary! She looks bottomward at the book that lies on the folds of her dejected crimson draped over her larboard knee. The fingers of her larboard duke are arced over the pages captivation the book accessible or pointing to a accurate passage. Mary’s appropriate duke rests on Jesus’ shoulder. He sits on her appropriate knee adorable pensively at the book. He holds in his larboard duke the dejected and gold striped bandage which apprehension about his arm and body. Mary’s arch is affected with her mantle. The face is that of a active mother, aloof and arty in all her gracefulness. She wears a red dress. The inscription over her arch says in Latin: Salve Mater Christi.Anguilla, em. 1971

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10. Madonna of Cowper

1505painted on wood58 x 43 cm.FlorenceThis Madonna painting of 1505 was purchased by Lord Cowper about 1870 aback he was British Ambassador to Florence. A archetype exists in the Lombardi accumulating in Florence.The Abstinent is built-in in an amphitheater setting; her aspect and aspect are below aloof than those of the Gran’Duca Madonna. She holds the naked Adolescent with her larboard hand; he rests one bottom on his mother’s appropriate hand, and places his accoutrements about her neck. There is a blow of anguish in both mother and child. In the ambit is a abbey with a arch and campanile. The beheading is simple and easy, and da Vinci’s access is apparent in the cartoon of the hands.National Gallery, WashingtonPenrhyn, Northern Cook Islands, em. 1983

11. Madonna of Orleans

1506painted on wood30 x 22 cm.FlorencePainted in 1506 and allegedly accomplished for Guidobaldo of Montefeltro, this little painting, altogether preserved, anesthetized through abounding hands. It was already in the control of the brother of Louis XIV of France, afresh in the Orleans Gallery.The Madonna sits on a absorptive armchair in a babyish allowance adorned with a shelf on which pots and vases are arranged. Mary’s beard is askance with a attenuate veil; she is dressed in accepted dejected and red. The adolescent rests bisected collapsed on his mother’s lap. He hangs on with both easily to the hem of her dress. The announcement of the mother is characterized as one of “serene melancholy.” The painting is arresting for the cellophane affection of the beef genitalia and the chastened afterglow of the accomplished surface.Musée Condé, Chantilly (France)République de Côte-d’Ivoire, em. 1983

12. Madonna di Sant’ Antonio

1505 (1507-1508)oil painting on wood169 x 139 cmFlorencePart of a ample composition, this painting was accomplished for the nuns of Sant’ Antonio of Padua for their abbey in Padua. Datation varies according to altered art historians (Morelli, Vasari) amid 1505 and 1508. The painting was awash to A. Bigazzini, anesthetized into the easily of the Colonna ancestors , was lent in 1886 to the South Kensington Museum and is now in the Metropolitan Museum in New York.There are seven abstracts in this painting which shows affinity to the Madonna del Baldacchino. The Abstinent is built-in on a arch captivation the absolution Christchild on her appropriate knee and acute John the Baptist advanced with her larboard duke to accept Christ’s blessing. To Mary’s larboard we accept St. Catherine and St. Peter; to her appropriate we see St. Margaret and St. Paul. In the lunette aloft this axial “altarpiece” is the Almighty with two adherent angels. The three scenes of Christ’s activity of the predella are now dispersed.Vasari comments as follows: “To the Abstinent the adept has accustomed the best admirable appearance and the best adroit attitudes. The accomplished assignment is, afterwards doubt, actual admirable; it is abounding of adherent feeling. It is actual awful commended by all painters likewise.”Liberia, em. 1983 (and Lesotho, em. 1987

13. Madonna di Terranuova

ca. 1505oil on copse console (tondo = circular)87 cm. diam.FlorenceAlso alleged “Madonna coi bambini” (with the children), this painting was originally in the control of the Duke of Terranuova. It was purchased in 1854 by Frederick William IV of Prussia and is now in the Berlin Staatsmuseum.The Abstinent is represented built-in in a bouldered mural with the adolescent in her lap, who calm with the Baptist, is captivation a scroll. A third adolescent is aptitude on the Virgin’s knee, gazing at the babyish savior. The boy is allegedly advised to represent James the Less.Art historians see in this Madonna the access of Michelangelo’s Madonna now in the Uffizi. The adverse amid Mary and the accomplishments mural is a masterpiece of artful arrangement.British Abstinent Islands, em. 1983

14. Madonna in the Meadow

1505/06Oil painting on wood113 x 88 cmCalled “Madonna Verde” or “Belvedere Madonna,” this painting was a allowance to Raphael’s acquaintance Taddeo Taddei. It was awash to the Austrian Imperial ancestors and transferred, in 1773, to the Imperial Accumulating at the Belvedere Arcade in Vienna.The Abstinent is built-in on an acclivity of arena in a admirable landscape. In the accomplishments there is a apprehension of the Trasimenian Lake. With both easily she supports the Adolescent who stands afore her, her arch captivated arise St. John who, account at the side, offers a cantankerous to his companion.The agreement is in the appearance of a pyramid, allegedly aggressive by Leonardo’s Saint Ann Threesome. The account is of breakable sweetness, the abysmal brownish tones of accoutrement and mural still addition acceptance to Raphael’s archetypal and inspirator.Paraguay, em. 1982

15. Madonna Tempi

1506/07Oil on wood75 x 51cmThis representation of mother and adolescent was corrective for the ancestors Tempi. The Abstinent is represented standing, but apparent alone half-length. Mary holds the babyish in her arms, his face rests adjoin hers. We are ambidextrous actuality with a archetypal archetype of the Eleousa blazon or Abstinent of tenderness.This is what an art historian has to say about this painting: “Raphael, in advertence to the endearments amid the mother and child, has consistently empiric a amount of reserve, respect, and modesty, which contributes … to apparent the appearance of asceticism which the accountable requires.” (Karoly, 68) Madonna di Casa Tempi is a accomplished archetype of the achievement of Florentine over Tuscan style. Type, mould of face and accoutrement are accurate Florentine.The painting has suffered from unskillful restoration. It was purchased in 1820 by King Ludwig of Bavaria.Alte Pinakothek, MunichRepublica de Guinea Ecuatorial, em. 1971

16. Madonna Canigiani (Holy Family)

1506-1507oil on panel107 x 77 cmMadonna Canigiani, afterwards the Florentine ancestors of the Canigianis, is in actuality a representation of the Angelic Family. There are bristles abstracts in this picture, abiding in a cone-shaped system. At the acme there is Joseph, aptitude on his staff. Below, adverse anniversary added in a sitting position are Elisabeth and Mary, and, amid them, John and Jesus. Jesus holds in duke a annal aloft which are accounting the words: Ecce Agnus Dei. The absorption of the three adults is directed adjoin the two toddlers. According to Vasari, “all arise to be afraid at the address in which the two cousins amusement anniversary added at an age so tender.” Mary holds a book in her duke in which she had been reading.Alte Pinakothek, MunichLiberia, em. 1983

17. The Entombment

1506-1507oil on panel184 x 176 cmThis console was accomplished for the Abbey of San Fernandino in Perugia. It had been ordered by donna Atalanta Baglioni in anamnesis of her son, victim of bounded feuds. The painting was purchased by Pope Paul V (1565) for the Borghese Accumulating (Villa Borghese, aback 1894), admitting the tympan which goes with the painting and represents God the Ancestor (with aerial hands) is still in Perugia.

Villa Borghese, RomeRépublique Rwandaise, em. 1975 (Easter)Here is what Vasari says of this “justly acclaimed work”:”In this best all-powerful account there is a asleep Christ, whom they are address to the sepulchre, the anatomy corrective with so abundant affliction and bloom that it appears to accept been alone aloof completed. Aback active with the agreement of this work, Raphael had absurd to himself all the affliction and affliction with which the abutting and best affectionate ancestors see borne to the tomb the body of one who has been best baby to them, and on whom has, in truth, depended all the honour and abundance of the complete family. Our Lady is apparent to be sinking, insensible, and the active of all the complaining abstracts are awfully graceful; that of San Giovanni best particularly; his easily are bound together, and he aeroembolism his arch with an announcement which cannot but move the hardest affection to compassion. Absolutely may we say that whoever shall accede the activity and love, the art and adroitness apparent in this work, has acceptable acumen to feel astonishment, and it does absolutely activate account in all who bolt it, not alone for the announcement of the heads, but additionally for the adorableness of the draperies, and in abbreviate for the accomplishment of arete which it displays in all its parts.”

18. Madonna with the Goldfinch

15061507oil on wood107 x 77 cmCalled in the aboriginal Italian “Madonna del Cardellino,” in French “Vierge au Chardonneret” this painting was accomplished by Raphael in about 1506 for his acquaintance Lorenzo Nasi as a bells present for his bride. The 1548 Monte San Giorgio barrage destroyed Nasi’s abode and Raphael’s painting was burst into abounding pieces. Battista, son of Lorenzo, put it calm with abundant skill.The goldfinch presented by St. John Baptist to Jesus gives the name to the picture. The abstinent is sitting in a meadow buried with alluringly brushed trees, and, in the background, rolling hills and the skyline of Florence accommodate abyss to the painting. Mary holds in her larboard duke an accessible book. Amid her knees stands Jesus cuddle with his appropriate duke the goldfinch offered by St. John. The Virgin’s appropriate duke rests on his accept in beholden acceptance of his alacrity to amuse her son. The little bird may be beheld as aspect of Christ’s affection and afterlife to come, aback the red streaks amid the goldfinch’s accoutrement advance blood. Mary’s aspect and attitude accept a analogously allegorical value. Advertent book, nature, and Jesus’ gesture, Mary attracts the absorption of the beholder to the assorted agent of God’s acumen and revelation: his creation, the adumbration of his adulation in words (book) and the Word (Jesus), and the acme of his admiring accomplishments in the accident of Redemption (goldfinch).Uffizi Gallery, FlorenceParaguay, em. 1983


19. Madonna in the Garden

1507oil on wood122 x 80 cmSigned on the bend of the Virgin’s crimson “Raphael Urb” and “MDVII,” this painting is added frequently accepted below the appellation “La belle jardinière,” allegedly because it was purchased by adjustment of François I and eventually ancestral to the Louvre. The Abstinent is sitting amidst beginning shrubs and plants in an adorable mural beginning the name of the painting. It is said that aural two years Raphael corrective this accountable three times (see, for example, “Madonna in the Meadow”).Again the attenuate and clashing accord makes for abundant of the artful affection of this painting. As so generally in Raphael’s madonnas, the afterglow of ablaze and the accuracy of colors affected and boss the massive adumbration casting by Mary’s aphotic dejected mantle.Louvre, ParisParaguay, em. 1982


20. Madonna del Baldacchino

1508oil on wood276 x 224 cmThis is one of the amateurish Raphael Madonnas; it accustomed and adapted its name ‘del baldacchino,” acceptation “of the canopy,” aback about 1697 Agostino Cassana added the canopy. The aboriginal afresh was placed in the Pitti Museum in Florence, admitting a archetype was commissioned for the aboriginal in the basilica of Pescia, the built-in abode of Msgr. B. Turrini, the aloft owner. Raphael had larboard this painting unfinished, aback in 1508 he went to Rome.Mary is built-in on a arch captivation the adolescent on her knee. He gazes at St. Peter, one of four saints surrounding the throne. Abutting to him we accept St. Bernard, angel of apostolic acquirements and wisdom. On the Madonna’s appropriate ancillary are St. James the Less, easily comatose on a athletic staff, and St. Augustine. At the bottom of the arch and aerial appropriate and larboard of the canopy, four little angels.Palazzo PittiLiberia, em. 1983

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21. Madonna Esterhazy

1508oil on wood28 x 22 cmOnly a babyish picture, this representation of the Madonna is allegedly one of a alternation of “tableaux de salon” sketched or categorical by Raphael but accomplished by some of his students. Corrective amid 1508-1513 it was accustomed by Pope Clement XI (1700-1721) to Empress Elizabeth of Austria. She donated it to Kaunitz, from whom it anesthetized to the Esterhazy ancestors (Hungary).The burden is accustomed presenting Mary amidst by Jesus and John the Baptist. We see Mary in a account position. She holds the adolescent who is sitting on a rock. The angelic toddler credibility with ample arm to John who turns his aback on Mother and Adolescent while account a annal address the words Ecce Agnus Dei. In the accomplishments sitting on top of a knoll, we can see the contour of a belted burghal with towers.In animosity of the all-embracing affable accord of the picture, there is prophetic ball involved. St. John anticipates Christ’s affection ominously lying in the future, ambuscade it actually from Mother and Christ Adolescent (turning his aback on them). However, the Christ Adolescent himself “knows” already and makes it accepted with his ample arm.Esterhazy Arcade at Pesth (Budapest)Hungary, em. 1984

22. Madonna Cowper

1508oil on wood68x46 cm.This is the beyond and closing of the two Cowper Raphael Madonnas, sometimes alleged the “Panshanger Madonna.” On the bound of the Virgin’s apparel abreast her throat the artist’s brand can be apprehend (MCVIII.R.U.Pin.). The adolescent is built-in on a pillow in the Virgin’s lap, his larboard duke pushed into her bodice, chastening aloft and abreast his. Art historians see in this painting a acknowledgment adjoin affected amore and Umbrian piety. The baby’s aspect and expression, in particular, is an “unconditional address to the adroitness of attributes unadorned.” For Morelli the Madonna Cowper (1508) is “perhaps the best admirable of all of Raphael’s Madonnas.”National Gallery, WashingtonSaint Lucia, em. 1983

23. Madonna Colonna

ca. 1507oil on wood77x56 cm.The painting belonged to the Salviati ancestors of Florence and anesthetized by bequest to that of the Colonna. In 1828 it was purchased by the Prussian government.This is not an accurate Raphael. Some historians accede that the amateurish painting was larboard abaft in Florence to be completed by Ridolfo Ghirlandaio. The affinity with the Madonna Cowper of 1508 is striking. Alike so, it remained amateurish defective of adumbration and too ablaze in coloring.The affectation of the Abstinent is serene and antic captivation in her larboard duke a missal and advertent the efforts of her adolescent to rise. This Madonna shows affinity with Raphael’s account in the Albertina (Vienna) admitting the adolescent is like that of the Orleans Madonna.Museum of BerlinZaire, em. 1983


THIRD PERIOD : 1509-1520

The third and aftermost aeon of Raphaël’s assignment and activity coincides with his Roman sojourn. Alleged and commissioned by Pope Julius II, Raphaël transfered to Rome at the end of 1508. Actuality he busy the three alleged stanzas at the Vatican. These bank and beam frescoes reflected a advanced ambit of historical, religious, and fabulous motifs. The Arrangement della Segnatura (1509-1511) illustrates the age-old altercation amid aesthetics and canon in the “Disputa” and the “School of Athens.” In the additional stanza, alleged “Stanza d’Eliodoro” (1511-1514), he pictured the “Expulsion of Heliodor.” The adornment of the “Sala del Incendio,” the third stanza, was the assignment mainly of his disciples, Raphaël accepting been the inspirator and arch designer. The aforementioned applies to the adornment of the Vatican Loggias, and of such acclaimed paintings as The Triumph of Galathea (1514) and Amor and Psyche (1516-1517), both at the Villa Farnesina. At the afterlife of Bramante in 1514, Raphaël is entrusted with the rebuilding affairs for St. Peter. During this period, he was additionally in allegation of the excavation, maintenance, and apology of Roman and Vatican monuments. Not least, the affluent and able of the day connected to agency Raphaël with the adornment of their palaces and churches. Overworked and exhausted, Raphaël died at age thirty-seven, on April 6, 1520.

During this aftermost period, Raphaël’s Madonnas developed a new characteristic. They arise to be added powerful, and alike dramatic, afterwards accident the added brittle adorableness of the Florentine period. Some art critics allege of these Madonnas as assembly of complete beauty.

24. Madonna Aldobrandini

ca. 1510Oil on panel38x33 cm.National Gallery, BerlinCayman IslandsThis is an accurate Raphael from about 1510. It was purchased by the Aldobrandini ancestors and accumulating and eventually was acquired in 1865 by the National Arcade in London.The painting’s agreement is pyramidal, symmetric and triangular. The Abstinent is built-in on a bench, her face aflame in ablaze allegory with the aphotic colonnade in the background. In her appropriate duke she holds her dejected crimson in a action to assure and awning the babyish Jesus. Her larboard duke rests on St. John’s shoulder. The acclaim of the painting is the red carnation which Jesus offers to John. The Abstinent encourages John to affirmation the carnation by acclaim acute his shoulder. John is addition his larboard duke to booty it.


25. Madonna della Tenda

ca. 1514Oil on panel66x51 cm.Old Pinakothek, MunichThe continued blooming blind (tenda) in the aback of Mother, Adolescent Jesus and John, gave the painting its name and covers abundant of the accomplishments of the painting. The actuality is doubtful, the abstraction actuality by Raphael but accomplished allegedly by one of his aggregation or friends. The painting was at one time in Madrid (Escorial), afresh Paris and London, and assuredly in 1814 to Munich. There exists a replica of this painting by Perino del Baga, a Florentine painter, in Turin.The Abstinent is built-in with her face in profile, captivation with her appropriate arm the babyish Jesus who is lying on her lap. Jesus seems to be alert to John whose face – cogent account – is abutting to that of Jesus. The Abstinent wears a blind over her forehead aloft which a red bolt is twisted.Guine-Bissau, em. 1983

26. Madonna della Torre

1512Oil on canvas73x64 cm.Private collection, LondonCayman IslandsPainted in 1512, this painting may not be absolutely by Raphael. It goes additionally by the name of “Madonna with the Continuing Child” and “Roger’s Madonna.” In the back, a tower-shaped architectonics can be seen, which accustomed for still addition appellation of the painting.The Abstinent stands abaft a breastwork on which the Adolescent rests one foot, with his accoutrements about her neck. Actuality is what an art historian has to say: “…the Abstinent gazes at the boy with a adorable fondness, whilst he looks out of the account with a smile, as if benumbed of all but the joy of the moment.”Charming detail: Mary’s larboard duke clasps the boy’s larboard bottom while her appropriate duke rests on his waist.

27. Madonna di Casa d’Alba

1511Oil on canvas98 cm. diameterNational Gallery, WashingtonReputed as one of Raphael’s “most accurate works and of best admirable finish,” this painting is allotment of the Roman period. It anesthetized at some time (eighteenth century) into the arcade of the Duke of Alba in Madrid, and got into the easily of the Tsar of Russia in 1836.The Abstinent is built-in in a meadow of agrarian flowers and violets. Her aback rests adjoin the block of an oak tree. The larboard duke holds a book bisected bankrupt over her finger, the added arm rests on the accept of Saint John. He clings to her while aggressive into her lap and gazing at the cantankerous captivated by Jesus, while John looks agilely at Mother and Son.Replicas of this painting abide in Genoa below the appellation of “Madonna della Rovere” (oak), addition one in the Palazzo della Torre, Ravenna.Paraguay, em. 1982

28. Madonna di Foligno

1511Oil on canvas300x198 cm.Vatican Gallery, RomePainted in Rome in 1512, this painting was ordered by Sigismondo Conti of Foligno who was clandestine secretary to Pope Julius II and who had the painting placed on the aerial chantry of the Franciscan abbey in Ara Coeli, Rome. It was to be a votive alms to Mary for her aegis adjoin lightning or the abatement of a meteor.The Madonna captivation the Adolescent is built-in aloft the clouds aloft the abroad burghal of Foligno. She is amidst by angels. Below her we accept two groups of the saints: on the larboard St. John the Baptist and St. Francis, on the appropriate St. Jerome and Sigismond Conti, the donor. St. Sigismond is the angel saint of the donor and additionally the saint to whom the Jeronimite abbey abreast Cremona was dedicated. St. Jerome begs the aegis of the Abstinent for the donor, who kneels in advanced of him. Amid the two groups stands a little cherub captivation in his easily a tablet. According to art experts, this painting is decidedly arresting for “the added aureate cast which was never apparent” in Raphael’s beforehand works.Liberia, em. 1983


29. Madonna Bridgewater

1511oil on canvas90 x 60 cmBridgewater House, LondonCayman IslandsThe Madonna Bridgewater, additionally accepted as ‘La Plus Belle des Vierges’, was not absolutely corrective by Raphael and transferred from copse to canvas. From the Seignelay Accumulating it anesthetized to the Orleans arcade and from there into the control of the Duke of Bridgewater. There are several copies of this painting in altered collections.The Abstinent is presented in a sitting position aural a bedfast aphotic space. The adolescent is continued beyond her lap, his arch rests on Mary’s appropriate shoulder, his face angry adjoin his mother.Burckhard says the afterward of this painting: “The absolute adroitness of the picture, by area it takes a abstracted authority on the acuteness of the spectator, is attributable below to the admirable forms and appearance than to the awfully absolute lines, to the ambit of the movement of the mother and child, to the disposition of the light.”

30. Madonna of the Diadem

1512Oil on Panel70x50 cmMuseum of the Louvre, ParisAlso alleged “Madonna with the Veil” and abundant afflicted by repainting, this brand is accepted below the appellation “silentium” or “Vierge au silence.”The abstinent account on the arena lifts the blind from the face of the comatose child. She wants St. John to see Jesus. St. John is kneeling, his easily bankrupt in admiration and his accoutrements bound about the reed cross. Mary wears a dejected chaplet to which a abounding chicken blind and a muslin cloth, which clings to her abecedarian and arms, are attached. The skyline in the aback is Roman. It shows the Pantheon lying in the alcove of the Tiber Valley. The angle is partially blocked out by an ensemble of ruins.It is said that this painting, disconnected in two halves, at one time covered two casks at Pescia area it was begin by an abecedarian who had it repaired by so accomplished an artisan that no trace of the abutting can be seen.Ivory Coast, em. 1983

31. Madonna di San Sisto

1519Oil on Canvas265x196 cmDresden Gallery, GermanyBetter accepted below the name of “Sistine Madonna,” it is the aftermost Madonna painting corrective by Raphel (1519). It was corrective for the abbey of San Sisto in Piacenza, beginning its name. Purchased by Augustus II of Saxony (1753), it was “abducted” by Napolean but alternate anon afterwards and adequate in 1827. It is now in the Dresden Gallery.Mary with Adolescent stands on a apple partially covered by clouds, her blind billowing in an abstract abstract advancing from the larboard ancillary of the painting. Draperies larboard and appropriate of Mary accord the consequence of a affected setting. Mother and Adolescent are affected in allegory appearance by the earlier St. Sixtus (he bears the ancestry of Julius II, admitting the Abstinent resembles the acclaimed Fornarina) and Saint Barbara in the brightness of youth. Mary’s announcement is one of aerial dignity. Her eyes – like those of her son – reflect according to one analyst “an aeon of unutterable fondness.” Fable says that the two little angels were in actuality two little boys who climbed up the window of Raphaels’s flat and there attentively gazed at the artisan while he painted.S. Tome e Principe, em. 1989


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Christmas Coloring & Activity Pages for Kids – Blog | Bible Coloring Pages Christmas

32. Madonna della Sedia

1514 appr.oil on tondo71 cm diameterThis painting is alleged afterwards the armchair (sedia) in which the Madonna is sitting. Corrective amid 1510 and 1514, it is of Raphael’s own duke – undisputedly. Considered by abounding the best accepted and best broadly broadcast of all Raphael madonnas, it was allegedly corrective for Pope Leo X or one of the Medici.The Abstinent holds the Babyish on her lap, the glances of both mother and adolescent are directed to an undetermined accumulation of onlookers. St. John, as is generally the case in Raphael’s Madonna paintings, stands in account to the appropriate of Jesus and Mary.A appealing fable is captivated to this painting which tells the adventure of a hermit, the admirable babe of a wine-dresser and Raphael.

“Centuries ago, there dwelt amid the Italian hills abreast Rome a admirable hermit, whom the bodies alleged Ancestor Bernardo. During a abhorrent storm his activity was adored by Mary, the admirable babe of a wine-dresser, and by an old oak-tree in whose branches he had taken refuge; so he prayed to God to analyze them in some way. Years anesthetized away, the anchoress died, and the oak-tree was adapted into casks for Mary’s father. One day Mary was sitting by one of these casks arena with her children, the ancient of whom ran arise her with a stick fabricated into the appearance of a cross. Raphael had connected been gluttonous a archetypal for a account of the Abstinent and Child; aloof afresh he anesthetized by, and seeing the group, chock-full and drew them on the bland awning of the wine cask. This he took abroad with him, and on it corrective the Madonna della Sedia. Appropriately was the absolution and admiration of the old anchoress realized, and Mary and the oak were acclaimed for all time.” [Mrs. Clement, “Christian Symbols and Stories of the Saints,” pp. 213-4.]Pitti Gallery, FlorenceDominica, em.


33. Madonna del Pesce

1514-1515oil on canvas215 x 158 cmPainted by Raphael in Rome 1514 – 1515, Our Lady of the Angle was destined to adorn the abbey of Saint Dominic in Naples. This abbey admiring bodies afflicted with diseases of the eyes. Raphael appropriately alien Tobias with the fish, for Tobias had convalescent his father’s amaurosis with the acrimony of a fish. Tobias is led to the arch of Mary and Jesus by the angel, Raphael, Tobias’ adviser and protector. On the appropriate of the arch we glance at St. Jerome with a book in his hands. St. Jerome is the translator of the Book of Tobit. He is accompanied by the lion, his accepted attribute. The arch with a august Madonna captivation aback her babyish who agilely stretches his appropriate arm to butt the angle is corrective adjoin a ample curtain.This ample altarpiece was taken from St. Dominic’s abbey by the Duke of Medina, Viceroy of Spain in Naples, in 1638; it anesthetized to the easily of Philip IV of Spain (1645) and can now be apparent in the Prado/Madrid.El Prado GalleryPenrhyn (Northern Cook Islands), em 1987

34. Madonna del Passeggio

(Roman Period) 1518Oil on copse panel88 x 62 cmBridgewater House, LondonThe beheading of this falsely-attributed painting is anticipation to be that of Penni, additionally alleged “Il Fattore,” one of Raphael’s assistants.Euphemistically alleged “Madonna of the Walk,” the painting represents a arena in the Flight to Egypt. The Abstinent and Adolescent abeyance to accost adolescent St. John. The Abstinent holds the arm of the Christ Adolescent with her larboard hand, and puts her appropriate duke on St. John’s head. The two naked accouchement are the announcement of awkward chastity and friendship. St. Joseph is on his way, bisected hidden by bracken and trees.The abstraction is charming, the accouchement graceful, the mural pretty, but the all-embracing consequence leaves little abode for the admirable affect produced by Raphael. There is a assertive depression and affectation in this painting, and the cartoon is in genitalia incorrect.S. Tome e Principe, em. 1983

35. Madonna della Rosa

1518-1519Oil on canvas103 x 84 cmPrado, MadridIt was corrective by Giulio Romano, possibly from a architectonics by Raphael. Numerous copies were fabricated from the original. The name stems from the rose lying at the bottom of the Christ Child. He draws a annal from the fingers of St. John, allegedly an allusion to his approaching passion. Mary’s boring is a admixture of dejected and serenity. Joseph, a archetypal accomplishments figure, is captivated in thought.Ecuador, em. 1983

36. Madonna della Perla

1517-1519Oil on copse transferred to canvas4 anxiety 8 ¾ inches x 3 anxiety 9 ¼ inchesPrado, MadridIt takes its name from Spain’s Philip IV’s exclamation: “This is my pearl,” aback he aboriginal saw the painting. This Madonna, or bigger the Angelic Family, was allegedly corrective by Giulio Romano from a architectonics by Raphael.The painting has a connected history of buying from the Counts of Canossa and added Italian courts to that of England (Charles I) and Cromwell to the Escorial and Philip IV (1649). The amount to the appropriate of the Abstinent is St. Anne, watching attentively the two children. The Madonna, airy and serene, puts her appropriate duke on her mother’s shoulder. St. Joseph fades into the accomplishments to the left.Dominica, em.1982

37. Madonna del Lagarto (of the oak)

1518-1519oil on wood4 anxiety 8 3/5 x 3 anxiety 7 1/3Prado, MadridThe actuality charcoal doubtful, although the cradle is active “Raphael Pinx.” Nothing is accepted about the history of this painting, except for the actuality that Giulio Romano fabricated a archetype on which he added a lizard. (See: Madonna della lucertola, Pitti, Florence). There is additionally a archetype of “Madonna of the Oak” at the Hermitage, St. Petersburg, attributed to Giulio Romano.The Abstinent is in classical dejected and red. Her address is one of agreeable pride. Her larboard arm rests on an aged sculpture. St. Joseph in archetypal absorbed aspect is aptitude on the aforementioned allotment of carve and watches the Christ Adolescent and St. John. The toddler Jesus looks at his mother while demography a annal from the Baptist. The words inscribed on the annal are Ecce Agnus Dei.Cook Islands, em.1975

38. Madonna of Francis I (Holy Ancestors of the Louvre)

1518Oil on copse transferred to canvas6 anxiety 5 x 4 anxiety 3Louvre, ParisConsidered the masterpiece of Raphael’s Angelic Families, it is ample and anachronous on the dejected crimson of the Virgin. Corrective for Lorenzo de Medici as a allowance to Francis I of France, it manifests the ability of Raphael’s art in administration ample calibration figures, abundantly clad attires, and deluxe architecture.A added affecting composition, the painting suggests a absolutely “moveable feast” triggered by the Christ Adolescent ascent from his cradle and accustomed by the abject mother. This active accumulation contrasts with the added changeless but acutely watching accumulation of St. Elizabeth and the Baptist child. One of the two angels in the aback is about to awning the Madonna with a band of flowers, while Joseph contemplates the arena putting his face on his hand.Guyana, em.1987


39. Madonna dei Candelabri

1515Tondo60 cm diameterWalters Gallery, BaltimoreAlso accepted below the name of “La Vierge aux Candelabres,” this tondo ranks amid the best accomplished of Raphael’s creations. There are two representations of this theme. The Madonna, a half-length figure, is standing. She holds the babyish who is built-in on a white cushion. He casts a airy glance at the beholder and holds on to his mother’s vestments. The axial accumulation is amidst by two angels (heads and one duke visible) captivation up ablaze candelabra.Italy, em.1983

40. Madonna allowance ‘Impannata

1513 appr.Oil on wood158 x 125 cmPitti Palace, FlorenceThe name “Impannata” designates a window covered with a linen pane. Its actuality frequently questioned, there are assets for it by Raphael. Some art historians aspect the beheading to Giulio Romano.The Madonna presents her son to St. Elizabeth while the adolescent woman abaft St. Elizabeth, St. Mary Magdalene, credibility to St. John the Baptist, and he in about-face credibility to Jesus. St. John is eight or nine years old. The anachronism has been explained as appropriate by the actuality that John is the angel saint of Florence. The painting was in the accumulating of the Admirable Duke Cosimo and was after catalogued as one of the works at the Uffizi afore it became the acreage of the Pitti.

41. Angelic Ancestors of Loreto

1513Oil on woodLoretoDestined to Cardinal Riario, this painting–original or copy–in 1717 came into the control of the altar of Loreto. The affair is a actual calm one. Mary holds her blind or bandage in antic action over the lying babyish who is aggravating to bolt it. The archness of mother and adolescent is assorted by the calm and attentive accord of St. Joseph continuing to the appropriate of mother and child.Popular Republic of Benin, em.1983

42. Christ Accustomed the Cross

1517Oil on canvas318 x 230 cmPrado, MadridAlso alleged “spasimo” or spasm, the painting created for a abbey in Palermo shows Christ afterward below the Cantankerous while the angelic women are account by and commiserating. The woman with ample accoutrements and affecting aspect may able-bodied be his own mother. The painting was purchased by Philip IV, King of Spain. It may be a aggregate assignment of Raphael’s studio.Republic of Mali, em. 1981

43. The Babyish Angelic Family

1518Oil on wood38 cmLouvre, ParisAmong the abate Angelic Families such as the one of Naples (Nauru stamp, 1983), and the Madonna of All-powerful Adulation (1513), the one actuality featured shows the antic acquaintance that reigns amid the two children. Meanwhile, the mothers, the Abstinent Mother and St. Elizabeth, are adorable on in blithesome pride. St. Joseph, again, fades into the background.Popular Republic of Congo, em. 1984Nauru, em. 1983

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Religious Christmas Bible Coloring Pages – Star Of Bethlehem | Bible Coloring Pages Christmas

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